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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Psychotherapy
Treatment for psychopathology that is purely psychological instead of biological
Psychoanalysis
Form of psychotherapy that emphasizes unconscious conflicts
Behavior Therapy
Form of psychotherapy that emphasizes findings from animal and human experiments on behavior and that posits that there is no place in psychology for the subjective study of mind, emotions, and thought processes. Aim is the prediction and control of human behavior
Cognitive therapy
Form of psychotherapy that is based on the idea that many mental disorders arise from faulty thinking and that people create their own problems (and symptoms) by the way they interpret events and situations
Humanistic therapy
Form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the concept of free will and that is based on the idea that a disorder is a failure to build a life that is expanding, fulfilling, and meaningful
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Form of psychotherapy that combines both ideas - deals with faulty cognitions; as well as altering behaviors and using reward (contingency contracts). It is based on the idea that the way an individual perceives, anticipates, or evaluates an event (rather than the event itself) has the greatest impact on that individual's behavior (can be reward or punishment). Deals with irrational belief systems, among other things.
Existential therapy
Form of psychotherapy that is based on the idea that disorders stem from the alienation from the social and spiritual structures that no longer provide meaning in an increasingly technological and impersonal world. It focuses on the irrationality, difficulties, and suffering encountered in life.
Family systems therapy
Form of psychotherapy that does not isolate the individual. Holds that all members of a family are enmeshed in a network of interdependent roles, statuses, values, and norms and that people behave in ways that reflect the family influences
Free association
Technique developed by Freud where the patient lies down and just says what comes into their head. The idea is that eventually, the memories will just come out in waking state.