• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/547

Click to flip

547 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Hydrosphere
all the bodies of water on Earth
Lithosphere
all the land on Earth
Atmosphere
all the air on Earth
Biosphere
the part of Earth that supports life
Eurasia
the border of Europe and Asia
Isthmus of Panama
the strip of land connecting North and South America
Sinai Peninsula
what separates Africa and Asia
Continental Shelf
an underwater extension of the coastal plain
Mount Everest
the tallest mountain in the world
Dead Sea
sea whose shore is the lowest point of dry land on Earth
Mariana Trench
the lowest point on Earth
Core
the core of Earth made up of iron and nickel
Mantle
thick layer of hot, dense rock outside the core
crust
a rocky shell forming Earth's surface
Continental drift
theory that continents were once joined then slowly drifted apart
Plate tectonics
all physical processes that create any of Earth's surfaces
Folds
bends in layers of rock
Faults
cracks in the Earth's crust
Weathering
the breaking down of rocks
Erosion
the wearing down of Earth's surfaces
Glaciers
large bodies of ice that move across Earth's surfaces
moraines
large piles of rock and debris left behind by glaciers
`"
name given to the regular movement of water
Evaporation
changing of liquid into gas
Condensation
changing of gas into liquid
Precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, or hail
Pacific
largest ocean
Atlantic
ocean near east coast of U.S.A
Indian
ocean near India
Arctic
ocean near the Arctic circle
Weather
the condition of the atmosphere at one place and time
Climate
weather patterns that an area typically experiences
Axis
imaginary line running from north to south pole
Temperature
the measure of how hot or cold an area is
Revolution
a trip around the sun
Equinox
when daytime and nighttime are equal
Tropic of Cancer
the northernmost point on earth to receive the direct rays of sun
Solstice
marks the beginning of the summer in the northern hemisphere
Tropic of Capricorn
the day of shortest daytime
Greenhouse effect
earths atmosphere trapping the suns energy for plants to grow
Global warming
rise in atmospheric CO2 levels causes rises in global temperature
Arctic Circle
the area around the north pole
Antarctic Circle
the area around the south pole
Low, mid, high latitudes
between 90*S & 90*N
Prevailing winds
global winds that blow in constant patterns
Coriolis effect
causes prevailing winds to blow diagonally
Doldrums
narrow, windless bands along the equator
Currents
cold and warm streams of water
Tropics
tropical climates found in or near the low latitudes
Sahara
the desert that extends over one-third of the african continent
Oasis
an area of lush vegetation
Coniferous
trees that have cones
Deciduous
trees that have broad leaves
Prairies
inland grasslands
Permafrost
layer of soil that is permanently frozen
Hypothesis
a scientific explanation
smog
a visible chemical haze in the atmosphere that endangers peoples health
silicon valley
third largest U.S. high-tech center
manufacturing belt
area extending east from the great lakes
wheat/corn belt
ohio to nebraska, the great plains in america, and the plain provinces in canada
ohio river
river along the east coast of america. makes up the border between ohio and kentucky
trans-canada highway
runs 4860 miles from victoria to st. johns
global economy
the merging of economies in which countries are interconnected and become dependent on one another
tariffs
type of taxes
rio grande
area in mexico where the rapid industrial growth is threatening the environment
alaska
the largest and most northern state in america
Mt. McKinley
highest mountain peak in North America
Great Plains
Appalachian Mountains
mountain range that stretches from Alabama to Canada
"Newfoundland
Tributaries
a stream, river, or glacier that feeds another larger one
"Yukon Territory
Mississippi River
longest river in North America
Great Lakes
chain of 5 lakes in northeast America and Canada
Fossil fuels
this is not a flahscard
fisheries
http://www.cnn.com/2012/02/13/world/americas/colombia-bomb-detecting-rats/index.html?hpt=wo_t3
Aquaculture
http://www.cnn.com/2012/02/13/world/americas/colombia-bomb-detecting-rats/index.html?hpt=wo_t3
Everglades
wetlands in the southern portion of Florida
Death Valley
the lowest, driest, and hottest location in North America
andes mountains
mountain range that stretches from colarado to the southern tip of south america
mexican plateau
central plateau in mexico between the sierra madre occidental and oriental
brazilian highlands
plateau region of central and southeastern brazil
amazon river
river flowing through peru and brazil in south america and into the atlantic ocean
rio de la plata
estuary of the parana and uraguay rivers between uruguay and argentina
amazon basin
the area of south america drained by the amazon river and its tributaries
atacama desert
desert in northern chile
indigenous
people descended from an area's first inhabitants
yucatan peninsula
old home of the mayans
mexico city
capitol of mexico
tenochtitlan
a large lake in mexico city
conquistador
conqueror
viceroy
royally appointed official
cuba
island in the eastern mediterranean sea, south of turkey
dominican republic
republic occupying the eastern two thirds of hispaniola island in the west indies
west indies
carribean islands between north america and south america
panama
capitol of panama
gautemala
south of mexico
columbia
republic in northern south america
honduras
central american republic
tijuana
city near u.s.-mexico border, just south of san diego
costa rica
central american country south of nicaragua
santiago
capital of chile
GDP
gross domestic product
Glaciation
Is the process in which glaciers formed and spread.
