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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Iran used to be called ____.
Persia
The people of Armenia are called ____.
armenians
The people of Afghanistan are called ____. They are not ___ and most are ____.
Afghanis, Arabs, Muslims
What are the 4 most populated cities?
Cairo, Alexandria,Baghdad, Casablanca
Define: hieroglyphics
Egyptian writting system using pictures and symbols to represent words and sounds
The Phonecians are known for achieving what? Where did they settle?
alphabet, phonics(letters stand for sounds); Lebanon and Israel
What is the largest ethnic group?
Arabs
In Turkey the people are called ____. They are not _____ and most are ____.
Turks, Arabs, Muslims
what are the three most populated countries?
Turkey, Iran, Egypt
define: ethnic diversity
a difference in peoples based on their origins, languages, or beliefs
Define: qanats
underground canals
The Persians lived in ____ and they built ____.
Persia and qanats
Define: mosques
houses of public worship
The followers of Christianity are called ____ and they worship in a ___.
Christians, church
8 countries have what as their government?
monarchy
Libya has what as their goverment?
military dictatorship
Iran government is based on what?
Islamic laws
Define: Yom Kippur
day of atonement, day of fasting & nearly unbroken prayer, asks for forgiveness of sins committed in the past year.
Most Arabs are ____.
Muslims
What is Iran's nickname?
Land of the Aryans
What are the two types of muslims?
sunni
Shitte
what year was Israel established?
1948
Define:domesticate
to take plants and animals from the wild and make them useful to people
What are the Sumerians known for achieving?
-engineering, cuniform, and soil science
Define: monotheism
the belief in one god
Define: nationalism
the right of each people to have its own independent nation
define: nationalized
placed under government control, the foreign- owned oil companies in their countries
The Islams are ___. Their holy city is ___ and their worship place is the ___. They also worship the god ___. Their holy book is the ____.
Muslims, Mecca, Mosque, Allah, Quran
Iraq has what as their goverment?
dictatorship
What are two examples of countries that have a monarchy as their government?
Jordan and Saudi Arabia
Define: Passover
celebration the exodus of moses leading the Israelites out of bondage from Egypt& theirreturn accross the Red Sea
Define: hanukkah
Festival of Lights, celebration of the rededication of the temple of Jerusalem
What are the only two countries that do not have a muslim majority?
Israel and Cyprus
What are the only two countries with Christians?
Lebanon and Cyprus
---% of Christians live in this area.
3
__% of people are Sunni Muslims in this area.
73
____% of the people are Shitte Muslims in this area.
21
__% of the people in this area are Jewish.
1
___% of people in this area are Muslims.
94%
What are the three wealthiest countries?
Israel, Quatar, and Saudi Arabia
What are the two poorest countries?
Afghanistan, and Egypt
Define: Zigirat
mud brick temples
Define: Beduin
desert marketplace
define: suq
ENCLOSED MARKETPLACE
Why are the muslims and Jews fighting?
They both want pocession over the land.
The people of Iran are called ____. They speak ____. They are also ____ Muslims.
Iranians, Farsi, Shitte
____ is the most densly populated country with ____ p.s.m
Bahrain, 2400
Define: cuneiform
summerian writting system using wedge-shaped symbols pressed into clay tablets
What are the Egyptians known for achieving?
365 day calendar, hieroglyphics, and the building of pyramids
Define: prophet
messenger
Define: nationalism
the right of each people to have its own independent nation
In Judaism, ___ made the city of ____ their holy city. They worship in a ____ and believe in the ____. They are also ____ which means belief in one god.
Jews, Jerusalem, synagogue, Torah, monotheistic
In the year ____ AD, ____, one of god's prophets who lived in ____, believed that people should change their ways and believe in one true god.
600, Muhammed, Saudi Arabia
Israel has a ____ as their government
parliamentery democracy
Egypt has what as their goverment?
republic
Define: the fast of Ramandan
Islamic holy month in which Muslims fast all day