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33 Cards in this Set

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Geography
the study of people, their environment, and their resources
5 Themes of Geography
location, place, interactions between people and their environment, movement, region
Location
position of a place on the earth's surface
exact location
absolute point of reference; never changes; can only be once place on earth.

ex. latitude + longitude
relative location
the description of a place in terms of another place
place
described in terms of physical and human characteristics
physical: landforms, climate, soil, etc.
human: way of life, activities, languages
region
an area in the world with its own unifying characteristics; physical, cultural, economical
cartography
the science or art of making maps
map prjections
way of showing the curved earth on a flat surface
Why do all maps have distortion?
When going from a curved to a flat surface, area, shape, and distance do not remain constant.
political map
shows man made features such as borders, cities, schools, etc.
physical map
shows natural features such as mountains, lakes, rivers, etc.
climate
the average weather of a place over 20-30 years; anything shorter is considered weather
2 factors that influence climate
elevation

location
desert / arid
hot and dry (unless tundra, then only dry) about 5-10 inches of precipitation per pear
Tropical wet / rainforest
usually hot and humid; about 100 inches of rain per year
temperate
moderate climate; warm summers; cool winters
wet / dry
hot, wet summers; warm, dry inters; about 50 inches of rainfall per year
polar / arctic
cold all year; about 8 inches of precipitation per year
topography
the physical features of a place or region
mountains
high, steep rugged land area that rises above surrounding landscape; above 2,000 feet in elevation
hill
area of raised land that is lower and more rounded than a mountain; above 500 feet, under 2,000 feet
plain
a broad area of fairly level land (sometimes gently rolling) that is usually close to sea level
plateau
large area of raised land that is flat or gently rolling
bay
part of a body of water that is partly enclosed by land; opposite of a peninsula
cape
narrow body / point of land that extends into a body of water (similar to peninsula)
delta
are formed by soil deposited at the mouth of a major river
isthmus
a narrow strip of land joining two larger land areas or joining a peninsula to the mainland
lake
a body of water surrounded by land
peninsula
an area of land surrounded on three sides by water
strait
a narrow channel connection two larger bodies of water
island
area of land surrounded on all sides by water
archipelago
a chain of islands