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24 Cards in this Set

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_______ tribes flooded into the west
Germanic
The germanic tribes were
1.
2.
1. poorly organized
2. divided Europe into small kingdomes
Clovis
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1. strong military
2. Conquered neighboring tribes
3. Leader --> to christainty
4. Organized goverment -> fudalism
5. clovis dies unstable gov
Charles Martel
1.
2. date.
1. battle of tours - defeats musslims
2. 714 741
Pepin the Short
1.
1. gets the pope to elect him king
Charles the great
1. nick name
2.
3. a
4. a b c
5. a
6. a
1. charlemagne
2. conquares roman land
3. strong central gov.
a. divides empire into 300
4. uniformity in Christian faith
a. build chruchs and monesarys
b. tithe - pay 10% to chruch
c. work closly with pope
5. School of Aachen
a. weathly boys
6. charlamagne is crowned holy roman emperor
a. fights war for pope, wins
Louis The Plous
problems
1.
2.
3.
4.
1. weak ruler
2. depend on nobels to rule
3. gets invaded by vikings
4. prob geting an army
Treaty of Verdun
divides the empire into 3 parts

1. lathair - italy
2. charles the bald - france
3. louis the german - germany
Fedalism
political, economic and social system based on loyalty and military service
Knights
1. 3 stages
page
squarer
swear allgence
Chvalry
1.
2.
code of behavior
1. womman were on a pedital
2. knights brave and loyal
serfs
1
2
3
4
5
majority of the people were peasants

taxed

peasants can become surfs by gettting land

can be rucruted for foot solders

some rights in the law
Monasteries - christain
1. a. - i i i
Perserved learning during Middle Ages

i. Latin and greek anuscripts

ii. math science english ect

iii. monks rewrite ^ farm pray
Church Hierarchical structure

1.
2.
3.

*
1. Pope - gov pael states, bishop of rome, head of church, athororty over kings and emorers, determin heresy

2. Bishops - presided over territory's and supervised priest

3. Priests - serve needs of the comunity

* archbishops/cardnials - adivice pope
Church power
1.
2.
3.
controled - thought, culture and education

assets - land income = power

holy inquistion in 1231 - special courts asstablished by the church to punish heresy
Monasicism
1. a.
2. a. b.
- life alone

1. Benedictine model
a. monastiry that contiplesion and condusion

2. benedictine rule
a. christy obedience poverty
Dominicans and Franciscans
not life alone
Agricultural Revolution
1. crop rotation - so soil doesnt dry out

2. wind mill - grind grain

3. iron plows - plow more of a field at once

4. hourse plowing fields
Trade and Revival & Commerical revolution

1
2
3
4
trade
commerical devolopment
impaction society
guilds
Trade
a. i ii iii
a. Desire for
i silk
ii spices
iii fur
commerical devlopment
a b c
a. insurance
b. partnership - fund trade expadision
c. bill of exchange - put in and take out money
Impaction Society
a b c d
a. serfs - pays peple with crops so they are forced to sell there goods to make money

b. tenant farmers - sell crops

c. middle class - rises

d. jews
Guilds
a b c d e
a. group of merchants with the same items

b. only guilds member can work trade

c. quality standers were set

d. regulate prices

e. regulate hours of labor
Becoming a member of a guild
1
2
3
1. Apprentice
2. journey man
3. master piece