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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
GENE
"UNIT OF INHERITANCE"
GENETIC INFORMATION FOR A TRAIT
ALLELE
VARIATION OF GENES
HOMOZYGOUS
SAME ALLELES
HETEROZYGOUS
2 DIFFERENT ALLELES
PUNNETT SQUARE
USED TO PREDICT THE PHENOTYPE OF OFFSPRING
DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID
DNA!
DNA
MOLECULE THAT DIRECTS PROTEIN SYNTHESIS (YOUR WHOLE BODY IS BUILT FROM PROTEINS)

"CODE OF LIFE"
WHAT IS IN THE CHROMOSOMES?
DNA IS IN THE CHROMOSOMES
WHAT IS IN THE NUCLEUS OF EVERY CELL?
CHROMOSOMES
WHAT IS THE DNA TWISTED LADDER CALLED?
DOUBLE HELIX
WHAT ARE THE "RUNGS" ON THE DNA LADDER CALLED?
NUCLEODITES (OR NITROGEN BASE PAIR)
WHAT IS A NUCLEOTIDE COMPOSED OF?
NITROGENOUS PAIRS (GUANINE AND CYTOSINE OR ADENINE AND THYMINE) LINKDED BY A HYDROGEN BOND
WHAT ARE THE "SIDES" OF THE LADDER COMPOSED OF?
PHOSPHATES AND DEOXYRIBOSE SUGAR
HOW MANY NUCLEOTIDES ARE IN A STRAND OF HUMAN DNA?
3,000,000,000 (3 BILLION)
THE DOUBLE HELIX SHAPE IS MADE UP OF HOW MANY NITROGEN BASE PAIRS, AND WHAT ARE THEY?
4 NITROGEN PAIRS
ADENINE-THYMINE
GUANINE-CYTOSINE
WHAT DO YOU CALL THREE NITROGEN BASE PAIRS?
CODON
WHAT ARE IN THE CHROMOSOMES?
PROTEIN AND DNA
WHAT DOES A SEQUENCE OF CODONS MAKE?
A "GENE" OR AN INSTRUCTION FOR THE CELL TO MAKE PROTEINS AND SERVE A SPECIFIC FUNCTION
CLONING
USING DNA FROM AN EXISTING ORGANISM TO CREATE A GENETIC REPLICA OR THE ORGANISM
MUTATION
PERMANENT CHANGE IN DNA SEQUENCE; COULD COME NATURALLY OR ENVIROMENTALLY
EXAMPLES- SMOKING, CAUSING CANCER, RADIATION...
PROTEIN
FOR ENERGY, STRUCTURE, GROWTH , MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR
DNA
THE CODE TO DIRECT PROTEIN SYNTHESIS FROM AMINO ACIDS
MRNA
RIBONUCLEIC ACID, THE MESSANGER SEES THE SEPERATED DNA LADDER, THEN READS THE CODE AND MATCHES THE PAIRS; SMALLER AND 1 STRAND; LEAVES THE NUCLEUS OF THE CELL WITH THE CODE; COMPLIMENT TO DNA
TRNA
TRANSFER TNA TO THE MATCHED PAIRS OF MRNA
WHAT DOES EACH TRIPLET OF NITROGEN BASE HAVE ATTATCHED?
AMINO ACID-
THESE ARE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR CELLS
TRANSCRIPTION
PROCESS OF MAKING RNA FROM DNA
TRANSLATION
WHEN TRNA LINES UP WITH AMINO ACIDS TO MAKE PROTEIN