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1435 Cards in this Set

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prestidigitation
n. 变戏法, 手法敏捷
presto
n. (music) 快拍, 急速
presumption
n. 假定, 冒昧
presumptuous
adj. showing disrepect as a result of being too confident.
冒昧的, 自大的, 专横的
presupposition
n.
[Pref. pre- + supposition: cf. F. présupposition.]


1. The act of presupposing; an antecedent implication; presumption.


2. That which is presupposed; a previous supposition or surmise.

noun

Something taken to be true without proof: assumption, postulate, postulation, premise, supposition, theory, thesis. See reason/unreason.
预想, 前提, 假定
pretence
n. 借口, 虚伪
pretension
Boastful self-importance or display: grandioseness, grandiosity, ostentation, pomposity, pompousness, pretentiousness. See plain/fancy.

Boastful self-importance or display: grandioseness, grandiosity, ostentation, pomposity, pompousness, pretentiousness. See plain/fancy.

自命不凡
pretentious
adj.
自命不凡的
pretentiousness
n. 自命不凡
privation
n. a lack of loss of the things that everyone needs such as food, warmth, and shelter.
probing
adj. 好探索的, 尖锐的
adjective

Possessing or displaying perceptions of great accuracy and sensitivity: acute, incisive, keen1, penetrating, perceptive, sensitive, sharp, trenchant. See careful/careless, sharp/dull.
probity
n. 刚直, 正直
proboscis
A long flexible snout or trunk, as of an elephant.
The slender, tubular feeding and sucking organ of certain invertebrates, such as insects, worms, and mollusks.
A human nose, especially a prominent one.
(象)长鼻, (insect etc)吸管
proceeds
n. 收入
proclivity
A natural propensity or inclination; predisposition. See synonyms at predilection.
procrastinate
v. v. intr. - 延遲, 耽擱
v. tr. - 推遲, 拖延
usu because you do not want to do it.

v.intr.
To put off doing something, especially out of habitual carelessness or laziness.

v.tr.
To postpone or delay needlessly.

verb

To go or move slowly so that progress is hindered: dally, dawdle, delay, dilly-dally, drag, lag, linger, loiter, poke, tarry, trail. Idioms: drag one'sfeetheels, mark time, take one's time. See fast/slow/velocity.

IN BRIEF: To put off until a future time.

It is not a good idea to procrastinate when it comes to writing a large report.
procreate
v. 生育
e.g. Animals have the power to procreate their species.
procrustean
adj.
Producing or designed to produce strict conformity by ruthless or arbitrary means.

adj. 强求一致的
proctor
n. 代理人, 学监
n.
A supervisor especially of an examination or dormitory in a school.

tr.v., -tored, -tor·ing, -tors.
To supervise (an examination).
prodigal
adj. 挥霍的
n. 挥霍者
prodigy
n. 奇事, 非凡之人
prodigy
n. 奇事, 非凡之人
prodigious
adj. extremely and surprisingly large or powerful
profane
v. 亵渎, 玷污
profanity
n. 不敬, 渎神
potation
n. 畅饮, 饮料
n.
The act of drinking.
A drink, especially an alcoholic beverage.
potency
n. 能力
potentate
n. 统治者, 当权者
n.
One who has the power and position to rule over others; a monarch.
One who dominates or leads a group or an endeavor: industrial potentates.
potpourri
n. 混杂, 杂文集
., pl. -ris.
A combination of incongruous things: “In the minds of many, the real and imagined causes for Russia's defeats quickly mingled into a potpourri of terrible fears” (W. Bruce Lincoln).
A miscellaneous anthology or collection: a potpourri of short stories and humorous verse.
A mixture of dried flower petals and spices used to scent the air.
pragmatic
adj. 实际的, 实用主义的
pragmatism
实用主义
prank
n. 玩笑, 恶作剧
prate
v. 瞎址, 胡说 to talk in a meaningless, boring way about sth.
prattle
闲聊, 空谈
to talk continuously about silly and unimportant things.

v., -tled, -tling, -tles.

v.intr.
To talk or chatter idly or meaninglessly; babble or prate.

v.tr.
To utter or express by chattering foolishly or babbling.

n.
Idle or meaningless chatter; babble.
A sound suggestive of such chattering; a babbling noise
preamble
n. 前言, 序言
preamble
n. 前言, 序言
precarious
adj.危险的 perilous parlous
precedent
n. 先例, 前例
precept
n. n. - 訓誡, 戒律, 規則, 規律, 格言, 箴言, 命令, 令狀
, a rule on which a way of thinking or behaving is based

n.
A rule or principle prescribing a particular course of action or conduct.
Law. An authorized direction or order; a writ.


IN BRIEF: A principle intended as a general rule.

The simplest and shortest ethical precept is to be served as little as possible . . . and to serve others as much as possible. — Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910)
preceptor
n. 教师
precipice
n.
An overhanging or extremely steep mass of rock, such as a crag or the face of a cliff.
The brink of a dangerous or disastrous situation: on the precipice of defeat.
n. - 斷崖, 險境, 絕壁
precipitate
v. 加速, 促成
adj. 匆忙的, 鲁莽的

verb

To put down, especially in layers, by a natural process: deposit. See increase/decrease.
adjective

Characterized by unthinking boldness and haste: brash, foolhardy, harum-scarum, hasty, headlong, hotheaded, ill-considered, impetuous, improvident, impulsive, incautious, madcap, precipitant, rash1, reckless, slapdash, temerarious, unconsidered. See careful/careless.
Happening quickly and without warning: abrupt, hurried, precipitant, sudden. See fast/slow/velocity, surprise/expect.
noun

Matter that settles on a bottom or collects on a surface by a natural process: deposit, dreg (often used in plural), lees, precipitation, sediment. See leftover.
Something brought about by a cause: aftermath, consequence, corollary, effect, end product, event, fruit, harvest, issue, outcome, ramification, result, resultant, sequel, sequence, sequent, upshot. See cause/effect.

IN BRIEF: To cause to happen. Also: To separate from a solution.

It's queer how it is always one's virtues that precipitate one into disaster. — Rebecca West (1892-1983)

v. tr. - 猛拋, 促成, 使陷入
v. intr. - 猛地落下
adj. - 突如其來的, 貿然輕率的, 陡然下降的
n. - 沈澱物
precipitation
n. 急躁, 降雨(量)
precipitous
adj. 陡峭的, 仓促的
preface
序言
prefigure
v. 预示, 预想
To suggest, indicate, or represent by an antecedent form or model; presage or foreshadow: The paintings of Paul Cézanne prefigured the rise of cubism in the early 20th century.
To imagine or picture to oneself in advance.

e.g. prefigure the future
pregnant
adj. 充满的,怀孕的
pregnancy
n. 丰富, 怀孕
prejudicial
adj. 有害的, 引起偏见的
preliterate
adj. 无文字记录的, 文字以前的
prelude
An introductory performance, event, or action preceding a more important one; a preliminary or preface.
n. 序幕, 前奏
prelude
An introductory performance, event, or action preceding a more important one; a preliminary or preface.
n. 序幕, 前奏
premeditated
adj. 预谋的, 事先计划的
premiere
n. 首次公演
premium
n.
A prize or award.
Something offered free or at a reduced price as an inducement to buy something else.
A sum of money or bonus paid in addition to a regular price, salary, or other amount.
The amount paid, often in addition to the interest, to obtain a loan.
The amount paid or payable, often in installments, for an insurance policy.
The amount at which something is valued above its par or nominal value, as money or securities.
The amount at which a securities option is bought or sold.
Payment for training in a trade or profession.
An unusual or high value: Employers put a premium on honesty and hard work.
adj.
Of superior quality or value: premium gasoline.

保险费, 奖金
preponderate
(数量上, 重要性上)压倒, 超过
preponderance
n. 优势, 多数
prepossessing
adj. (个性等)给人好感的
looking attractive or pleasant
preposterous
adj. 荒谬的, 可笑的
preposterous
adj. 荒谬的, 可笑的
prerogative
n. 特权
presage
v. 预示
n. 预想, 不祥感
n.
An indication or warning of a future occurrence; an omen.
A feeling or intuition of what is going to occur; a presentiment.
Prophetic significance or meaning.
Archaic. A prediction.

v., -saged, -sag·ing, -sag·es. (prĭ-sāj', prĕs'ĭj)

v.tr.
To indicate or warn of in advance; portend.
To have a presentiment of.
To foretell or predict.
v.intr.
To make or utter a prediction.
portend
v. 预兆, 预示
to be a sign that sth is going to happen, esp sth unpleasant.

To serve as an omen or a warning of; presage: black clouds that portend a storm.
To indicate by prediction; forecast: leading economic indicators that portend a recession.
portent
To serve as an omen or a warning of; presage: black clouds that portend a storm.
To indicate by prediction; forecast: leading economic indicators that portend a recession.
n. - 前兆, 跡象, 凶兆, 預視
portent
To serve as an omen or a warning of; presage: black clouds that portend a storm.
To indicate by prediction; forecast: leading economic indicators that portend a recession.
n. - 前兆, 跡象, 凶兆, 預視
portentous
adj. 凶兆的, 有危险的
pose
v. 摆姿势, 造作, 提出, 引起 pose danger
poseur
n. 装模做样的人
posit
v. 假定, 认为
postulate
v. tr. - 安置, 斷定, 佈置
n. - 假定, 設想
To assume the existence of; postulate. See synonyms at presume.
To put forward, as for consideration or study; suggest: “If a book is hard going, it ought to be good. If it posits a complex moral situation, it ought to be even better” (Anthony Burgess).
To place firmly in position.
possessed
adj. 疯狂的
be mad, be controlled by an evil spirit
posterior
adj. (在时间, 次序上)较后的
opp. anterior
posterity
n. 子孙, 后代
posthumous
adj. 死后的, 遗腹的
postulate
v. 假定, 要求, 以...为前提
n.真理, 公理, 先决条件
He postulates that energy is expended within the plant.
potable
adj. suitable for drink
potamic
adj. 河流的
precis
n. 摘要, 大纲
A concise summary of a book, article, or other text; an abstract.
precocious
adj. 早熟的
precognition
n. 预感, 早知
preconception
n. 先人之见
precursor
n. 先驱, 先兆
predator
n. 食肉动物
pristine
adj. 太古的, 纯洁的, 新鲜的

Remaining in a pure state; uncorrupted by civilization.
Remaining free from dirt or decay; clean: pristine mountain snow.
Of, relating to, or typical of the earliest time or condition; primitive or original.
predestine
v. 注定
e.g. He felt that he was predestined to lead his country to freedom.
predilection
n. 偏好
predisposition
n. 倾向, 癖性
predominant
adj. 有势力的, 显著的
preeminant
adj. 出类拔萃的
preempt
v. 以先买权取得, 取代
preen
v. 整理羽毛, (人)打扮修饰
plead
1. to ask for sth that you want very much, in a sincere and emotional way
e.g. plead with sb for sth

2. to state in a court of law whether or not you are guilty of a crime
plead guilty/not guilty/innocent

3. plead ignorance/illness/insanity etc: give a particular execuse for your actions.

4. to speak or argue in suport of sth.
pleat
n. 褶
plebeian
an insulting word for sb from a low social class 平民, 平民的

adj.
Of or relating to the common people of ancient Rome: a plebeian magistrate.
Of, belonging to, or characteristic of commoners.
Unrefined or coarse in nature or manner; common or vulgar: plebeian tastes.
n.
One of the common people of ancient Rome.
A member of the lower classes.
A vulgar or coarse person.
n. - 平民, 大眾, 庶民
adj. - 平民的, 普通的, 一般的
pleonastic
adj. 赘语的, 罗嗦的冗言的, 重复的
Meaning #1: repetition of same sense in different words
Synonyms: redundant, tautologic, tautological
pliable
adj. 易弯的, 柔软的
pliant
adj. 易受影响的, 易弯的
pliers
钳子
plinth
n.
A block or slab on which a pedestal, column, or statue is placed.
The base block at the intersection of the baseboard and the vertical trim around an opening.
A continuous course of stones supporting a wall. Also called plinth course.
A square base, as for a vase.
柱基, 方形底座
plod
v. 重步走, 吃力干
e.g. The old man plodded wearily along the road.
ploy
n. 花招, 手段
a clever method of getting an advantage, esp by deceving sb.

e.g. Her usual ploy is to pretend to be ill so that people will take pity on her.
pluck
v. 拔毛
n. 勇气, 勇敢
e.g. pluck a chicken
You don't have the pluck to do it.
plumage
n. 羽毛
plumb
n. - 鉛錘, 垂直
adv. - 垂直地, 完全, 恰恰, 正
adj. - 垂直的
v. tr. - 用鉛錘測量, 使垂直, 探究, 探索
v. intr. - 垂直
n.
A weight on the end of a line, used to determine water depth.
A weight on the end of a line, used especially by masons and carpenters to establish a true vertical.
adv.
In a vertical or perpendicular line.
Informal. Directly; squarely: fell plumb in the middle of the puddle.
also plum Informal. Utterly; completely: plumb worn out. See Note at right.
adj.
Exactly vertical. See synonyms at vertical.
also plum Informal. Utter; absolute; sheer: a plumb fool.

v., plumbed, plumb·ing, plumbs.

v.tr.
To determine the depth of with a plumb; sound.
To test the verticality or alignment of with a plumb.
To straighten or make perpendicular: plumb up the wall.
To examine closely or deeply; probe: “Shallow ideas are plumbed and discarded” (Gilbert Highet).
To seal with lead.
v.intr.
To work as a plumber.
plume
n. 羽毛,v. 整理羽毛, 骚首弄姿
polemic
n. 争论, 论战
a written or spoken statement that strongly criticize or defends a particular idea, opinion or person.
n. - 爭論, 爭論者, 辯論, 辯論者
adj. - 論戰的, 好爭論的
polemical
adj. 引起论战的
polish
n. (态度)优雅, 上光剂
v. 把 ... 擦光
pollenate
v. 给 ... 授粉
pollster
n. 民意测验家
poltroon
n. 懦夫
A base coward:
An ignoble, uncourageous person: coward, craven, dastard, funk. Slang chicken, yellow-belly. See fear/courage.
polyandry
n. 一妻多夫制
ployglot
n. adj. understand multiple language
polymath
n. 知识广博者
polymath
n. 知识广博者
pomp
n. 盛况,
all the impressive clothes, decorations, music etc that are traditional for an important official or public ceremony.

e.g. received with pomp
pomposity
n. 自大, 傲慢
pompous
adj. 自大的
poncho
n. 雨衣, 斗n., pl. -chos.
A blanketlike cloak having a hole in the center for the head.
A similar garment having a hood used as a raincoat.
ponder
v. 仔细考虑
ponder
v. 仔细考虑
ponderous
adj. 笨重的, 笨拙的
poniard
n.
A dagger typically having a slender square or triangular blade.

tr.v., -iard·ed, -iard·ing, -iards.
To stab with such a dagger.
比首, 短剑
pontifical
adj. 自以为是的, 武断的
adj.
Relating to, characteristic of, or suitable for a pope or bishop.
Having the dignity, pomp, or authority of a pontiff or bishop.
Pompously dogmatic or self-important; pretentious.
n.
pontificals The vestments and insignia of a pontiff or bishop.
A book of forms for ceremonies performed by a bishop.
pony
n. 小马
porcine
adj. 猪的, 似猪的
porcupine
n. 豪猪, 箭猪
pith
n.
Botany. The soft, spongelike, central cylinder of the stems of most flowering plants, composed mainly of parenchyma.
Zoology. The soft inner substance of a feather or hair.
The essential or central part; the heart or essence. See synonyms at substance.
Strength; vigor; mettle.
Significance; importance.
Archaic. Spinal cord or bone marrow.
tr.v., pithed, pith·ing, piths.
To remove the pith from (a plant stem).
To sever or destroy the spinal cord of, usually by inserting a needle into the vertebral canal.
To kill (cattle) by cutting the spinal cord.

精髓, 要点
noun

The most central and material part: core, essence, gist, heart, kernel, marrow, meat, nub, quintessence, root1, soul, spirit, stuff, substance. Law gravamen. See be.
pithy
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
Precisely meaningful; forceful and brief: a pithy comment.
Consisting of or resembling pith.
placate
v. 抚慰, 平息(愤怒)
to make sb stop feeling angry.
placebo
n. 安慰剂
placid
adj. 安静的, 平和的,温和的
plantive
adj. 可怜的, 伤心的
a plantive old song
plait
n.v. 发辨, 编成辫
plane
n. 平面, 刨
v. 刨
e.g. plane a table smooth.
plangent
adj.
Loud and resounding: plangent bells.
Expressing or suggesting sadness; plaintive: “From a doorway came the plangent sounds of a guitar” (Malcolm Lowry).

adjective

Having or producing a full, deep, or rich sound: mellow, orotund, resonant, resounding, ringing, rotund, round, sonorous, vibrant. See sounds/pleasant sounds/unpleasant sounds/neutral sounds or silence.
adj. - 轟鳴的, 淒切的
plank
n. 厚木板, 要点
plankton
n. 浮游生物
plastered
adj. 抹上灰泥的
plateau
n. 高原, 平稳的状态
platitude
n. 陈词滥调
n.
A trite or banal remark or statement, especially one expressed as if it were original or significant. See synonyms at cliché.
Lack of originality; triteness.

noun

A trite expression or idea: banality, bromide, cliché, commonplace, stereotype, truism. See surprise/expect.
platitude
n. 陈词滥调
n.
A trite or banal remark or statement, especially one expressed as if it were original or significant. See synonyms at cliché.
Lack of originality; triteness.

noun

A trite expression or idea: banality, bromide, cliché, commonplace, stereotype, truism. See surprise/expect.
platonic
adj. 纯友谊的(爱情)
adj.
Of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or his philosophy: Platonic dialogues; Platonic ontology.
often platonic Transcending physical desire and tending toward the purely spiritual or ideal: platonic love.
often platonic Speculative or theoretical.
plausible
adj. 1. a statement that is plausible is reasonable and seems likely to be true.

