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28 Cards in this Set

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MEDICAL MODEL
THE PERSPECTIVE THAT SUGGENSTS THAT WHEN AN INDIVIDUAL DISPLAYS SYMPTOMS OF ABNORMAL BEHAVIORK THE ROOT CAUSE WILL BE FOUND IN A PHYSICAL EXAM OF THE INDIVIDUALK WHICH MAY REVEAL A HORMONAL IMBALANCE, ACHEMICAL DEFICIENCY, OR A BRAIN INJURY.
PSYCHOANALYTICAL MODEL
THE PERSPECTIVE THAT SUGGESTS THAT ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR STEMS FROM CHILDHOOD CONFLICTS OVER OPPOSING WISHES REGARDING SEX AND AGGRESSSION.
BEHAVIORAL MODEL
LOOKS AT A BEHAVIOR ITSELF AS THE PROBLEM
CONGNITIVE MODEL
SUGGESTS THAT PEOPLE'S THOUGHTS AND BELIEFS ARE A CENTRAL COMPONENT OF ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR
HUMANISTIC MODEL
EMPHISIZES THE RESPONSIBILITY PEOPLE HAVE FOR THEIR OWN BEHAVIOR, EVEN WHEN SUCH BEHAVIOR IS ABNORMAL.
SOCIALCULTURAL MODEL
ASSUMES THAT PEOPLE'S BEHAVIOR--BOTH NORMAL AND ABNORMAL--IS SHAPED BY THE KIND OF FAMILY GROUP, AND CULTURE IN WHICH THEY LIVE.
DIAGNOSTIC AND SATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS, FOURTH EDITION (DSM-IV-TR)
A SYSTEM, DEVISED BY THE AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION, USED BY MOST PROFESSIONALS TO DIAGNOSE AND CLASSIFY ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR.
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
THE EXPERIENCE OF LONG-TERM, PERSISTENT ANXIETY AND WORRY.
PANIC DISORDER
ANXIETY THAT REVEALS ITSELF IN THE FORM OF PANIC ATTACKS THAT LAST FROM A FEW SECONDS TO AS LONG AS SEVERAL HOURS
PHOBIA DISORDER
INTENSE, IRRRATIONAL FEARS OF SPECIFIC OBJECTS OR STITUATIONS.
OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER
A DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY OBSESSIONS OR COMPULSIONS
OBSESSION
A PERSISTENT, UNWANTED THOUGHT OR IDEA THAT KEEPS RECURRING
COMPULSION
AN IRRESISTIBLE URGE TO REPEATEDLY CARRY OUT SOME ACT THAT SEEMS STRANGE AND UNREASONABLE
HYPOCHONDRISIS
A DISORDER IN WHICH PEOPLE HAVE A CONSTANT FEAR OF ILLNESS AND PREOCCUPATION WITH THEIR HEALTH.
SOMATOFORM DISORDERS
PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFICULTIES THAT TAKE ON A PHYSICAL (SOMATIC) FORM, BUT FOR WHICH THERE IS NO MEDICAL CAUSE.
CONVERSION DISORDER
A MAJOR SOMATOFORM DISORDER THAT INVOLVES AN ACTUAL PHYSICAL DISTURBANCE, SUCH AS THE INABILITY TO USE A SENSORY ORGAN OR THE COMPLETE OR PARTIAL INABILITY TO MOVE AN ARM OR LEG
DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS
PSYCHOLOGICAL DYSFUNCTIONS CHARACTERIZED BY THE SEPARATON OF CRITICAL PERSONALITY FACETS THAT ARE NORMALLY INTEGRATED, ALLOWING STRESS AVOIDANCE THROUGH ESCAPE
DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER
A DISORDER IN WHICH A PERSON DISPLAYS CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO OR MORE DISTINCT PERSONALITIES
DISSOCIATIVE AMNESIA
A DISORDER IN WHICH A SIGNIFICANT, SELECTIVE MEMORY LOSS OCCURS
DISSOCIATIVE FUGUE
A FORM OF AMNESIA IN WHICH PEOPLE TAKE SUDDEN, IMPULSIVE TRIPS, SOMETIMES ASSUMING A NEW IDENTITY.
MOOD DISORDERS
A DISTURBANCE IN EMOTIONAL FEELINGS STRONG ENOUGH TO INTRUDE ON EVERYDAY LIVING.
MANIA
AN EXTENDED STATE OF INTENSE, WILD ELATION.
HALLUCINATIONS
THE EXPERIENCE OFPERCEIVING THINGS THAT SO NOT ACTUALLY EXIST. FUTHERMORE THEY MAY SEE, HEAR, OR SMELL THINGS DIFFERENTLY FROM OTHRS
REACTIVE SCHIZOPHREMIA
THE ONSET OF SYMPTOMS IS SUDDEN AND CONSPICUOUS. TREATMENT FOR REACTIVE SCHIZOPHRENIA IS REALATIVELY FAVORABLE
DOPAMINE HYPOTHESIS
SUGGESTS THAT SCHIZOPHRENIA OCCURS WHEN THERE IS EXCESSACTIVITY IN THE AREAS OF THE BRAIN THAT USEDOPAMINE AS A NEUROTRANSMITTER.
PSHCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE-USE DISOREDR
A DISORDER IN WHICH PROBLEMS ARISE FROM THE ABUSE OF DRUGS
SEXUAL DISORDERS
A DISORDER IN WHICH ONE'S SEXUAL ACIIVITY IS UNSATISFACTORY
ORGANIC MENTAL DISORDERS
THESE ARE PROBLEMS THAT HAVE A PURELY BIOLOGICAL BASIS.