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123 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aden/o
gland

ex: aden/oma - tumor of a gland
arthr/o
joint

ex: arthr/itis - inflamation of a joint
bi/o
life

ex: bi/ology - study of life

biopsy - viewing living tissue
carcin/o
cancer / cancerous

ex: cancin/oma - cancerous tumor of epithelial tissue (surface or skin)
cardi/o
heart

ex: cardo/ology - study of the heart
cephal/o
head

ex: cepahl/ic - pertaining to the head
cis/o
to cut

ex: in/cis/ion - process of cutting into
crin/o
secrete (to form and give off)

ex: endo/crine glands - glands that secrete into the body
cyst/o
urinary bladder

ex: cyst/oscopy - visual examination of urinry bladder
cyt/o
cell

ex: cyt/ology - study of cells
derm/o
dermat/o
skin

ex: dermat/itis - exflamation of the skin

hypo/dermic - under the skin
electr/o
electricity

ex: electr/ocardiogram - record of heart electricity
encephal/o
brain

ex: electro/encephal/ogram - record of brain electricity
enter/o
intestines (usually the small intestine)

ex: inter/itis - inflamation of the small intestines
erythr/o
red

ex: erythr/ocyte - red blood cell
gastr/o
stomach

ex: gastr/ectomy - removal of the stomach
gnos/o
knowledge

ex: dia/gno/sis - state of complete knowledge
gynec/o
woman, female

ex: gynec/ology - the study of females
hemat/o
blood

ex: hemat/ology - the study of blood

hemat/oma - blood clot
hepat/o
liver

ex: hepat/itis - inflamation of the liver
iatr/o
treatment

ex: iatr/ogenic - unexpected side effect of treatment
leuk/o
white

ex: leuk/ocyct - white blood cell
nephr/o
kidney

ex: nephr/itis - inflamation of the kidney
neur/o
nerve

neur/ology - study of the nerves
onc/o
tumor

ex: onc/ology - study of tumors
opthalm/o
eye

ex: opthalm/oscope - instrument for viewing the eye
oste/o
bone

ex: oste/itis - inflamation of the bone

oste/oarthritis - inflamation of the jonit and bone
path/o
disease

ex: path/ology - study of diseases

path/ologist - a specialist who studies diseases
ped/o
child

ped/iatric - pertaining to children
psych/o
mind

ex: psych/ology - study of the mind

psych/iatrist - specialists that studies the mind
radi/o
x-rays

ex: radi/ology - study of x-rays
ren/o
kidney

ex: ren/al - pertaining to the kidney
rhin/o
nose

ex: rhin/itis - inflamation of the nose
sarc/o
flesh

ex: sarc/oma - cancerous tumor of the connective tissue, such as muscle, bone and fat
sect/o
to cut

ex: re/sect/ion - cutting out or removing of
thromb/o
clot, clotting

ex: thromb/ocyte - cells that clot
ur/o
urinary tract, urine

ex: ur/ology - study of urinary tract
adip/o
fat
anter/o
front
bol/o
to cast

ex: anabolism - build up of protiens for use in the body cells
cervic/o
neck (of the body or of the uterus)
chondr/o
cartilage (type of connective tissue)
chrom/o
color
coccyg/o
coccyx (tailbone)
crani/o
skull
dors/o
back portion of the body
hist/o
tissue

ex: histology - study of body tissues
ili/o
ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin/o
groin
kary/o
nucleus

ex: kary/o/type - picture of the nucleus of a cell.
later/o
side
lumb/o
lower back (side and back, between the ribs and the pelvic bone)
medi/o
middle
nucle/o
nucleus
pelv/o
hip, pelvic cavity
poster/o
back, behind
proxim/o
nearest
sacr/o
sacrum
spin/o
spine, backbone
thel/o
nipple
thorac/o
chest
umbilic/o
navel, unbilicus
ventr/o
belly side of the body
viscer/o
internal organs
abdomin/o
abdomen -

is the region below the chest containing internal organs (liver, intestines, stomach, gallbladder, etc.)
vetebr/o
vertebrae, backbones
acro-
extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o
sharp, severe, sudden
agor/a
marketplace

ex: agoraphobia - fear of crouds
arteri/o
artery
axill/o
armpit
blephar/o
eyelid
bronch/o
bronchial tubes (2 tubes, one right, one left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs
chem/o
drug, chemical

ex: chemotherapy - drug treatment to try and cure a disease
chron/o
time
col/o
colon (large intestine)
neutr/o
neutrophil (a white blood cell)
ot/o
ear
peritone/o
peritoneum - lining of the abdominal cavity
phag/o
to eat, swallow
phleb/o
vein
plas/o
formation, development
pleur/o
pleura )membranes surrounding lungs and adjacent to chest muscles
pneumon/o
lungs
pulmon/o
lungs
rect/o
rectum
sarc/o
flesh
splen/o
spleen
staphyl/o
clusters
strept/o
twisted chains
tonsill/o
tonsils
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
ven/o
vein
carp/o
wrist bones
cib/o
meals
cis/o
to cut
cost/o
rib
cutane/o
skin
dactyl/o
fingers, toes
duct/o
to lead, carry
flex/o
to bend
furc/o
forking, branching
gloss/o
tongue
glyc/o
sugar
immun/o
protection
morph/o
shape, form
nat/o
birth
nect/o
to bind, tie, connect
mort/o
death
nat/o
birth
nect/o
to bind, tie, connect
norm/o
rule, order
ox/o
oxygen
seps/o
infection
somn/o
sleep
son/o
sound
the/o
to put, place
thel/o
nipple
thyr/o
shield, the shape of the thyroid gland resembled (-oid) a shield to those who named it
top/o
place, position, location
tox/o
poison
trache/o
windpipe, trachea
urethr/o
urethra