2. sb who is plausible is good at talking in a way that sounds reasonable and truthful, although they may in fact be lying.
似乎合理的, 嘴巧的
playwright
n. 剧作家
plush
adj. 豪华的
e.g. plush mansions
plutocracy
n., pl. -cies.
Government by the wealthy.
A wealthy class that controls a government.
A government or state in which the wealthy rule.
富豪(阶级), 财阀统治
ply
1.
v. tr. - 不斷使用, 不斷問, 不斷給, 不斷做
v. intr. - 不斷地工作, 定期往返

2.
v. tr. - 將...膠合
n. - 一層, 膠合板, 一股, 傾向
tr.v., plied (plīd), ply·ing, plies (plīz).
To join together, as by molding or twisting.
To double over (cloth, for example).
n., pl. plies (plīz).
A layer, as of doubled-over cloth or of paperboard.
One of the sheets of wood glued together to form plywood.
A layer of rubber-coated fabric, often of nylon or polyester cords, forming the body of an automobile tire.
One of the strands twisted together to make yarn, rope, or thread. Often used in combination: three-ply cord.
A bias; an inclination.
[Middle English plien, from Old French plier, alteration of pleier, from Latin plicāre, to fold.]


ply2 (plī)

v., plied (plīd), ply·ing, plies (plīz).

v.tr.
To use diligently; wield: ply a knitting needle.
To engage in diligently; practice: plied the carpenter's trade. See synonyms at handle.
To traverse or sail over regularly: Trading ships plied the routes between coastal ports.
To continue offering something to; ensure that (another) is abundantly served: plied their guests with excellent food.
To assail vigorously.
v.intr.
To traverse a route or course regularly: The boat plies between the islands on a weekly schedule.
To perform or work diligently or regularly: plied at the weaver's trade for 20 years.
Nautical. To work against the wind by a zigzag course; tack.
pod
n. 豆荚 v. 剥豆荚
podiatry
n. 足病科
poetaster
n. 蹩脚诗人
poignant
adj.

Profoundly moving; touching: a poignant memory. See synonyms at moving.
Physically painful: “Keen, poignant agonies seemed to shoot from his neck downward” (Ambrose Bierce).
Keenly distressing to the mind or feelings: poignant anxiety.
Piercing; incisive: poignant criticism.

Neat, skillful, and to the point: poignant illustrations supplementing the text.
Astute and pertinent; relevant: poignant suggestions.
Agreeably intense or stimulating: poignant delight.

adj.

Profoundly moving; touching: a poignant memory. See synonyms at moving.
Physically painful: “Keen, poignant agonies seemed to shoot from his neck downward” (Ambrose Bierce).
Keenly distressing to the mind or feelings: poignant anxiety.
Piercing; incisive: poignant criticism.

Neat, skillful, and to the point: poignant illustrations supplementing the text.
Astute and pertinent; relevant: poignant suggestions.
Agreeably intense or stimulating: poignant delight.

adj. - 濃烈的, 強烈的, 辛辣的, 酸辣的, 深刻的
伤心的, 尖锐的
poignancy
n. 亲酸事, 尖锐
pointer
n. 一种短毛猎犬, 指针, 教鞭
poise
v. 使相等, 使平衡
n. 泰然自若,信心
v.tr.
To carry or hold in equilibrium; balance.

v.intr.
To be balanced or held in suspension; hover.

n.
A state of balance or equilibrium; stability.
Freedom from affectation or embarrassment; composure.
The bearing or deportment of the head or body; mien.
A state or condition of hovering or being suspended.
poke
v. 刺, 戳, 嘲弄

e.g. He poked me with his umbrella
poky
adj. (place)狭小的, 不舒服的

e.g. a poky small room
preternatural
adj.
Out of or being beyond the normal course of nature; differing from the natural.
Surpassing the normal or usual; extraordinary: “Below his preternatural affability there is some acid and steel” (George F. Will).
Transcending the natural or material order; supernatural.

adj. 异常的, 超自然的
pretersensual
adj. 超感觉的
preterlegal
adj. 超法律的
prevaricate
v. 支吾其词, 说谎
To stray from or evade the truth; equivocate. See synonyms at lie2.


IN BRIEF: To lie.

You will always be found out by your parents if you prevaricate.
prevision
n. 先见, 预感
prick
n. 小刺, 刺痛
v.刺伤, 戳穿
prickle
n. (动物或植物上的)刺,v. 刺痛
prickly
adj. 多刺的, 易生气的
adj
Definition: difficult; thorny
Antonyms: easy, smooth

adj

Definition: irritable, bad-tempered
Antonyms: affable, easygoing, happy, pleasant
prig
n.
A person who demonstrates an exaggerated conformity or propriety, especially in an irritatingly arrogant or
smug manner.

n. 自以为道德比别人高的人
sb who obeys moral rules very carefully and shows in an annoying way that they think they are better than other people.
prim
adjective

Marked by excessive concern for propriety and good form: bluenosed, genteel, old-maidish, precise, priggish, prissy, proper, prudish, puritanical, strait-laced, stuffy, Victorian. Idioms: prim and proper. See plain/fancy.

1.
adj. - 呆板的, 裝出淑女模樣的, 拘謹的, 整齊的
v. tr. - 使顯得一本正經, 把...打扮得整齊
v. intr. - 顯得一本正經

very formal and careful in the way you behave, and easily shocked by anything rude.
primer
n. 启蒙书, 识字课本
primeval
adj. 原始的, 早期的
primordial
adj. 最初的
adj.
Being or happening first in sequence of time; original.
Primary or fundamental: play a primordial role.

adjective

Preceding all others in time: earliest, first, initial, maiden, original, pioneer, primary, prime. See start/end.

adj. - 原始的, 根本的, 最初的
n. - 基本原理
primp
v. (妇女)刻意打扮
princely
adj. 王子的, 慷慨的 王侯的, 高貴的, 王子的, 尊嚴的
proffer
v. 1. to offer sth to sb. esp by holding it out in your hands.
e.g. Proffer sb sth: He proffered me a cigarette.

2. to give sb advice, an explanantion, etc
e.g. the proffered invitation
He refused the proffered drink.
profiteer
n. 奸商, 牟取暴利者
sb who makes unfairly large profits, esp by selling things at very high prices when they are difficult to get.
profligate
adj. 挥金如土的, n. 挥霍者
adj.
Given over to dissipation; dissolute.
Recklessly wasteful; wildly extravagant.

adjective

Lacking in moral restraint: abandoned, dissipated, dissolute, fast, gay, incontinent, licentious, rakish, unbridled, unconstrained, uncontrolled, ungoverned, uninhibited, unrestrained, wanton, wild. See restraint/unrestraint.
Characterized by excessive or imprudent spending: extravagant, lavish, prodigal, profuse, spendthrift, wasteful. See careful/careless, excess/insufficiency/enough, save/waste.
noun

An immoral or licentious person: libertine, rake1, wanton. See sex/asexual.
A person who spends money or resources wastefully: prodigal, scattergood, spendthrift, waster, wastrel. See save/waste.
adj. - 放蕩的, 浪費的
n. - 放蕩者, 享樂者
profundity
n. 深奥, 深刻
profuse
adj. 1. very plentiful or abundant
2. lavish, extravagant, profligate
profusion
n. fengf丰, 大量, 浪费
progenitor
n. 祖先, 始祖
progeny
n. 后代, 子女
prognosticate
v. 预示, 预测
prohibitive
adj.
Prohibiting; forbidding: took prohibitive measures.
So high or burdensome as to discourage purchase or use: prohibitive prices.
So likely to win as to discourage competition: the prohibitive favorite to win the nomination.

IN BRIEF: Likely to discourage an action.

The high price of the game was prohibitive so they could not buy it.
proletarian
IN BRIEF: Of a person of the lowest or poorest class.

I am thinking of the onion again. . . . Not self-righteous like the proletarian potato, nor a siren like the apple. No show-off like the banana. — Erica Jong
adj. - 普羅階級的, 無產階級的
n. - 無產者, 勞工
prolix
adj. 罗嗦的, 冗长的
adj.
Tediously prolonged; wordy: editing a prolix manuscript.
Tending to speak or write at excessive length. See synonyms at wordy.
adjective

Using or containing an excessive number of words: diffuse, long-winded, periphrastic, pleonastic, redundant, verbose, wordy. See excess/insufficiency/enough, style/good style/bad style, words.
prologue
n. 开场白, 序幕

opp. epilogue 后记
prolix
adj. 罗嗦的, 冗长的
adj.
Tediously prolonged; wordy: editing a prolix manuscript.
Tending to speak or write at excessive length. See synonyms at wordy.
adjective

Using or containing an excessive number of words: diffuse, long-winded, periphrastic, pleonastic, redundant, verbose, wordy. See excess/insufficiency/enough, style/good style/bad style, words.
promenade
n.v. 散步, 开车兜风
promiscuity
n. 滥交, 杂乱的
n., pl. -ties.
The state or character of being promiscuous.
Promiscuous sexual relations.
A mixture of diverse or unrelated parts or individuals; a hodgepodge.
promiscuous
adj. 滥交的, 杂乱的
prompt
v. 促使, 激起
adj. 敏捷的, 迅速的
prompting
n. 激励, 鼓舞

e.g. under the prompting of sb.
promptness
n. 敏捷, 迅速
promulgate
v. 颁布, 传播
verb
tr.v., -gat·ed, -gat·ing, -gates.
To make known (a decree, for example) by public declaration; announce officially. See synonyms at announce.
To put (a law) into effect by formal public announcement.

To bring to public notice or make known publicly: advertise, announce, annunciate, broadcast, declare, proclaim, publish. See knowledge/ignorance, words.
To make (information) generally known: advertise, blaze2, blazon, broadcast, bruit, circulate, disseminate, noise, propagate, spread. Idioms: spread far and wide, spread the word. See knowledge/ignorance.
To put in force or cause to be by legal authority: constitute, enact, establish, legislate, make. See action/inaction, make/unmake, politics.
prone
adj.
Lying with the front or face downward.
Having a tendency; inclined: paper that is prone to yellowing; children who are prone to mischief.
adv.
In a prone manner: The patient was lying prone on the bed.
俯卧的, 易于...的
pronounced
adj. 明显的, (观点)强硬的
e.g. You won't easily make him change his opinion, he has very pronounced ideas on everthing.
proselyte
n.
A new convert to a doctrine or religion.


v., -lyt·ed, -lyt·ing, -lytes.

v.tr.
To proselytize (a person).

v.intr.
To engage in proselytization.

n. - 改信仰者, 改依猶太教的人
v. tr. - 改變信仰, 變節
v. intr. - 改變宗教信仰
proselytize
v. v., -tized, -tiz·ing, -tiz·es.

v.intr.
To induce someone to convert to one's own religious faith.
To induce someone to join one's own political party or to espouse one's doctrine.
v.tr.
To convert (a person) from one belief, doctrine, cause, or faith to another.
prosody
n. 诗体学, 韵律学
n., pl. -dies.
The study of the metrical structure of verse.
A particular system of versification.
protagonist
n. 提倡者, 支持者
prototype
n. 原型, 典型
the first form that a new design of a car, machine etc has.

noun

n. - 原型
v. tr. - 打樣板
protract
v. 延长, 拖长
e.g. a protracted stay in hospital.
protrude
v. 突出, 伸出

obtrude
protrusive
adj. 伸出来的, 突出的
protuberant
adj. 突出的, 隆起的
protuberance
n. 节疤, 凸出
provenance
(place of )origin
(艺术等)出处,起源

n.
Place of origin; derivation.

The history of the ownership of an object, especially when documented or authenticated. Used of artworks, antiques, and books.
The records or documents authenticating such an object or the history of its ownership.

e.g. a word of French provenance.
provender
n. (牛马)草料
prop
n. 支持物, 靠山, v. 支持
propogate
v. 1. 繁殖,
2. 传播 promulgate

e.g. Most plants propagate by seed.
propensity
n. 嗜好, 习性 a natural tendency
prophylactic
adj.
Acting to defend against or prevent something, especially disease; protective.

n.
A prophylactic agent, device, or measure, such as a vaccine or drug.
A contraceptive device, especially a condom.

adjective

Defending against disease: preventative, preventive, protective. See allow/prevent.

e.g. vaccination and other prophylactic measures
adj. - 預防疾病的
n. - 預防藥, 避孕藥, 預防法
propinquity
n.
Proximity; nearness.
Kinship.
Similarity in nature.

Meaning #1: the property of being close together
Synonym: proximity
n. - 接近, 類似, 親近
propinquitant
接近的
propitiate
tr.v., -at·ed, -at·ing, -ates.
To conciliate (an offended power); appease: propitiate the gods with a sacrifice.

verb

To ease the anger or agitation of: appease, assuage, calm (down), conciliate, dulcify, gentle, mollify, pacify, placate, soften, soothe, sweeten. Idioms: pour oil on troubled water. See calm/agitation.
抚慰, 取悦, 劝解
propitiatory
adj. 讨好的, 调解的
adj.
Of or offered in propitiation; conciliatory.
propitious
adj.
Presenting favorable circumstances; auspicious. See synonyms at favorable.
Kindly; gracious.

adjective

Affording benefit: advantageous, benefic, beneficent, beneficial, benignant, favorable, good, helpful, profitable, salutary, toward, useful. See help/harm/harmless.
Occurring at a fitting or advantageous time: auspicious, favorable, opportune, prosperous, seasonable, timely, well-timed. See luck/misfortune/chance.
Indicative of future success or full of promise: auspicious, benign, bright, brilliant, fair, favorable, fortunate, good. See luck/misfortune/chance.
adj. - 順利的, 吉祥的, 適合的
propitious
adj.
Presenting favorable circumstances; auspicious. See synonyms at favorable.
Kindly; gracious.

adjective

Affording benefit: advantageous, benefic, beneficent, beneficial, benignant, favorable, good, helpful, profitable, salutary, toward, useful. See help/harm/harmless.
Occurring at a fitting or advantageous time: auspicious, favorable, opportune, prosperous, seasonable, timely, well-timed. See luck/misfortune/chance.
Indicative of future success or full of promise: auspicious, benign, bright, brilliant, fair, favorable, fortunate, good. See luck/misfortune/chance.
adj. - 順利的, 吉祥的, 適合的
proprietary
adj.
Of, relating to, or suggestive of a proprietor or to proprietors as a group: had proprietary rights; behaved with a proprietary air in his friend's house.
Exclusively owned; private: a proprietary hospital.
Owned by a private individual or corporation under a trademark or patent: a proprietary drug.
n., pl. -ies.
A proprietor.
A group of proprietors.
Ownership; proprietorship.
A proprietary medicine.
One granted ownership of a proprietary colony.
adj. - 所有人的, 業主的, 有財產的, 所有人似的, 財產的
n. - 所有人, 業主, 財產, 所有權, 專賣藥
propriety
., pl. -ties.
The quality of being proper; appropriateness.
Conformity to prevailing customs and usages.
proprieties The usages and customs of polite society.
. - 禮貌, 適當, 規矩
propulsion
n. 推进力
n.
The process of driving or propelling.
A driving or propelling force.
prorogue
tr.v., -rogued, -rogu·ing, -rogues.
To discontinue a session of (a parliament, for example).
To postpone; defer.

Meaning #1: hold back to a later time
Synonyms: postpone, hold over, put over, table, shelve, set back, defer, remit, put off


Meaning #2: adjourn by royal prerogative; without dissolving the legislative body

v. tr. - 使休會
prorogation
n. 休会
prosaic
adj.单调的, 无趣的
boring, ordinary, or lacking in imagination.

adj.

Consisting or characteristic of prose.
Matter-of-fact; straightforward.
Lacking in imagination and spirit; dull.
proscribe
v. 禁止
to try to stop the existence of sth such as a political organzation
proverbially
adj. - 諺語的, 聞名的, 諺語式的
adj.
Of the nature of a proverb.
Expressed in a proverb.
Widely referred to, as if the subject of a proverb; famous.
provident
adj. careful and sensible, esp by saving money for the future
providence
n. 深谋远虑, 远见
provincial
adj. 偏狭的, 粗俗的
adj.
Of or relating to a province.
Of or characteristic of people from the provinces; not fashionable or sophisticated: “Well-educated professional women … made me feel uncomfortably provincial” (J.R. Salamanca).
Limited in perspective; narrow and self-centered.
n.
A native or inhabitant of the provinces.
A person who has provincial ideas or habits.
provision
n. 供应, (法律等)条款

e.g. The provisions of the agreement
provisions
n. 粮食, 食品 food supplies, esp for a journey
provisional
Provided or serving only for the time being. See synonyms at temporary.
Provisional Of or relating to any of the extremist factions of the Irish Republican Army established in 1970.
n.
A person hired temporarily for a job, typically before having taken an examination qualifying the person for permanent employment: fire department provisionals.
A temporary stamp that is used before the official issue is released.
Provisional A member of a Provisional faction of the Irish Republican Army established in 1970.
adj. - 暫時的, 臨時的, 暫定的
n. - 臨時郵票

IN BRIEF: Serving for the present time only.

