Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Belief Systems
the established, orderly ways in which groups or individuals look at religious faith or philosophical tenets
Basic alterations in things, events, and ideas
the right or power to select from a range of alternatives
disagreement or opposition between ideas or groups, which may lead to an armed struggle
Culture and Intellectual Life
the patterns of human behavior that includes ideas, beliefs, values, artifacts, and ways of making a living that any society transmits to succeeding generations to meet its fundamental needs. It also includes ways of thinking, studying, and reflecting on ideas and life
understanding and respecting others and oneself, including any similarities or differences in language, gender, socioeconomic class, religion, and other human characteristics and traits
the ability to understand others through identifying in oneself responses similar to the experiences, behaviors, and response to others
awareness of one's own values, attitudes, and capabilities as an individual and a member of various groups
the domination by one country of the political and/or economic life of another country or region
reliance upon others in mutually beneficial interactions and exchanges
Movement of people and Goods
the exchange of people, ideas, products, technologies, and institutions from one region or civilization to another, a process that has existed throughout history.
a feeling of pride and devotion to one's country or the desire of a people to control their own government, free from foreign interference or rule
movement of people from rural to urban city areas
The World in Spatial Terms
Geography studies the relationships among people, places, and environments by mapping information about them in a spatial context
Places and Regions
The identities and lives of individuals and peoples rooted in particular places and in those human contructs called regions
Physical Systems
Physical processes, such as erosion and flooding, shape Earth's surface and interact with plant and animal life to create, sustain, and modify ecosystems
Human Systems
People are central to geography in that human activities help shape Earth's surface, human settlements and structures are part of Earth's surface, and humans compete for control of the Earth's surface
Environment and Society
Environment means the surroundings, including natural elements and elements created by humans. The physical environment is modified by human activities, largely as a consequence of the ways in which human societies value and use Earth's natural resources, and human activities are also influenced by Earth's phusical features and processes
The Uses of Geography
Knowledge of geography enables people to develop an understanding of the relationships between people, places, and environments over time--that is, of Earth as it was, is, and might be
Economic Systems
traditional, command, market, and mixed syste,s. Each must answer the three basic economic questions: What goods and services are to be produced? How shall these goods and services be produced? For whom shall these goods and services be produced?
Factors of Production
human, natural, and capital resources that, when combined, can be converted to various goods and services
Needs and Wants
those goods and services that are essential, such as food, clothing and shelter (needs, and those goods and services that people would like to have to improve their lives, such as education, security, health care, and entertainment (wants).
the conflict between unlimited needs and wants and limited natural and human resources
Science and Technology
the tools and methods used by poeple to get what they need and want
membership in a community with its accompanying rights, responsibilities, and dispositions
Civic Values
important principles that serve as the foundation for our democratic form of government. These values include justice; honesty; self-discipline; due process of law; equality; majority rule with respect for minority rights; and respect of self, others, and property
Decision Making
the process through which people monitor and influence public and civil life by working with others, clearly articulating ideals, and interests, building coalition, seeking consensus, negotiating compromise, and managing conflict
the formal institutions and processes of a politically organized society with authority to make, enforce, and interpret laws and other binding rules about matters of common interest and concern. Government also refers to a group of people--acting in formal political institutions at national, state, and local levels--who exercise decision making power or enforce laws and regulations
Human Rights
basic political, economic, and social rights to which all human beings are entitled, such as the right to life, liberty, security of person, and a standard of living adequate for health and well-being of oneself and one's family. Human rights are inalienable and are expressed in various United nations docments, including the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
fair, equal, proportional, or appropriate treatment rendered to individuals in interpersonal, societal, or government interactions
a geographic/political organization that unites peopl through a common government
Political Systems
includes monarchies, dictatoriships, democracies, and address certain basic questions of government, such as: What should a government have the power to do? What should a government not have the power to do? A political sustem also provides for ways in which parts of that system interrelate and combine to perfprm specific functions of government
the ability of people to compel or influence the actions of others. Legitimate, or rightful, pwer is called authority