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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A structured system of symbols for communicating meaning.
symbols, referents
Arbitrary representations of frequently ambiguous referents; the objects, events, ideas, or relationships referred to by the words.
phoneme, morpheme, syntax
The individual sounds that compose a specific spoken language(letter); the smallest unit of meaning in a language(word); the rules that govern appropriate combinations of words into sentences.
the capacity of language to transform a small number of phonemes into whatever words, phrases, and sentences we require to communicate our abundance of thoughts, ideas, and feelings.
The human ability to use language to talk about objects, ideas, events, and relations that don't just exist in the here and now.
The ability to us language to talk about language. Ex. "My sentence is ungrammatical."
The process of selective perception whereby we formulate increasingly vague conceptions of our world by leaving out details associated with objects, events, and ideas.
conclusions about the unknown based on the known.
subjective evaluations of objects, events, or ideas.
linguistic determinism, linguistic relativity, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
Claims we are the prisoners of our native language, unable to think certain thoughts or perceive in certain ways because of the grammatical structure and lexicon of our language; Claims the grammar and lexicon of our native language powerfully influences but does not imprison our thinking and perception; these two versions are both referred to as the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis.
signal response
An automatic, conditioned reponse to a symbol.
the influence wording has on our perception of choices.
denotation, connotation.
The socially agreed upon meaning of words; the volatile, personal, subjective meaning of words.
false dichotomy
using either-or language to frame a choice as though only two opposing possibilities exist when at least a third option is clearly availible.
jargon, euphemism
Specialized language of a proffesion, trade, or group; a form of linguistic novocaine whereby word choices numb us to or camofo
a form of linguistic novocaine whereby word choices numb us to or camouflage unpleasent or offensive realities.