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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Soldiers hired to fight in another country's war are called __________.
mercenaries
Chapter 12
The American Revolution
A person who turns against his or her country and helps its enemies is called a __________.
traitor
A sudden, complete change in government is called __________.
a revolution
An area of land belonging to a government is called a __________.
territory
The Declaration of Independence turned the American colonists' struggle to protect their rights into a fight for __________.
liberty
Who said, "I regret that I have but one life to give for my country"?
Nathan Hale
In many Northern states, captives who joined the American army were __________.
freed
Who won the major battle fought at Savannah?
the British
The victory at Fort Vincennes gave the Americans control of the __________.
Ohio River Valley
The British first realized that the colonial rebels could and would fight for their rights after the Battle of __________.
Bunker Hill
The last great battle of the American Revolution was fought at __________.
Yorktown
Which rebel fighter was known as the "Swamp Fox"?
Francis Marion
Washington's troops defeated a group of German mercenaries at __________.
Trenton
Colonists who supported the fight against the British were called __________.
patriots
Another word for "complete freedom" is __________.
independence
Many women supported the Continental Army by __________.
nursing the wounded
What is a secondary source?
an account of the past written by someone who was not an eyewitness
The northernmost battle of the American Revolution was fought at __________.
Fort Ticonderoga
The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought in which state?
Massachusetts
The only major battle fought west of the Appalachians was fought at __________.
Fort Vincennes
Which of these is a primary source? a biography of George Washington - a table that belonged to Thomas Paine - a history textbook - the letters of Thomas Jefferson
the letters of Thomas Jefferson
Which of these is a secondary source? a novel about the American Revolution - the letters of Benedict Arnold - the diary of John Adams - a textbook about eighteenth-century America
a textbook about eighteenth-century America
A primary source is often different from a secondary source in that a primary source __________.
has only one viewpoint or opinion
One major problem historians face is that primary sources are often not __________.
complete
Why was the American victory at Fort Ticonderoga particularly important?
The Patriots captured needed cannons.
The Declaration of Independence was based in part on the idea that __________.
all men are created equal
The signing of the Declaration of Independence led to the formation of the __________.
United States of America
Who led the American navy to success off the British coast?
John Paul Jones
The American victory at Saratoga was a turning point in the war because it showed for the first time that the Patriots __________.
could defeat a large British force
The battle at Yorktown was fought near the coast of which state?
Virginia