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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Signs and Symptoms of Acute simple gastritis
1. Malaise
2. Anorexia
3. Epigastric Pressure
4. Nausea/ Vomiting
5. Headache
6. Dizziness
7. Lasts 24-48 Hours
8. Possible Mild Epigastric
Treatment of Acute simple gastritis
1. remove offending agent,
such as food or
2. use antacids to coat the
3. NPO if you suspect
4. give Phenergan 25mg IM/IV
and IV fluids per MO order
5. most patients will respond
to antacids
6. IV therapy to correct
electrolyte inbalance if
not tolerating oral fluids
7. Above all, maintain
Signs and Symptons of Gastritis
1. anorexia
2. nausea and vomiting
3. diarrhea
4. abdominal cramps
5. malaise
6. myalgias
7. severe dehydration and
shock possible
8. abdomen distended and
9. fever
Treatment of Gastritis
1. bed rest with bathroom
2. clear liquid diet,
maintain hydration
3. IV rehydration with
compazine/phenergan if
4. follow up in 24 hours
Signs and Symptons of Appendicitis
1. Mild to severe pain in
epigastric or peri-
umbilical area. Usually
gets pain before vomiting.
2. may have only one to two
episodes of vomiting
3. pain shifts to RLQ after 2-
12 hours
4. increased pace of soreness
with walking, coughing,
sneezing, or any jarring
5. may mimic gastroenteritis,
but pain will move to RLQ
6. may have loss of appetite
7. may have slightly elevated
temperature, 99-102
8. moderate malaise
9. constipation with rebound
tenderness in RLQ
10. pain is not always
located in the classic
11. pain may make patient
wish to stay still.
Having the patient move
may be difficult.
Treatment of Appendicitis
1. observation
2. NPO/bed rest
3. NG tube per MO order
4. refer to MO
5. no laxatives or narcotics
6. IV ringers lactate
7. surgery required
Signs and Symptoms of Diarrhea
1. change in consistency
2. blood
3. mucus
4. pus
5. fatty materials, oil,
grease (stools will float
if high in fat
Etiology of Diarrhea
1. can be caused by nerves,
viral, or bacterial
2. nocturnal diarrhea may
suggest organic disease of
the bowel
3. may be found in family
history of GI disorders
4. different food or water as
in history of travel
5. poor water or food
sanitation or poor hygiene
6. may have fever associated
with dehydration
Treatment of Diarrhea
1. dictated by cause when
2. clear liquids for 24
hours, then diet as
3. Kaopectate indicated only
if illness and diarrhea
4. may give Lomotil or
Imodium if no blood in
stool or no fever
5. if febrile or blood in
stool, refer to MO for
antibiotic and stool
What is Constipation?
Difficult or Infrequent Passage of Feces