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54 Cards in this Set

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Distribution
Arrangement of something across earth's surface
Density
Frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area
Concentration
The spread of something over a given area
Place
A specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character
Map
Two-dimensional, or flat, representation of earths surface or portion of it
Cartography
The science of making maps
Projection
The system used to transfer locations from earths surface to a flat map
Shape
Appears more elongated or squat than in reality
Distance
Between two points may become increased or decreased
Relative Size
different areas may be altered, so that one area may appear larger than another on a map but is in reality smaller
Direction
from one place to another can be distorted
Location
The position of anything on earths surface
Site
The physical character of a place
Situation
The location of a place relative to other places
Mathematical Location
location on earths surface can be described precisely by meridians and parallels
Latitude
numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator
Longitude
numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring the distance east and west of the prime meridian
Region
an area distinguished by a unique combination of trends and features
Formal Region
area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional Region
an area organized around a node or focal point
Vernacular Region
an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
Scale
specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on earths surface
Globalization
actions or processes that involve the entire world or result in making something worldwide in scope
Networks
chains of communication that connect places
Diffusion
the process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
Hearth
the region from which innovative ideas originate
Uneven Development
the increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globization of the economy
Agricultural Density
the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
Arithmatic Density
the total number of people divided by the total land area
Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
the total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society
Crude Death Rate (CDR)
total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society
Demographic Transition
process of change in a societys population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase and a higher total population
Doubling Time
number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
Industrial Revolution
series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
Infant Mortality Rate
total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society
Life Expectancy
average number of years an individual can be expected to live
Medical Revolution
Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa
Natural Increase Rate
percentage growth of a population in a year (CBR-CDR)
Physiological Density
number of people per unit of area of arable land (land suitable for agriculture)
Population Pyramid
bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex
Zero Population Growth
decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero
Chain Migration
migration of people to a specific location because relative or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Emmigration
migration from a location
Immigration
migration to a new location
Forced Migration
permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors
Voluntary Migration
permanent movement undertaken by choice
Internal Migration
permanent movement within a particular country
Intervening Obstacle
an environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration
Migration
form of relocation diffusion involving a permanent move to a new location
Net Migration
diffusion between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
Pull Factors
factor that induces people to move to a new location
Push Factors
factor that induces people to leave old residences
Refugees
people who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of race, religion, nationality, etc.
Undocumented Immigrants
people who enter a country without proper documents