Alps
Its mountain system forms forms a crescent form southern France to the Balkan Peninsula.
Rhine
One of Europe's major rivers that run through the Alps.
Po
One of Europe's major rivers that run through the Alps.
Northern European Plain
Scoured by Ice Age glaciers the Great European Plain, stretches form southeastern England and western France eastward to Poland,Ukraine, and Russia.
Loess
A fine, rich,wind-borne soil left by glaciers,cover it.
Dikes
Large banks of earth and stone, to hold back water
Polders
reclaimed land that were once drained and kept dry by the use of windmills.
Fjords
Long narrow, steep-sided inlets on the Atlantic coastline
Baltic Sea
Lowlands in Sweden slope through here
North Sea
The Jutland Peninsula forms the mainland part of Denmark and extends in the North Sea.
British Isles
Lies northwest of the mainland
Aegean Sea
Greece's nearly has 2,000 islands here.
Danube River
Flows from southern Germany's Black Forest through Hungary and Romania to the Black Sea
Black Sea
Is eastern Europe's major waterway
France
Has mild climate
Permafrost
Soil that is permanently frozen below the surface
Norway
Located in high latitudes and they experience a warmer climate characteristics of mid latitude regions
Sweden
Located in high latitudes and they experience a warmer climate characteristics of mid latitude regions
Timberline
The elevation above which trees cannot grow
Mistral
A strong north wind from the Alps, can send gusts of bitterly cold air into southern France.
Siroccos
Hot, dry winds from North Africa, may bring high temperatures to the region
Foehns
Blow down from the mountains into valleys and plains
Avalanches
Destructive masses of ice,snow, and rock sliding down mountainsides
Hungary
A belt of dry, cold grassland
Romania
A belt of dry, cold grassland
Ukraine
A belt of dry, cold grassland
United Kingdom
a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801–1922. Capital: London.
Ireland
republic in NW Europe occupying most of Ireland: established as the Irish Free State (a British dominion) in 1921 and declared a republic in 1949; joined the European Community (now the European Union) in 1973. Official languages: Irish (Gaelic) and English. Currency: euro. Capital: Dublin.
Iceland
a large island in the N Atlantic between Greenland and Scandinavia
Norway
a kingdom in Northern Europe, in the Western part of the Scandinavian Peninsula
Sweden
kingdom in Northern Europe, in the Eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula.
Finland
a republic in N Europe: formerly a province of the Russian Empire
Denmark
a kingdom in N Europe, on the Jutland peninsula and adjacent islands.
Immigrant
a person who migrates to another country, usually for permanent residence
Refugees
a person who flees for refuge or safety, especially to a foreign country, as in time of political upheaval, war, etc.
Feudalism
the legal and social system that evolved in W Europe in the 8th and 9th centuries, in which vassals were protected and maintained by their lords, usually through the granting of fiefs, and were required to serve under them in war
Reformation
the religious movement in the 16th century that had for its object the reform of the Roman Catholic Church, and that led to the establishment of the Protestant churches.
Enlightenment
the act of enlightening
Industrial Revolution
the transformation in the 18th and 19th centuries of first Britain and then other W European countries and the US into industrial nations
Communism
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
Cold War
intense economic, political, military, and ideological rivalry between nations, short of military conflict; sustained hostile political policies and an atmosphere of strain between opposed countries.
European Union
an association of European nations formed in 1993 for the purpose of achieving political and economic integration. Incorporating the European community, the European Union's member states are Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
Welfare states
a state in which the welfare of the people in such matters as social security, health and education, housing, and working conditions is the responsibility of the government.
