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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
GDP
the value of goods and services created within a country in a year
per capita income
the total income of a country or region divided by the number of people, income per person
urbanization
the movement of people from rural areas into cities
ethnic group
people who share a common ancestry, language, customs, religion, or combination of such characteristics
Middle Passage
name given to the route used by slave ships across the Atlantic from West Africa to the Americas
apartheid
policy of strict separation of the races adopted in South Africa in the 1940s
universal suffrage
equal voting rights for all adult residents of a nation
mass culture
popular culture spread by media such as radio and television
lingua franca
a language (such as swahili) used for communication among people with different native languages
oral history
legends and stories passed on by word of mouth from generation to generation
extended family
household made up of several generations
clan
tribal community or large group of people related to one another
literacy rate
percentage of ppl who can read and write
commercial farming
farming organized as a business
subsistence farming
traditional agriculture whose goal is to produce just enough to eat for a family or a village to survive
shifting farming
method in which farmers move every few years to find better soil
sedentary farming
farming carried on at permanent settlements
desertification
process in which arable land is turned into desert, usually due to destruction of vegetation
deforestation
the loss or destruction of forests, due mainly to trees being cleared for logging or farming
extinction
the disappearance or end of a species of animal or plant
habitat
area with conditions suitable for certain plants or animals to live
poaching
illegal hunting of protected animals
ecotourism
tourism based on concern for the enviornment