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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
It’s a Small World
Definition:
The message encapsulate one particular understanding of the world in which the normal condition is of harmony and accord, where people are naturally good and kind.


Relate to the study of Global Issues (GI):
The problems in world wide governments or world issues is through this perspective caused by misunderstanding and the conflicts are of aberration and can be overcome by communication.

Empirical Examples:
Popular expressions “We are the world” by USA of Africa and “Imagine” by John Lennon.
United States activities under Bill Clinton in Somalia and Haiti
Star Wars
Definition:
The world is full of evil people who create conflicts and seek to defeat the forces of truth, justice, and democracy. It holds the approach that the world politics if fundamentally a struggle between good states and evil states. Usually, conflicts are the result of evil states or leaders attempting to exert pressures against weaker states or nations.


Relate to the study of GI:
Through this perspective, nations, group of nations are viewed at fault when there are problems, and the other nations or group of nations are trying to defeat the evil states.

Empirical Examples:
Ronald Regan “evil empire”
He believed that the Soviet Union sought to destroy democracies in Europe and America and throughout his presidency he increased U.S. military budget dramatically to ensure that the U.S. and its allies military superioty.
Dog eat Dog
Definition:
This perspective has emphasis or conflict over cooperation. It has a zero-sum environment where one’s person advancement requires another’s person defeat.

Relate to the study of GI:
Often our government actions are assumed to be rational and calculated through this perspective. Also, our government seems like it act on opportunities and that they have short term interests in other countries. Governments also sometimes define logic for cooperation.

Empirical Example:
U.S. behavior during the cold war, opened support to politically regimes it morally opposed.
Anarchy vs. Authority
Definition:
Anarchy: A concept of systems theory contending that the international system is chaotic and unpredictable with no legitimate international law enforcements mechanism ----Seen in the international realm.

Authority: There is policy that enforces norms. Seen in the domestic realm
There are different kinds of authority: Traditional, charismatic, legal-rational, and legitimacy.

Relate to the study of Global Issues (GI):
Our world politics are either constructed under anarchy or authority. States are anarchic, but yet, themselves govern their people and enforce norms that they have to follow.

Empirical Example:
There are monarchies, revolution leaders, representative democracies, people have commitments to their leaders and their messages, and they follow laws,
Where is in anarchy, no one has authority over them, for example; France.
Nation-State
Definition:
A state whose inhabitants consider themselves to be a nation. It is a geographically bonded legal entity under a single government. The population of which psychologically considers it self to be in some way, shape, or form related.

Relate to the study of Global Issues (GI):
It relates to GI because it is much of the concept for our continuing conflicts today, because throughout history nations such as Greece or Poland have attempted to create their own states and states like Germany have sought to unify all members of a nation.

Empirical Example:
Turkey, Japan, France, or Brazil
It’s a Small World
Definition:
The message encapsulate one particular understanding of the world in which the normal condition is of harmony and accord, where people are naturally good and kind.
Relate to the study of Global Issues (GI):
The problems in world wide governments or world issues is through this perspective caused by misunderstanding and the conflicts are of aberration and can be overcome by communication.

Empirical Examples:
Popular expressions “We are the world” by USA of Africa and “Imagine” by John Lennon.
United States activities under Bill Clinton in Somalia and Haiti
Security Dilemma
Definition:
It is a situation that arises when a state feels insecure and decides that its best policy is the anarchy context of world politics; to increase its military strength. As its political adversary does the same, an unintended spiral occurs as every nation grows more and more insecure and seeks to become equal to its neighbors and military strength.

Relate to the study of Global Issues (GI):

This can provide one explanation for how conflicts between states occur even when they do not harbor aggression intentions toward one another.

Empirical Example:
The cold war epitomized the U.S. with the former Soviet Union where each calculated its defensive needs based on the others actions.
Idealism vs. Realism
Definition:
Idealism: States have the ability to pursue it's moral values as well as material goals. The security dilemma is not escapable and cooperation is possible. The right conditions can foster greater cooperation

Where as

Realism: States have no choice but to pursue self interest and power with out regard considerations. The security dilemma cannot be completely overcome. International security is a zero-sum game.

Relate to the study of Global Issues (GI):
It relates to GI because realism view promotes polices that seek to maximize a nation’s security and power in a cold cruel world. In which all the states have to do the same. And people who have the idealists view pt. will try to make conditions favorable for cooperation. These two view pts, all affect political issues and conflicts in the international realm.
Internationalism vs. Isolationism
Definition:

Internationalism: states have no choice but to participate actively in world politics. Problems in one part of the globe, if left unchecked can eventually spread to every corner regardless of it’s geographic situation. No states is an island.

Isolationism: Engagement with other nations is inherently risky. The world is a complex and unpredictable place. It is better to concentrate on one’s own problems and not those of others.


Relate to the study of Global Issues (GI):

The way it relates to GI, is because states that believe in the internationalism will get into other countries issues, conflicts, while the states who believe in isolationism will not.

Empirical Example:

U.S. got into Iran when it invaded Kuwait.
Capitalism Vs. Socialism
Definition:

C = The world economic system should operate as a free market with privately owned industries and corporations seeking profit across borders and therefore operating as efficiently as possible. Industrialized nations will benefit from this system.

S = At the domestic level, socialism refer to the state ownership of productive asses of the international. It hopes to cooperative efforts by states and io’s; to ensure that economics are driven at least as much by human needs as corporate greed. Support for development in the forms of training, grants, and loans and the provision of aid both reflect the influence of socialism at the global level. Less developed countries will benefit from this system.

Relate to the study of Global Issues (GI):

It relates to GI, because some world wide disputes were caused by these disputes and are related in some foreign policy; the conduct of world politics and problems are started when a country believes that wealth should be distributed evenly.

Empirical example:
Proponents of a view international economic order in the 1960’s argues that capitalism was destroying the economies and societies of developing countries and demanded a global redistribution of wealth.