Romanticism
the theory, practice, and style of the romantic art, music, and literature of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, usually opposed to classicism
France
a republic in W Europe, between the English Channel, the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic: the largest country wholly in Europe; became a republic in 1793 after the French Revolution and an empire in 1804 under Napoleon; reverted to a monarchy (1815--48), followed by the Second Republic (1848--52), the Second Empire (1852--70), the Third Republic (1870--1940), and the Fourth and Fifth Republics (1946 and 1958); a member of the European Union. It is generally flat or undulating in the north and west and mountainous in the south and east.
Netherlands
Also called: Holland , Dutch name: Nederland a kingdom in NW Europe, on the North Sea: declared independence from Spain in 1581 as the United Provinces; became a major maritime and commercial power in the 17th century, gaining many overseas possessions; formed the Benelux customs union with Belgium and Luxembourg in 1948 and was a founder member of the Common Market, now the European Union. It is mostly flat and low-lying, with about 40 per cent of the land being below sea level, much of it on polders protected by dykes. Official language: Dutch. Religion: Christian majority, Protestant and Roman Catholic, large nonreligious minority
Belgium
a kingdom in W Europe, bordering the North Sea, N of France.
Switzerland
a republic in central Europe. Capital: Bern.
Crusades
any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims
Reparations
the making of amends for wrong or injury done: reparation for an injustice.
Holocaust
the Churban , Also called the Shoah the mass murder of Jews and members of many other ethnic, social, and political groups in continental Europe between 1940 and 1945 by the Nazi regime
Luxembourg
a grand duchy surrounded by Germany, France, and Belgium
Realism
interest in or concern for the actual or real, as distinguished from the abstract, speculative, etc.
Impressionism
a movement in French painting, developed in the 1870s chiefly by Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, and Sisley, having the aim of objectively recording experience by a system of fleeting impressions, esp of natural light effects
Italy
a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870–1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Capital: Rome.
Spain
a kingdom in SW Europe. Including the Balearic and canary islands, 39,244,195; 194,988 sq. mi. (505,019 sq. km). Capital: Madrid.
Andorra
a republic in the E Pyrenees between France and Spain, under the joint suzerainty of France and the Spanish Bishop of Urgel. 74,839; 191 sq. mi. (495 sq. km).
Greece
Ancient Greek, Hellas. Modern Greek, Ellas. a republic in S Europe at the S end of the Balkan Peninsula. 10,583,126; 50,147 sq. mi. (129,880 sq. km). Capital: Athens.
Portugal
a republic in SW Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula, W of Spain. (Including the Azores and the Madeira Islands) 9,867,654; 35,414 sq. mi. (91,720 sq. km). Capital: Lisbon.
Vatican City
an independent state within the city of Rome, on the right bank of the Tiber. Established in 1929, it is ruled by the pope and includes St. Peter's Church and the Vatican, 1000; 109 acres (44 hectares).
City states
a sovereign state consisting of an autonomous city with its dependencies.
Renaissance
the activity, spirit, or time of the great revival of art, literature, and learning in Europe beginning in the 14th century and extending to the 17th century, marking the transition from the medieval to the modern world.
Serbia
a former kingdom in S Europe: now, with revised boundaries, a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, in the N part; includes the autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. 9,660,000; 34,116 sq. mi. (88,360 sq. km). Capital: Belgrade.
Montenegro
a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, in the SW part: an independent kingdom 1878–1918. 615,000; 6333 sq. mi. (13,812 sq. km). Capital: Podgorica.
Bosnia
a historic region in SE Europe: a former Turkish province; a part of Austria-Hungary (1879–1918) now part of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Herzegovina
a historic region in SE Europe: a former Turkish province; a part of Austria-Hungary 1878–1914; now part of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Croatia
a republic in SE Europe: includes the historical regions of Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia; formerly a part of Yugoslavia. 5,026,995, 21,835 sq. mi. (56,555 sq. km) Capital: Zagreb.
Slovenia
a republic in SE Europe: formerly part of Yugoslavia. 1,945,998; 7819 sq. mi. (20,250 sq. km). Capital: Ljubljana.
Macedonia
a republic in S Europe: formerly (1945–92) a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. 2,113,866; 9928 sq. mi. (25,713 sq. km). Capital: Skopje.
