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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
thick cushion of gases surrounding the earth
Atmosphere
name the three layers of the inside of the earth
Core, Mantle, Crust
a time when the sun shines directly overhead at the Tropic of Capricorn
Winter Solstice - December 22
cracks in the earth's crust
Faults
wearing away of the surface
Erosion
huge waves caused by undersea earthquakes
Tsunamis
a time when the sun shines directly overhead at the Tropic of Cancer
Summer Solstice - June 21
melted rock that flows to the surface when a volcano erupts
Magma
a narrow piece of land that connects two larger pieces of land
Isthmus
this theory states that the crust is not an unbroken shell but consists of moving plates, or huge slabs of rock
Plate Tectonics
What makes the moon shine?
reflecting light from the sun
shifts along the earths faults can cause these violent jolts
Earthquakes
narrow body of water lying between two pieces of land
Strait
what process breaks surface rocks into gravel, sand, or soil?
Weathering
a word that means day and night in both hemispheres are equal
Equinoxes
a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides
Peninsula
What line of latitude is 23 1/2 north of the Equator
Tropic of Cancer
large land areas
Continents
flat landform whose surface is raised with a steep cliff on one side
Plateau
walk over to the United States map and find the latitude and longitude of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
40N latitude, 75E longitude