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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mahatma ghandi
led india through war using non violent tactics; he inspired MLK Jr.
roman catholic church
a unted force that tried to protect indians from harsh rule by the Spanish. They also wanted Native American s to give up their religious beliefs. Since the church had ties with the gov't they controlled many aspects of life including education, hospitals, and services to the poor
simon Bolivar
Creole. he was the liberator for his role in so many revolutions. He freed Venezuela
Toussaint L'Overture
free black who led Haiti to independence
Jose de San Martin
creole leader of the chilean revolution
Jomo Kenyatta
demanded political and economic reform from the British. He was accused of leading the mau-mau, he lead kenya to independence and became the first pres.
Napoleon Bonaparte
from france, overthrew Spain and Portugal
Pedro of Portugal
Pedro of Portugal - the son of King John VI, who was the ruler of Portugal. Pedro was the first Emperor of Brazil. When Brazilians won freedom, it was partly unsuccessful until 2 years later when slaves won freedom. Pedro had given the people freedom and rights, but didn't abolish slavery. Pedro wrote a Constitution but was overthrown in 1889. Slaves were freed, and Brazil became a Republic.
Treaty of Tordessillas
the treaty that divided Latin American btw France, SPain, and portugal
money economy
an economy where you sell your labor
kwame nkrama
led ghana to independence
wangari maathi
she planted trees to establish peace in Africa
Leopold Senghor
led the negritude movement and led Senegal to independence
negritude movement
a movement that encourgaed africans to value their heritage, and it strenghthened pan-africanism
kofi annan
the secretary general of the U.N.
when people migrate from rural to urban places
--- effects: shantytowns-too many ppl, no edu. increase of pov.
----hopes: better homes, jobs, schools
Berlin COnference
had a purpose to avoid war btw European countries-it also decided who controls what -- took place in Berlin, Germany 1884
a country founded by freed slaves
Fidel Castro
current dictator of Cuba
Security Council
the brance of the U.N. in cahrge of international peace and security
the power to over throw a law/decision---- the 5 permenate members, UK, US, USSR, FRANCE, China have the right to veto any decision
trusteeship council
was in charge of decolonization
Miguel Hidalgo
first man to attempt to free Mexico, he was a father (church) in 1811 he died before a royalist firing squad
Benardo O'Higgins
chilean patriot who helped Jose de San Martin in the CHilean Revolution, he was lef in charge of Chile when Chile gained independence in 1818
Jose Moreles
the 2nd person who tried to gain Mexican independence; mestizo; was executed in 1815
Augustin de Iturbide
creole father (church) army officer in 1821 he declared Mexican independence,he declared himself emperor but 2 yrs. later he was forced to step down
pan africanism
unifying all of Africa. began in eary 1900's with teh slogan "Africa for Africans"
groups that attacked white settlers
Benito Juarez
a national hero because he fought to win a better life for Mexicos poor
a government in which a small elite has rule
when colonies gained independence
man-made interior of a country
guerilla warfare
small bands of fighters stage hit and run attacks against a larger power
a way of settleing conflict btw 2 countries in a non violent way; talking things out negotiating
extreme pride in one's country
born in spain with european ancestry
spanish plantation
native people
slaves of the hacienda
fula- fula
a bus alternative
rich to poor; social classes; standing in society
oldest male is the head of the family, when he dies he gives his land to his eldest son, women and children were expected to obey them
a person of African and European descent
a person who was born spanish
military strong men
group of countries liked together by a common bond of language, religion, or history
when a man has more then 1 wife
a traditional small fram usually run by a tribe/extended family/community
a person of European and Indigenous descent
a from of gov't in which each citizen votes for their leaders
type of corrupt gov't
dictators hold absolute power over their citizens they make and break law as they see fit
communist gov'ts traditionally advocates an end to private ownership of business, equal distribution of wealth and the coming to power of the working class
freedom of the press
where the press is largely free to expose the truth of the gov't the country
the halmarks of republics are their representative form of gov't , citizens run for pulic office, vote in elections, adn have the power to evite public officials from office, and the freedom of speech and press
the selling of state-owned industries to private investors
the spreading of government decisions over more than one section of the government. ex:there are 5 government leaders, but only one makes a decision = centralization. But, if they all form a consensus then it is decentralization. \
totalitarian governments are those in which the state takes complete control
working class
middle and upper class
coup de'etat
revolt usually by military leaders against a nations gov't
the overthrow of a gov't or social order by force in order of a new system
to authority or power to
a gov't runs by kind or queen as ruler of a country
maroon colony
a rural settlement/village byilt by escaped slaces. found in brazil, the guianas, haiti, adn jamaica. the inhabitants were always in danger of being caught by soldiers
god parents
Of, relating to, possessing, or inhabiting a colony or colonies.
a refusal to buy goods or services
thenatural features of a country
being able to read and write/not being able to read and write
when trees are cut down for reasons such as: firewood, building houses, making room for buildings, and food (fruit)
the turning of semi arid land to desert
the state of a country or region based on the production and consumption of goods and services and the supply of money
control by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
military workers in Iraq
cowboys that tend cattle and work(usually) on ranches