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### 54 Cards in this Set

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 Distribution Arrangement of something across earth's surface Density Frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area Concentration The spread of something over a given area Place A specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character Map Two-dimensional, or flat, representation of earths surface or portion of it Cartography The science of making maps Projection The system used to transfer locations from earths surface to a flat map Shape Appears more elongated or squat than in reality Distance Between two points may become increased or decreased Relative Size different areas may be altered, so that one area may appear larger than another on a map but is in reality smaller Direction from one place to another can be distorted Location The position of anything on earths surface Site The physical character of a place Situation The location of a place relative to other places Mathematical Location location on earths surface can be described precisely by meridians and parallels Latitude numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator Longitude numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring the distance east and west of the prime meridian Region an area distinguished by a unique combination of trends and features Formal Region area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics Functional Region an area organized around a node or focal point Vernacular Region an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity Scale specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on earths surface Globalization actions or processes that involve the entire world or result in making something worldwide in scope Networks chains of communication that connect places Diffusion the process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time Hearth the region from which innovative ideas originate Uneven Development the increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globization of the economy Agricultural Density the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture Arithmatic Density the total number of people divided by the total land area Crude Birth Rate (CBR) the total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society Crude Death Rate (CDR) total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society Demographic Transition process of change in a societys population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase and a higher total population Doubling Time number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase Industrial Revolution series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods Infant Mortality Rate total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society Life Expectancy average number of years an individual can be expected to live Medical Revolution Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa Natural Increase Rate percentage growth of a population in a year (CBR-CDR) Physiological Density number of people per unit of area of arable land (land suitable for agriculture) Population Pyramid bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex Zero Population Growth decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero Chain Migration migration of people to a specific location because relative or members of the same nationality previously migrated there Emmigration migration from a location Immigration migration to a new location Forced Migration permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors Voluntary Migration permanent movement undertaken by choice Internal Migration permanent movement within a particular country Intervening Obstacle an environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration Migration form of relocation diffusion involving a permanent move to a new location Net Migration diffusion between the level of immigration and the level of emigration Pull Factors factor that induces people to move to a new location Push Factors factor that induces people to leave old residences Refugees people who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of race, religion, nationality, etc. Undocumented Immigrants people who enter a country without proper documents