Czech Republic
a republic in central Europe: includes the regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and part of Silesia; formerly part of Czechoslovakia; independent since 1993. 10,318,958; 30,449 sq. mi. (78,864 sq. km). Capital: Prague.
Poland
a republic in E central Europe, on the Baltic Sea. 38,700,291; about 121,000 sq. mi. (313,400 sq. km). Capital: Warsaw.
Hungary
Hungarian name: Magyarország a republic in central Europe: Magyars first unified under Saint Stephen, the first Hungarian king (1001--38); taken by the Hapsburgs from the Turks at the end of the 17th century; gained autonomy with the establishment of the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary (1867) and became a republic in 1918; passed under Communist control in 1949; a popular rising in 1956 was suppressed by Soviet troops; a multi-party democracy replaced Communism in 1989 after mass protests; joined the EU in 2004. It consists chiefly of the Middle Danube basin and plains. Official language: Hungarian. Religion: Christian majority. Currency: forint. Capital: Budapest Pop: 9 831 000 (2004 est). Area: 93 030 sq km (35 919 sq miles)
Slovakia
a republic in central Europe: formerly a part of Czechoslovakia; under German protection 1939–45; independent since 1993. 5,393,016; 18,931 sq. mi. (49,035 sq. km). Capital: Bratislava.
Ukraine
a republic in SE Europe: rich agricultural and industrial region. 50,684,635; 223,090 sq. mi. (603,700 sq. km). Capital: Kiev.
Latvia
republic in N Europe, on the Baltic, S of Estonia, an independent state 1918–40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 2,437,649; 25,395 sq. mi. (63,700 sq. km). Capital: Riga.
Estonia
republic in N Europe, on the Baltic, S of the Gulf of Finland: an independent republic 1918–40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 1,444,721; 17,413 sq. mi. (45,100 sq. km). Capital: Tallinn.
Lithuania
republic in N Europe, on the Baltic: an independent state 1918–40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 3,635,932; 25,174 sq. mi. (65,200 sq. km). Capital: Vilnius.
Bulgaria
republic in SE Europe. 8,652,745; 42,800 sq. mi. (110,850 sq. km). Capital: Sofia.
Belarus
Byelorussian Republic , Bielorussia , Also called: White Russia a republic in E Europe; part of the medieval Lithuanian and Polish empires before being occupied by Russia; a Soviet republic (1919--91); in 1997 formed a close political and economic union with Russia: mainly low-lying and forested. Languages: Belarussian; Russian. Religion: believers are mostly Christian. Currency: rouble. Capital: Minsk. Pop: 9 851 000 (2004 est). Area: 207 600 sq km (80 134 sq miles)
Romania
a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. 21,399,114; 91,699 sq. mi. (237,500 sq. km). Capital: Bucharest.
Balkanization
to divide (a country, territory, etc.) into small, quarrelsome, ineffectual states.
Ethnic cleansing
the elimination of an unwanted ethnic group or groups from a society, as by genocide or forced emigration.
farm cooperatives
organization in which farmers share in growing and selling farm products
genetically modified foods
food sources, the genes of which have been altered to cause increase in size and speed of growth or greater resistance to pests
organic farming
the use of natural substances rather than chemical fertilizers and pesticides to enrich the soil and grow crops
maastricht treaty
a 1992 meeting of europen governments in maastricht, the netherlands, that formed european union
straight of gibralter
passage connecting mediterranean sea to the atlantic ocean
Caucasus Mts.
rise north of mount ararat between the black sea and caspian sea
Atlas Mts.
extends across morocco and Algeria
Arabian Peninsula
to the east the red sea and the gulf of Aden separates the Arabian Peninsula from Africa.
Persian Gulf
frames this peninsula on the east and the Arabian sea borders it to the south
Sinai Peninsula
to the northwest the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba flank the Sinai Peninsula
Dead Sea
the smallest of these sits at the mouth of the Jordan River
Caspian Sea
Located in Central Asia the Caspian Sea is the largest inland body of water on Earth.
Aral Sea
East of the Caspian Sea is the Aral Sea.
Nile River
Located in Egypt this is the world's longest river at 4,160 miles (6,693km).
Tigris River
is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates. The river flows south from the mountains of southeastern Turkey through Iraq.
Euphrates River
a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations.
Sahara
The largest desert in the world at about 3.5 square miles it covers most of North America.
Pastoralism
the raising and grazing of livestock is a way of life for people live in a steppe climate.
