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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Natality
the addition of new individuals to a population by birth
Neocolonialism
the relationships btwn multinational corporations & low income countries in which the economic power of the multinational dominates low income countries in ways similiar to the polical control previously exercised by forein governments
Passive community
an immune response that is acquired through breast milk or immunoglobulin shots
Per capita GNP
the total value of the goods & services produced in a country each year, divided by the number of people in the country population
Population density
land area per person
population momentum
when a population contains a larg number of pre-reproductive individuals
population planning
accounting for current and future population needs for the purpose of policy development
population pyramid
age structure diagram that depicts males & females graphed against a central axis (2 back to back graphs)
Precautionary Principle
when an activity (policy) threatens to create harm, it is best to be cautious even if there is no solic scientific proof that harm w manifest
Prevalence
the total number of cases accumulated during a period of measurement; often one year
QUALYs
quality of life years
Refugee
person who has been forced to involuntarily move from their home country for security relative to war, civil war, political strife
Relative poverty
the poor lack many of the resources available to the rest of the population, but have the basic necessities of life
Social class
an individuals socioeconomic position in society based on their role in production
Social institutions
a set of social processes & social structures that operate to address social need; teach individuals wha to expect of others
Social stratification
a system of ranking people in a hierarchy according to certain attributes
Sub-replacement fertility
a total fertility rate this is not high enough to replace the area's population
Total fertility rate (TFR)
the average number of children born per woman for a given geography
Upper middle income countries
countries with an annual per capita GNI between $3856 and $11,905
Vital statistics
the info maintained by a govt, recording of birth and death of individuals . National Center for Health Statistics of the CDC
QUALYs
quality of life years
Refugee
person who has been forced to involuntarily move from their home country for security relative to war, civil war, political strife
Relative poverty
the poor lack many of the resources available to the rest of the population, but have the basic necessities of life
Social class
an individuals socioeconomic position in society based on their role in production
Social institutions
a set of social processes & social structures that operate to address social need; teach individuals wha to expect of others
Social stratification
a system of ranking people in a hierarchy according to certain attributes
Sub-replacement fertility
a total fertility rate this is not high enough to replace the area's population
Total fertility rate (TFR)
the average number of children born per woman for a given geography
Upper middle income countries
countries with an annual per capita GNI between $3856 and $11,905
Vital statistics
the info maintained by a govt, recording of birth and death of individuals . National Center for Health Statistics of the CDC
Wealth
the material component of stratification's, determined by income and other assets
WHO definition of health
a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
World systems theory
a theory that emphasizes interconnections of countries in the global capitalist production process, which results in an uneven distr. of profits across countries