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### 41 Cards in this Set

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 Physical/Relief Map A map showing physical features Political Map A map showing govermental boundaries of countries, state & countries & locations of major cities and include significant bodies of water. Thematic Map Map showing statistical rather than topographical information about a place eg map showing population density or land use. Boundary A line indicating the limit of a country, state, or other political jurisdiction. Border the line that separates one country, state, province Latitude gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. Longitude The distance east or west of the prime meridian of a point on the earth's surface Scale present on the map to convey the reduction factor (map)Projection A depiction of the earth’s three-dimensional structure on a flat map. Topography The study of the characteristics of physical geography in a region Contour a line drawn on a map connecting points of equal height Sketch Map a map drawn from observation (rather than from exact measurements) and representing the main features of an area Compass(compass rose) An object that appears on maps to identify four main directions: north, south, east and west. Legend/key A systematic way of explaining symbols, abbreviations, etc. Cross-Section A horizontal slice of the landscape as it appears in a side view (elevation). Annotate Write notes or comments on a map, diagram or photograph that explain what they show. Distribution How people are spread out over an area Density total population within a geographic entity divided by the number of square miles of land area of that entity measured in square kilometers or square miles. Demography The study of the distribution, density, and vital statistics of populations. Annual Growth Rate An indicator used in population studies to assess average change in the size of a population from one year to the next. Birth Rate The number of births in a year per 1,000 population. Death Rate The number of deaths in a year per 1,000 population Natural Increase A component of population change that occurs when the number of births is larger than the number of deaths. When the opposite occurs, it is called natural decrease. Development Subdivision is the act of dividing up land into smaller pieces that are easier to sell, usually via a plat. The former single piece as a whole is then known as a subdivision; if it is used for housing it is typically known as a housing subdivision or housing development, although some developers tend to call these areas communities.In the United States, the creation of a subdivision was often the first step toward the creation of a new incorporated township or city. ELDC Economically Less Developed - Another name for a low-income country or middle-income country, that is, a country with a relatively low or middle level of per capita income. EMDC Economically More Developed - a country with a relatively high per capita income, where most people have a higher standard of living with access to more goods and services than most people in developing countries. Industrialization The establishment and subsequent growth of industrial production in a country, usually meaning heavy manufacturing. Life Expectancy The average number of years a person is expected to live based on a national average per age group, and other factors. Dependency Dependent of Sparse a given area having reatively few people living there. Settlement A specific location where people live, usually a small area of residence, lower than a hamlet Site the piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located) Situation Features of a place related to its location relative to other places (eg, accessibility, hinterland quality). Rural sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and towns Urban an area that is highly populated, such as a city or town. Dispersed a group of teo or three buildings, perhaps forming a hamlet, a seperated from the next group by 2 to 3 kilometers Nucleated When several building are grouped together. (often for defensive purposes) Linear Buildings are stung out along a line of communication. Function function of a settlement raltes to its economic and social development and refers to its main activities. normally large settlements would have mor functions than smaller settlements Hierarchy a ranking if settlements or shopping centers according to their size or the services which they provide Sphere of Influence the are served by a settlement, shop or service