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50 Cards in this Set

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The set of rules that determine the virtues, duties and moral conduct of Hindu males
Dharma
The Hindu and Buddhist belief that all actions in this life affect a person's fate in the next life
Karma
Referring to the journey to Mecca
Hejira
The basic beliefs of Buddhism; the mode of behavior leading to the end of suffering (nirvana)
Eightfold Path
A belief by many who follow the Islamic faith, that a holy war must be fought against non-believers
Jihad
Traditional family group in underdeveloped countries, where several generations live together in a family unit.
Extended family
Russian Communist followers of Lenin
Bolsheviks
Large farms in the former Soviet Union where small peasant farmers had to work together under the control of the central government
Collective Farms
An attempt in the 1970s to ease tensions between the Soviet Union and the U.S.
Detente
A plan begun under Stalin to industrialize the Soviet Union and improve agricultural output
Five-Year Plan
A policy of the former Soviet Union in the 1980s stressing openness in relations with other countries
Glasnost
The organization of Chinese peasants into large communes to develop heavy industry and improve agricultural production.
Great Leap Forward
A idea promoted by Woodrow Wilson, it was an international association aimed at promoting world peace
League of Nations
Leader of the Bolsheviks during the 1917 Russian Revolution. He ruled Russia until is death in 1924
Lenin
A plan of economic recovery in Europe, designed to help rebuild Europe after WWII
Marshall Plan
A business that is global or world-wide in nature, having major production centers throughout the world
Multi-national corporations
Leader of a nationalist group of military officers who replaced the King of Egypt with a republic in the 1950s
Nasser
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, it was formed in the Middle East as a means to control the price of oil.
OPEC
Leader of Iran, who westernized the country, and was overthrown by the Ayatollah Khomeini
Shah Reza Pahlevi
Palestine Liberation Organization, they are Arabs who have used terrorist tactics to establish a homeland in Israel
PLO
A way of delivering a message or opinion that is intended to appeal to emotions, it is not always truthful.
Propaganda
The German legislative body that gave Hitler the power to enact laws without consent
Reichstag
Gandhi's use of nonviolent protest, where Indians walked to the sea to extract salt rather than buying it from the British
Salt March
Agreement drawn up at the end of WWI, it placed the blame for the war on Germany, and forced them to pay reparations
Treaty of Versailles
Leader of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, he was second to Lenin, and involved in a struggle for power with Stalin.
Leon Trotsky
The buildup of military weapons between the U.S. and the Soviet Union during the Cold War
Arms race
Site of a nuclear disaster near Kiev in the Ukraine.
Chernobyl
An economic system where the goals and policies of production are set by the government.
command economy
A government-ordered restriction on trade
embargo
Current economic and political cooperation among European nations
European Union
Technological advances in seeds, irrigation and fertilizers that have led to increased food production
Green Revolution
The North American Free Trade Agreement that allows the United States, Mexico and Canda to trade easily
NAFTA
A term used throughout the Cold War to describe countries not associated with either the Soviet Union or the U.S.
Non-Aligned
Alliance formed after WWII to stop the spread of communism
NATO
The ability to provide for yourself without the help of others
Self-sufficiency
Term describing undeveloped and underdeveloped countries in economic need. Ex: African nations
Third World Nations
Wealthy business families in 19th century Japan
Zaibatsu
An agency of the United Nations that promotes economic development of member nations through guaranteed loans
World Bank
An international peace keeping organization created in 1945.
United Nations
An Episcopal bishop in South Africa who won the Nobel Peace Prize through his efforts to end apartheid
Bishop Desmond Tutu
South African policy of legally segregating the black minority from the white majority
Apartheid
Self-governing, independence
Autonomy
Leader against apartheid, he was killed while under arrest by the South African government
Steven Bikko
An individual or group who strongly adheres to religious laws or guidelines
Fundamentalist
Leader of the Soviet Union who believed economic and political changes were necessary. His programs included glastnost and perestroika
Mikhail Gorbachev
An outspoken critic of apartheid, he spent 27 years in prison, and was elected President of South Africa in 1994.
Nelson Mandela
To reduce or stop the number of nuclear weapons being produced. Also known as denuclearization
Non-proliferation
The economic plan of Mikhail Gorbachev, that looked to restructuring the communist system.
Perestroika
Religious group from northern India that blends Hinduism and Islam. There have been incidents of violence between them and the Hindu majority.
Sikhs
The label Japan has given to emerging Asian nations that are its economic competitors
Tiger economies