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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
flow chart (p. 72)
a drawing that shows steps for doing or making something
geography (p. 4)
about Earth and how people live and work on Earth
grid (p. 42)
a pattern of lines that cross each other to form squares
gulf (p. 28)
a large body of water that cuts deep into the land
human/environment interaction(p.5, 74)
explains how people live in their environment
human features (p. 4)
things such as houses, roads, bridges, schools, farms, and factories that people make
intermediate directions (p. 11)
northeast, southeast, southwest, northwest
interstate highway (p.38)
a highway that crosses the entire country
kilometers (p. 14)
a metric unit of length for measuring distance. Also written KM and km.
landform map (p. 28)
a map that shows the shape of the land, such as mountains and hills
line graph (p. 70)
a graph that shows how something changes over time
lines of latitude (p. 51)
lines that circle Earth north and south of the Equator. They are numbered and marked by degrees.
location (p. 4, 60)
tells where something can be found
map (p. 8)
a drawing of a real place
map index (p. 43)
the alphabetical list of places on a map with their grid squares
map key (p. 8)
the guide to what the symbols on a map stand for
map scale (p. 14)
the guide to what the distances on a map stand for
miles (p. 14)
a unit of length used in measuring distance. Also written MI or mi.
mountain range (p. 31)
a group or chain of mountains
movement (p. 6, 48)
describes how people, goods, information, and ideas get from place to place
Northern Hemisphere (p. 50)
the half of Earth north of the Equator
physical features (p. 4)
are things from nature, such as bodies of water, landforms, weather, plants, and animals
pictograph (p 62)
a way to show and compare facts using symbols
place (p. 4, 20)
tells what a location is like
plains (p. 28)
large areas of flat lands
plateau (p. 28)
high, flat land
Prime Meridian (p. 55)
the line of longitude from the South Pole to the North Pole measured at 0 degrees. it divides Earth into Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
regions (p. 7, 34)
areas that have something in common
resources (p. 22)
things people can use, such as oil, lumber, and water
route (p. 36)
a road or path from one place to another. Highways, railroads, and trails are routes.
Southern Hemisphere (p. 50)
the half of Earth south of the Equator
state highway (p. 38)
a main road that connects cities and towns within the boundaries of one state
symbol (p. 8)
a picture on a map that stands for something real
time line (p. 68)
a line that shows a number of years and the events that happened in order
U.S. highway (p. 37)
a main highway that passes through more than one state
Western Hemisphere (p. 55)
the half of Earth west of the Prime Meridian
hemisphere (p. 50)
half of the globe or half of Earth. The four hemispheres are Northern, Southern Eastern, and Western.
Bar Graph (p.64)
A graph with thick lines, or bars, of different lengths to compare numbers or amounts
circle graph (p. 64)
A circle that shows how something whole is divided into parts.
coast (p. 28)
The land next to the ocean
compass rose (p. 8)
a symbol that shows the directions: north, south, east, and west
continent (p. 50)
a very large body of land
degrees (p. 51)
the unit of measurement used for lines of latitude and longitude
distance (p. 14)
how far one place is from another
Eastern Hemisphere (p. 55)
the half of Earth east of the Prime Meridian
Environment (p. 5)
the land, water, and air around you. It is the plant and animal life, too.
Equator (p. 50)
the imaginary line that goes around the middle of Earth. The Equator divides Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
factory (p. 22)
a place where resources are made into other things
contour line
Lines on a map connecting the points that have the same elevation on a land surface. p. 12
distribution map
A map that shows the range of people, crops, or resources in a country or region. pg. 13
The making of maps. p.16
A twisting or stretching out of shaspe. p.16
great circle
Any circle on the earth's surface that divides the earth into equal parts. The equator is a great circle. A great circle is shortest possible distance between any two places on the surface of the earth. p.18
Half the earth or the globe. p.18
The representation on a map of all or part of the earth
Mercator projection
This map is shaped like a rectangle. All lines of longitude and latitude cross at right angles. Land areas in the high latitudes appear to be much larger than they really are.
Mollweide projection
This oval-shaped map does not distort area, but shapes and directions are distorted at the edges of the map.
Sinusoidal projection
Shapes at the poles are squeezed and bent, and the lines of longitude are not of equal length. Area is not distorted.
Gnomonic projection
Navigators use maps with this projection. The straight lines on the map show the shortest distances between places on Earth.
A large commercial farm that grows only one specific crop. p.25
The blanket of air that covers the earth.p.28
The condition of the air at a caertain time, in terms of precipitation,temperature,and other factors.p.28
The pattern of weather that a place has over a period of time. Temperatureand precipitation are two important parts of climate.p.28
To tame wild animals to live with humans.p.27
The way of life of a people.p.31
language family
A group of languages that all come from one ancestor language.p.31
An Islamic place of worship.p.33
An economy in which the people collect only only enough food to feed themselves.p.35
a mineral mined obtain a substance that it contains.p.36
The practice herding animals for a living.p.35
Mixtures of metals that are harder or stronger than the individual metals from which they are made.p.37
People who have no permanent home and who move from place to place.p.35
Distance, measured in degrees, east and west of the Prime Meridian. Lines of longitude are imaginary circles that go around the earth and pass through the North Pole and South Pole.
The relationship between distance on a map and distance on the earth. Also, the line drawn on maps that shows this relationship.
Physical Map
A map that shows physical features, such as mountains, plains, and other forms that land and water take.