One forms provisional theories and waits for time or fuller knowledge to explode them. — Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)

adjective

Intended, used, or present for a limited time: impermanent, interim, short-range, short-term, temporary. See continue/stop/pause.
Temporarily assuming the duties of another: acting, ad interim, interim, pro tem, temporary. See continue/stop/pause, substitute.
Depending on or containing a condition or conditions: conditional, provisory, tentative. See limited/unlimited.
prowess
n. 勇敢, 不凡能力 great skill at doing sth.
prude
n. 过分守礼的人
prudery
n. 过分守礼, 假正经
prudish
过分守礼的, 假正经的
prudish
过分守礼的, 假正经的
prudish
过分守礼的, 假正经的
prudence
n. 谨慎, 小心
prune
n. 梅干
v. 修剪, 剪除
e.g. prune an essay
prurient
adj.
Inordinately interested in matters of sex; lascivious.

Characterized by an inordinate interest in sex: prurient thoughts.
Arousing or appealing to an inordinate interest in sex: prurient literature.

adjective

Feeling or devoted to sexual love or desire: amative, amorous, concupiscent, erotic, lascivious, lecherous, lewd, libidinous, lustful, lusty, passionate, sexy. See sex/asexual.dj. - 好色的, 渴望的
prurience
n. 好色, 淫乱
psalm
赞美诗, 圣诗
psephology
n. 选举学
psychedelic
adj.
Of, characterized by, or generating hallucinations, distortions of perception, altered states of awareness, and occasionally states resembling psychosis.

n.
A drug, such as LSD or mescaline, that produces such effects.
adj. - 引起幻覺的, 幻覺調的, 幻覺的
n. - 迷幻劑
psychoanalysis
n. 精神分析
psychosis
n. - 精神病, 精神狀態, 精神不正常
puberty
n. 青春期, 春情发动期
pucker
v.tr.
To gather into small wrinkles or folds: puckered my lips; puckered the curtains.

v.intr.
To become gathered, contracted, and wrinkled.

n.
A wrinkle or wrinkled part, as in tightly stitched cloth.
A facial expression in which the lips are tightly pulled together and pushed outward.
A tart flavor that causes one's lips to pucker: the pucker of lemon.

Meaning #1: to gather something into small wrinkles or folds
Synonyms: rumple, cockle, crumple, knit


Meaning #2: draw fabric together and sew it tightly
Synonyms: gather, tuck


Meaning #3: become puckered
Synonyms: ruck, ruck up

v. tr. - 使起皺, 折疊, 使縮攏
v. intr. - 皺起, 折疊, 縮攏
n. - 皺紋
puerile
adj.
Belonging to childhood; juvenile.
Immature; childish. See synonyms at young.

IN BRIEF: Showing a lack of maturity or good judgment.

Upon closer examination, the comment was shown to be puerile and not well thought out.
adj. - 孩子氣的, 未成熟的, 天真的
puerility
n.稚气, 幼稚
pugilism
n. 拳击,搏击
pugnacious
adj. 好斗的
pugnacity
n. 好斗性
puissiant
adjective

Having or able to exert great power: mighty, potent, powerful. See strong/weak.
Having great physical strength: mighty, potent, powerful, strong. See strong/weak.
中文(简体) (Chinese (Simplified))
强力的, 有权力的, 强盛的
puissance
n. - 力, 權力, 勢
Power; might.
pulchritude
n.
Great physical beauty and appeal.
pulchritudinous
adj.
Characterized by or having great physical beauty and appeal.

The adjective pulchritudinous has one meaning:

Meaning #1: used of persons only; having great physical beauty
purlieus
n.
An outlying or neighboring area.
purlieus Outskirts; the environs.
A place that one frequents.
purport
n. the general meaning of what sb says
purloin
v.tr.
To steal, often in a violation of trust. See synonyms at steal.

v.intr.
To commit theft.


To purloin is to make off with something, often in a breach of trust: purloined the key to his cousin's safe-deposit box.
purvey
v. (大量)供给, 供应
to supply goods, services, or info to people
purveyance
n. 粮食的供应
pusillanimous
adj.
Lacking courage; cowardly.

IN BRIEF: Without spirit or bravery.

It is pusillanimous to leave a friend behind to face a danger alone.
无气力的, 优柔寡断的, 胆怯的
putrefaction
n. 腐坏, 腐败
putrefy
v. 使腐烂
putrid
adj. 腐臭的
pygmy
Definition: insignificant person
Antonyms: giant

adjective

Extremely small: diminutive, dwarf, Lilliputian, midget, miniature, minuscule, minute2, tiny, wee. Informal peewee, pintsize, pintsized, teensy-weensy, teensy, teeny, teeny-weeny, weeny. See big/small/amount.


pygmy
An individual of unusually small size.
An individual considered to be of little or no importance.
adj.
also pygmy Of or relating to the Pygmies. Not in scientific use.
pygmy
Unusually or atypically small.
Unimportant; trivial.
n. - 矮人, 小妖精, 侏儒
adj. - 微小的, 矮人的
pylon
n..
A steel tower supporting high-tension wires.
A tower marking a turning point in a race among aircraft.
A large structure or group of structures marking an entrance or approach.
A monumental gateway in the form of a pair of truncated pyramids serving as the entrance to an ancient Egyptian temple.
n. - 塔門, 路標塔, 桥塔, 高压电线架
pyre
n. 火葬柴堆
pyromania
n. 纵火狂
pullulate
v. 繁殖, 聚增
intr.v., -lat·ed, -lat·ing, -lates.
To put forth sprouts or buds; germinate.
To breed rapidly or abundantly.
To teem; swarm: a lagoon that pullulated with tropical fish.
pulp
n. 果肉酱, 纸浆
pullus
n. 幼鸟
pulsate
v. 有规律的震动
adj. 节奏强的, 极为幸福的
pulsating
adj. 节奏强大, 极为幸奋的
pulverize
v. 压成细粉, 彻底打败
pummel
To beat, as with the fists; pommel: The angry crowd pummeled the thief. See synonyms at beat.

n.
The act of beating, as with the fists.

v. tr. - 擊, 用拳頭連續揍, 打
n. - 圓頭, 前鞍橋, 球壯末端
puncture
n. 刺孔, 穿孔 v. 刺穿, 刺破
v., -tured, -tur·ing, -tures.

v.tr.
To pierce with a pointed object.
To make (a hole) by piercing.
To cause to collapse by piercing.
To depreciate or deflate: cutting remarks that punctured my ego.
v.intr.
To be pierced or punctured.

n.
The act or an instance of puncturing.
A hole or depression made by a sharp object, especially a hole in an automotive tire.

v
Definition: deflate someone's idea, feelings
Antonyms: build up, inflate

v

Definition: poke hole in
Antonyms: close, inflate, patch up, sew
punctilious
adj.
Strictly attentive to minute details of form in action or conduct. See synonyms at meticulous.
Precise; scrupulous.

adj.
Strictly attentive to minute details of form in action or conduct. See synonyms at meticulous.
Precise; scrupulous.

IN BRIEF: Strictly following every detail of rules or laws.

Some people are difficult to be around because they are too punctilious and they expect others to be as perfect.
谨小慎微
pundit
n. 权威人士, 专家
pungent
adj. 刺鼻的, 苛刻的
pungency
n. 刺激性, 尖刻
puny
adj. 弱小的, 发育不良
purblind
adj. 愚钝的, 视力不佳
stupid or dull
purchase
n. 支点,To move or hold with a mechanical device, such as a lever or wrench.
v. To move or hold with a mechanical device, such as a lever or wrench.
v. tr. - 買, 購買, 用起重裝置舉起, 贏得, 努力取得, 獲得
n. - 購買, 價值, 購買品
purebred
adj. (动物)纯种的
purgation
n. 净化, 洗罪
purgative
n. 泻药
puritanical
adj. 极端拘谨的
adjective

Marked by excessive concern for propriety and good form: bluenosed, genteel, old-maidish, precise, priggish, prim, prissy, proper, prudish, strait-laced, stuffy, Victorian. Idioms: prim and proper. See plain/fancy.

Meaning #1: exaggeratedly proper
Synonyms: priggish, prim, prissy, prudish, square-toed, straitlaced, straightlaced, tight-laced, victorian


Meaning #2: morally rigorous and strict
Synonyms: blue, puritan, puritanic
quack
n. 庸医, 冒充内行的人
quadrangle
n.四边形
quaff
n. 畅饮
v.tr.
To drink (a beverage) heartily: quaffed the ale with gusto.

v.intr.
To drink a liquid heartily: quaffed from the spring.

n.
A hearty draft of liquid.


verb

To take into the mouth and swallow (a liquid): drink, imbibe, pull on, sip, sup. Informal swig, toss down (or off). Slang belt. Idioms: wet one's whistle. See mouth.
noun

An act of drinking or the amount swallowed: draft, drink, potation, pull, sip, sup, swill. Informal swig. Slang belt. See mouth.
quagmire
n. 沼泽地, 困境
quail
n. 鹌鹑
v. 畏惧,To shrink back in fear; cower.
1.
n. - 鵪鶉, 高級妓女, 少女, 姑娘

2.
v. intr. - 膽怯, 畏縮
qualm(s)
n.疑惧, 紧张不安
a feeling/slight worry because you are not sure that what you are doing right.
e.g. Despite my qualms, I took the job.
quandary
n. 困惑, 进退两难

e.g. be in a qunadary about what to do
quantum
n. 定量
quarry
n., pl. -ries.

A hunted animal; prey.
Hunted animals considered as a group; game.
An object of pursuit: The police lost their quarry in the crowd.

n., pl. -ries.
An open excavation or pit from which stone is obtained by digging, cutting, or blasting.
A rich or productive source: found the book an indispensable quarry of information.
tr.v., -ried, -ry·ing, -ries.
To obtain (stone) from a quarry, as by cutting, digging, or blasting.
To extract (facts, for example) by long, careful searching: finally quarried out the genealogy from hundreds of sources.
To use (land) as a quarry.
1.
n. - 獵物, 被追逐的目標

2.
n. - 石場, 豐富源泉, 露天礦場, 來源
v. tr. - 從採石場採得, 從努力發掘

3.
n. - 方形玻璃, 菱形玻璃, 方形石, 菱形石
quartet
n. 四重唱
quash
v. 取消, 拒绝接受
1。to officially stat that a judgement or decisison is no longer legal or correct
2. to use force to end protests or disobedience

e.g. The high court judge quashed the decision of the lower court.
quash a verdict/decision
queer
n. 奇怪的, 疯狂的
Deviating from the expected or normal; strange: a queer situation.
Odd or unconventional, as in behavior; eccentric. See synonyms at strange.
Of a questionable nature or character; suspicious.
Slang. Fake; counterfeit.
Feeling slightly ill; queasy.
Offensive Slang. Homosexual.
Usage Problem. Of or relating to lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, or transgendered people.
tr.v. Slang., queered, queer·ing, queers.
To ruin or thwart: “might try to queer the Games with anything from troop movements . . . to a bomb attack” (Newsweek).
To put (someone) in a bad position.

adjective

Deviating from the customary: bizarre, cranky, curious, eccentric, erratic, freakish, idiosyncratic, odd, outlandish, peculiar, quaint, quirky, singular, strange, unnatural, unusual, weird. Slang kooky, screwball. British Slang rum, rummy2. See usual/unusual.
Causing puzzlement; perplexing: curious, funny, odd, peculiar, strange, weird. See usual/unusual.

adjective

Deviating from the customary: bizarre, cranky, curious, eccentric, erratic, freakish, idiosyncratic, odd, outlandish, peculiar, quaint, quirky, singular, strange, unnatural, unusual, weird. Slang kooky, screwball. British Slang rum, rummy2. See usual/unusual.
Causing puzzlement; perplexing: curious, funny, odd, peculiar, strange, weird. See usual/unusual.
adj. - 奇怪的, 可疑的, 不舒服的
n. - 同性戀者
v. tr. - 搞糟
quell
v. 制止, 镇压
quell a riot/disagreement
quench
tr.v., quenched, quench·ing, quench·es.
To put out (a fire, for example); extinguish.
To suppress; squelch: The disapproval of my colleagues quenched my enthusiasm for the plan.
To put an end to; destroy.
To slake; satisfy: Mineral water quenched our thirst.
To cool (hot metal) by thrusting into water or other liquid.

verb

To cause to stop burning or giving light: douse, extinguish, put out, snuff out. See continue/stop/pause.
To hold (something requiring an outlet) in check: burke, choke (back), gag, hold back, hold down, hush (up), muffle, repress, smother, squelch, stifle, strangle, suppress, throttle. Informal sit on (or upon). See restraint/unrestraint.
To bring to an end forcibly as if by imposing a heavy weight: choke off, crush, extinguish, put down, quash, quell, squash, squelch, suppress. Idioms: put the lid on. See continue/stop/pause, win/lose/recovery.

v. tr. - 壓制, 抑制, 熄滅, 解, 撲滅
n. - 熄滅, 消除
querulous
adj.
Given to complaining; peevish.
Expressing a complaint or grievance; grumbling: a querulous voice; querulous comments.
quest
v.n. a long search for sth such as truth or knowledge
e.g. the quest for truth
quibble
To evade the truth or importance of an issue by raising trivial distinctions and objections.
To find fault or criticize for petty reasons; cavil.
n.
A petty distinction or an irrelevant objection.

n
Definition: objection, complaint
Antonyms: agreement, approval, concurrence

v

Definition: beat around the bush
Antonyms: agree, approve, concur
n. - 遁辭, 雙關話, 謬論
v. intr. - 推託, 說模棱兩可的話, 詭辯 , 吹毛求疵
quill
n. - 羽莖, 鵝毛筆, 大翎毛
v. tr. - 刺穿
n. (豪猪等动物的)刺
quirk
n. 奇事,怪癖
e.g. He has some unusual quirks in his character.
quintessence
n. 典型, 完美的榜样, 精华
The pure, highly concentrated essence of a thing.
The purest or most typical instance: the quintessence of evil.

IN BRIEF: The most essential part of anything. Also: The most perfect type of something.

The earth is the very quintessence of the human condition. — Hannah Arendt (1906-1975)
quisling
n. 卖国贼, 内奸
n.
A traitor who serves as the puppet of the enemy occupying his or her country.
quitter
n. sb who stop when encountered difficulties.
quiver
n. 箭筒
e.g. archer's shealth for carrying arrows
quixotic
adj. 空想的, 不切实际的
quotidian
adj.
Everyday; commonplace: “There's nothing quite like a real . . . train conductor to add color to a quotidian commute” (Anita Diamant).
Recurring daily. Used especially of attacks of malaria.

adj. - 每日的, 司空見慣的, 每日發作的
e.g. quotidian routine
rabble
n. 乌合之众, 暴民, 下等人
1. a noisy crowd of people who are likely to cause trouble
e.g. undisiplined rabble

2. used about a group of people that you do not respect.
e.g. How can you hang out with that rablle in the bar each night?
rabid
adj.
Of or affected by rabies.
Raging; uncontrollable: rabid thirst.
Extremely zealous or enthusiastic; fanatical: a rabid football fan.
患狂犬病的, 疯的, 失去理智的
raconteur
n.
One who tells stories and anecdotes with skill and wit.
健谈者, 善谈者
radiance
n
Definition: brightness, luminescence
Antonyms: cloudiness, dark, dimness, dullness

n

Definition: happiness
Antonyms: dullness, gloominess, sadness
radiation
n. - 發光, 輻射, 發熱, 輻射能
n.
The act or process of radiating: the radiation of heat and light from a fire.
Physics.
Emission and propagation and emission of energy in the form of rays or waves.
Energy radiated or transmitted as rays, waves, in the form of particles.
A stream of particles or electromagnetic waves emitted by the atoms and molecules of a radioactive substance as a result of nuclear decay.

The act of exposing or the condition of being exposed to such energy.
The application of such energy, as in medical treatment.
Anatomy. Radial arrangement of parts, as of a group of nerve fibers connecting different areas of the brain.

The spread of a group of organisms into new habitats.
Adaptive radiation.
rafter
n.
The act or process of radiating: the radiation of heat and light from a fire.
Physics.
Emission and propagation and emission of energy in the form of rays or waves.
Energy radiated or transmitted as rays, waves, in the form of particles.
A stream of particles or electromagnetic waves emitted by the atoms and molecules of a radioactive substance as a result of nuclear decay.

The act of exposing or the condition of being exposed to such energy.
The application of such energy, as in medical treatment.
Anatomy. Radial arrangement of parts, as of a group of nerve fibers connecting different areas of the brain.

The spread of a group of organisms into new habitats.
Adaptive radiation.

