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70 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
A religion that originated in India in about 500 B.C. and spred to China, where it grew into a major religion by A.D. 400.
a philosophy based on the book Tao Te Ching and the teachings of Lao-Tzu, who lived in China in the 6th centery B.C. and believed in preserving and restoring harmony in the individual, with nature, and in the universe, with little interference from the government.
A movement based on the teachings of Confucius, a Chinese philosopher who lived about 500 B.C.; Confucius stressed the importance of education in an ordered society which one respects one's elders and obeys the government.
the leader of the Communists in China who defeated the Nationalists in 1949; he died in 1976.
Mao Zedong
a workplace where people work long hours for low pay under poor conditions to enrich manufactures.
exact place on earth where a geographic feature is found.
Absolute location
describes a place in comparison to other places around it.
Relative Location
divides the earth into North and South halfs
Lines that are parallel to the equator.
Latitude Lines
Lines that go around the earth over the poles
Longitude Lines
5 themes of Geography
Location, Place, Region, Movement, Human-Environment Interaction
The oldest of the South West Asian Religions. A monotheistic religion concentrated in Israel whose holy book is the Torah. It is an ethnic religion, culture and faith are tied together.
A monotheistic south west Asian religion based on the teachings of Muhammad the prophet. The holy book is the Qur'an and the religion has 2 divisions, Sunni and Shi'ite
5 pillars of Islam
pilgrimage, charity, prayer, fasting, faith
a region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought.
citizens hold political power, either through elected representatives or directly
A ruling family headed by a king or queen holds political power and may or may not share power with citizen bodies
Example: UK or Saudi Arabia
An individual or group holds complete power
Example: North Korea
Nearly all political power and means of production are held by the government in the name of the people.
How does size effect a nation?
it may effect power, a larger country has more people and resources
How does shape effect a nation?
It impacts how easy the nation is to rule and how easily it moves goods
How does location impact a nation?
Location effects trade.
a fixed line, usually on latitude and longitude lines
Artificial Boundary
a line based on physical features
Natural boundary
the Aryan system of social classes. A cornerstone of Hinduism
caste system
the belief in more than one God
period of direct British control of India
A type of map which helps you to see types of land forms and bodies of water, relief is used to show altitude.
Physical Map
A type of map that shows man made htigns: Country corders, cities, capitals
Political Map
Ethnic, polytheistic religion concentrated in India. It is sometimes considered montheistic. The divine spirit is called Brahman. The caste system is a cornerstone.
group that shares a language, customs and common heritage
Ethnic group
when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation
version of a language
when a nation and a state occupy the same territory.
number of live births per 1,000 population
Birth rate
number of deaths per 1,000 population
mortality (death) rate
the rate at which a population is growing. Birth rate - mortality rate
rate of natural increase
a graphic device that shows sex and age distibution of a population by year.
Population Pyramid
reasons for people migrating
Push-pull factors
the average number of people who live in a measurable area.
Population density
the dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes in lifestyle that result
the total annual value of all goods and services produced by a nation's businesses and industries.
Gross national product (GNP)
the total annual value of all goods and services produced within the boundaries of a nation.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
an economic system in which the government plans and determines the production of goods and services.
command economy
an economic system in which production fo goods and services is determined by demand from consumers
market economy
complete seperation of the races
one of the leaders of the African National Conference who fought for black rights.
Nelson Mandela
acquired immune deficiency syndrom, caused by HIV
A Palestinian leader for almost 40 years who won a Nobel Peace Prize for signing a treaty with Israeli leaders.
Yasser Arafat
a period of decline in general business activity
A conference of European leaders where guidelines were set down about dividing Africa. No African leader was invited.
Berlin Conference
a debt reducing deal wherein an organization agrees to pay off a certain amount of government debt in return for government protection of a certan portion of rain forest.
debt-for-nature swap
one of the republics that remains a part of Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union despite independence movements and violent upheaval.
The sight of a nuclear power plant near Kiev, in Ukraine, where there was a catastrophic acccident in 1986
where religios leaders control the government according to the teachings of Islam.
a group of people living without a land that is legally there's.
stateless nation
consists of the productions and exchange of goods and services among a group of people.
The way people produce and exchange goods and services.
Economic system
average amount of money earned by each person in a political unit.
per capita income
the cutting down and clearing away of trees.
the theory that the continents are slowly drifting apart and were once one large land mass.
continental-drift theory
the practice of having more than one spouse.
The policiy in China that gave economic incentive for families to have only one child.
discrimination against Jewish people
a tent of Central Asia's nomads
a tradition belief, with the belief that there are divine forces in nature
Indian man who used nonviolent protest as a means of objecting to the poor treatment of non-caucasians in India. He was educated as a lawyer and was shot on his way to prayers by a Hindu man.
Buddhist cheif and ruler of tibet
Dalai Lama
a region of China
a disease that affects a enormous amoutn of people over a vast geographic area