Nomads
Groups of people who move from place to place depending on the season and availability of grass for grazing and water.
Bedouins
Arabic- speaking people who migrated to North Africa from desert in Southwest Asia.
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
North African peoples that have had continuous contact with Europe for hundreds of years, they all have influenced the culture in this sub-region.
Infrastructure
Basic urban necessities such as streets and utilities.
Domesticate
Plants and animals, or adapt them from the wild for such uses as food, clothing, and transportation.
Hieroglyphics
A form of picture writing
nationalism
A belief in the right of an ethnic group to have its own independent country.
Suez Canal
An important shipping lane that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea across Egypt, has made Egypt a key regional power.
Monotheism
A belief in one God.
Prophets
Messengers that include Abraham and Jesus.
Mosque
A house of worship where Muslims pray.
Mesopotamia
The area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Fertile Crescent
a large rich agricultural region that Mesopotamia
Persian Empire
During the 500s B.C the Persian Empire expanded across the region.
Embargo
a ban on trade on oil when it became angered over the Arab-Israeli War.
Ziggurats
mud brick temples which were shaped like pyramids and rose high above the flat landscape.
Hajj
pilgrimage
Silk Road
An ancient caravan route that linked Xian in central China with the eastern Mediterranean.
Great Rift Valley
a large depression in the Earth's surface that stretches from Syria in southwest Asia to Mozambique in the southeastern part of Africa
Lake Victoria
the largest lake in africa that is located between the eastern and western branches of the great rift
Niger River
the main artery of western africa, extending about 2,600 miles in length. It originates in the highlands of Guinea. It flows northeast and then curves southeast to the Nigerian coast
Delta
a triangular section of land formed by sand and silt carried down river
Congo River
a river that reaches the mediterranean sea through an estuary
Estuary
a passage where fresh water meets seawater.
savannna
a tropical grassland with scattered trees that covers almost half of Africa.
Namib Desert
a sparse desert along the coast of Namibia with rocks and dunes
Kalahari desert
a very dry desert, that has some spots that support animals and plants. It occupies eastern Namibia, most of Botswana, and part of South Africa.
chad
home to a very diverse population, there are more than 200 distinct ethnic groups.
Senegal
home of the mande people
Mali
home of the mande people
Niger
home of the Hausa
sudan
the place with the highest population density along the Nile River
Darfur
the western region that holds 2.7 million displaced people and is involved in a conflict between agrarian non-arab black African Muslims and government backed militias
patriarchal
headed by a male family memeber
Nucelar family
a family made up of a husband, wife, and children
Uganda and Tanzania
The Bantu ethnic group that takes up most of the countries
Rwanda and Burundi
The Hutu ethnic group makes up the majority of the countries
Kenya and Ethiopia
inland cities that have grown from trade
Somalia
60 percent of the population is nomadic or seminomadic
Djibouti
Has a long history that dates back to thousands of years and includes trading relationshiops with the arabian peninsula, china, and indai.
Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, togo, and Benin
countries taht are mvoing to urban areas in hopes of finding work and education
Nigeria
an example of rapid population group. In 2009 about 153 million people lived in nigerai. It is projected taht the country's population growth will exceed 190 million by 2025
Niger
rapid population growth is contributing to competitinon between ehrders and farmers fro natural resources including land
Gambia
46 percent of the people live in villages
Senegal
more than half of the country is rural
Ghana and mali
countries named after two ancient empires
Mauritania
a place moors had left for fear of being captured and enslaved
Democratic republic of Congo and cameroon
both countries are home to more than 200 ethnic gropus
Central African Republic
a place where each ethnic group has its own language
Gabon and equatorial Guinea
Peopls of mostly Bantu origin
Sao Tome and Principe
islands with about 200,000 people from many different ethnic groups
Republic of congo
a densley poplulated area of central Africa
Zimbabwe and Zambia
where the sena people live. The Zambezi River seperates the two countries
Malawi
where the Sena sell fish and buy needed items (at markets) on the Zambezi river
Swaziland
Where the Swazi people migrated
South Africa
where the Swazi and Sulu peoples maintain strogn policitcal and cultural presesnce
Namibia
Where the best known hunter-gatherers live (the san people)
Lesotho
a small country completely surrounded by the country of South Africa
Madagascar
where people have been trading with outsiders as early as 600 A.D.
