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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
X kindly or genourously does something for Y.
~てあげる
When someone does something for me.
~てくれる
Placing oneself in a position to receive favour from a benefactor.
~てもらう
Polite request
~ていただけませんか
neutral request
~くれませんか
casual request
~てくれない
wishing for the good luck of somebody other than you
(short, present) といいですね
hoping for one's own good luck
(short, present) といいんですが
hoping for something that one has control over
(short, present, potential) といいんですが
apologize for something that you have done
~すみませんでした
to apologize for something that you failed to do
(short, negative te-form) なくて、すみませんでした・ごめん