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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
globe
a scale model of the earth
map
a symbolic representation of all or part of the planet
cartographers
to create maps that are not interrupted, cartographers use mathematical formulas to transfer information form the three-dimensional globe to the two-dimensional map.
great circle route
traveling along a great circle is called following a great circle route
map projection
to create maps, cartographers project the round earth onto a flat surface-making a map projection
planer projection
a planer projection shows the earth centered in such a way that a straight line coming from the center to any other point represents the shortest distance
cylindrical projection
a cylindrical projection is based on the projection of the globe onto a cylinder, this projection is most accurate near the equator, but shapes and distances are distorted near the poles
conic projection
a conic projection comes form placing a cone over part of a globe .
location
lines on globes and maps provide information that can help your locate places.
grid system
liens that cross one another forming a pattern called a grid system
hemisphere
one of the halves into which the earth is divided.
latitude
circle the earth parallel to the equator and measure the distance north to south of the equator in degrees
equator
measured at 0 degree latitude, while the poles lie at latitudes 90 degrees north and 90 degrees south
longitude
lines of longitude or meridians circle the earth form pole to pole
prime meridian
line that measure distance east or west of the prime meridian at 0 degree longitude
planer projection
a planer projection shows the earth centered in such a way that a straight line coming from the center to any other point represents the shortest distance
cylindrical projection
a cylindrical projection is based on the projection of the globe onto a cylinder, this projection is most accurate near the equator, but shapes and distances are distorted near the poles
conic projection
a conic projection comes form placing a cone over part of a globe .
location
lines on globes and maps provide information that can help your locate places.
grid system
liens that cross one another forming a pattern called a grid system
latitude
circle the earth parallel to the equator and measure the distance north or south of the equator in degrees
equator
measured at 0 degrees latitude, while the poles lie at latitudes 90 degrees north and 90 degrees south.
longitude
circle the earth form pole to pole
prime meridian
meridians east of the prime meridian are known as east longitude , meridians west of the prime meridian are known as west longitude
absolute location
you can identify the absolute location of a place by naming the latitude and longitude lines that cross exactly at that place
north hemisphere
everything north of the equator
southern hemisphere
everything south of the equator
east hemisphere
everything est of the prime meridian for 180 degrees
western hemisphere
everything west of the pirme meridian for 180 degrees
compass rose
shows direction
urbanization
the movement of people form rural areas to cities.
suburb
a metropolitan area includes a city with a population of at least 50,000 people and outlying communities called suburbs
urban sprawl
as metropolitan areas become crowded, they lead to the further areas become crowded, they lead to the further spread of people and suburban development , known as urban sprawl
Megalopolis
along the Atlantic coast, for example, a chain of closely linked metropolitan areas forms the boswash megalopolis
underground Railroad
an informal network of safe houses.
loyalists
colonists who wished to remain loyal to the British government
Maritime Provinces
a political unit similar to a state
Prairie Provinces
over the past 100 years , most internal migration has been west to the prairie provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta
Toronto
Toronto is an industrial and financial center
Montreal
an industrial and shipping center
Vancouver
vancouver handles nearly all of the trade between Canada and Asia
Edmonton
Edmonton grew the the development of the petroleum industry
Parliament
includes the senate and the house of commons
Quebec
french speaking inhabitants
Nunavut
Nunavut means our land
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement that have eliminated tariffs and other trade barriers