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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
X kindly or genourously does something for Y.
When someone does something for me.
Placing oneself in a position to receive favour from a benefactor.
Polite request
neutral request
casual request
wishing for the good luck of somebody other than you
(short, present) といいですね
hoping for one's own good luck
(short, present) といいんですが
hoping for something that one has control over
(short, present, potential) といいんですが
apologize for something that you have done
to apologize for something that you failed to do
(short, negative te-form) なくて、すみませんでした・ごめん