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29 Cards in this Set

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Additive System
color as it relates to light.
Subtractive System
color system based on mixing color pigments (CMYK) (start w/light, white paper for instance.)
Spectrum
a continual band of color: ranges red through violet.
Hue
another name for color
Tint
A color (+) grey
Tone
A color (+) black
Key Color
The dominant color in a color scheme.
Neutral Gray
Combines black & White with no other color.
Intensity
Brightness or dullness of a color.
Intensity (Saturation)
the degree of chroma or purity of a color.
Intensity (Chroma)
purity of color, another word for color.
Value
The lightness or darkness of a color. Black & White are extreme values.
Temperature
the perception of a color as being warm or cool.
Primary Colors
3 colors that can not be mixed from any other colors, such as red, yellow, blue.
Secondary Colors
two primary colors mixed together
Tertiary Colors
one primary and one secondary color miced together.
Complementary Colors
colors that are directly across from each other on the color wheel.
Simultaneous Contrast
The effect of complimentary colors next to eachother (the vibration along the line where 2 complimentary colors meet).
Split Complementary
A specific color & the color on either side of its compliment.
Triad
3 colors that are equally spaced on the color wheel.
Analogous
any 3 colors that are adjacent to eachother on the color wheel.
Monochromatic
usind any shade, tint or tone of one hue.
Achromatic
Colorless schemes using blacks, white and grays.
Neutral
hues that have been neutralized by adding their complement.
Monotone
using a single neutral color.
Spot Color
a single non-process ink color which uses one printing plate.
CMYK
The subtractive primaries plus black used in offset lithography. (Also known as four-color process printing.)
RGB
the additive primary colors (Red, Green, Blue) when mixed together in equal amounts they create white light. Used for the web.
Color Gamut
the greatest possible reproducible range of colors for a device or system