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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define 'Prairies'
A large stretch of undulating form of land covered with grasses
Important activity in prairies
3 Canadian Provinces/Prairies
1. Alberta
2. Saskatchewan
3. Manitoba
Climate of Prairies
Cool Temperate Continental
Area of the Prairies
Rain Shadow Area
Natural Vegetation(s) in the prairies
1. Short grassland
2. Coniferous forest in Northern Part
Define 'Humus'
Black soil & Good for Growing Crops
Important crop grown in the prairies
3 Climatic hazards in the prairies
1. Frost
2. Drought
3. Hailstones
Size of the farm in the prairies
260 ha.
2 reasons for the use of large machines to do agriculture activities
1. Vast areas of land
2. Flat land
6 machines used
1. Tractors
2. Ploughs
3. Seed Drill
4. Dusting Machine
5. Combine Harvester
6. Truck
Define 'Extensive Farming'
Farming in large area using small amount of inputs but the outputs are still high
5 Reasons why wheat grows well on the prairies
1. Ideally suited to the climatic condition
2. Undulating ground of the prairies
3. Prairies soil is very fertile
4. Good transporting network
5. Good demand world for wheat
Main way of transporting wheat in the prairies
Define mixed farming
Both crops and animals farming practised in the same piece of land
Reason(s) for the introduction of mixed farming
To reduce the risk of climatic hazards
3 crops grown in mixed farming
1. Oil seed
2. Sugar beef
3. Barley
Animal(s) reared in mixed farming
1. Dairy
2. Sheep
3. Cattle
4. Poultry
Most important farm product in Saskatchewan
Wheat farming
Most important farm product in Alberta
Cattle ranching
Most important farm product in Manitoba
Mixed farming
3 types of forest in North America
1. Coniferous Forest
2. West Coast Forest
3. Mixed Forest
Area/location of coniferous forest
Cold Temperate Climate Area
4 characteristics of coniferous trees
1. Tall and straight
2. Evergreen
3. Leaves are tiny and shaped like needle
4. Softwood
3 important species of coniferous forest
1. Pine
2. Spruce
3. Larch
2 uses of Coniferous Tree
1. Construction industry
2. Make Paper & Pulp
3 Common Species in West Coast Forest
1. White Pine
2. Douglas Fir
3. Giant Redwood
Location of Mixed Forest
South-eastern Canada & Eastern USA
4 Coniferous species in Mixed Farming
1. Pine
2. Fir
3. Spruce
4. Larch
3 Broadleaved deciduous species in Mixed Forest
1. Larch
2. Maple
3. Beech
4 moving south broadleaved deciduous species in mixed forest
1. Oak
2. Beech
3. Ash
4. Elm
1 Moving South Coniferous species
Long-Leaved Yellow Pine
4 Broadleaved deciduous tree characteristics
1. Not tall & not straight
2. Lose their leaves during winter months
3. Broad Leaves
4. Hardwood
Define Timber
Wood extracted from forests
Define Lumbering
Cutting of trees
2 important forest-based industry
1. Sawnwood Timber Industry(STI)
2. Pulp & Paper Industry(PPI)
Uses of timber in STI
To make ships, houses, furniture, boxes, matches
3 Products produced from timber in STI
1. Planks
2. Boards
3. Beams
3 By-Products of the sawn timber
1. Plywood
2. Shipboard
3. Hardboard
Reason for the production of by-products in STI
To prevent the wastage of trees
Woods that are used mainly for construction
Deciduous Hardwoods
Reason for the use of Deciduous Hardwood for construction
Hard & High Quality
3 Reasons for the use of coniferous trees the most
1. Easy to cut
2. Light
3. Easy to transport
4 Most important areas for the production of the sawn timber
1. Pacific North-West
2. Northern California
3. Washington
4. Oregon