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8 Cards in this Set

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Covenant
(Hebrew, berit) In biblical use, a covenant differed from a contract in two ways. First, a covenant had no termination date, whereas a contract always did. Second, a covenant applied to the whole of a person, whereas a contract involved only a part, especially a skill, possessed by a person.
Merism
A literary device that appears in both prose and poetry. Merism occurs when a writer mentions the extremes of some category in order to portray it as a totality, e.g., those opposites and everything in between them. One common form of merism is the use of polar word pairs in a single phrase; e.g., from the least of them to the greatest (Jer 31:34b). "Good and evil" is a merism meaning "everything" (Ge 2:17).
Pentateuch
A name derived from Greek for the first five books of the Old Testament. It is the first of three divisions of the Jewish Scriptures and is also called the Law or the Torah or the Books of Moses.
Palestine
The land of Palestine took its name from the Philistines (the Pelishtim in Hebrew) who settled along the Mediterranean Coast from Joppa to Gaza about 1300 - 1200 B. C. The land area measures approximately 150 miles from Dan to Beersheba (north-south) and 100 miles from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River (east-west) or roughly the size of New Jersey.
Toledot
(Hebrew "generations," "story," "history," "developments") - It is derived from the verb "give birth." A narrative section introduced by a toledot formula typically elaborates the outgrowth of the specified figure.
Sabbath
The seventh day of the week observed from Friday evening to Saturday evening as a day of rest and worship by Jews and some Christians.
Torah
(Hebrew, "instruction," "law," "The law") - Torah basically means "teaching," whether it is the wise woman instructing her son or God instructing Israel. Through the law, God showed His interest in all aspects of human life, which is to be lived under His direction and care. Torah, defined as "law," refers to the first five books of the Old Testament (Pentateuch); but more broadly it may refer to the whole Old Testament.
Yom
(Hebrew "day," "time," " year") - It can denote: (a) the period of light (as contrasted with the period of darkness), (b) the period of 24 hours, (c) a general vague "time," (d) a point of time, (e) a year.