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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Kinetic energy is the energy of ________ .
motion
rhymes with lotion.
___________ is the capacity to do work owing to position or state
potential energy
not kinetic but ______.
According to the First LAw of Thermodynamics, energy cannot be created or destroyed, although it can be ___________________________.
transferred or converted from one form to another.
another word for moved..or changed.
2nd Law of THermodynamics: When energy is converted from one form to another, some usable energy (energy available to do work), is_____________________________.
converted into heat that disperses into the surroundings.
hot in the noun form...
Heat is the ____________ of randomly moving particles.
kinetic energy
not potential engery but...
THe 2nd LAw of Thermodynamics is consistent with the 1st. Which means, the total amount of energy is ____ decreasing, but the total amount of energy available to do work is ___________over time.
not, decreasing.
opposite of is, opssosite of increasing.
___________ is a measure of the disorder or randomness of energy
Entropy
not enthalpy.
Usable energy has a _____ entropy.
low
not high
Disorganized energy, such as heat, has a _____ entropy.
high
not low
____________is the sum of all chemicals taking place in an organism
metabolism
what makes chito skinny b/c its very high
An organism's metabolism consists of many intersecting series of chemical reactions or pathways. THere are 2:__________ & ___________.
anabolism & catabolism
think of energy and metabolism section
_____________includes the various pathways in which complex molecules are synthesized to form simpler substances.
anabolism
not catabolism
An example of anabolism would be the linking of amino acids to form _________.
proteins
what we should eat plenty of to stay healthy
___________ includes the pathways in which larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones
catabolism
not anabolism but.....
An ex. of catabolism would be in the degredation of starch to form _______________.
monosaccharides
another would for carbs