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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
atom
The smallest stable unit of matter in Creation
molecule
Two or more atoms linked together to make a substance with unique properties
photosynthesis
The process by which a plant uses the energy of sunlight and certain chemicals to produce
its own food
metabolism
The process by which a living organism takes energy from its surroundings and uses it to
sustain itself, develop, and grow
receptors
Special structures or chemicals that allow living organisms to sense the conditions of their
surroundings
cell
The smallest unit of life in Creation
prokarvotic cell
A cell that has no organelles
eukarvotic cell
A cell with organelles
pathogen
An organism that causes disease
decomposers
Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms
vegetative reproduction
The process by which the stem of a plant can form new roots and develop into a
mature plant
axial skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that supports and protects the head, neck, and trunk (273)
appendicular skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that attaches to the axial skeleton and has the limbs
attached to it. (273)
appendicular skeleton
A body covering, typically made of a tough, flexible substance called chitin, that provides
support and protection (274)
symbiosis
Two or more different organisms loving together so that each benefits for the other (287)
producers
Organisms that produce their own food. (295)
consumers
Organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers for food (296)
herbivore
A consumer that eats producers exclusively (297)
carnivore
A consumer that eats only other consumers (297)
omnivore
A consumer that eats both plants and other consumers (297)
basal metabolic rate
The minimum amount of energy required by the body every day (311)
digestion
The process by which an organism breaks down its food into small units which can be absorbed
vitamin
A chemical substance essential for the normal working of the human body (338)
veins
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart (345)
arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart (345)
capillaries
Tiny, thin walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gases and nutrients between the blood
and cells (345)
fliand
A group of cells that prepare and release a chemical for use by the body (371)
vaccine
A weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates the body's production of antibodies
which can destroy the pathogen (376)
hormone
A chemical releases on the bloodstream that sends signals to specific cells, causing them to
change their behavior in specific ways (382)
autonomic nervous system
The system of nerves which carries instructions from the CNS to the body's
smooth muscles, cardiac muscle, and glands (402)
sensory nervous system
The system of nerves which carries information form the body's receptors to the
CNS (402)
motor nervous system
The system of nerves which carries instructions from the CNS to the skeletal
muscles (402)