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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Amount of weight applied per unit area is known as _____, and the amount of weight applied per every square inch of a given body is known as _____.
Pressure, Confining Pressure
Upfolds with the oldest rock in the middle are known as _____, and downfolds with the youngest rocks in the midde are known as _____.
Anticlines, Synclines
Premeable rock layers that conduct water are known as _____.
The point on Earths surface directly above where an earthquake originates is known as the _____.
The underground origin of an earthquake in bedrock is known as the _____.
Surface depressions formed by the collapse of caves or other large underground void spaces are known as _____.
A distinctive topography that indicates dissolution of underlying soluble rock, generally limestone, is described as_____.
Karst Topography
Lines of equal elevation are called what?
Contour Lines
The difference between magnetic north and true north is called what?
What is GPS?
Global Positioning System
The episodic release of energy that occurs along fault lines strain the bedrock like a person jumping on a diving board. This strain produces elastic waves of vibration and shaking known as _____.
Seismic Waves
The time between the actual earthquake and the first measured seismic waves is known as _____.
Travel Time
A rock rich in organic matter which, if heated sufficiently, will generate oil or gas is known as _____.
Source Rock
A relatively impermeable rock, commonly shale, anhydrate or salt, that forms a barrier or cap above and around reservoir rock such that fluids cannot migrate beyond the reservoir is known as _____.
Movement of hydrocarbons from the source rock is known as _____.
Name the three different seismic waves.
P-Waves, S-Waves, Love Waves
The upper surface of the zone of groundwater saturation is known as _____.
Water Table
Why use vertical exaggeration?
When horizontal scale is not the same as vertical scale.
Why would you take a compass bearing?
"line up" with a known location
The compass bearing of a line formed by the intersection of an inclined plane and a horizontal plane is known as _____.
All minerals have different melting poitns. So when heating a rock comprised of several different kinds of mineral crystals, one part of the rock will melt before another part. Geologists call this _____.
Partial Melting
The gradient of increasing temperature with depth is called _____.
Geothermal Gradient
A geographic structure or a stratigraphic feature that allows the accumulation of hydrocarbons is known as _____.
Breaks in rock units along which movement has occured are known as _____.
The angle between an inclined plane and a horizontal plane is known as _____.
Dip Angle