1.
n. - 椽

2.
n. - 筏夫
ragged
adj. 破烂的, (表面)凹凸不平的
e.g. ragged clothes
ragged rocks
rail
n. 栏杆, 铁轨
v.咒骂, 猛烈指责
e.g. rail against injustice
raucous
adj. (声音)沙哑的, 粗糙的
e.g. Her voice is rather raucous

hoarse, husky
rave
v. 倾倒, 热切赞扬
v.intr.
To speak wildly, irrationally, or incoherently.
To roar; rage: The storm raved along the coast.
To speak or write with wild enthusiasm: Critics raved about the new play.
To attend a rave.
v.tr.
To utter or express in a frenzied manner.

n.
The act or an instance of raving.
Informal. An extravagantly enthusiastic opinion or review: The play received raves.
An all-night dance party, especially one where techno, house, or other electronically synthesized music is played.

verb

To speak in a loud, pompous, or prolonged manner: declaim, harangue, mouth, perorate, rant. See words.
To show enthusiasm: carry on, rhapsodize. See feelings.

e.g. All the girls rave about the new singer.
ravenous
adj. 饿极了得, 贪婪的
adj.
Extremely hungry; voracious.
Rapacious; predatory.
Greedy for gratification: ravenous for power. See synonyms at voracious.

adjective

Desiring or craving food: famished, hungry, starving, voracious. See ingestion.
Wanting to eat or drink more than one can reasonably consume: edacious, gluttonous, greedy, hoggish, piggish, voracious. See desire, ingestion.
Having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit: avid, edacious, gluttonous, greedy, omnivorous, rapacious, unappeasable, voracious. See desire.
raven
n. 乌鸦, 掠夺
ravine
n. 深谷, 峡谷
ravish
v. 迷住, 抢夺, 使陶醉, 使狂喜
To seize and carry away by force.
To rape; violate.
To overwhelm with emotion; enrapture. See synonyms at enrapture.

v
Definition: enchant
Antonyms: disenchant, repulse, turn off

v. tr. - 使陶醉, 使銷魂, 使狂喜, 強奪, 搶走, 強姦
ravishing
adj. 令人陶醉的
ravishment
n. 狂喜, 陶醉
rawhide
n. (牛的)生皮
reactionary
adj. 保守的, 反动的
stronly and unreasonably opposed to social or political changes.

adj.
Characterized by reaction, especially opposition to progress or liberalism; extremely conservative.

n., pl. -ar·ies.
An opponent of progress or liberalism; an extreme conservative.
reactivate
v. 恢复活力, 重新活跃
reagent
n. 试剂
ream
n. 令 (500张纸)
reaper
n. 收割者
rebarbative
adj.
Tending to irritate; repellent: “He became rebarbative, prickly, spiteful” (Robert Craft).

Meaning #1: serving or tending to repel
Synonyms: repellent, repellant
令人讨厌的, 冒犯人的
rebarbative
adj.
Tending to irritate; repellent: “He became rebarbative, prickly, spiteful” (Robert Craft).

Meaning #1: serving or tending to repel
Synonyms: repellent, repellant
令人讨厌的, 冒犯人的
rebarbative
adj.
Tending to irritate; repellent: “He became rebarbative, prickly, spiteful” (Robert Craft).

Meaning #1: serving or tending to repel
Synonyms: repellent, repellant
令人讨厌的, 冒犯人的
rebuff
v. 断然拒绝
e.g. She rebuff all the offers of friendship
rebuke
v. 指责, 谴责
e.g. The boy was rebuked by his teacher for cheating
rebus
n. 字谜, 画谜
A representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols, often presented as a puzzle.
raillery
n. 善意的嘲弄
n., pl. -ies.
Good-natured teasing or ridicule; banter.
An instance of bantering or teasing.

noun

Good-natured teasing: badinage, banter, chaff, taunt. Informal ribbing. See laughter.
raiment
n.
Clothing; garments.
衣服, 服饰, 衣裳
Meaning #1: provide with clothes or put clothes on
Synonyms: dress, clothe, enclothe, garb, tog, garment, habilitate, fit out, apparel
ramble
n.v. 慢步, 散步
rambunctious
adj.
Boisterous and disorderly.

Meaning #1: noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline
Synonyms: boisterous, robustious, rumbustious, unruly

adj. - 粗暴的, 騷亂的, 難控制的
ramify
v. 分支, 分叉
ramification
n. 分支, 支流
rampage
v. 乱冲, n.暴怒
rampart
n. 壁垒, 城墙
.
A fortification consisting of an embankment, often with a parapet built on top.
A means of protection or defense; a bulwark. See synonyms at bulwark.
rancid
adj. 不新鲜的, 变味的
rancor
n. 深仇, 怨恨
rancorous
adj. 怨恨的, 憎恨的
rankle
v. continue to be painful or bitter memory

e.g. Their defeat still rankles.
rapacious
adj. 强夺的, 贪婪的
taking everything that you can, esp by using violence.
rapacity
n. 掠夺, 贪婪
rapids
n. 急流,
rapprochement
n. 和好, 和睦
the establishment of a good relationship between two countries or groups of people, after a period of unfriendly relations.
rashness
n. 轻率, 鲁莽
ratiocination
n. 推理, 推论
noun

Exact, valid, and rational reasoning: logic, rationality, reason. See reason/unreason.
rationale
n.n.
Fundamental reasons; the basis.
An exposition of principles or reasons.
n. - 基本原理 , 根据
rebuttal
n. 反驳, 反证
recalcitrance
n. 固执, 顽抗
recant
v. change religion

e.g. recant one's belief.
recantation
noun

A formal statement of disavowal: abjuration, palinode, retractation, retraction, withdrawal. See accept/reject.

Meaning #1: a disavowal or taking back of a previous assertion
Synonyms: retraction, abjuration

The act of recanting; a declaration that contradicts a former one; that which is thus asserted in contradiction; retraction.


The poor man was imprisoned for this discovery, and forced to make a public recantation.
recapitulate
to repeat the main points of sth that has just been said.

v., -lat·ed, -lat·ing, -lates.

v.tr.
To repeat in concise form.
Biology. To appear to repeat (the evolutionary stages of the species) during the embryonic development of the individual organism.
v.intr.
To make a summary.
扼要重述, 再现, 概括, 概述, 总结
receptacle
n. 容器
receptive
adj. 善于接受的
recessive
adj. 隐性遗传的, 后退的adj.
Tending to go backward or recede.

Genetics. Of, relating to, or designating an allele that does not produce a characteristic effect when present with a dominant allele.
Of or relating to a trait that is expressed only when the determining allele is present in the homozygous condition.
n. Genetics.
A recessive allele or trait.
An organism having a recessive trait.

IN BRIEF: Having a tendency to go back. Also: In genetics, a pair of hereditary factors that remain hidden or dormant.

Characteristics that result from a recessive trait include blue eyes and blond hair.
recidivism
n.
A tendency to recidivate.
n
1. the tendency for an ill person to relapse or return to the hospital. n 2. the return to a life of crime after a conviction and sentence.
reciprocate
v. 答谢, 回报
v. tr. - 交換, 互給, 報答, 往復運動
v. intr. - 往復運動, 酬答, 互換
IN BRIEF: To give and take mutually.

I want to do something special to reciprocate the favor.

v., -cat·ed, -cat·ing, -cates.

v.tr.
To give or take mutually; interchange.
To show, feel, or give in response or return.
v.intr.
To move back and forth alternately.
To give and take something mutually.
To make a return for something given or done.
To be complementary or equivalent.
reciprocity
n. 互惠主义, 相互利益
recital
n. 独奏, 吟咏
recluse
n. 隐士, v. 隐居
recluse
n. 隐士, v. 隐居
recoil
v. 退却, 退缩
recompense
v. 报酬, 赔偿
tr.v., -pensed, -pens·ing, -pens·es.
To award compensation to: recompensed the victims of the accident.
To award compensation for; make a return for: recompensed their injuries.
n.
Amends made, as for damage or loss.
Payment in return for something, such as a service.
recondite
adj. 深奥的, 难解的
adj.
Not easily understood; abstruse. See synonyms at ambiguous.
Concerned with or treating something abstruse or obscure: recondite scholarship.
Concealed; hidden.

BRIEF: Not easily understood. Also: Hidden from sight.

I would like to learn more about more unusual and recondite phenomena.
reconnaissance
n.
An inspection or exploration of an area, especially one made to gather military information.
侦察

e.g. make a reconnaissance of the work to be done.
recreant
n. 懦夫, 叛徒 adj. 胆怯的

sb who is disloyal and lacks courage.

adj.
Unfaithful or disloyal to a belief, duty, or cause.
Craven or cowardly.
n.
A faithless or disloyal person.
A coward.
recriminate
v. 反责, 反控v.tr.
To accuse in return.

v.intr.
To counter one accusation with another.
refulgent
adj. 辉煌的, 灿烂的
adj.
Shining radiantly; resplendent.
adjective

Giving off or reflecting light readily or in large amounts: beamy, bright, brilliant, effulgent, incandescent, irradiant, lambent, lucent, luminous, lustrous, radiant, shiny. See light/darkness.
refulgence
n. 辉煌, 光亮
refurbish
v. 刷新, 擦亮
regal
adj.
Of or relating to a monarch; royal.
Belonging to or befitting a monarch: regal attire.
Magnificent; splendid.

adj.
Of or relating to a monarch; royal.
Belonging to or befitting a monarch: regal attire.
Magnificent; splendid.

IN BRIEF: Suitable for royalty; majestic. Also: Imposing and grand.

The princess looked beautiful in her regal evening gown.
regale
v. 款待, 使...享受
to entertain sb with sth, esp stories.

v., -galed, -gal·ing, -gales.

v.tr.
To provide with great enjoyment; entertain. See synonyms at amuse.
To entertain sumptuously with food and drink; provide a feast for.
v.intr.
To feast.

n.
A great feast.
A choice food; a delicacy.
Refreshment.
regent
n. 摄政王 (代国王统治者)
regiment
n. (军)团 v. 严格控制

n.
A military unit of ground troops consisting of at least two battalions, usually commanded by a colonel.
A large group of people.
tr.v., -ment·ed, -ment·ing, -ments. (rĕj'ə-mĕnt')
To form into a regiment.
To put into systematic order; systematize.
To subject to uniformity and rigid order.

e.g. Modern children don't like being regimented.
regimentation
n. 严格控制, 纪律
regressive
adj. 退化的, 退步的
Meaning #1: (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate decreases as the amount increases
Antonym: progressive (meaning #3)


Meaning #2: opposing progress
Antonym: progressive (meaning #1)
rehabilitate
tr.v., -tat·ed, -tat·ing, -tates.
To restore to good health or useful life, as through therapy and education.
To restore to good condition, operation, or capacity.
To reinstate the good name of.
To restore the former rank, privileges, or rights of.

verb

To bring back to a previous normal condition: rebuild, reclaim, recondition, reconstruct, reinstate, rejuvenate, renovate, restitute, restore. See help/harm/harmless.

v. tr. - 恢復原狀, 使恢復, 修復
rectitude
n. 诚实, 正直
n.
Moral uprightness; righteousness.
The quality or condition of being correct in judgment.
The quality of being straight.
recumbent
adj. 侧卧的, 休息的
recuperate
v. 恢复(健康), 复原
recuperative
adj. 有助于恢复健康的
redolent
adj. 芬芳的, 芳香的
adj.
Having or emitting fragrance; aromatic.
Suggestive; reminiscent: a campaign redolent of machine politics.

The adjective redolent has 3 meanings:

Meaning #1: serving to bring to mind
Synonyms: evocative, redolent of, remindful, reminiscent, reminiscent of


Meaning #2: (used with `of' or `with') noticeably odorous
Synonym: smelling


Meaning #3: having a strong distinctive fragrance
Synonym: aromatic
有...香味的, 令人想起...的
redoubtable
adj. 可敬畏的
e.g. a redoubtable opponent
redress
v. n. 改正, 修正
reflect
IN BRIEF: To throw back or be thrown back from a surface, such as light, heat, and sound. Also: To think over; to think carefully.

Life is a mirror and will reflect back to the thinker what he thinks into it. — Ernest Holmes
v. tr. - 反射, 反映, 表現, 照出, 映出, 帶給, 招致
v. intr. - 反射, 思考, 映出, 反省
reflective
adj. 深思熟虑的
adj.

Of, relating to, produced by, or resulting from reflection.
Capable of or producing reflection: a reflective surface.
Characterized by or given to meditation or contemplation; thoughtful. See synonyms at pensive.
refactory
adj. 难驾驭的, (病)难治的
disobedient and difficult to deal with or control
refrain
v.抑制 n. 歌曲的反复句
reincarnate
To cause to be reborn in another body; incarnate again.
To cause to appear in a new form; refurbish or revitalize: “the 50-year old beverage that has been reincarnated in recent years through a marketing campaign that appeals to young people's eagerness to live on the edge” (David Barboza).

The verb reincarnate has 2 meanings:

Meaning #1: be born anew in another body after death
Synonym: transmigrate


Meaning #2: cause to appear in a new form
Synonym: renew



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The adjective reincarnate has one meaning:

Meaning #1: having a new body
v. tr. - 使化身, 使轉世, 使再生
adj. - 化身的, 再生的
reincarnation
n. 化身, 转世的生命
reinstate
v. 恢复(原职)
rejoin
v. 回答, 答辩
to say sth in reply, esp rudely or angrily
rejoinder
n.
An answer, especially to a reply.

n. - 回答, 答覆, 答辯
relapse
v.n. 旧病复发, 再恶化
1. to become ill again after you have seeemed to improve
2. to start to behave badly again or become less active
+into
e.g. He relapsed into his usual sulky manner.
relegate
v. 降级, 贬滴
to give sb or sth a less important position than before

To assign to an obscure place, position, or condition.
To assign to a particular class or category; classify. See synonyms at commit.
To refer or assign (a matter or task, for example) for decision or action.
To send to a place of exile; banish.

IN BRIEF: To send off or consign, as to an obscure position or remote destination.

The tedious tasks were relegated to the new employees
v. tr. - 貶謫, 把...歸類, 放逐, 移交
relic
n. 遗物, 遗迹
an old object or custom that remind people of the past
relict
adj. 残存的
relish
v. n. 味道, 喜好, 享受
1。 to enjoy an experience or the thought of sth that is going to happen.

e.g. He didn't relish the thought of spending Christmas at his in-laws.

n. great enjoyment of sth.
e.g. He drank up the wine with great relish.

n.
An appetite for something; a strong appreciation or liking: a relish for luxury.

Hearty enjoyment; zest. See synonyms at zest.
Something that lends pleasure or zest.

A spicy or savory condiment or appetizer, such as chutney or olives.
A condiment of chopped sweet pickle.
The flavor of a food, especially when appetizing. See synonyms at taste.
A trace or suggestion of a pleasurable quality.

v., -ished, -ish·ing, -ish·es.

v.tr.
To take keen or zestful pleasure in.
To enjoy the flavor of.
To give spice or flavor to.
v.intr.
To have a pleasing or distinctive taste.
reminisce
intr.v., -nisced, -nisc·ing, -nisc·es.
To recollect and tell of past experiences or events.

v. 追忆, 怀旧
remiss
adj. 疏忽的, 不留心的
careless

e.g. He is very remiss in answering letters.

adj.
Lax in attending to duty; negligent.
Exhibiting carelessness or slackness. See synonyms at negligent.
remit
v. 免除, 宽恕 to free sb from a debt or punishment
汇款
remission
n. 宽恕, 赦免
remissible
adj. 可被赦免的
repartee
n. conversation which is very fast and full of clever amusing remarks.

n.
A swift, witty reply.
Conversation marked by the exchange of witty retorts. See synonyms at wit1.

IN BRIEF: A ready, witty, or apt reply.

A repartee is what a person thinks of after he becomes a departee. — Dan Bennett
repatriate
v. (from foreign country)遣返
e.g. Prisoners of war were repatriated.
repel
v. 击退, 使...反感

v.tr.
To ward off or keep away; drive back: repel insects.
To offer resistance to; fight against: repel an invasion.
To refuse to accept; reject: a company that was trying to repel a hostile takeover.
To turn away from; spurn.
To cause aversion or distaste in: Your rudeness repels everyone. See synonyms at disgust. See Usage Note at repulse.
To be resistant to; be incapable of absorbing or mixing with: Oil repels water.
Physics. To present an opposing force to; push back or away by a force: Electric charges of the same sign repel one another.
v.intr.
To offer a resistant force to something.
To cause aversion or distaste: behavior that repels.
repine
v. 不满, 心中抱怨

e.g. to repine against his cruel face.
replenish
v. 补充, 再装满
replica
n. 复制品
repose
n.
The act of resting or the state of being at rest.
Freedom from worry; peace of mind.
Calmness; tranquillity.

v., -posed, -pos·ing, -pos·es.

v.tr.
To lay (oneself) down.
To rest or relax (oneself).
v.intr.
To lie at rest.
To lie dead: repose in a grave.
To lie while being supported by something

1.
v. tr. - 把寄託於, 安放, 安置, 將交於

2.
n. - 歇息, 安詳, 睡眠, 安靜
v. tr. - 使休息, 使靜臥, 使依靠
v. intr. - 躺, 長眠, 安息, 靠, 靜臥
remittent
adj. (病)间歇性的, 忽好忽坏的
remonstrate
v.tr.
To say or plead in protest, objection, or reproof.

v.intr.
To reason or plead in protest; present an objection. See synonyms at object.

verb

To express opposition, often by argument: challenge, demur, except, expostulate, inveigh, object, protest. Informal kick, squawk. Idioms: set up a squawk, take exception. See support/oppose.

