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60 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
achalasia
an impairment of normal esophageal peristalsis
anorexia nervosa
a mental condition characterized by an individual's refusal to eat enough to maintain a minimal body weight
appendicitis
inflammation of the vermiform appendix
atresia
absence or closure of a normal body orifice or tubular organ
bezoar
tightly packed, partially digested agglomerations of hair or vegetable matter
botulism
a type of food poisoning which is caused by the production of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum in improperly canned foods
cheiloschisis
cleft lip or harelip
cholecystitis
inflammation of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis
presence or formation of gallstones
cirrhoisis
a group of liver diseases in which the normal hepatic structure is destroyed over time by nodules
colitis
inflammation of the colon
dehydration
a condition which results from an excessive loss of body water
dental caries
tooth decay
diarrhea
abnormal frequency and liquidity of fecal discharges
diverticulum
an abnormal bulge, pocket or pouch formed from a hollow or tubular structure
Zenker's diverticulum
diverticulum occuring just below the pharynx-most common place
dysentery
any variety of disorders marked by inflammation of the intestines, especially the colon
dyspepsia
impairment to the power or function of digestion
enteritis
inflammation of the intestine
enterocolitis
inflammation of the intestine and the colon
cholera
a formof enteritis which is spread by food and water contaminated with feces
esophagitis
inflammation of the esophagus
fecalith
an intestinal concretion formed around a center of fecal matter
fistula
an abnormal passage or communication between two organs or from an internal organ to the surface of the body
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux disease
the reflux of the stomach contents into the esophagus
halitosis
offensive breath
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
hernia
the protrusion of a loop or knuckle of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening
hiatal hernia
the protrusion of the stomach above the diaphram
inguinal hernia
a hernia into the inguinal canal
umbilical hernia
protrusion of part of the intestine through the umbilicus
Hirschsprung disease
congenital megacolon, or a dilatation and hypertrophy of the colon due to the sustained contraction of the muscles of the rectosigmoid
ileus
the temporary cessation of intestinal peristalsis which often leads to obstruction
adynamic ileus
a suspension of peristalsis because of paralysis or atony
inflammatory bowel syndrome
used to describe a variety of bowel disorders which are inflammatory in nature, whose etiology cannot be directly determined
Crohn disease
can affect any part of the GI tract; especially the ileocecal area; frequently leads to obstruction and fistula and abscess formation
ulcerative colitis
chronic, nonspecific, inflammatory, and ulcerative disease which arises in the colonic mucosa, and usually involves the recutm-bloody diarrhea
intussusception
when a segment of bowel advances and protrudes into the segment distal to it
irritable bowel syndrome
intermittent or constant abdominal stress and bowel dysfunction which has no demonstrable cause
jaundice
a syndrome characterized by the bile pigment in the skin, mucous membranes, and sclerae with a resulting yellow appearance
leukoplatkia
a white patch on a mucous membrane that will not rub off
malabsorption
impaired intestinal absorption of nutrients
mumps
an acute, highly contagious viral disease which causes painful enlargement of the salivary glands
obstruction
the state or condition of being clogged or blocked
pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas
parasites
a plant or animal which lives upon or within another living organism at whose expense it obtains an advantage
Giardia
an intestinal protozoa which has large, sucking disc which adheres to the microvilli of the intestinal walls
giardiasis
refers to the infection which occurs with the presence of the Giardia parasite
peptic ulcer disease
inflammation and ulceration in the duodenum and stomach caused by gastric acid juice
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
pharyntitis
inflammation of the pharynx
polyp
any mass of tissue that arises from the bowel wall and protrudes into the lumen
sessile
attached to the base
pedunculated
attached by a stem-like structure or stalk
prolapse
the falling down or sinking of a part
pruritus ani
intense, chronic itching in the anal region
Schatzki ring
a 2-4 mm mucosal structure, probably congenital in nature, which causes a ring-like narrowing of the lower esophagus
ulcers
a defect or excavation of the surface of an organ or tissue
volvulus
intestinal obstruction which is due to knotting or twisting of the bowel