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20 Cards in this Set

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Accession
The acquisition of title by the owner of real property to those things attached to the property by others, such as tenants or trespassers or by nature.
Air lot
A designated air space over a parcel of land. In condominiums, each individual occupies a seperate air lot.
Condos
Air rights
The right to use and enjoy the air space above a parcel of land. Such rights may be leased or sold seperately from the land.
Appurtenance
Anything that may be used with the land for its benefit and goes to the new owner when ownership is transfered. Mineral rights, air rights, water rights, easements, improvements, and natural attachments are appurtenant to the land.
Appurtenance
Anything that may be used with the land for its benefit and goes to the new owner when ownership is transfered. Mineral rights, air rights, water rights, easements, improvements, and natural attachments are appurtenant to the land.
Artificial monuments
man-made objects such as streets, fences, iron pins, concrete posts, etc
Baselines
Certain reference lines which run east and west; used in the rectangular survey system to locate land.
Bench mark
A permanent reference point of known location used by surveyors. A bench mark may be a point established by a government survey team or a fixed monument such as a road right-of-way.
Bill of sale
A document which conveys ownership to personal property.
Call
The compass direction and distance for each boundary line.
Chattel
Personal property.
Closure
The metes and bounds legal description must return to the point of beginning or the description is incomplete.
Constructive severance
To transfer to someone other than the owner of the land the rights to remove attachments such as timber, or buildings, or the right to remove minerals.
Contour
The shape of the earth's surface.
Contour map.
See topography map.
Correlative rights
A doctrine of law which allows riparian owners in certain states to use only a reasonable share of water during periods of drought.
Datum
A point of surface of known location from which heights and depths are measured. The basic point from which vertical land (air rights and mineral rights) is described.
Emblements
Crops that require annual cultivation. They are considered personal property even though attached to the land. See fructus industriales.
Fixture
An item that was once personal property but has become real property because of the manner in which it was attached to the land or its improvements.
Fructus industriales
Crops that are planted and harvested each year.