IN BRIEF: To protest, object. Also: To present a verbal or written protest to those who have power to right or prevent a wrong.

When things went beyond the control of her forceful personality, inventiveness or charm, if the problem was something she could not alter or manipulate, she didn't pine or remonstrate, she merely buried what was threatening or damaging to her sense of wor — Colin Thubron
v. tr. - 抗議, 告誡, 反對, 指出
v. intr. - 抗議, 進諫, 反對, 告誡
remonstrance
n. 抗议, 抱怨
remunerate
tr.v., -at·ed, -at·ing, -ates.
To pay (a person) a suitable equivalent in return for goods provided, services rendered, or losses incurred; recompense.
To compensate for; make payment for: remunerated his efforts.
remunerative
adj. 报酬高的, 有利润的
renaissance
noun

The act of reviving or condition of being revived: reactivation, rebirth, renascence, renewal, resurgence, resurrection, resuscitation, revitalization, revival, revivification. See awareness/unawareness.
n. - 復活, 文藝復興, 復興
adj. - 文藝復興的
renascent
adj.
Coming again into being; showing renewed growth or vigor.
新生的
He felt a renascent love for his children.
rend
v. 撕裂, 猛拉
to tear or break sth violently into pieces.

e.g. she wept and rent her garments.
rent
n. 裂缝, (意见)分歧
n.
An opening made by rending; a rip.
A breach of relations between persons or groups; a rift.
render
v. 使得, 给与
1. render sth useless/sb harmless etc: to make sb/sth useless.
e.g. New lasw have rendered this kind of assistance impossible.

2. render an apology/an explannation/a service etc
3. to express or present sth in a particular way
e.g. render sth as sth. He render his feelings as colors
He render his thoughts in speech.
4. render sth into English/Russian etc: translate
rendering
n. 演出, 翻译
rendezvous
n. 约会, 约会地点, 会合
renege
v. 背信, 违约
v.intr.
To fail to carry out a promise or commitment: reneged on the contract at the last minute.
Games. To fail to follow suit in cards when able and required by the rules to do so.
v.tr.
To renounce; disown.

n.
The act of reneging.
verb

To abandon a former position or commitment: back down (or out), retreat. Slang cop out, fink out. See resist/yield.
renegade
n.
One who rejects a religion, cause, allegiance, or group for another; a deserter.
An outlaw; a rebel.
adj.
Of, relating to, or resembling a renegade; traitorous.

intr.v., -gad·ed, -gad·ing, -gades.
To become a deserter or an outlaw.


noun

A person who has defected: apostate, defector, deserter, recreant, runagate, tergiversator, turncoat. Informal rat. See approach/retreat.
verb

To abandon one's cause or party usually to join another: apostatize, defect, desert3, tergiversate, turn. Slang rat. Idioms: change sides, turn one's coat. See approach/retreat, trust/distrust.

IN BRIEF: Unconventional or unlawful person. Also: A person who gives up his or her religion, political party, etc. and goes over to the opposite side; traitor.

The renegade rebel leader refused to negotiate with the opposition.
renunciation
n. 放弃, 抛弃
renown
n. 名声, 名望
renowned
adj. 著名的
repress
v.1. to stop yourself expressing a feeling
2. to control a group of people by force.
repossess
v. 取回, 收复
reprieve
v. n. 缓刑, 暂时解救
to officially stop a prisoner from being killed as a punishment

tr.v., -prieved, -priev·ing, -prieves.
To postpone or cancel the punishment of.
To bring relief to.
n.

Postponement or cancellation of a punishment.
A warrant for such an action.
Temporary relief, as from danger or pain.
reprisal
n.
Retaliation for an injury with the intent of inflicting at least as much injury in return.
Forcible seizure of an enemy's goods or subjects in retaliation for injuries inflicted.
The practice of using political or military force without actually resorting to war.


un

The act of retaliating: counteraction, counterattack, counterblow, reciprocation, requital, retaliation, retribution, revenge, tit for tat, vengeance. Idioms: an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, like for like, measure for measure. See attack/defend, forgiveness/vindictiveness.
n.
(politial or military) retaliation
reproach
n. 谴责, 责骂
reprobate
v. 谴责, 指责
adj. n. 堕落的(人)
sb who behaves in an immoral way

e.g. We reprobate his evil behavior.
reproof
n. 斥责, 责备
reprove
v. 斥责, 责备
reptilian
adj. 爬虫类的, 卑下的
repudiate
tr.v., -at·ed, -at·ing, -ates.
To reject the validity or authority of: “Chaucer . . . not only came to doubt the worth of his extraordinary body of work, but repudiated it” (Joyce Carol Oates).
To reject emphatically as unfounded, untrue, or unjust: repudiated the accusation.
To refuse to recognize or pay: repudiate a debt.

To disown (a child, for example).
To refuse to have any dealings with.


verb

To refuse to recognize or acknowledge: deny, disacknowledge, disavow, disclaim, disown, reject, renounce. Idioms: turn one's back on. See accept/reject.


v
Definition: reject; turn one's back on
Antonyms: acknowledge, admit, approve, confirm

e.g. repudiate offeres of friendship
repugnant
adj. 令人厌恶的, very unpleasant and offensive

adj.
Arousing disgust or aversion; offensive or repulsive: morally repugnant behavior.
Logic. Contradictory; inconsistent.
repugnance
n. 反感
repulse
v. n. 驱逐, 击退, 厌恶
1. to defeat a military attack
2. if sth/sb repulses you, you feel they are very unpleasant.
3. to refuse an offer of friendship or help in a way that is rude
repulsive
adj. 令人厌恶的, 驱逐的
very unpleasant

repulsive force push objects away from each other
requiem
A hymn, composition, or service for the dead.

IN BRIEF: A solemn mass sung for the repose of the souls of the dead.

The silent organ loudest chants The master's requiem. — Douglas Jerrold (1803-1857)
追思弥撒, 安魂曲, 安魂弥撒, 挽歌
requisite
n. adj. needed for a particular purpose
必需物, 必要的
requisition
n. 要求, 请求
requite
v. 报答, to give or do sth in return for sth done or given to you in the past

To make repayment or return for: requite another's love. See synonyms at reciprocate.
To avenge.

IN BRIEF: Repay; give in return. Also: To retaliate; revenge.

Do you feel the need to requite the injuries done to you?
requital
n. 酬劳, 报答, 报复
n.
The act of requiting.
Return, as for an injury or friendly act.
rescript
n. 公告, 法令, 重抄
n.

The act of rewriting.
Something that has been rewritten.
A formal decree or edict.
Roman Catholic Church. A response from the pope or another ecclesiastical superior to a question regarding discipline or doctrine.
A reply from a Roman emperor to a magistrate's query about a point of law.

Meaning #1: a reply by a Pope to an inquiry concerning a point of law or morality


Meaning #2: a legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge)
Synonyms: decree, edict, fiat, order


Meaning #3: the act of rewriting something
Synonyms: revision, revisal, revise


Meaning #4: something that has been written again
Synonyms: rewrite, revision
reserved
adj. 说话不多的
reshuffle
v. 再改组, 再洗牌
resigned
adj. 顺从的, 逆来顺受的
adjective

Submitting without objection or resistance: acquiescent, nonresistant, passive, submissive. See resist/yield.
Enduring or capable of enduring hardship or inconvenience without complaint: forbearing, long-suffering, patient. See accept/reject.
resignation
n. 听从
resurgence
n. 复兴, 再起
resurgent
adj. 再起的, 复活的
resuscitate
v. revive
使复活, 使苏醒
retentive
adj. 有记忆力的
adj.
Having the quality, power, or capacity of retaining.
Having the ability or capacity to retain knowledge or information with ease: a retentive memory.
adj. - 保持的, 記性好的, 有保持力的
reticent
无言的, 谨慎的, 沉默的, 抑制的 adj.
Inclined to keep one's thoughts, feelings, and personal affairs to oneself. See synonyms at silent.
Restrained or reserved in style.
Reluctant; unwilling.

adjective

Not speaking freely or openly: close, close-mouthed, incommunicable, incommunicative, reserved, silent, taciturn, tightlipped, uncommunicable, uncommunicative. See restraint/unrestraint, sounds/pleasant sounds/unpleasant sounds/neutral sounds or silence.
Not friendly, sociable, or warm in manner: aloof, chill, chilly, cool, distant, offish, remote, reserved, solitary, standoffish, unapproachable, uncommunicative, undemonstrative, withdrawn. See attitude/good attitude/bad attitude/neutral attitude, hot/cold/lukewarm.

IN BRIEF: Reserved; quiet. Also: Not saying much, especially about one's thoughts.

The student was reticent to express his opinions and ideas in class discussions.
reticulation
n. 网目, 网状(物, 结构, 图案)
adj.
Resembling or forming a net or network: reticulate veins of a leaf.


v., -lat·ed, -lat·ing, -lates. (-lāt')

v.tr.
To make a net or network of.
To mark with lines resembling a network.
v.intr.
To form a net or network.
reticular
adj. 网的
reticule
网兜n.
A drawstring handbag or purse.
A reticle.
n. - 手提袋, 網袋, 細十字線
retinue
n. 侍从, 随员n.
The retainers or attendants accompanying a high-ranking person.
retiring
adj. 隐居的, 不爱社交的
retort
v. 反驳
to answer quickly, in an angry or humorous way.
talisman
n. 辟邪物
resilience
n. 弹性, 弹力
resonant
adj. (sound)洪亮的, 共鸣的
resonant
adj. (sound)洪亮的, 共鸣的
resonance
n. 回响, 共鸣
respecter
n. 尊敬者, 趋炎附势者
respiration
n. 呼吸
respite
n. n. 休息, 中止, 暂缓
1. a short time when sth unpleasant stops happenings, so that the situation is temporarily better.
2. a short period of delay before you have to do sth unpleasant.
e.g. We have a few days' respite before we need to pay the rent.
resplendent
adj. 华丽的, 辉煌的
resplendence
n. 灿烂, 辉煌
respondent
n. 被告,
2. sb who answers questions.
responsive
adj. 敏感的, 反应快的
e.g. be responsive to affection
restitution
n. 归还, 赔偿
the act of giving back sth that was lost or stolen to its owner, or of paying for damage.

e.g. demand financial restitution
restive
=restless
不安的, 不安宁的, 不安静的
e.g. a restive mood
restorative
adj. 恢复健康的, 恢复的
make you feel healthier or stronger
retrace
v.
1. to go back the way you have come: e.g. retrace your steps
2. to repeat exactly the same journey that sb else has made.
3. to find out about a series of past actions or events
回顾, 追想
retract
withdraw
retreat
v. n. 撤退, 逃避, 隐居
e.g. force the enemy to retreat
retreating eyes
retribution
n. 报应, 罚
retributive
adj. 报应的
retrograde
adj. 后退的,
v. 倒退

e.g. a retrograde step
retrogress
v. 倒退, 退化
retrospective
adj. 追想的, 回顾的
revelation
n. 显示, 泄露的事实
revelry
n. - 尋歡作樂, 狂歡, 歡宴 wild noisy dancing, eating ,dring etc

IN BRIEF: Noisy merrymaking.

There is no more mistaken path to happiness than worldliness, revelry, high life. — Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)
reverberate
v.intr.
To resound in a succession of echoes; reecho.
To have a prolonged or continuing effect: Those talks with his teacher reverberated throughout his life.
To be repeatedly reflected, as sound waves, heat, or light.
To be forced or driven back; recoil or rebound.
v.tr.
To reecho (a sound). See synonyms at echo.
To reflect (heat or light) repeatedly.
To drive or force back; repel.
To subject (a metal, for example) to treatment in a reverberatory furnace.

verb

To send back the sound of: echo, rebound, reecho, reflect, repeat, resound. See sounds/pleasant sounds/unpleasant sounds/neutral sounds or silence.

IN BRIEF: To bounce back, as sound; echo.

The naturalist's voice will reverberate in the cave.
v. intr. - 回響, 彈回, 反射, 反響
v. tr. - 使反響, 反射, 使回響
reverberant
adj. 起回声的
reverence
n. 崇敬, 敬礼
reverent
adj. 恭敬的
reverie
n. 幻想, 梦幻曲
n.
A state of abstracted musing; daydreaming.
A daydream: “I felt caught up in a reverie of years long past” (William Styron).

noun

The condition of being so lost in solitary thought as to be unaware of one's surroundings: absent-mindedness, abstraction, bemusement, brown study, daydreaming, muse2, study, trance. See awareness/unawareness.
An illusory mental image: daydream, dream, fancy, fantasy, fiction, figment, illusion, phantasm, phantasma, vision. See real/imaginary.
revile
v. 辱骂, 恶言相问
to express hatred of sb/sth
e.g. an editorial reviling the Government.

v.tr.
To assail with abusive language; vituperate. See synonyms at scold.

v.intr.
To use abusive language.
verb

To attack with harsh, often insulting language: abuse, assail, rail against (or at), vituperate. See praise/blame.
revolt
v. 叛乱, 造反, 使...反感
v.intr.
To attempt to overthrow the authority of the state; rebel.
To oppose or refuse to accept something: revolting against high taxes.

To feel disgust or repugnance: to revolt at a public display of cruelty.
To turn away in revulsion or abhorrence: They revolted from the sight.
v.tr.
To fill with disgust or abhorrence; repel. See synonyms at disgust.

n.
An uprising, especially against state authority; a rebellion.
An act of protest or rejection.
The state of a person or persons in rebellion: students in revolt over administrative policies.
revolting
adj. 令人反感的, 令人厌恶的
rhapsodize
v. 过分赞美
+ about/on/over
rhapsody
n. 溢美之词, 狂想曲
e.g. She went into rhapsodies over the beauty of the scene
rhinestone
n.
rhubarb
Informal. A quarrel, fight, or heated discussion.
n. - 大黃, 調味液之一種, 大黃的葉柄

noun

A discussion, often heated, in which a difference of opinion is expressed: altercation, argument, bicker, clash, contention, controversy, debate, difficulty, disagreement, dispute, fight, polemic, quarrel, run-in, spat, squabble, tiff, word (used in plural), wrangle. Informal hassle, tangle. See conflict/cooperation.
rib
n. 伞骨, 肋骨
ribald
adj. 下流的, 粗鄙的
adj.
Characterized by or indulging in vulgar, lewd humor.

n.
A vulgar, lewdly funny person.
adj. - 說話猥褻的, 卑賤的, 下流的
n. - 說話猥褻的人, 說話粗鄙的人
rodent
n. n.
Any of various mammals of the order Rodentia, such as a mouse, rat, squirrel, or beaver, characterized by large incisors adapted for gnawing or nibbling.

adj.
Gnawing.
Of or relating to rodents.
啮齿动物, 啮齿目动物的, 咬的, 嚼的
roe
n. 鱼卵n.
The eggs or the egg-laden ovary of a fish.
The egg mass or spawn of certain crustaceans, such as the lobster.
roguish
adj. 捣蛋的, 无赖的
rollicking
adj. 欢乐的
rookie
n. 新兵, 新球员
roost
n. v. 栖息, 鸟巢
n.
A perch on which domestic fowl or other birds rest or sleep.
A place with perches for fowl or other birds.
A place for temporary rest or sleep.
intr.v., roost·ed, roost·ing, roosts.
To rest or sleep on or as if on a perch or roost.
rooster
n. 公鸡
roster
n. 花名册, 值勤表
e.g. a membership roster
rotary
adj. 旋转的, 转动的
adj.
Of, relating to, causing, or characterized by rotation, especially axial rotation.

n., pl. -ries.
A part or device that rotates around an axis.
Chiefly New England. See traffic circle.
rote
n. 死记, 硬背
n.
A memorizing process using routine or repetition, often without full attention or comprehension: learn by rote.
Mechanical routine.
rotund
adj. (人)圆胖的, (声音)洪亮的
adj.
Rounded in figure; plump. See synonyms at fat.
Having a full, rich sound; sonorous.
roundabout
adj. 绕远道的, 转弯抹角的
e.g. We heard the news in a roundabout way.
rout
n. 大败, 溃败
e.g. rout the enemy

n.

A disorderly retreat or flight following defeat.
An overwhelming defeat.

A disorderly crowd of people; a mob.
People of the lowest class; rabble.
A public disturbance; a riot.
A company, as of knights or wolves, that are in movement. See synonyms at flock1.
A fashionable gathering.
tr.v., rout·ed, rout·ing, routs.
To put to disorderly flight or retreat: “the flock of starlings which Jasper had routed with his gun” (Virginia Woolf).
To defeat overwhelmingly. See synonyms at defeat.

1.
v. intr. - 用鼻拱地, 搜

2.
v. intr. - 用鼻子拱地, 翻, 尋, 搜
v. tr. - 用鼻子拱, 搜尋到, 挖掘, 攆, 驅逐

3.
n. - 潰敗, 潰退
v. tr. - 擊潰, 打垮, 使潰退

IN BRIEF: To defeat completely. Also: To root, dig up or poke for, especially to poke around for food.

