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61 Cards in this Set

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Paleolithic age
a prehistoric period that lasted from about 2,500,000 to 8,000 bc
Neolithic age
Agricultural revolution- the far reachings changes in human life- biggest turning point in the development of man
Oracle bones
used by ancient chinese priests to communicate with the gods
Fertile Crescent
An arch of rich farmland in south west asia between the persian gulf and the mediterian sea
Polytheism
belief in many gods
Monotheism
BELIEF IN ONE GOD
ATHEISM
BELIEF IN NO GOD
Animism
animal worship
Shintoism
native religion of japan "way of the gods"
-no complex rivals of philosophy
Pharaoh
a king in ancient egypt considered a god as well as a political and military leader
Pilgrimage
long journey to a special destination
Yahweh
Hebrew name for god
Allah
Islamic name for god
City-state
(polis) a fundimental political unit in ancient greece made up of a city and its surrounding country side
Twelve tables
A written law code for rome
-hung in the forum
Direct democracy
government where citizens rule directly
Republican government
power is in the hands of representitives that are elected by the people
Absolute monarchy
a king or queen has absolute power and seeks to control all aspects of society
Primogeniture
eldest son or oldest male relitive gets the throne after the current ruler dies or is over thrown
Limited monarchy
Parliment makes laws to limit the monarch
Constitutional monarchy
a monarchy in which a rulers power is limited by the constitution
Dictatorship
leader has absolute power
theocracy
leader is viewed as a divine figure
Silk road
a system of ancient caravan routes across central asia, along which traders carried silk and other trade goods
Mesoamerica
an area extending from central mexico to honduras where several of the ancient societies formed (the olmec)
Golden age
the highest reign of a civilization
- a time of great prosperity
Ethical conduct
-JUDIASM- HAVE TO BE ETHICAL, MORAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH CHRISTAINS AND MUSLIMS
Patriarchal
leading bishop of the east
Patriarchal social structure
social strusture led by the males
Scholar gentry
china's upper class
Extended family
a persons parents, children, grandparents, grandchildren, aunts uncles and cousins
Bride price
the price the father of a bride has to pay
Polygamy
the practice of having more than one wife
Filial Piety
respect towards elders
Footbinding
when a chinese womens toes are broken and wrapped underneath the foot
-considered a sign of high social status
Kamikazi
Divine wind that protected japan form the mongols
Feudalism
a political system in which nobles are grated the use of the land
Shogun
Japanize military commander
Ainu
the original race of japan
Dark ages
600 years of european history were called the dark ages because the previos advances in technology were reversed
-learning and living standards went down
-no single unified government
Interdependence
the depending of nations on other nations
Constantinople
capital of the Byzantine Empire
-Byzantium-Constantinople-Istanbul
Ethnocentrism
believeing that your society is better than others
Middle passage
the voyage that brought captured africans to the west indies and later north and south america to be sold as slaves
Triangular Trade
a transalantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between africa, england, europe, west indies, and the colonies in north america
Mercantilism
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and exporting more than they import
Columbian exchange
the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases, that occured during the european colonization of the americas
The encounter
when the europeans can in contact with the indians
Magna carta
an attempt by nobles to limit king johns power
Bill of rights of 1689
Placed limits on william & marys power
-they could not-
*suspend the laws of the parliment
*levy taxes wihtout consent of parliament
*Infer with freedom of speech in parliment
*penalize a citizen for petitioning the king
Heliocentric theory
that the sun is in the center of the solar system
Enlightenment
based on reason, emphasis on experiance, tested by observation, growth of trade, interest in worldy things, a growing power of parliament and king
Natural rights
life, liberty, property
Social contract
an agreement by which people created government
Philosophe
people that believed that they could apply reason to all aspects of life
Separation of powers
that government power would be seperated between 3 branches of government
Enlightened despot
monarchs who embraced the new ideas and made reforms that reflected the enlightenment spirit
Salon
Regular social gatherings where philosophes, writers, artists, scientists and other great intellects met to discuss ideas and enjoy artistic performances
Checks and balances
measure designed to prevent any one branch of government from getting to powerful
Federal system
Power is divided between national and state governments
Bill of rights
Basic rights such as freedom of speech, press, assembly, and religion, The philosophes who supported these rights were Voltaire, Rousseau, and Locke