Angola
the portugues controlled this country throught the 1500s because they wanted slaves
Comaros
An Island where a trading colony was established
Botswana
a stable and succesufual economy that has been like that since independence in 1966
Mauritius
A country that has attained an open economy and political system defined by colitions and alliance building
Apartheid
seperation of races
Universal suffrage
voting rights for all adult citizens
Subsistence Farming
small-scaqle agriculture that provides primarily for the needs of a family or village.
Comercail Farming
when farms produce crops on a large scale
Cash Crop
crops that are grown and sold for profit
Zimbabwe
used to be an agricultural country in africa
South Africa
the world's largest producer of gold.
E-Commerce
selling and buying on the Internet
Somalia, Djibouti, and Ethiopia
the horn of Africa that is a bulge of land that juts into the Indian ocean
Poaching
illegal hunting
Korean Peninsula
a peninsula that juts southeast from China's Northeast Plain, sparating the sea of Japan from the Yellow sea.
archipelago
an island chain of japan that countain 4 large mountainous islands and thousands of smaller ones.
Gobi
a desert taht extends from southern Mongolia to North central China.
Huang He
also called the yellow river, it is china's major river system
Loess
Yellowish brown topsoil (also known as silt)
Chang Jiang
Asia's longest river at 3,965 miles, also known as the Yangtze River.
Taiwan
part of the southeast portion of East Asia, that has a humid subtropic climate
Monsoon
The air mass above the Asian continent and the air mass above the Pacific ocean meet in East Asia.
Typhoon
The warm humid air over the tropical ocean frequently gives rise to violent storms.
Tibet
a non-chinese ethnic group that was once a buddhist kingdom. There is tension between the chinese and the tibetans
Aborigines
Taiwan's original inhabitants
Mongolia
made of mostly ethnic mongolians. Centuries ago there ancestors ruled the largest land empire. Today the Mongolians are divided
Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, and Guangzhou
Large urban centers taht lie in river calleys or costal plains. It has a population density of only 5 people per square mile
Dynasty
ruling family
homogeneous
having a population belonging to the same ethinic group
Tokyo
the world's most populous urban area, with more than 35 million people
shogun
a military ruler
samurai
professional warriors
Nagasaki and Hiroshima
where the U.S. droped atomic bombs
Haiku
a form of poetry created by the Japanese that originally had only 3 lines and 17 syllables but now is written in many line and syllable combinations
acculturation
the absorption of popular culture from another country
Seoul
capital of south korea
Pyongyang
capital of north korea
Cultural divergence
a growing apart of countries
Commune
large farming communities
Cooperative
farms jointly are operated by households
Merchant Marines
fleets used for commercial transport are vital to export trade.
Trade surplus
occurs when the value of a country's exports exceeds the value of its imports
trade deficit
occurs when the value of a country's imports exceeds the value of its exports
Dissidents
citizens who speak out against government policies
Economic sanctions
trade restrictions on China
WTO
an international body that oversees trade agreements and settles trade disputes among countries
CFCs
gaseous substances found in liquid coolants
Aquaculture
the cultivation of fish and other seefood
Indochina Peninsula
A region in Southeast Asia lying roughly southwest of China, and east of India.
Malay Peninsula
A peninsula in Souteheast Asia.
Insular
Of, pertaining to, being, or resembling an island or islands.
Ring of Fire
An area of frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity, around the Pacific Ocean.
Endemic
Native to a particular area or culture; originating where it occurs.
