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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What causes liver spots?
Decreased blood supply.
What the most common skin condition in the elderly?
Seborrheic keratosis
What happens to the muscles of as we age?
Muscle fibers decrease in bulk and number although strength can remain the same.
What is presbyopia?
Presbyopia describes the condition where the eye exhibits a progressively diminished ability to focus on near objects with age.
What happens to the eyes as they age?
The lens loses elasticity and cannot re-shape.
The ciliary muscles harden.
What is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly?
Cataracts.
What percentage of people over 70 have cataracts?
90%
What are some some very general signs/symptoms of glaucoma?
Increased IOP, halos around lights, and pain.
What causes visual acuity to decrease?
Atrophy of cone cells
What is presbycusis?
Presbycusis, or age-related hearing loss, is the cumulative effect of aging on hearing. It is defined as a progressive bilateral symmetrical age-related sensorineural hearing loss. The hearing loss is most marked at higher frequencies.
By age 65, how much has cardiac output decreased?
About 40%
What happens to respiratory capacity as we age?
It decreases.
What are some changes that occur in the GI tract?
Decreased appetite, decreased ability to swallow, decreased acid and motility, decreased taste, and decreased peristalsis.
What can one to do combat the changes in the GI tract?
Eat 5 to 6 small meals a day.
What happens to the elderly's ability to maintain body temperature?
It is decreased partly due to decreased metabolism and body fat.