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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
formal and informal "you"
sie (zee)
du (du)
"we are using the informal you"
and the verb for that.
duzen (du-tsen)

wir du-tsen unts (veer du-tsen unts)
good evening
guten abend (guten ah-bnt)
good night
Gute Nacht (gu-te naHt)
"I"
"you informal"
"you, formal"
ich (iH)
du (du)
sie (zee)
nominative
the subject of the sentence.
the person or thing performing the action of the verb.

Der Junge Nimmt den Kuchen
(dehr Yun-ge nimt dehn koo-HN)
the boy takes the cake.

boy is subject
Accusative
direct object always in accusative

Der Junge Nimmt den Kuchen
(dehr Yun-ge nimt dehn koo-HN)
the boy takes the cake.

cake object
Dative
indirect object

Der Junge gibt dem hund den den Kuchen
(dehr Yun-ge gipt dehm hunt dehn koo-Hn)

dog is indirect object
Genitive
posession: person or thing that posesses is in the genitive case.
der Hund des jungen
(dehr hunt des yun-gen)

the boy's dog

boy is in the genitive case
"I"
nominative
dative
accusative
n-ich
d-mir
a-mich
nom-subject
dative-object
accusative-direct object
"you" (informal)
nominative
dative
accusative
n-du
d-dir
a-dich
nom-subject
dative-object
accusative-direct object
"you" (formal)
nominative
dative
accusative
n-sie
d-Ihnen
a-Sie
nom-subject
dative-object
accusative-direct object
he, to him, him
nominative
dative
accusative
n-er
d-ihm
a-ihn
nom-subject
dative-object
accusative-direct object
she, to her, her
nominative
dative
accusative
n-sie
d-ihr
a-sie
nom-subject
dative-object
accusative-direct object
it, to it, it
n-es
d-ihm
n-es
nom-subject
dative-object
accusative-direct object
we, to us, us
nom
dat
accus
n-wie
d-uns
a-uns
nom-subject
dative-object
accusative-direct object
you, to you, you (informal Address)
nom
dat
accus
n-ihr
d-euch
a-euch
nom-subject
dative-object
accusative-direct object
you, to you, you (formal Address)
nom
dat
accus
n-sie
d-ihnen
a-ihnen
nom-subject
dative-object
accusative-direct object
you are tired
(you is nominative)
du bist mude
(du bist muu-de)
I'm giving you the book
(you is dative)
Ich gebe dir das Buch
(iH geh-be deer das BooH)
I'm asking you
(you is in accusitive)
Ich frage Dich
(i'm asking you)
How are you
(formal)
wie geht es Ihnen
(vee geht ess ee-nen)
closer to "how is it going"
How are you
(informal)
wie geht es dir
(vee geht ess deer)
How's it going/what's up?
Wie geth's?
Replying
-"thanks, good"
-very good
-pretty good
-so,so
-not good

-and you
-oh i'm fine too.
-danke, gut
-sehr gut (very)
-ganz gut (pretty)
-es geht (so,so)
-Nicht so gut (not so good)

-und Ihnen/und selbst (zelpst)
-auch gut