Did the home team rout the visiting team?
rove
v. 流浪, 漂泊
v.intr.
To wander about at random, especially over a wide area; roam.

v.tr.
To roam or wander around, over, or through. See synonyms at wander.

n.
An act of wandering about, over, around, or through.

e.g. Her eyes roved around the room.
rowdy
adj. 吵闹的, 粗暴的
n., pl. -dies.
A rough, disorderly person.

noun

A rough, violent person who engages in destructive actions: hoodlum, mug, roughneck, ruffian, tough. Informal toughie. Slang hood, punk. See attack/defend, crimes.
adjective

Upsetting civil order or peace: riotous. Law disorderly. See peace/conflict.

adj., -di·er, -di·est.
Disorderly; rough: rowdy teenagers; a rowdy beer party.

adj. - 吵鬧的, 粗暴的
n. - 粗暴的人, 無賴
royalty
n. 皇室, 版税, 专利权使用费
A person of royal rank or lineage.
Monarchs and their families considered as a group.
The lineage or rank of a monarch.
The power, status, or authority of a monarch.
Royal quality or bearing.
A kingdom or possession ruled by a monarch.
A right or prerogative of the crown, as that of receiving a percentage of the proceeds from mines in the royal domain.

The granting of a right by a monarch to a corporation or an individual to exploit specified natural resources.
The payment for such a right.

A share paid to a writer or composer out of the proceeds resulting from the sale or performance of his or her work.
A share in the proceeds paid to an inventor or a proprietor for the right to use his or her invention or services.
A share of the profit or product reserved by the grantor, especially of an oil or mining lease. Also called override.
rubbery
adj. 强韧的
rubble
n. (一堆)碎石,
rubicund
adj.
Inclined to a healthy rosiness; ruddy.
(face)红润的
rife
adj. 流行的, 普遍的
e.g. This article is rife with errors.

adj., rif·er, rif·est.
In widespread existence, practice, or use; increasingly prevalent.
Abundant or numerous.

adjective

Most generally existing or encountered at a given time: current, predominant, prevailing, prevalent, regnant, widespread. See specific/general.
Full of animation and activity: alive, replete. See big/small/amount, rich/poor.
rifle
n. 步枪
v. 洗劫, 抢劫
rift
n. 裂缝, 分裂, 不和
e.g. a deep marital rift
rig
v. 欺骗, 舞弊, 伪造
tr.v., rigged, rig·ging, rigs.
To provide with a harness or equipment; fit out.
Nautical.
To equip (a ship) with sails, shrouds, and yards.
To fit (sails or shrouds, for example) to masts and yards.
Informal. To dress, clothe, or adorn: The costumer rigged out the actors in peasant clothing.
To make or construct in haste or in a makeshift manner: rig up a tent for the night.
To manipulate dishonestly for personal gain: rig a prizefight; rig stock prices.
n.
Nautical. The arrangement of masts, spars, and sails on a sailing vessel.
Special equipment or gear used for a particular purpose.

A truck or tractor.
A tractor-trailer.
A vehicle with one or more horses harnessed to it.
The special apparatus used for drilling oil wells.
Western U.S. See saddle (sense 1).
Informal. A costume or an outfit: wore an outlandish rig to the office.
Fishing tackle.

v. tr. - 為裝配帆及索具, 為裝配構件, 裝束, 打扮, 草草作成, 臨時趕造
n. - 裝備, 服裝, 帆具
rind
n. (watermelon etc)外皮

n.
A tough outer covering such as bark, the skin of some fruits, or the coating on cheese or bacon.


watermelon rind
ringlet
n. 卷发 small curl of hair

n.
A long, spirally curled lock of hair.
A small circle or ring.

e.g. a pretty girl with golden ringlet.
riotous
adj. 暴乱的, 蛮横的
risible
adj. 可笑的, 引人发笑的
adj.
Relating to laughter or used in eliciting laughter.
Eliciting laughter; ludicrous.
Capable of laughing or inclined to laugh.

adjective

Arousing laughter: amusing, comic, comical, droll, funny, humorous, laughable, zany. See laughter.
Deserving laughter: comic, comical, farcical, funny, laughable, laughing, ludicrous, ridiculous. See laughter.
rite
n. (宗教的)仪式
ritual
n. 仪式, 例行习惯
adj. 仪式的

e.g. Our society has many rituals of greeting, farewell and celebration.
rivet
n.
A metal bolt or pin having a head on one end, inserted through aligned holes in the pieces to be joined and then hammered on the plain end so as to form a second head.

tr.v., -et·ed, -et·ing, -ets.
To fasten or secure with or as if with a rivet.
To hammer the headless end of so as to form a head and fasten something.
To fasten or secure firmly; fix.
To engross or hold (the attention, for example).
riveting
adj.
Wholly absorbing or engrossing one's attention; fascinating: The last chapter was so riveting that I was reading past midnight.

adj. 非常精彩的
e.g. a riveting speech
rivulet
n. 小溪, 小河
n.
A small brook or stream; a streamlet.
ruck
n. 皱褶, 普通群众, 大量
.

A multitude; a throng.
The undistinguished crowd or ordinary run of persons or things.
People who are followers, not leaders.
Sports.
A play in Rugby in which a mass of players gathers around a ball dropped by a tackled ball carrier, with each player attempting to gain possession of the ball by kicking it to a teammate.
The mass of players during such a play. Also called loose scrum.

.

A multitude; a throng.
The undistinguished crowd or ordinary run of persons or things.
People who are followers, not leaders.
Sports.
A play in Rugby in which a mass of players gathers around a ball dropped by a tackled ball carrier, with each player attempting to gain possession of the ball by kicking it to a teammate.
The mass of players during such a play. Also called loose scrum.

ruck1

noun

An enormous number of persons gathered together: crowd, crush, drove, flock, horde, mass, mob, multitude, press, swarm, throng. See big/small/amount, group.
A very large number of things grouped together: army, cloud, crowd, drove, flock, horde, host, legion, mass, mob, multitude, score (used in plural), swarm, throng. See big/small/amount, group.
The common people: common (used in plural), commonality, commonalty, commoner (used in plural), crowd, hoi polloi, mass (used in plural), mob, pleb (used in plural), plebeian (used in plural), populace, public, third estate. See over/under.
ruck2

verb

To bend together or make a crease in so that one part lies over another: crease, double, fold, pleat, ply1. See order/disorder, smooth/rough.
noun

A line or an arrangement made by the doubling of one part over another: crease, crimp, crinkle, crumple, fold, pleat, plica, plication, pucker, rimple, rumple, wrinkle. See smooth/rough.

e.g. to get out of the ruck and become famous as a singer.
The sheet on my bed have rucked up.
rucksack
n. (旅行等的)背包
rudder
n. 船舵, 领导者
ruddy
adj. (face)红润的, 红色的
rubicund

e.g. a ruddy complexion
rudiments
n. 基础知识, 入门
rue
v. n. 后悔, 遗憾

v., rued, ru·ing, rues.

v.tr.
To feel regret, remorse, or sorrow for.

v.intr.
To feel regret, remorse, or sorrow.

n.
Sorrow; regret: “To their rue, the Social Democrats have to acknowledge that the Conservative-Liberal coalition has captured the center where elections are won” (Elizabeth Pond).

IN BRIEF: To regret extremely.

I rue the day that I decided to drop out of college.
rueful
adj. 后悔的, 遗憾的
ruffian
n. 恶棍, 歹徒
adj. 残暴的
ruffle
v. 变皱, 弄皱, 激怒

e.g. the wind-ruffled surface of the lake
Don't get to so ruffled

1.
n. - 連續的輕擂
v. tr. - 連續地輕輕擂

2.
n. - 皺紋, 褶襉飾邊, 波紋, 打擾
v. tr. - 弄皺, 弄亂, 弄毛糙, 豎起
v. intr. - 變皺, 煩惱, 生氣, 變成表面不平, 豎起

IN BRIEF: A pleated cloth worn for ornament. Also: To disturb the surface of.

The wind may ruffle the stillness of the pond.

verb

To impair or destroy the composure of: agitate, bother, discompose, disquiet, distract, disturb, flurry, fluster, perturb, rock, shake (up), toss, unsettle, upset. Informal rattle. See calm/agitation.
To trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations: aggravate, annoy, bother, bug, chafe, disturb, exasperate, fret, gall2, get, irk, irritate, nettle, peeve, provoke, put out, rile, vex. Idioms: get in one's hair, get on one's nerves, get under one's skin. See feelings, pain/pleasure.
ruminate
v.intr.
To turn a matter over and over in the mind.
To chew cud.
v.tr.
To reflect on over and over again.

verb

To think or think about carefully and at length: chew on (or over), cogitate, consider, contemplate, deliberate, entertain, excogitate, meditate, mull, muse1, ponder, reflect, revolve, study, think, think out, think over, think through, turn over, weigh. Idioms: cudgel one's brains, put on one's thinking cap, rack one's brain. See thoughts.

IN BRIEF: To chew over again, as food previously swallowed and regurgitated. Also: To think about something for a long time.

After the lecture, the students needed time to ruminate and discuss the ideas presented.
ruminant
adj. (动物)反皱的, 沉思的
adj.
Characterized by the chewing of cud.
Of or belonging to the Ruminantia.
Meditative; contemplative.
ruminative
adj. a.
Inclined to, or engaged in, rumination or meditation

adjective

Of, characterized by, or disposed to thought: cogitative, contemplative, deliberative, excogitative, meditative, pensive, reflective, speculative, thinking, thoughtful. Idioms: in a brown study. See thoughts.
rummage
n. 翻寻

e.g. The officers rummaged the ship in search of drugs.
rumple
v. 弄皱, 弄乱
v., -pled, -pling, -ples.

v.tr.
To wrinkle or form into folds or creases.

v.intr.
To become wrinkled or creased.

n.
An irregular or untidy crease.

e.g her rumpled curls

verb

To make irregular folds in, especially by pressing or twisting: crease, crimp, crinkle, crumple, rimple, wrinkle. See smooth/rough.
To put (the hair or clothes) into a state of disarray: disarrange, dishevel, disorder, mess (up), muss (up), tousle. See order/disorder.
noun

A line or an arrangement made by the doubling of one part over another: crease, crimp, crinkle, crumple, fold, pleat, plica, plication, pucker, rimple, ruck2, wrinkle. See smooth/rough.


IN BRIEF: To crease or wrinkle. Also: to disarrange. n. A crease or wrinkle.

Please iron and fold the rumpled clothing.
v. tr. - 弄皺, 使凌亂
v. intr. - 變皺, 變凌亂
n. - 皺紋, 皺褶
rupture
v. n. 破裂, 断裂
rustic
adj. 乡村的, 乡土气的
rusticate
v. 过乡间生活
v.intr.
To go to or live in the country.

v.tr.
To send to the country.
Chiefly British. To suspend (a student) from a university.
To cut or shape (masonry blocks) so as to create a bold textured look, often by beveling the edges to form deep-set joints while leaving the central face rough-hewn or carved with various pointed or channeled patterns.
rustler
n. the person who steals cow (horse etc)

rustle: v.
To steal livestock, especially cattle.
sable
n. 黑豹 adj. 黑色的
sabotage
n. 阴谋破坏, 颠覆活动
sabre
n.
A heavy cavalry sword with a one-edged, slightly curved blade.
A light dueling or fencing sword having an arched guard covering the hand and a tapered flexible blade with a cutting edge on one side and on the tip.
tr.v., -bered, -ber·ing, -bers.
To hit, injure, or kill with a saber.

n. - 軍刀, 騎兵
v. tr. - 用馬刀砍死或砍傷
saccharin
n. 糖精
sack
n. 粗布袋
v. 掠夺
e.g. Nazi armies sacked Europe's art galleries.
sacrament
n. 圣礼,圣事
.
Christianity. A rite believed to be a means of or visible form of grace, especially:
In the Eastern, Roman Catholic, and some other Western Christian churches, any of the traditional seven rites that were instituted by Jesus and recorded in the New Testament and that confer sanctifying grace.
In most other Western Christian churches, the two rites, Baptism and the Eucharist, that were instituted by Jesus to confer sanctifying grace.
A religious rite similar to a Christian sacrament, as in character or meaning.
sacrilegious
adj. 亵渎神圣的
adj.
Grossly irreverent toward what is or is held to be sacred.
Having committed sacrilege.
sacrosanct
adj.
Regarded as sacred and inviolable.
神圣不可侵犯的
sag
v. 下陷, 下垂, 消沉
e.g. My spirits sagged when I saw the amount of work I had to do.

a sagging roof
saga
n. 英勇故事, 长篇小说
sagacious
adj. 聪明的,
sagacity
n. 聪慧, 洞察力
sage
adj. 智慧的, n.智者
salacious
adj. 好色的, 淫荡的
salacity
n. 好色, 淫荡
salient
adj. 显著的, 突出的
adj.
Projecting or jutting beyond a line or surface; protruding.
Strikingly conspicuous; prominent. See synonyms at noticeable.
Springing; jumping: salient tree toads.
n.
A military position that projects into the position of the enemy.
A projecting angle or part.
saliferous
adj. 含盐的, 产盐的
adj.
Containing or yielding salt.
sallow
n. 柳树, adj.病黄色的
Of a sickly yellowish hue or complexion.

tr.v., -lowed, -low·ing, -lows.
To make sallow.

n.
A broad-leaved European willow (Salix caprea) having large catkins that appear before the leaves and tough wood used as a source of charcoal.
salubrious
adj. 有益健康的
adj.
Conducive or favorable to health or well-being.

adjective

Promoting good health: healthful, healthsome, healthy, hygienic, salutary, wholesome. See health/sickness.
salutary
adj.
Effecting or designed to effect an improvement; remedial: salutary advice.
Favorable to health; wholesome: a salutary climate.

adjective

Affording benefit: advantageous, benefic, beneficent, beneficial, benignant, favorable, good, helpful, profitable, propitious, toward, useful. See help/harm/harmless.
Promoting good health: healthful, healthsome, healthy, hygienic, salubrious, wholesome. See health/sickness.
有益的, 有益健康的, 有用的
sapphire
n. 蓝宝石
adj. 天蓝色的
sarcasm
n. 讥讽, 讽刺, 嘲笑
sardonic
adj. 讽刺的, 嘲笑的
sartorial
adj. 裁缝的, 缝制的
adj.
Of or relating to a tailor, tailoring, or tailored clothing: sartorial elegance

Meaning #1: of or relating to the sartorius muscle
Pertains to noun: sartorius (meaning #1)


Meaning #2: of or relating to a tailor or to tailoring
Pertains to nouns: tailor (meaning #1), tailoring (meaning #1)
sash
n. 腰带, 肩带
n.
A band or ribbon worn about the waist as part of one's clothing or over the shoulder as a symbol of rank.

tr.v., sashed, sash·ing, sash·es.
To put a band or ribbon about (the waist).

n.
A frame in which the panes of a window or door are set.

tr.v., sashed, sash·ing, sash·es.
To furnish with a sash.


IN BRIEF: A long ribbon or piece of material wrapped around the waist or draped over the shoulder; part of a window.

She accessorized her folk dancing skirt with a bright, orange sash.
1.
n. - 窗框
v. tr. - 給...裝上窗框

2.
n. - 飾帶, 腰帶, 肩帶
v. tr. - 給...系上腰帶, 給...裝上窗框
sate
tr.v., sat·ed, sat·ing, sates.
To satisfy (an appetite) fully.
To satisfy to excess.

verb

To satisfy to the full or to excess: cloy, engorge, glut, gorge, pall, satiate, surfeit. See excess/insufficiency/enough, full/empty/capacity.
v. tr. - 使心滿意足, 過分的給與

e.g. A long drink sated my thirst.
satiate
tr.v., -at·ed, -at·ing, -ates.
To satisfy (an appetite or desire) fully.
To satisfy to excess.
adj. (-ĭt)
Filled to satisfaction.
v. tr. - 使飽足, 使充分滿足, 使厭膩
adj. - 吃飽的, 厭膩的
verb

To satisfy to the full or to excess: cloy, engorge, glut, gorge, pall, sate, surfeit. See excess/insufficiency/enough, full/empty/capacity.
satiety
n.
The condition of being full or gratified beyond the point of satisfaction; surfeit.
n. - 飽滿, 果腹, 飽食
noun

The condition of being full to or beyond satisfaction: engorgement, repletion, satiation, surfeit. See excess/insufficiency/enough, full/empty/capacity.

IN BRIEF: Fullness, feeling content.

In everything, satiety closely follows the greatest pleasures. — Cicero (106-43 BC), Roman orator.
satiny
adj.
Lustrous and smooth like satin. See synonyms at sleek.

adjective

Smooth and lustrous as if polished: silken, silky, sleek. See smooth/rough.

The adjective satiny has one meaning:

Meaning #1: having a smooth, gleaming surface
Synonyms: glossy, satin, sleek, silken, silky, silklike, slick
satirical
adj.
Of, relating to, or characterized by satire. See synonyms at sarcastic.

adjective

Contemptuous or ironic in manner or wit: derisive, jeering, mocking, sarcastic, satiric, scoffing, sneering. See laughter, respect/contempt/standing.
saturnalia
(used with a sing. verb) A celebration marked by unrestrained revelry and often licentiousness; an orgy.

