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32 Cards in this Set

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Celiac disease is characterized by the inability to absorb ____, ____, ____, ____, ____, and ____.
fats, CHO, Fe, folic acid, ADEK
Manifestations of celiac disease?
Severe FTT
steatorrhea, diarrhea, abdominal pain
PRO loss
osteomalacia, muscle wasting
inadequate blood clotting
What enzyme is specific to celiac disease?
tTg
What two antibodies are specific markers for celiac disease?
IgG, IgA
____ = gluten
hydrolyzed vegetable PRO
A celiac crisis may result in ____ and ____.
metabolic acidosis, dehydration
Management of short bowel syndrome includes ____, ____, and ____.
diluted formula for enzyme stimulation

TPN

non-nutritive sucking
What are the two main complications of TPN for short bowel syndrome?
bacterial overgrowth

gastric acid hypersecretion
What are two H-2 blockers used for gastric acid hypersecretion?
Zantac (Ranitidine)
Pepcid (Famotidine)
____ is the leading cause of death in Hirschsprung disease.
enterocolitis
Untreated Hirschsprung disease can result in ____, ____, ____.
complete obstruction
respiratory distress
shock
Obstruction due to impaired motility occurs in what disease?
Hirschsprung disease
Manifestations of Hirschsprung disease in the neonate:
No meconium
Bile-stained emesis
Distention
Manifestations of Hirschsprung disease in the infant:
FTT
Constipation
Distention
Diarrhea
Vomiting
Manifestations of Hirschsprung disease in the child:
Constipation
Ribbon-like stools
Distention
Palpable fecal mass
Hypoproteinemia
Ribbon-like stools is characteristic of what disease?
Hirschsprung disease
Management for Hirschsprung disease consists of ____ for mild cases and ____.
enemas, surgery
Is the colostomy for Hirschsprung disease is temporary or permanent?
temporary
What is the difference between gastroschisis and omphalocele?
There is no protective membrane in gastroschisis. There is a protective membrane in omphalocele.
A silo may be sutured to the skin in which defect?
gastroschisis
2 complications of surgery for gastroschisis and omphalocele?
Respiratory distress
Bowel necrosis
3 manifestations of tracheoesophageal fistula (3 Cs)? And two other manifestations?
Choking
Coughing
Cyanosis

Salivation (frothy)
Drooling
Complications after surgery for esophageal atresia and
tracheoesophageal fistula?
FTT
Respiratory adult distress
Tracheomalacia
Intussusception most commonly occurs at the ____.
ileocecal valve
What two manifestations indicate intussusception?
currant-jelly stools
sausage-like mass in RUQ
The definitive diagnosis for
intussusception is made by?
barium enema
Hydrostatic reduction using water soluble contrast and air pressure is used for what disorder?
intussusception
Complications of intussusception?
peritonitis
permanent bowel dysfunction
FACT:
Intussusception can reoccur 2-3 days post-op
Manifestations of malrotation and volvulus?
Bile vomitus
Increased vomiting
Abdominal distention
Bloody stools
An X-ray showing soapsuds (bubbling) appearance of walls would indicate what disorder?
necrotizing enterocolitis
A distended, shiny abdomen could possible indicate which disorder?
necrotizing enterocolitis