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28 Cards in this Set

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Developed the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity
Einstein
Remembered for his theory of the atom
Niels Bohr
Made the assumption that energy comes in small packets called "quanta"
Max Planck
Came up with The First Law of Thermodynamics
James Joule
Known as the founder of modern physics
James Clerk Maxwell
Remembered for his work on how traits are passed on during reproduction
Gregor Mendel
The immutability of species refers to the mistaken idea that living creatures cannot change. He showed that this is just not true.
Darwin
Is best known for his book, Origin of Species. You could also say evolution.
Darwin
Is remembered for the first detailed atomic theory.
Dalton
Came up with the law of mass conservation.
Lavoisier
The single greatest scientist of all time. He laid down the laws of motion, developed a universal law of gravity, and invented calculus.
Newton
Claimed to invent the telescope, but he actually stole the idea.
Galileo
Was forced to recant belief in the Copernican system by the Roman Catholic church. He would have otherwise been thrown out of the church.
Galileo
A book was written by this man. It was about the arrangement of the stars and planets in space.
Copernicus
This book was written about the human body. The author was ___
Vesalius
He was the first modern scientist because he was first to use the scientific method.
Grosseteste
Why did science begin to progress towards the end of the Dark Ages.
Because the Christian worldview began to replace the Roman worldview.
Define Science
Science - A branch of study dedicated to the accumulation and classification of observable facts in order to formulate general laws about the natural world
Define Papyrus
Papyrus - A primitive form of paper, made from a long-leafed plant of the same name
Define Spontaneous generation
Spontaneous generation - The idea that living organisms can be spontaneously formed from non-living substances
One of the first three individuals who were humanity's first real scientists.
The three individuals were Thales, Anaximander (an axe' uh man der), and Anaximenes (an axe' uh me nees).
He proposed the geocentric system
Ptolemy
What system proposes the sun as the center of the universe?
Heliocentric
What system proposes the earth as the center of the universe?
Geocentric System
He proposed the heliocentric system
Copernicus
What lesson from history can we learn from the fact that scientific progress stalled during the Dark Ages?
The progress of science depends on government and culture.
What caused scientific progress to move forward again towards the end of the Dark Ages?
A Christian Worldview
What lesson from history can we learn from the fact that the idea of spontaneous generation was believed for so long, despite the evidence against it?
We should believe scientific ideas because of evidence, not because of the people who believe in them.