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48 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Megaesophagus
Achalasia
Scleroderma
Dilitation - tumor or stricture
Chagas's dz
Neuropathy (DM or EtOH)
bulbar palsy
Esophageal contrast extrav
Esophagitis
Tumor
Mallory-Weiss
Boerhaave's
TE fistuka
Bronchopulmonary foregut malformation
Esophageal solitary filling defect
Leiomyoma (50%)
Pedunculated fibrovascular polyp (25%)
Cysts, papilloma, fibroma, hamangioma

SCC
Adenomcarcinoma
Lymphoma
Mets

Foreign Bodies
Varices
Extrinsic compression
Thickened esophageal folds
Esophagitis (early)
Lyphoma
Varicoid Carcinoma
Varices
Esophageal air-fluid Level
Hiatal Hernia
Esoph diverticulum
Lesion cause motility disorder or stricture
Target (Bulls Eye) Lesion in stomach
Ulcer
Aphtoid Ulcer
Submucosal mets
If very large, leiomymoma, sarcoma
Gastric Filling Defect
Tumors
Endometriosis
Carcinoid
GIST
Extramedullar hematopoesis
ectopic pancreas
polyps
varices
Giant Rugal Folds
Lymphoma
Menetrier's
ZE
Gastritis (pancreatitis)
Bile reflux
Eosinophilic gastritis
Linitis Plastica Differential
TUMOR: Scirrhous Cancer
Lymphoma
Mets (Breast most common)
Pancreatic CA (direct inv)

INF: Erosive Gastritis, Radiotherapy

Infiltrative: Sarcoid, Amyloid, Intramural Ga hematoma

INfection: TB, syphilis
Tumor, Inflammation, Infiltrative, Infection
Gastric Antral Lesions
Tumor: Adeno CA, Lymphoma, Met
Inflam: Chrons,PUD, TB, Sarcoid

Other: Pyloric stenosis, pylorospasm, antral web
Free Intraperitoneal Air
Surgery
Perforated ulcer
Cecal perf
Pneumatosis coli
Air through genital tract (F)
Perf bowed
Duodenal Filling Defects - Neoplastic
Benign (first portion):adenoma, leiomyoma, carcinoid, villous adenoma (malignant potential)

Malignant (distal): Adeno cA, MEts
duodenal bulb filling defects
Ectopic gastric mucosa
prolapsed antral mucosa
Brunner gland hyperplasia
Varices
Distal duodenal filling defects
Benign lymphoid hyperplasia
Ectopic panc
Annular panc
Papilla of Vater
Tumor
Edema
Choledococele
Liklihood of malignancy of duodenal lesion based on location
Bulb: 90% benign
4th portion: 90% malignant
(In between is 50/50)
Causes of post bulbar narrowing
Neoplastic: Adeno Ca, Mets, Lymphoma
Inf: Ulcer, Crohns, duodenitis, pancreatitis
Other: Annular panc, intramural tic, duplication cyst, hematoma, aortic aneurysm, SMA syndrome
Papillary enlargement
Choledococele
Pancreatitis
Duodenal Ulcer
Impacted Stone
Ampullary Cancer
Mechanical SBO
Adhesions, Hernias, Tumors, Gallstones, Strictures
Malabsorption Patterns: Thick Folds
WAG CLEM
Whipple's
Amyloid
Giardiasis
Cryptosporidiosis
Lymphoma
Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis
MAC
WAG CLEM
Malabsorption Patterns: Dilated Loops
SOSO
Sprue
Obstruction or ileus
Scleroderma
Other *Meds, Vagotomy)
SOSO
Thick small bowel folds without malabsoprtion pattern (Pinky printing pattern)
Submucosal Edema (Ischemia, enteritis, GVH)
Sumbmucosal Tumor
Submucosal Hemorrhage (Henoch-Schonlein, HUS, Coags, Thrombocytopenia)
Small bowel nodules
Mastocystosis
Lymphoid Hyperplasia
Lymphoma
Mets
Polyps
Chrohn's
Small bowel Tumors - Benign
Adenoma (most)
Leiomyoma (2nd)
Lipoma
Hemangioma
Neurofibroma
Brunner Gland hyperplasia
Heteroptopic Panc
Small Bowel Tumors - Malignant
Mets (melanoma, kidney, breast, kaposi)
Lymphoma
Carcinoid
Sarcoma
Adeno CA (RARE)
Nonneoplastic Colonic Mass lesions
Pneumatosis Coli
Colitis Cystica Profunda
Amyloidosis
Endometriosis
Ischemic Colitis
Superficial (Aphthoid)Ulcers - Colon
Chrons
Amebiasis
Behcet's syndrome
CMV
Herpes
Deep Colonic ulcers
Inflammatory Colitis
Infectious: Emebiasis, TB, Salmonella, Shigella, Histo

