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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are large bodies of land called?
continent
What is another name for latitude lines?
parallel
What are large bodies of salt water called?
ocean
What are the lines that run North and South called?
longitude
What are the lines that run East and West called?
latitude
What is half a sphere/globe called?
hemisphere
What is another name for longitude lines?
meridan
What is the imaginary line that runs halfway between the north and south pole called?
equator
What is the starting line for measuring longitude called?
prime meridian
What is a globe?
a model of the earth
What do we use globes to show?
globes show the earths features
How many hemispheres does earth have?
4
Name the 4 hemispheres.
Northern Hemisphere
Eastern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
Where do all the longitude lines meet?
The North and South Poles
What is so important about Greenwich, England?
It is where the prime meridan originates.
What are the cardinal directions?
North
South
East
West
What are the intermediate directions?
Northwest
Northeast
Southwest
Southeast
What do you call the small drawing that indicates directions on a map?
compass rose
What do you use to explain the relationship between real distances on Earth and distances on map?
scale
What do we call anything that stands for something else?
symbol
What tells you what each symbol on the map stands for?
map key
What do you call a small map inset in the corner of a larger map?
locator
What map often uses color to show the bounderies between states or countries - often shows capitals?
political map
What is the map that highlights earth's natural features?
physical
What is the physical map that uses shading to show the difference in height between areas of land?
relief map
What is the physical map that uses color to show the elevation (height above sea level)?
elevation map
What map shows you how to get from one place to another?
road map
What is the map that shows information about the past or where past events took place?
historical map
What are the seven continents?
Africa
Asia
Australia
Antartica
Europe
North America
South America
What are the four oceans?
Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Artic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Where do all the lines of longitude meet?
North and South Pole