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45 Cards in this Set

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Landform
A physical characteristic and the way the surface if the earth is shaped .
Why are the seasons at higher latitudes different from seasons at latitudes near the equator?
This is because the sun hits more directly on different parts of the earth at different times. And the stronger the sun the warmer and therefore there are different seasons at different times.
What is the difference between weathering and erosion?
The difference id erosion is the process where wind ice or water wears away at the land materials and carries it to a new location. Weathering is where ice water or wind breaks down the land (rocks).
Why is the earth continually changing?
The reason why the earth is continually changing is because the plates in the earths surface are continuing to move and shift and push against one another. And Because of earthquakes and volcanoes.
What is the difference between weather and climate?
The difference between weather and climate is weather is the how hot or cold the air feels and if there is precipitation. Climate is the average weather in a certain location over many years.
How does latitude effect climate?
The reason latitude effects climate is because the latitudes of higher latitude will have different climates then the locations at lower latitudes is because the sun will be at different angles to them. The lower the latitude the warmer the climate.
Why are the seasons different in the northern and southern hemispheres?
Because the sun is at different angles in the Southern then in he northern Hemisphere.
What are the essential characteristics of water?
The essential characteristics of water are Exists as gas, liquid and Solid. Heats and cools slowly. Water is a powerful Solvent.
What is the tilt of axis?
The tilt of axis is 23 ½ degrees.
How do the movements of earth effect day and night and the seasons?
The movements of the earth that cause day and night and seasons are the rotation and orbit of the earth.
What are the forces that shape the earth?
The forces that shape the earth are, erosion, weathering, and the tectonic plates.
Explain the influences on the Earths weather and climate.
Some influences of weather and climates are ocean currents, location and the landforms.
Tectonic Plates-
The theory that earth’s crust is made of slow huge slowly moving slabs of rock called plates.
Climate -
The average temperature over a long period of time.
Precipitation-
What falls to the ground as rain, sleet, hail, and snow.
Temperature-
How hot or cold the air is.
High latitudes-
Also called the polar zones are the region between the artic and antartic circles.
Low latitudes-
Located between the tropic of cancer and tropic of Capricorn.
Dessert-
A hot dry region with little vegetation.
Equinox-
Equal nights and days.
Tornado-
Smallest intense storm
Orbit-
The path earth moves around the sun.
Solstice-
When the sun is directly over head the tropic of cancer in the northern hemisphere (first day of summer) When the sun over tropic of Capricorn (first day of winter).
Climate -
The average temperature over a long period of time.
Precipitation-
What falls to the ground as rain, sleet, hail, and snow.
Temperature-
How hot or cold the air is.
Weather-
The weather is what the temperature is if there is any precipitation.
High latitudes-
Also called the polar zones are the region between the artic and antartic circles.
Low latitudes-
Located between the tropic of cancer and tropic of Capricorn.
Rotation-
Each turn the earth does takes 24 hours it is called the rotation.
Axis-
An imaginary line that goes through the earth from the north and south poles.
Revolution-
The complete circle around the sun, which takes a year.
Atmosphere-
The layer around the earth made of gasses.
Erosion-
The process in which wind, rain or ice wears down the land and carries it to another location.
Weathering-
A method, which breaks rocks down by wind, water or ice.
Plates-
Are Huge pieces of crust, which are the outer skin of the earth.
Plate tectonics-
It is the theory geographers used to explain why the continents moved.
Plain-
A flat or rolling area that is large
Plateau-
A very big, flat area that is raised above the surrounding land.
Hill- .
Not as steep and high as a mountain, they also have rounded tops
Mountains-
A kind of landform that are usually over 2,000 feet high in elevation above sea level
Landform-
A physical characteristic and the way the surface if the earth is shaped .
Plain
A flat or rolling area that is large normally near coast
Low lattitude
Located between tropic of cancer and Capricorn
Rain shadow effect
Dessert form on leeward side