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28 Cards in this Set

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line of latitude that is approximately 23 1/2 degrees north of the equator and that is the northernmost latitude reached by the overhead sun
Tropic of Cancer
line of latitude that is approximately 23 1/2 degrees south of the equator and that
is the southernmost latitude reached by the overhead sun
Tropic of Capricorn
a line at 0 degrees longitude, which runs through Greenwich, England, and is the line from which other lines of longitude are measured.
Prime Meridian
either of two days per year (March 21 and September 23) when the sun crosses the equator and the hours of day and night are equal in length
Either of the two moments in the year when the Sun's apparent path is farthest north or
south from Earth's Equator. In the Northern Hemisphere the summer solstice occurs on June 21 or 22; the winter solstice on December 21 or 22. In the Southern Hemisphere,and seasons are reversed.
the earth is divided into a small number of plates, which float on and travel independently over the mantle. Shift in the plates causes earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
Plate tectonics
a fracture or break in the crust of the earth (caused by plate tectonics)
a bend in the crust of the earth (caused by plate tectonics)
zone of faults in California extending from the northern coast of California toward head of Gulf of California. The fault runs along the coast of northern California for about 650 miles
San Andreas Fault
an imaginary line beginning in the Rocky Mountains in North America, which represents the highest points of land, which separate the direction waters flow.
Continental Divide
a group or chain of islands clustered together in a sea or ocean
a ring (or partial ring) of coral that forms an island in an ocean or sea
shallow (not very deep) body of water that is located alongside a coast
a coral reef roughly parallel to a shore and separated from it by a lagoon
Barrier reef
a shallow plain lying just below the ocean which forms a border to a continent and typically ending in a steep slope to the oceanic abyss (abyss is the deepest part of the ocean)
Continental Shelf
Rock or soil beneath the surface of the earth in which water moves easily.
The earth is encircled by several broad prevailing wind belts. The direction and location of these wind belts are determined by the sun’s radiation and the rotation of the earth
Prevailing Winds
windy and rainy season in the regions of the Indian Ocean and southern Asia
the flow of unusually warm surface waters from the Pacific Ocean toward the western Coast of South America. Does not occur regularly. When it does occur, it disrupts global and regional weather patterns
El Nino
a large generally grass-covered plain of in South America, east of the Andes Mountains
upper parts of the trees in the rainforest
a region of the U.S. which gets a large amount of sun, located in the south and southwest.
The emigration (moving away) of a significant proportion of a country's highly skilled, highly educated professional population, usually to other countries offering better economic and social opportunity (for example, physicians leaving a developing country to practice medicine in a developed country
Brain Drain
giving up one’s own culture to blend in with another culture
An international group that promotes awareness and sound choices with regard to the environment. They promote such things as save the wetlands, save the whales, etc.
Green Peace
a warm dry wind that descends the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains and Appalachian Mountain
Removing the salt from salt water to make it potable (drinkable). An important issue for those who live in desert areas with an ocean nearby, such as the Saharan or Arabian deserts
causing an area to become a desert by mismanaging the land or because of a climate change