Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/48

Click to flip

48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cystitis
etio
~inflam of urinary bladder
~ascending infec after entry via urinary meatus
~e coli
~infec: ascending
~tumor: descending
cystitis
S/S
~polyuria
~dysuria
~suprapubic tenderness
~pain @ bladder region
~hematuria
~fever
~cloud, foul urine
cystitis
meds
~antimicrobials
cystitis
NI
~C&S
~antibiotics
~analgesics
cystitis
teaching
~good perineal care
~avoid bubblebaths
~cotton underwear
~high fluid intake
glomerulonephritis
etio
~inflam dz involving renal glomeruli or both kidneys
~group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infec
~usually hx of pharyngitis or tonsillitis 2-3wks b4
~when glom is affected, no filtration of blood or protein
glomerulonephritis
S/S
~hematuria
~proteinuria
~fever
~chills
~weakness
~NV
~edema
~oliguria
~hypertension
~HA
~flank pain
glomerulonephritis
meds
~penicillin
glomerulonephritis
NI
~protect kidney
~bedrest
~antibiotics
~no Na, fluids
~decr protein (4 elev BUN)
nephrotic syndrome
etio
~clinical dz assoc w/any condition that impairs glomerulus
~chronic glomerulonephritis, DM, systemic LE, toxins, renal vein thrombosis, sickle cell in children
nephrotic syndrome
S/S
~marked proteinuria
~hypoalbuminemia
~edema
~hyperlipidemia
nephrotic syndrome
meds
~diuretics
~steroids
~immunosuppressive agents
~anticoagulants (4 vein thrombosis)
nephrotic syndrome
NI
~bed rest
~preserve renal function
~low Na, high protein, high cal
~protect 4m infect
~I&O
~daily wts
urolithiasis
etio
~stones in urinary system
~men, 30-50yrs
~stones calcium or magnesium w/phosphate or oxalate
~hypercalcemia
~excessive excretion of uric acid
urolithiasis
S/S
~NV
~hematuria
~s/s of UTI
~renal colic pain (stones in ureter)
~dull aching cont pain (stones in kidney)
urolithiasis
meds
~Ca oxalate (no Ca/dairy/cola)
urolithiasis
NI
~strain all stones (even f/c)
~fluids (3000cc/day)
acute renal failure
etio
~abrupt reversible cessation of renal function resulting 4m trauma, allergic reaction, kidney stones
~any condition that obstructs renal blood blood
acute renal failure
S/S - oliguric phase
~8-14days sudden onset
~less than 300cc/24hrs
~edema
~elev BUN, creat, K
~decr spec gravity
acute renal failure
S/S - diuretic phase
~14-24days, dilute urine
~1000cc/24hrs
~BUN and creat rise in early stg
acute renal failure
S/S - recovery phase
~up to one year
acute renal failure
meds
~kayexalate (PO/enema)
acute renal failure
NI
~maintain FE balance
~IV glucose/insulin/Ca carbonate
~oliguric:low prot, high carb, high fat, no K
~diuresis:high prot, high cal, no fluids
chronic renal failure
etio
~progressive failure of kidneys to function which result in death unless hemodialysis or transplant perfored
~irreversible
chronic renal failure
stages
~diminshed renal reserve
~renal insufficiency
~renal failure
~uremia (end stg)
chronic renal failure
S/S
~fatigue
~HA
~GI s/s
~hypertension
~anemia
~edema
~pruritis
~metab acidosis
~labs (high BUN, creat, Na, elec)
chronic renal failure
meds
~alimunum hydroxide
~diuretics
chronic renal failure
NI
~500-600cc fluids replacement
~check 4 s/s of cerebral irritation
~low protein, low K, high carb, low Na
~C/I: azotemia
~dialysis
dialysis
~remove end products of metab
~remove excess fluid 4m blood
hemodialysis
etio
~av fistula
~3hrs
~uses diffusion, osmosis, filtration
hemodialysis
NI
~pre/post wts
~assess bruit/thrills
~prov nutrition
hemodialysis
complications
~arteriosclerotic cardiovascular dz
~intercurrent infection
~anemia
~bleeding
~disordered Ca metab
~chronic ascities
~disequilibrium syndrome 4m rapid FE changes
peritoneal dialysis
etio
~uses peritoneum as dialyzing membrane
~usually short term
~peritoneal catheter put in by MD
~CAPD
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
etio
~dialyzing method involving almost cont peritoneal contact w/dialysis solution
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
procedure
~perm indwelling cath in2 peritoneum
~fluid infused by gravity
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
complications
~peritonitis
~rebound tenderness
~bladder perforation
~hypotension
~bowel perforation
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
advantages
~more independence, able 2 walk around
~free dietary intake
~easy/less expensive
urinary tract surgery
NI
~mon V/S, hemorrhage, shock
~pain control
~daily wts
~fluid replacement
~nephrostomy tube (nvr clamp); irrigate w/order; w/10cc NS
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
etio
~enlargement of prostate
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
S/S
~diff starting stream
~UTI
~nocturia
~hematuria
~dribbling
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
NI
~cystoscopy
~prostatectomy
~TURP
~POST:no lifting 6wks
~avoid straining stools
~avoid sex 6wks
prostatis
etio
~inflam of prostate gland
~bacterial infec in urethra/kidneys
prostatis
S/S
~perineal pain/rectum
~lower back
~abd
~penile head
prostatis
teaching - acute
~antimicrobials
~no sex
prostatis
teaching - chronic
~bedrest
~stool softener
~sitz
~analgesia
~no spicy foods, coffee, alcohol
~no prolonged rides
~sex is allowed
kidney tansplant
etio
~4 ESRD
~best match: twin/family
kidney transplant
NI
~PRE:tissue typeing
~immunosuppresive therapy
~hemodialysis w/in 24hrs
~POST:immunosuppressive
~azathioprine (imuran)
~cyclosporine (sandimmune)
~steroids
~mon 4 rejection
~reverse isolation (protective0
kidney transplant
S/S of rejection
~oliguria
~edema/fever
~tenderness over graft
~FE imbalances
~hypertension
~elev BUN/creat