Meaning #1: a wild gathering involving excessive drinking and promiscuity
Synonyms: orgy, debauch, debauchery, riot, bacchanal, bacchanalia, drunken revelry

纵情狂欢
saturnine
adj.
Having the temperament of one born under the supposed astrological influence of Saturn.

Melancholy or sullen.
Having or marked by a tendency to be bitter or sardonic: a saturnine expression on his face.


adjective

Broodingly and sullenly unhappy: dour, gloomy, glum, moody, morose, sour, sulky, sullen, surly. See happy/unhappy.
IN BRIEF: adj. - Sullen and disinclined to change.

The face was saturnine and swarthy, and the sensual lips … twisted with disdain. — Oscar Wilde (1843-1900), Irish playwright and wit. 忧郁的, 阴沉的
saunter
v. n. 闲逛, 漫步
intr.v., -tered, -ter·ing, -ters.
To walk at a leisurely pace; stroll.

n.
A leisurely pace.
A leisurely walk or stroll.

verb

To walk at a leisurely pace: amble, meander, perambulate, promenade, ramble, stroll, wander. Informal mosey. See move/halt.
noun

An act of walking, especially for pleasure: amble, meander (often used in plural), perambulation, promenade, ramble, stroll, walk, wander. See move/halt.
savanna
n.
A flat grassland of tropical or subtropical regions
savant
n. 博学之士, 大学士
n.
A learned person; a scholar.
An idiot savant.

noun

A usually elderly person noted for wisdom, knowledge, and judgment: pundit, sage, scholar. See wise/foolish.

IN BRIEF: Scholar, a person with great knowledge.

Every time I talk to a savant I feel quite sure that happiness is no longer a possibility. — Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), English logician and philosopher.
n. - 學者, 專家, 博學者
scab
n. n.
A crust discharged from and covering a healing wound.
Scabies or mange in domestic animals or livestock, especially sheep.

Any of various plant diseases caused by fungi or bacteria and resulting in crustlike spots on fruit, leaves, or roots.
The spots caused by such a disease.
Slang. A person regarded as contemptible.

A worker who refuses membership in a labor union.
An employee who works while others are on strike; a strikebreaker.
A person hired to replace a striking worker.
intr.v., scabbed, scab·bing, scabs.
To become covered with scabs or a scab.
To work or take a job as a scab.
n. - 痂, 疤, 工賊, 惡棍
v. intr. - 結痂, 當工賊
scabrous
adj.
Having or covered with scales or small projections and rough to the touch. See synonyms at rough.
Difficult to handle; knotty: a scabrous situation.
Dealing with scandalous or salacious material: a scabrous novel.

adjective

Having a surface that is not smooth: coarse, cragged, craggy, harsh, ironbound, jagged, ragged, rough, rugged, uneven. See smooth/rough.
Bordering on indelicacy or impropriety: blue, earthy, off-color, provocative, racy, risqué, salty, spicy, suggestive. See decent/indecent.
adj. - 粗糙的, 難於處理的, 多障礙的, 有點猥褻內容的
salvation
n. 拯救, 得救
salve
n. 药膏 v. 减轻, 缓和
n.
An analgesic or medicinal ointment.
Something that soothes or heals; a balm.
Flattery or commendation.
tr.v., salved, salv·ing, salves.
To soothe or heal with or as if with salve.
To ease the distress or agitation of; assuage: salved my conscience by apologizing.
1.
n. - 軟膏, 藥膏, 油膏, 安慰, 緩解物, 慰藉
v. tr. - 塗油膏於, 緩和, 安慰

2.
v. tr. - 救助, 搶救, 營救, 挽救
sampler
n. 刺绣花样, 取样员
sanatorium
., pl. -to·ri·ums or -to·ri·a (-tôr'ē-ə, -tōr'-).
An institution for the treatment of chronic diseases or for medically supervised recuperation.
A resort for improvement or maintenance of health, especially for convalescents. Also called sanitarium.
n. - 療養院, 靜養地, 療養所
sanatory
adj. 有益健康的
sanctimonious
adj.
Feigning piety or righteousness: “a solemn, unsmiling, sanctimonious old iceberg that looked like he was waiting for a vacancy in the Trinity” (Mark Twain).

adjective

Of or practicing hypocrisy: hypocritical, Pecksniffian, pharisaic, pharisaical, phony, two-faced. See honest/dishonest.
adj. - 假裝神聖的, 假裝誠實的, 假裝虔誠的
sanction
n. - 核准, 約束力, 處罰
v. tr. - 認可, 贊許, 批准, 支援
sanctum
n. 圣地, 密室
n., pl. -tums or -ta (-tə).
A sacred or holy place.
A private place where one is free from intrusion.
sangfroid
n. 沉着, 临危不惧
n.
Coolness and composure, especially in trying circumstances.

noun

A stable, calm state of the emotions: aplomb, balance, collectedness, composure, coolness, equanimity, imperturbability, imperturbableness, nonchalance, poise, self-possession, unflappability. Slang cool. See calm/agitation, feelings.
sanguinary
adj. 有血的, 血腥的
adj.
Accompanied by bloodshed.
Eager for bloodshed; bloodthirsty.
Consisting of blood.

adjective

Attended by or causing bloodshed: bloody, gory, sanguineous. See blood.
Eager for bloodshed: bloodthirsty, bloody, bloody-minded, cutthroat, homicidal, murderous, sanguineous, slaughterous. See help/harm/harmless.
adj. - 流血的, 嗜血的, 血腥的
sanguine
adj. 充满希望的, 乐观的
adj.

Of the color of blood; red.
Of a healthy reddish color; ruddy: a sanguine complexion.
Archaic.
Having blood as the dominant humor in terms of medieval physiology.
Having the temperament and ruddy complexion formerly thought to be characteristic of a person dominated by this humor; passionate.
Cheerfully confident; optimistic.

adjective

Of a healthy reddish color: blooming, florid, flush, flushed, full-blooded, glowing, rosy, rubicund, ruddy. See colors/colorless.
Expecting a favorable outcome or dwelling on hopeful aspects: optimistic, Panglossian, roseate, rose-colored, rosy. Informal upbeat. Idioms: looking on the bright side, looking through rose-colored glasses. See hope/despair.
adj. - 懷著希望的, 血色好的, 紅潤的, 樂觀的, 血紅的
n. - 血紅色, 紅臘筆
sap
n. 树液, 活力,
v. 削弱, 耗尽
e.g. The country was sapped by social decay.
sapless
adj. 没有元气的
sapient
adj. 有智慧的
adj.
Having great wisdom and discernment.
sapience
n. 贤明,睿智
sapling
n. 树苗, 年轻人
scabbard
n. (刀, 剑)鞘, 枪套
n.
A sheath, as for a dagger or sword.

tr.v., -bard·ed, -bard·ing, -bards.
To put into or furnish with such a sheath.
scads
n. Informal.
A large number or amount. Often used in the plural: Scads of people are in the hall.
scald
v. 烫, 用沸水消毒 n. 烫伤
v.tr.
To burn with or as if with hot liquid or steam.
To subject to or treat with boiling water: scalded the hide to remove the hair; scalded and peeled the tomatoes.
To heat (a liquid, such as milk) almost to the boiling point.
To criticize harshly; excoriate.
v.intr.
To become scalded.

n.
A body injury caused by scalding.

IN BRIEF: To burn with very hot steam.

Thou art a soul in bliss; but I am bound Upon a wheel of fire; that mine own tears Do scald like molten lead. — William Shakespeare (1564-1616), English playwright, poet, from King Lear, Act: IV Scene: vii.
1.
v. tr. - 燙傷, 用沸水燙, 用沸水消毒, 燙洗, 把...加熱至接近沸點
v. intr. - 燙, 燙傷, 燙痛
n. - 燙, 燙洗, 曬焦, 灼枯, 燙傷

2.
n. - 燙, 燙洗, 曬焦, 灼枯, 燙傷

3.
n. - 燙傷, 燙洗
e.g. He scalded his tongue on the hot coffee.
scalding
adj. 滚烫的
scale
n. 鱼鳞, 音阶
v. 攀登
scalp
n. 头皮, 战利品
v. 击败
n.
The skin covering the top of the human head.
A portion of this skin with its attached hair, cut from a body especially as a battle trophy or as proof in claiming a bounty.
A piece of hide from the skull of certain animals, such as the fox, shown as proof of killing in order to collect a bounty.
A trophy of victory.

v., scalped, scalp·ing, scalps.

v.tr.
To cut or tear the scalp from.
To deprive of top growth or a top layer: land scalped by strip miners.
To resell at a price higher than the established value: scalping tickets to the baseball game.
To buy and sell (securities or commodities) in order to make small quick profits.
v.intr.
To engage in the reselling of something, such as tickets, at a price higher than the established value.
To buy and sell securities or commodities for small quick profits.

n. - 頭皮
v. tr. - 剝下...的頭皮, 擊敗, 欺騙, 劫奪, 轉手倒賣
v. intr. - 轉手倒賣, 做黃牛生意
scalpel
n. 手术刀, 解剖刀
scamper
v. 奔跑, 快跑
e.g. The mouse scampered into its hole.

intr.v., -pered, -per·ing, -pers.
To run or go quickly and lightly: children scampering off to play.

n.
A quick light run or movement.


verb

To move swiftly on foot so that both feet leave the ground during each stride: run, scurry, sprint. See move/halt.
scandalous
adj. 丢脸的, 诽谤性的
adj.
Causing scandal; shocking: scandalous behavior.
Containing material damaging to reputation; defamatory: a scandalous exposé.
scant
adj. 不足的, 缺乏的
exiguous
scalp
n. 悬崖, 陡坡
n.
An escarpment.

tr.v., scarped, scarp·ing, scarps.
To cut or make into an escarpment.

Meaning #1: a long steep slope or cliff at the edge of a plateau or ridge; usually formed by erosion
Synonym: escarpment


Meaning #2: a steep artificial slope in front of a fortification
Synonyms: escarpment, escarp, protective embankment
scathe
v. 损害, 烧焦
To harm or injure, especially by fire.
To criticize or denounce severely; excoriate.
n.
Harm or injury.
scathing
adj. 严厉的, 苛刻的
adj.
Bitterly denunciatory; harshly critical: “a scathing tract on the uselessness of war” (Pierre Brodin).
Harmful or painful; injurious.
adj. - 傷害的, 嚴厲的, 損傷的, 苛刻的
scepter
n. 权杖, 军权
n.
A staff held by a sovereign as an emblem of authority.
Ruling power or authority; sovereignty.
tr.v., -tered, -ter·ing, -ters.
To invest with royal authority.
schematic
Meaning #1: diagram of an electrical or mechanical system
Synonym: schematic drawing



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The adjective schematic has one meaning:

Meaning #1: (fine arts) represented in simplified or symbolic form
Synonyms: conventional, formal
adj. - 概要的, 圖解的
n. - 圖表, 簡圖
schematize
v. 扼要表示
scheme
n.
A systematic plan of action: “Did you ever carry out your scheme of writing a series of sonnets embodying all the great epochs of art?” (Edith Wharton).
A secret or devious plan; a plot. See synonyms at plan.
An orderly combination of related parts: an irrigation scheme with dams, reservoirs, and channels.
A chart, diagram, or outline of a system or object.

v., schemed, schem·ing, schemes.

v.tr.
To plot: scheming their revenge.
To contrive a plan or scheme for.
v.intr.
To make plans, especially secret or devious ones.
n. - 方案, 圖謀, 體制
v. tr. - 計劃, 策劃, 密謀, 設計
v. intr. - 擬訂計劃, 搞陰謀
schism
n. 组织分裂
schismatic
adj. 分裂的
scintilla
n. 一点, 丝毫
e.g. charges without a scintilla of evidence

n.
A minute amount; an iota or trace.
A spark; a flash.

Meaning #1: a tiny or scarcely detectable amount
Synonyms: shred, whit, iota, tittle, smidgen, smidgeon, smidgin, smidge


Meaning #2: a sparkling glittering particles
scintillate
v. 闪烁, (谈吐)流露机智
v.intr.
To throw off sparks; flash.
To sparkle or shine. See synonyms at flash.
To be animated and brilliant: dinner conversation that scintillated.
v.tr.
To give off (sparks or flashes).


verb

To emit light suddenly in rays or sparks: coruscate, flash, glance, gleam, glimmer, glint, glisten, glister, glitter, shimmer, spangle, sparkle, twinkle, wink. See light/darkness.

IN BRIEF: To interest or excite; to spark.

Once I used to scintillate, but now I am dreary by sunset.
v. intr. - 發出火花, 煥發
v. tr. - 發出, 閃現出
scintillating
adj. 才气横溢的
scion
n. 子孙, 嫩芽
scoff
n.v. 嘲笑, 笑柄

v.n. 狼吞虎咽
v.tr.
To mock at or treat with derision.

v.intr.
To show or express derision or scorn.

n.
An expression of derision or scorn.

v.tr.
To eat (food) quickly and greedily.

v.intr.
To eat greedily.
scorch
v. 烤焦, 烧焦
e.g. The maid scorched the shirt in ironing it.
scorching
adj. 酷热的
e.g. The slight haze presages another scorching day.
score
n. 乐谱

the score of an opera
scorpion
n. - 蠍子, 蠍子鞭, 心黑的人
scotch
v. 镇压, 粉碎
Luckily the rebellion was quickly scotched.
scour
1. v. 擦洗, 擦亮
e.g. scour the saucepans so that they shine

2. 四处搜寻
e.g. They scoured the grounds for the missing keys.
scourge
n.
A source of widespread dreadful affliction and devastation such as that caused by pestilence or war.
A means of inflicting severe suffering, vengeance, or punishment.
A whip used to inflict punishment.
tr.v., scourged, scourg·ing, scourg·es.
To afflict with severe or widespread suffering and devastation; ravage.
To chastise severely; excoriate.
To flog.

n
Definition: plague, torment
Antonyms: advantage, benefit, blessing, boon, delight, godsend, happiness

v

Definition: beat, punish
Antonyms: guard, protect

IN BRIEF: Plague, pestilence.

Bad temper is its own scourge. — Charles Buxton (1823-1871), English philanthropist.
n. - 鞭, 苦難的根源, 笞, 磨难
v. tr. - 鞭打, 蹂躪, 痛斥

noun

A cause of suffering or harm: affliction, bane, curse, evil, ill, plague, woe. See help/harm/harmless.
verb

To bring great harm or suffering to: afflict, agonize, anguish, curse, excruciate, plague, rack, smite, strike, torment, torture. See attack/defend, help/harm/harmless.
To criticize harshly and devastatingly: blister, drub, excoriate, flay, lash, rip into, scarify1, scathe, scorch, score, slap, slash. Informal roast. Slang slam. Idioms: burn someone's ears, crawl all over, pin someone's ears back, put someone on the griddle, put someone on the hot seat, rake over the coals, read the riot act to. See praise/blame.
pestilence
n.
A usually fatal epidemic disease, especially bubonic plague.
A pernicious, evil influence or agent.
IN BRIEF: A deadly disease; plague. Also: Something evil in effect; poison.

Power, like a desolating pestilence, pollutes whatever it touches. — Percy Shelley (1792-1822)
n. - 瘟疫
scramble
v. 攀登, 争夺, 争取, 炒蛋
v.intr.
To move or climb hurriedly, especially on the hands and knees.
To struggle or contend frantically in order to get something: scrambled for the best seats.
To take off with all possible haste, as to intercept enemy aircraft.
Football.
To run around with the ball behind the line of scrimmage in order to avoid being tackled while searching for an open receiver.
To run forward with the ball when unable to complete an intended pass play. Used of a quarterback.
v.tr.
To mix or throw together haphazardly.
To gather together in a hurried or disorderly fashion.
To cook (beaten eggs) until firm but with a soft consistency.
Electronics. To distort or garble (a signal) so as to render it unintelligible without a special receiver.
To cause (aircraft) to take off as fast as possible, as to intercept enemy aircraft.
n.
The act or an instance of scrambling.
An arduous hike or climb over rough terrain.
An unceremonious scuffle or struggle.
Sports. See motocross.
A swift takeoff of military aircraft in response to an alert or attack.
scrap
n. 小片, 碎屑
v. 废弃
e.g. The cook gave some scraps of meat to the dog.
scrap an agreement.
scrape
v. 括擦, 擦掉
e.g. scrape the mud from one's boots.
scrawl
v. 潦草地写, 乱涂
e.g. scrawl a brief note
screed
n. 冗长的演说, 长篇大论的文章
scribble
scrawl
scrub
n. 矮树丛, 身体矮小的人
e.g. It's so dry that only isolated trees and low scrub can survive there.

2. v. 用力擦洗
scrub the floor
scrumptious
adj.
Splendid; delectable: “Normandy . . . where the bosky landscape is enchanting [and the pen] inadequate to describe the scrumptious food and wine” (Daily Telegraph). See synonyms at delicious.

adjective

Highly pleasing, especially to the sense of taste: ambrosial, appetizing, delectable, delicious, heavenly, luscious, savory, tasteful, tasty, toothsome. Slang yummy. See good/bad, ingestion.
adj. - 極為愉快的, 極好的, 絕妙的 ,很可口的, 漂亮的
scruple
.
An uneasy feeling arising from conscience or principle that tends to hinder action. See synonyms at qualm.
intr.v., -pled, -pling, -ples.
To hesitate as a result of conscience or principle: “A man who could make so vile a pun would not scruple to pick a pocket” (John Dennis).

noun

A feeling of uncertainty about the fitness or correctness of an action: compunction, misgiving, qualm, reservation. See certain/uncertain.
A tiny amount: bit1, crumb, dab1, dash, dot, dram, drop, fragment, grain, iota, jot, minim, mite, modicum, molecule, ort, ounce, particle, scrap1, shred, smidgen, speck, tittle, trifle, whit. Chiefly British spot. See big/small/amount.

