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42 Cards in this Set

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What are the weather hazards?
The weather hazards are Hurricane, Tornados, Floods
What are the tectonic hazards?
The tectonic hazards are Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcano
How many main layers does the Earth have?
It has 4 main layers
What is at the centre of the Earth that is under great pressure?
At the centre of the Earth that is under great pressure are balls of metals
What is the centre of the Earth called?
The centre of the Earth is called the Solid Core
What is the second layer of the Earth made out of?
It is made out of Superheated Liquid Rock
What is the second layer of the Earth called?
It is called the Liquid Core
What is the third layer of Earth made out of?
It is made out of Molten rock
What is the third layer of Earth called?
The third layer of Earth is called the Mantle
What is the fourth layer of the Earth called?
The fourth layer of the Earth is called the crust and is the thinnest layer, it also is a solid
If you have a collision boundary what hazard is present?
An Earthquake
If you have a destructive boundary what hazards are present?
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
If you have a constructive boundary what hazards are present?
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
If you have a conservative boundary what hazard is present?
Earthquakes
Where can volcanoes be found?
Volcanoes can be found in narrow belts.
Suggest reasons for the name 'Ring Of Fire'
The name 'Ring Of Fire' is given because when a volcano erupts lava is spilt out and lava is burning hot and is the colour of fire and it is also in a circular shape wherever the volcanoes are positioned
Where could a scientist study both Volcanoes and Earthquakes in?
1.Near the Indian Ocean
2.East of Asia
3.West of North America
4.West of South America
5.Heimaey - Iceland
What layer is the Solid Core?
It is the first layer, the centre bit of the Earth
What layer is the Liquid Core?
It is the second layer of the Earth
What layer is the Mantle?
It is the third layer of the Earth
What layer is the Crust?
It is the fourth and the last layer of the Earth
On which plate does Britain lie on?
Britain lies on the Eurasian plate
Where are the Volcanoes and Earthquakes uncommon in?
1.Africa
2.Australia
3.Europe
4.North East of North America
5.West of Asia
Does Britain have any active volcanoes or major Earthquakes?
No Britain doesn't have any active Volcanoes or major Earthquakes
What is the order to show how Volcanoes can happen at plate boundaries?
1.Plate moves towards each other
2.Plates rub together
3.Friction melts the rock
4.Molten rock rises
5.Volcanoes erupt on the surface
How does the movement of the plates cause an Earthquake?
Earthquakes are caused by like the Nazca plate moves towards, and is forced underneath, South American plate. Plates rub together causing Earthquakes
What are the three states of activity that a volcano can be in?
1.Active
2.Dormant
3.Extinct
What does active Volcano mean?
Active - The Volcano has erupted in the recent past
What does a dormant Volcano mean?
Dormant - The Volcano has erupted in the last 2000 years but not recently, it could erupt in the future
What does an extinct Volcano mean?
Extinct - The Volcano is dead and will not erupt again
What are Volcanoes?
Volcanoes are opening(vents) in the ground where magma (molten rock) from deep inside the Earth forces its way to the surface
What do you call a dead Volcano?
Extinct
What do you call a Volcano that has erupted in the last 2000 years but not recently?
Dormant
What do you call a Volcano that has erupted in the recent past?
Active
How high is Mount Etna?
Mount Etna is 3,340 metres high
Where is Mount Etna located?
Mount Etna is located in the Italian Island of Sciliy
How many people live in the surrounding area of Mount Etna?
More than one million people live in the surrounding area and Etna puts them at risk
How many times has Mount Etna erupted in the past 35 years?
Mount Etna has erupted four times in the past 35 years
Why do Volcanic areas often have a lot of people living in them?
Volcanic areas often have lots of people living in them because ash and lava turn into rich fertile soil which is good for farming. Good farming areas are attractive places to live
What is meant by the term 'natural hazard'?
'Natural hazard' means a great force of nature, such as an Earthquake or Volcano, which is a threat or a danger to people
What are the four examples of natural hazards?
1.Earthquakes
2.Floods
3.Drought
4.Strong winds
What happens when Mount Etna erupts?
1.Loud explosion as Volcano erupts
2.Volcano gently rumbles and steams
3.Ashes, bombs and lava blasted out of Volcano
4.Lava pours down the mountainside
5.Buildings and propety damaged
6.Rescue service goes into action