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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Unity of the Pentateuch
1. The Credo
2. Theme
3. Chronological and Theological Progression
4. Literary
Credo verses
Dt. 26:5-10
Josh. 24:2-13
Acts 13:17-41
Definition of the Pentateuch
Jewish: "Torah" (instruction)(to teach)
English: "Law"
Authorship of the Pentateuch
Moses as the writer of the Pentateuch
- The Torah (Ex. 17:14, Num 33:1-2)
- The NT (Matt. 19:18, Lk. 2:22)
- The Talmud (culture and tradition)
- Church fathers
Jean Astruc
- French physician interested in the Bible
- Pioneered the development of source criticism proper
- Different sources for Genesis
- "Source Theory"
Geddes and Water
- As many aas 40 sources
- "Fragmentary Theory"
H. Ewald
- Elohistic as the major source with supplemental sources added to it
- "Supplemental Theory"
- "E" was the FIRST document that everything else supported
J.H. Graf
- Argued taht the priestly document was post-exilic in origin
- Concluded that the order of the sources was JEDP instead of PEJD
Julius Wellhausen
Gave classic expression to the "Documentary Hypothesis"
Documentary Hypothesis
- The Pentateuch never existed apart as 5 separate books
- JEDP put together in 400BC
Deuteronomic Historian
Says that Deuteronomy - 2Kings was prepared by the person who put together Deuteronomy
First four books of the Bible
First six books of the Bible
Enuma Elish
Babylonian creation account
Epic of Gilgamesh
Babylonian flood account
- Conveys meaning through the imitation of the real world
- Presented through the point of view of the narrator and the caracters
- These perspectives, in conjunction with that of the reader, form a system of relationships
- The reader's point of view affects and is affected by the relation between the perspectives of the narrator and the characters
Common error with biblical narratives
Confusing the point of view of a character with the point of view of the narrator
Structure of the Pentateuch
1. Historical Prologue (Gen; 1:1-Exodus 19:2)
2. The Sinai Covenant (Exodus 19:3-Numbers 10:10)
3. Wilderness Wanderings (Numbers 10:11-Numbers 36:13)
4. Covenant Renewal (Dt. 1-34)
Another structure of the Pentateuch
1. Primeval History (1-11)
a. Creation of the universe (1:2-3:3)
b. Creation of Adam, Eve, and Eden (2:4-2:25)
c. The fall (3:1-3:24)
d. Spread of sin (4:1-11)
2. Patriarchal History (12-50)
a. Story of Abraham (12-25)
b. Story of Isaac (26-28)
c. Story of Jacob (28-36)
d. Story of Joseph (37-50)
5 Themes of Genesis
1. Creation
a. The Bible begins with creation
b. God is the creator of all things
c. God continues to create
2. Covenant
a. God is a covenant-making and covenant-keeping God
b. Adamic, Noahic, Abrahamic
3. God as a Judge
a. Expelled from Eden
b. The flood
c. Multiplication of language
4. Blessing
a. Be fruitful and multiply
b. Continues to bless even when sin pesists
c. Provision of food
5. Grace
a. Covering in the garden
b. Promises on who will crush the head of the serpent
c. Abrahamic covenant