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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WHAT DOES THE MIXTURE OF SURFACE RUNOFF, THROUGHFLOW AND GROUNDWATER DO TO A RIVER?
FEEDS IT
WHAT IS THE STARTING POINT OF A RIVER CALLED?
THE SOURCE
WHAT CAN A SOURCE BE?
A MELTING GLACIER, A SPRING OR AN AREA WHERE ALOT OF RAIN COLLECTS
WHAT IS THE NAME GIVEN, WHEN A SMALLER RIVER JOINS A MAIN ONE?
A TRIBUTARY
WHERE DO ALL RIVERS FLOW EVEN IF THEY DON'T REACH THEIR DESTINATION?
DOWN TOWARDS THE SEA LEVEL
WHAT DOES A RIVER FLOW IN?
A CHANNEL
WHAT IS A RIVER BANK?
THE SIDES OF A RIVER CHANNEL
WHAT IS A RIVER BED?
THE BOTTOM OF A RIVER CHANNEL
WHAT IS THE NAME GIVEN TO WHERE THE RIVER FLOWS INTO THE LAKE, SEA OR OCEAN?
THE MOUTH
WHAT IS THE LAND CALLED WHEN A RIVER OVERFLOWS AND IT GETS FLOODED?
FLOODPLAIN
WHAT IS THE POINT OF WHERE 2 RIVERS JOIN CALLED?
THE CONFLUENCE
WHAT IS THE IMAGINARY LINE CALLED WHICH SEPARATES ONE DRAINAGE BASIN FROM THE NEXT?
THE WATERSHED
WHAT IS A DRAINAGE BASIN?
AN AREA FROM WHICH RAINWATER DRAINS INTO THE RIVER
WHAT IS THE HIGHEST POINT OF A RIVER?
THE SOURCE
WHICH PART OF A RIVER IS USUALLY THE STEEPEST?
THE UPPER PART
IN THE MIDDLE STRETCH OF THE RIVER WHAT HAPPENS?
THE RIVER GETS LESS STEEP
WHAT PART OF THE RIVER IS THE LOWEST?
THE MOUTH
NAME 3 THINGS THAT HAPPEN TO THE RIVER AS YOU GO DOWN IT?
1. THE RIVER GETS WIDER
2. THE SLOPE GETS FLATTER
3. THE BED GETS SMALLER
WHAT IS ABRASION?
WHEN SAND AND STONES SCRAPE THE BED AND BANKS LIKE SANDPAPER, AND WEAR THEM AWAY
WHAT IS EROSION?
THE WEARING AWAY OF ROCK, STONES AND SOIL BY RIVERS, WAVES THE WIND OR GLACIERS
WHAT IS THE NAME GIVEN WHEN STONES AND ROCKS KNOCK TOGETHER AND WEAR EACHOTHER AWAY?
ATTRITION
WHAT DO YOU CALL IT WHEN A FAST-FLOWING RIVER, FORCES WATER INTO CRACKS IN THE BANK?
HYDRAULIC ACID
WHAT DO YOU CALL IT WHEN WATER ALSO DISSOLVES SOLUBLE MINERALS FROM THE BED AND BANKS?
A SOLUTION
WHAT IS SUSPENSION?
WHEN SMALL PARTICLES OF ROCK AND SOIL ARE CARRIED ALONG THE RIVER CHANNEL. THEY MAKE THE WATER LOOK CLOUDY AND MUDDY
WHAT IS THE NAME GIVEN TO HEAVIER MATERIAL THAT IS CARRIED ALONG THE BOTTOM OF A RIVER BED?
A BEDLOAD
WHAT IS SALTATION?
WHEN SAND GRAINS AND SMALL STONES BOUNCE ALONG THE RIVER BED
WHAT IS TRACTION?
WHEN LARGER STONES AND ROCKS GET ROLLED ALONG THE RIVERBED
WHEN DOES THE RIVER SLOW DOWN?
WHEN IT REACHES FLATTER LAND
WHAT IS SEDIMENT?
WHEN THE RIVER NO LONGER HAS THE ENERGY TO CARRY ITS LOAD SO IT DEPOSITS IT.
IN THE PROCESS OF MAKING A WATERFALL, WHEN WATER COMES RUSHING OVER THE LEDGE, WHAT STARTS TO HAPPEN TO THE SOFT ROCK?
IT BEGINS TO GET ERODED