AIDS: Candida, herpes, CMV
Bowel Wall Thickening (thumbprinting)
Infectious colitis, IDB
Tumor (Lymphome, leukemia)
Hemorrhage (Ischedia, Henoch-Schonlein, DIC, Coagulopathies)
Long Segment Colonic Narrowing (>10 cm)
Scirrhous AdenoCA
Lymphoma
UC
Crohn's
Ischemic Stricture
Radiation
Ahaustral Colon
Cathartic Abuse (right colon)
UC, Crohns
Amebiasis
Aging (Left Colon)
Pneumatosis Cystoides (large, cyst like)
COPD
Patients on vent
Mucosal Injury
Scleroderma
Steroid
Chemotherapy
Pneumatosis Intestinalis
Infarcted Bowel
NEC
Toxic Megacolon
Typhlitis
Fleischner's Sign
Narrowing of Cecum with TB
Stierlin's Sign
Narrowing of terminal ileum with TB
Increased Liver Density
Hemachromatosis
Glycogen Storage Disease
Wilson's
Amiodarone, Cisplatin
(may seem increased in patients with anemia)
Decreased Liver density
Fatty liver (obesity, EtOH, DM, Steroid, Chemo)
Hypervascular Liver Lesions
Hemangioma
Hypervascular Mets
Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
HCC
Hperechoic Liver Lesions
Hemagioma
Mets, Calcified Mets
HCC (and fibrolamellar)
Focal Fat
Gaucher's disease
Multiple Hyperechoic Liver Lesions
Mets, Lymphoma, Multifocal HCC
Abscessses, Echinococcus, Candidiasis, Schistosomiasis

Regenerative nodules, Sarcoid, Extramedullary hematopoesis, Hematomas, Hemangioma
Gas in Liver
biliary
Portal Venous
Abscess
Emphysematous Cholecystitis
Extrahepatic biliary ductal Dilitation
Intrapanc: Pancreatic CA, Calculus, Chronic Pancreatitis

Suprapanc: primary ductal CA, met LN

Portal: Invasive GB CA, Surgical, Hepatoma, Cholangio
Diffuse Gallbladder Wall Thickening
>3mm
Nonfasting GB
Acute cholecystitis
Chronic chole
portal hypertension
hypoalbuminemia
hepatitis
AIDS
Ascites
Focal Gallbladder Wall Thickening
GB carcinoma
Polyps
Adenomyomatosis
tumefactive adherent sludge
AIDS
Hyperechoic Foci in GB Wall
Stone
Polyp,
Cholesterol
Enphysematous cholecystitis
Porcelain GB
Dense GB (CT)
Vicarious excretion
Stones
Milk of calcium
refluc of oral cont
Hemorrhage
Cystic Pancreatic Lesion
Benign: Microcystic Adenoma
(Pre)Malignant: mucinous cystadenoma, cystadenocarcinoma, IPMT, epithelial
Cysts: simple, pseudocyst, VHL, duct ectasia
Hyperechoic Pancreas
CF
Pancreatic lipomatosis
Focal Splenic Lesions
Tumor: Mets (melanoma, ovary), Hemangioma, Lymphangioma, Hamartoma
Infection: Abscess, candida, TB, Schisto, PCP

Other: Infarct,hematoma, Cysts, Fatty nodules in Gaucher's