Cambodia and Vietnam
where Khmers settled on the Southeast Asian mainland
Thailand
Where the Khmer people live today
Myanmar
now inhabited by Burmans
Laos
where the Lao people moved
Maritime
seafaring
spheres of influence
agreed-upon areas of control
Buffer state
neutral terriroty
Marrial law
the control and policing of civilians by military rules
singapore
where people of ethnic chinese ancestry make up a large part of the countries population
philippines
U.S. gained control of the Philippines in 1898
Alabama
Montgomery
Alaska
Juneau
Arizona
Phoenix
Arkansas
Little Rock
California
Sacramento
Colorado
Denver
Connecticut
Hartford
Delaware
Dover
Florida
Tallahasse
Georgia
Atlanta
Hawaii
Honolulu
Idaho
Boise
Illinois
Springfield
Indiana
Indianapolis
Iowa
DesMoines
Kansas
Topeka
Kentucky
Frankfort
Louisiana
Baton Rouge
Maine
Augusta
Maryland
Annapolis
Massachusetts
Boston
Michigan
Lansing
Minnesota
St. Paul
Mississippi
Jackson
Missouri
Jefferson City
Montana
Helena
Nebraska
Lincoln
Nevada
Carson City
North Carolina
Raleigh
North Dakota
Bismarck
New Hampshire
Concord
New Jersey
Trenton
New Mexico
Santa Fe
New York
Albany
Ohio
Columbus
Oklahoma
Oklahoma City
Oregon
Salem
Pennsylvania
Harrisburg
Rhode Island
Providence
South Carolina
Columbia
South Dakota
Pierre
Tennessee
Nashville
Texas
Austin
Utah
Salt Lake City
Vermont
Montpelier
Virginia
Richmond
Washington
Olympia
West Virginia
Charleston
Wisconsin
Madison
Wyoming
Cheyenne
Iceland
Reykjavik
Norway
Oslo
Sweden
Stockholm
Finland
Helsinki
Russia
Moscow
Estonia
Tallinn
Latvia
Riga
Lithuania
Vilnius
Belarius
Minsk
Ukraine
Kiev
Ireland
Dublin
United Kingdom
London
Netherlands
Amsterdam
Portugal
Lisbon
Spain
Madrid
Andorra
Andorra la Vella
France
Paris
Germany
Berlin
Switzerland
Bern
Poland
Warsaw
Denmark
Copenhagen
Belgium
Brussels
Italy
Rome
Czech Republic
Prague
Austria
Vienna
Slovakia
Bratslava
Slovenia
Ljubljana
Vatican City
Vatican City
San Marino
San Marino
Luxenburg
Luxenburg
Malta
Valleta
Turkey
Ankara
Greece
Athens
Hungary
Budapost
Macedonia
Skopje
Croatia
Zagreb
Romania
Bucharest
Bosnia
Sarajevo
Moldova
Chisinau
Albania
Tirana
Bulgaria
Sofia
Serbia
Belgrade
Montenegro
Podgorica
Cyprus
Nicosia
Algeria
Algiers
Angola
Luanda
Benin
Porto-Novo
Botswana
Gaborone
Burindi
Bujumbura
Burkina Faso
Ouagadougou
Cameroon
Yaounde
Cape Verde
Praia
Central African Republic
Bangui
Chad
N'Djamena
Comoros
Moroni
Congo, Democratic Republic of
Kinshasa
Congo, Republic of
Brazzaville
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
Yamoussoukro / Abidjan
Djibouti
Djibouti
Egypt
Cairo
Equatorial Guinea
Malabo
Eritrea
Asmara
Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
Gabon
Libreville
The Gambia
Banjul
Ghana
Accra
Guinea
Conakry
Guinea-Bissau
Bissau
Kenya
Nairobi
Lesotho
Maseru
Liberia
Monrovia
Libya
Tripoli
Madagascar
Antananaviro
Malawe
Lilongwe
Mali
Bamako
Mauritania
Nouakchott
Mauritius
Port Louis
Morocco
Rabat
Mozambique
Maputo
Namibia
Windhoek
Niger
Niamey
Nigeria
Abuja
Rwanda
Kigali
Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé
Senegal
Dakar
Seychelles
Victoria
Sierra Leone
Freetown
Somalia
Mogadishu
South Africa
Pretoria
South Sudan
Juba
Sudan
Khartoum
Swaziland
Mbabane
Tanzania
Dodoma / Dar es Salaam
Togo
Lomé
Tunisia
Tunis
Western Sahara
El-Aaiún
Uganda
Kampala
Zambia
Lusaka
Zimbabwe
Harare
Afghanistan
Kabul
Armenia
Yerevan
Azerbaijan
Baku
Bahrain
Manama
Bangladesh
Dhaka
Bhutan
Thimphu
Brunei
Bandar Seri Begawan
Burma
Naypyidaw / Rangoon
Cambodia
Phnom Penh
China
Beijing
Cyprus
Nicosia
East Timor
Dili
Georgia
Tbilisi
India
New Delhi
Indonesia
Jakarta
Iran
Tehran
Iraq
Baghdad
Israel
Jerusalem
Japan
Tokyo
Jordan
Amman
Kazakhstan
Astana
Kuwait
Kuwait City
Kyrgyzstan
Bishkek
Laos
Vientiane
Lebanon
Beirut
Malaysia
Putrajaya/ Kuala Lumpur
Maldives
Malé
Mongolia
Ulaan Baatar