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123 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cancellous
spongy or porous structure as found at the ends of long bones
hematopoiesis
production and development of blood cells normally in the bone marrow
adduction
moves closer to the midline
abduction
moves away from the midline
flexion
decreases the angle of a joint
extension
increases the angle of a joint
rotation
moves a bone around its own axis
pronation
turns the palm down
supination
turns the palm up
inversion
moves the sole of the foot inward
eversion
moves the sole of the foot outward
dorsiflexion
elevates the foot
plantar flexion
lowers the foot(points the toes)
abduction
moves away from the midline
flexion
decreases the angle of a joint
extension
increases the angle of a joint
rotation
moves a bone around its own axis
pronation
turns the palm down
supination
turns the palm up
inversion
moves the sole of the foot inward
eversion
moves the sole of the foot outward
dorsiflexion
elevates the foot
plantar flexion
lowers the foot(points the toes)
ankyl/o
stiffness;bent,crooked
arthr/o
joint
kyph/o
humpback
lamin/o
lamina(part of the vertebral arch)
lord/o
curve/swayback
myel/o
bone marrow;spinal cord
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
ped/o

ped/i
foot; child
scoli/o
crooked;bent
thorac/o
chest
brachi/o
arm
calcane/o
heel bone
carp/o
carpus(wrist)
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
neck
clavicul/o
collar bone;clavicle
cost/o
ribs;
crani/o
cranium(skull)
dactyl/o
fingers;toes
femor/o
thigh bone
fibul/o
fibula;smaller bone of lower leg
humer/o
humerus;upper arm bone
ili/o
ilium; lateral portion of the hip bone
ischi/o
lower portion of the hip bone
lumb/o
loins; lower back
metacarp/o
metacarpus;hand bones
metatars/o
metatarsus;foot bones
patell/o
patella;kneecap
pelv/i

pelv/o
pelvis
phalang/o
phalanges;bones of the fingers and toes
pod/o
foot
pub/o
pelvis bone;anterior part of the pelvic bone
radi/o
radiation;xray;radius(lower arm bone on thumb side)
spondyl/o

vertebr/o
vertebrae;backbone
stern/o
sternum;breastbone
tibi/o
tibia;larger bone of lower leg
leiomy/o
smooth muscle;visceral
muscul/o

my/o
muscle
rhabdomy/o
rod shaped striated muscle;rhabdomyoma(tumor composed of striated muscular tissue)
chondr/o
cartilage
fibr/o
fiber;fibrous tissue
synov/o
synovial membrane;synovial fluid
ten/o

tend/o

tendin/o
tendon
-asthenia
weakness;debility
-blast
embryonic cell
-clasia
to break;surgical fracture
-clast
to break
-desis
binding,fixation(of a bone or joint)
-malacia
softening
-physis
growth;epiphysis
-porosis
porous
-scopy
visual examination
a-
without;not
dys-
bad;painful;difficult
sub-
under,below
supra-
above;excessive;superior
syn-
union;together;joined
ankylosis
stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease,trauma,surgery,or abnormal bone fusion
carpal tunnel syndrome
painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel
claudication
lameness,limping
contracture
fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin,fascia,muscle or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of related tissue or joint
crepitation
dry,grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together indicating a fracture or joint destruction
exacerbation
increase severity of a disease or any of its symptoms
ganglion cyst
tumor of tendon sheath or joint capsule,commonly found in the wrist
hemarthrosis
effusion of blood into a joint cavity
hypotonia
loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching
multiple myeloma
primary malignant tumor that infiltrates the bone and bone marrow
osteophyte
bony outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal cord also called "bony spur"
prothesis
replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute such as an artificial extremity
rickets
form of osteomalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency
sprain
tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight,moderate,or complete
strain
to exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury,usually muscular
subluxation
partial or complete dislocation
talipes equinovarus
clubfoot
reduction
procedure that restores a bone to its normal position
casting
application of an orthopedic device to an injured body part for immobilization,stabilization,and protection during the healing process
amputation
partial or complete removal of an extremity due to trauma or circulatory disease
arthrocentesis
puncture of a joint space using a needle to remove accumulated fluid
hematopoeisis
production of blood cells within bone marrow
fracture
broken bone
osteomyelitis
infection of the bone and bone marrow
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine; C - shaped curvature of the spine
kyphosis
humpback;hunchback; abnormal curvature of the upper portion of the spine
lordosis
abnormal,inward curvature of a portion of the lower portion of the spine; swayback
osteoporosis
common metabolic bone disorder in the elderly; particularly postmenopausal women
arthritis
inflammation of a joint usually accompanied by pain,swelling,and commonly changes structure
gout
accumulation of uric acid crystals in the blood
dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
ACL
ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
Ca
cancer
CT
COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
DJD
DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISEASE
Fx
fracture
IM
intramuscular
IV
intravenous
NSAIDs
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
RA
RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
ROM
RANGE OF MOTION
TRAM
TRANSVERSE RECTUS ABDOMINIS MUSCLE