IN BRIEF: A feeling about right and wrong that keeps one from doing the wrong thing.

Writing is conscience, scruple, and the farming of our ancestors. — Edward Dahlberg (1900-1977), American novelist.
n. - 躊躇, 微量, 猶豫
v. intr. - 躊躇, 遲疑, 有顧忌

e.g. He didn't scruple to tell lies when it served his interests.
scrupulous
adj. 谨慎小心的, 细心的
adj.
Conscientious and exact; painstaking. See synonyms at meticulous.
Having scruples; principled.

adj.
Conscientious and exact; painstaking. See synonyms at meticulous.
Having scruples; principled.
adj. - 小心謹慎的, 細心的, 有顧忌的
scud
v. 疾行, 疾驶
e.g. The boat scudded before the strong west wind.
scuffle
intr.v., -fled, -fling, -fles.
To fight or struggle confusedly at close quarters.
To shuffle.
n.
A rough disorderly struggle at close quarters.

n.
A hoe that is manipulated by pushing or pulling. Also called Dutch hoe, scuffle hoe.
1.
n. - 推式鋤

2.
v. intr. - 扭打, 拖著腳走, 混戰
n. - 混戰

e.g. The players were scuffling on the field during the football match.
sculpt
v. 雕刻
e.g. a nude woman sculpted in marble
scurrilous
adj. 下流的, 恶言诽谤 的
scurrilous remarks, articles etc contain damaging and untrue statements about sb.
scurry
v. 急跑, 疾行
to move quickly with short steps
e.g. scurry off to find a doctor
scurvy
adj. 卑鄙的, 可鄙的
adj., -vi·er, -vi·est.
Mean; contemptible.
n. - 壞血病
adj. - 下流的, 無禮的, 卑鄙的
scuttle
n.
A small opening or hatch with a movable lid in the deck or hull of a ship or in the roof, wall, or floor of a building.
The lid or hatch of such an opening.
IN BRIEF: To sink, send to the bottom; to discard, scrap.

She had to scuttle plans to go to the theater.

1.
v. intr. - 急跑, 逃避, 急趕, 逃脫
n. - 小步快跑, 逃避, 倉促逃跑

2.
n. - 籮, 筐, 煤鬥, 煤桶

3.
n. - 天窗, 小艙口, 氣窗, 舷窗
v. tr. - 鑿沈, 毀壞
scythe
An implement consisting of a long, curved single-edged blade with a long bent handle, used for mowing or reaping.

tr.v., scythed, scyth·ing, scythes.
To cut with or as if with a scythe.

n. - 長柄的大鐮刀, 戰車鐮
v. tr. - 以大鐮刀割
seafaring
adj. 航海的, 跟航海有关的

seafarer: 水手,海员
seamstress
n. 女裁缝
seamy
adj. 黑暗的, 恶劣的
involving unpleasant things such as crime, violence, poverty or immorality
sear
v. (以烈火)灼烧
e.g. sear the hand on a hot steam

SYNONYMS burn, scorch, singe, sear, char, parch. These verbs mean to injure or alter by means of intense heat or flames. Burn, the most general, applies to the effects of exposure to a source of heat or to something that can produce a similar effect: burned the muffins in the oven. Scorch involves superficial burning that discolors or damages the texture of something: scorched the shirt with the iron. Singe specifies superficial burning and especially the deliberate removal of projections such as feathers from a carcass before cooking: singed my eyelashes when the fire flared up; singed the chicken before roasting it. Sear applies to surface burning of organic tissue: seared the lamb over high heat. To char is to use fire to reduce a substance to carbon or charcoal: wood charred by the fire. Parch in this sense emphasizes the drying and often fissuring of a surface: the hot sun that parched the soil.
searing
adj. 灼热的
e.g. searing heat of an Irag desert
seascape
n. 海景
secede
v. 正式脱离或退出(组织)
intr.v., -ced·ed, -ced·ing, -cedes.
To withdraw formally from membership in an organization, association, or alliance.
secession
n.正式脫離或退出, 分離
seclude
v. 和别人隔离
seclusion
n. 隔离
seclusive
adj. 好隐居的
secretarial
adj. 秘书的, 文书的
secrete
tr.v., -cret·ed, -cret·ing, -cret·es.
To generate and separate (a substance) from cells or bodily fluids: secrete digestive juices.

tr.v., -cret·ed, -cret·ing, -cret·es.
To conceal in a hiding place; cache. See synonyms at hide1.
To steal secretly; filch.
sect
n. (宗教等)派系
sectarian
adj.宗派的, 派系的
sedate
adj. (people, behavor)安静的, 镇静的, 稳重的, 严肃的
adj.
Serenely deliberate, composed, and dignified in character or manner. See synonyms at serious.


adjective

Full of or marked by dignity and seriousness: earnest1, grave2, serious, sober, solemn, somber, staid. See attitude/good attitude/bad attitude/neutral attitude, heavy/light.
1.
v. tr. - 給...服鎮靜劑

2.
adj. - 安靜的, 穩重的
sedative
adj. n. (药物)镇静的, 镇静剂
sedentary
adj. 久坐的, 固定不动的

e.g. a sedentary occupation
sedition
n. 煽动叛乱
speech, writing, or actions intended to encourage people to disobey a government

n.
Conduct or language inciting rebellion against the authority of a state.
Insurrection; rebellion.

IN BRIEF: To take action against the government or state.

Acting violently against the government risks charge of sedition.
seditious
adj. 煽动性的
seductive
adj. 诱人的, 有魅力的
sedulous
adj.
Persevering and constant in effort or application; assiduous. See synonyms at busy.

adj
Definition: diligent
Antonyms: nonchalant
adj. - 勤勉的, 仔細的, 聚精會神的

SYNONYMS busy, industrious, diligent, assiduous, sedulous. These adjectives suggest active or sustained effort to accomplish something. Busy, the most general, sometimes indicates constant and customary work or activity: a busy lawyer; a busy day. Industrious implies steady application that is often habitual or the result of a natural inclination: weeds pulled by an industrious gardener. Diligent suggests constant painstaking effort, often toward the achievement of a specific goal: a diligent detective. Assiduous emphasizes sustained application: assiduous efforts to learn French. Sedulous adds to assiduous the sense of persistent, thoroughgoing endeavor: “the sedulous pursuit of legal and moral principles” (Ernest van den Haag).
seedling
n. 幼苗
seep
v. (liquid etc)渗漏
e.g. Water seeped in through a crack
seethe
v. 沸腾, 汹涌
intr.v., seethed, seeth·ing, seethes.
To churn and foam as if boiling.

To be in a state of turmoil or ferment: The nation seethed with suppressed revolutionary activity.
To be violently excited or agitated: I seethed with anger over the insult. See synonyms at boil1.

verb

To be in a state of emotional or mental turmoil: boil, bubble, burn, churn, ferment, simmer, smolder. See calm/agitation.
To be or become angry: anger, blow up, boil over, bristle, burn, explode, flare up, foam, fume, rage. Informal steam. Idioms: blow a fuse, blow a gasket, blow one'sstacktop, breathe fire, fly off the handle, get hot under the collar, hit theceilingroof, lose one's temper, see red. See feelings.

IN BRIEF: To be angry and silently fixated on a problem.

Parents seethe when their children miss curfew.
v. intr. - 煮沸, 翻騰, 冒泡, 沸騰

e.g. look down into the seething sea around the rocks
seine
n. 拉网, 大捕鱼网
n.
A large fishing net made to hang vertically in the water by weights at the lower edge and floats at the top.


v., seined, sein·ing, seines.

v.intr.
To fish with such a net.

v.tr.
To fish for or catch with such a net.
seismic
adj. 地震的
seismograph
n. 地震仪
seismology
地震学
self-possession
n. 沉着, 镇定
self-assertion
n. 坚持己见, 自信
semblance
n. 外貌, 相似
n.
An outward or token appearance: “Foolish men mistake transitory semblance for eternal fact” (Thomas Carlyle).
A representation; a copy.
The barest trace; a modicum: not a semblance of truth to the story.

noun

A deceptive outward appearance: cloak, color, coloring, cover, disguise, disguisement, façade, face, false colors, front, gloss, guise, mask, masquerade, pretense, pretext, show, veil, veneer, window-dressing. Slang put-on. See show/hide.
A slight amount or indication: breath, dash, ghost, hair, hint, intimation, shade, shadow, soupçon, streak, suggestion, suspicion, taste, tinge, touch, trace, whiff, whisper. Informal whisker. See big/small/amount, show/hide.
n. - 外貌, 外觀, 假像, 類似, 酷似
seminal
adj. 有创意的
seminary
n. 神学院
senescent
adj.
Growing old; aging.

IN BRIEF: Getting old, aging.

His graying hair and aching bones made it clear he was senescent.
senile
adj. 年老的
e.g. a senile condition

adj.
Of, relating to, or characteristic of old age.
Relating to or exhibiting memory loss or mental impairment associated with aging.
Geology. Worn away nearly to the base level, as at the end of an erosion cycle.
senility
n.
Old age.
The mental and physical deterioration associated with aging.

衰老, 老化
sensation
n. 知觉, 轰动(的事)
sensual
adj. 肉欲的, 淫荡的
adj. - 官能的, 肉感的, 性感的, 肉體上的, 喜愛感官享受的

IN BRIEF: Appealing to the physical or pertaining to the body.

Sensual pleasures are like soap bubbles, sparkling, effervescent. — John H. Aughey, American scientist.
sensuality
nn.
The quality or state of being sensual or lascivious.
Excessive devotion to sensual pleasure.
n. - 喜愛感官享受, 淫蕩, 好色
sententious
adj. 好说教的, 简要的
adj.
Terse and energetic in expression; pithy.

Abounding in aphorisms.
Given to aphoristic utterances.

Abounding in pompous moralizing.
Given to pompous moralizing.

The adjective sententious has 2 meanings:

Meaning #1: abounding in or given to pompous or aphoristic moralizing


Meaning #2: concise and full of meaning
Synonym: pithy
sentient
adj. 有知觉的, 知悉的
having feeling or knowing that you exist.

adj.
Having sense perception; conscious: “The living knew themselves just sentient puppets on God's stage” (T.E. Lawrence).
Experiencing sensation or feeling.

adjective

Marked by comprehension, cognizance, and perception: alive, awake, aware, cognizant, sensible, wise1. Slang hip. Idioms: on to. See knowledge/ignorance.
Able to receive and respond to external stimuli: impressible, impressionable, responsive, sensible, sensitive, susceptible, susceptive. See awareness/unawareness.
adj. - 有感覺力的, 感覺靈敏的, 有感情的

e.g. be sentient of a tense atmosphere
sentry
n. 哨兵
a soldier standing outside a building as guard
septic
adj. 受感染的, 腐败的

opp. antiseptic
sepulcher
n.
A burial vault.
A receptacle for sacred relics, especially in an altar.
tr.v., -chered, -cher·ing, -chers.
To place into a sepulcher; inter.


noun

A burial place or receptacle for human remains: catacomb, cinerarium, crypt, grave1, mausoleum, ossuary, sepulture, tomb, vault1. See keep/release, place.
埋葬所, 坟墓
sepulchral
adj.
Of or relating to a burial vault or a receptacle for sacred relics.
Suggestive of the grave; funereal.

坟墓的, 阴深的sad, serious and slightly frightening
e.g. a sepulchral voice
sequacious
adj. 前后一贯的, 盲从的
adj.
Persisting in a continuous intellectual or stylistic direction: “I make these notes, but am tired of notes . . . I want something sequacious now & robust” (Virginia Woolf).

Disposed to follow another or others, as a leader.
Slavishly unthinking and uncritical.
sequester
v. tr. - 使隱退, 扣押, 使隔絕
v. intr. - 隔絕
verb

To put into solitude: cloister, seclude, sequestrate. See include/exclude.
To set apart from a group: close off, cut off, insulate, isolate, seclude, segregate, separate. See include/exclude.

v.tr.
To cause to withdraw into seclusion.
To remove or set apart; segregate. See synonyms at isolate.
Law.
To take temporary possession of (property) as security against legal claims.
To requisition and confiscate (enemy property).
v.intr. Chemistry.
To undergo sequestration.

e.g. sequester oneself from the world
sequestrate
v. 扣押, 没收
tr.v., -trat·ed, -trat·ing, -trates.
Chiefly British. To seize; confiscate: “The sheriffs … will be able to seize stock and other assets, and to sequestrate bank accounts belonging to defaulters” (Daily Telegraph).
To seclude; sequester.
seraphic
adj. 如天使般的, 美丽的

seraph: A celestial being having three pairs of wings.
sere
adj. 干枯的, 凋谢的
adj.
Withered; dry: sere vegetation at the edge of the desert.


e.g. Leaves become sere in the hot dry weather.
serenade
n. 小夜曲
serendipity
n., pl. -ties.
The faculty of making fortunate discoveries by accident.
The fact or occurrence of such discoveries.
An instance of making such a discovery.
n. - 意外發現珍寶的本領, 意外財
sermonize
v. 说教, 讲道
serpentine
adj. 蜿蜒的, 似蛇般绕曲的
adj.
Of or resembling a serpent, as in form or movement; sinuous.
Subtly sly and tempting.
serrated
adj. 呈锯齿状的
serried
adj.
Pressed or crowded together, especially in rows: troops in serried ranks.

IN BRIEF: Crowded together.

The serried ranks of troops could hardly breathe.
adj. - 密集的, 重重疊疊羅列的, 林立的
servile
adj. 奴性的, 百依百顺的

servile obedience
severance
n. 切断, 分离
sewer
n. 排水沟, 下水道
sextant
n.
A navigational instrument containing a graduated 60-degree arc, used for measuring the altitudes of celestial bodies to determine latitude and longitude.

n. - 六分儀, 圓的六分之一
shack
n. 简陋的小屋, 棚屋

n.
A small, crudely built cabin; a shanty.

intr.v., shacked, shack·ing, shacks.
To live or dwell: farm hands shacking in bunkhouses.

noun

An ugly, squalid dwelling: hole, hovel, hut, shanty. See good/bad, rich/poor.
shanty
n. 简陋的小木屋
shack, hut
shackle
n. 镣铐, 枷锁
shade
A slight difference or variation; a nuance: shades of meaning.
树荫, 细微差别 nuance

e.g. delicate shades of meaning
shale
n. 页岩
shallop
n. 轻舟, 小舟 sloop
n.
A large heavy boat, usually having two masts and carrying fore-and-aft or lugsails.
A small open boat fitted with oars or sails, or both, and used primarily in shallow waters.
sham
n. 假货, 虚假
v. 伪装
n.
Something false or empty that is purported to be genuine; a spurious imitation.
The quality of deceitfulness; empty pretense.
One who assumes a false character; an impostor: “He a man! Hell! He was a hollow sham!” (Joseph Conrad).
A decorative cover made to simulate an article of household linen and used over or in place of it: a pillow sham.
adj.
Not genuine; fake: sham diamonds; sham modesty.


v., shammed, sham·ming, shams.

v.tr.
To put on the false appearance of; feign: “shamming insanity to get his tormentors to leave him alone” (John Wain).

v.intr.
To assume a false appearance or character; dissemble.

n. - 欺騙, 虛偽, 騙局, 假裝
adj. - 假的, 偽造的
v. tr. - 假裝, 佯作, 冒充, 仿製
v. intr. - 裝假
shard
n. (陶器等)碎片, 破片
shavings
n. 刨花
shawl
n. (妇女用)披肩, 围巾
sheaf
n., pl. sheaves (shēvz).
A bundle of cut stalks of grain or similar plants bound with straw or twine.
A collection of items held or bound together: a sheaf of printouts.
An archer's quiver.
tr.v., sheafed, sheaf·ing, sheafs.
To gather and bind into a bundle.


IN BRIEF: A group of items held together by some sort of binding. Also: A bundle of stalks tied together with straw.

A sheaf of grain stalks can be a lovely centerpiece on the dining table.
n. - 束, 紮, 捆
v. tr. - 捆, 束
shear
IN BRIEF: To cut, trim, usually with scissors. Also: To shave off the wool of a lamb.

With a fondness for longer hair, the barber didn't like to shear too much.
v. tr. - 修剪, 剝奪, 割
v. intr. - 剪, 剪羊毛, 修剪, 切斷
n. - 剪, 修剪, 切, 大剪刀
shears
n. 大剪刀
sheath
n. (刀, 剑)鞘, 套
quiver
shears
n. 大剪刀
sheen
n. 光辉, 光泽
a short smooth shiny appearance

n.
Glistening brightness; luster: the sheen of old satin in candlelight.
Splendid attire.
A glossy surface given to textiles.

e.g. The moon laid a brilliant sheen across the water.
shelve
v. 搁置
e.g. shelve a problem
sheriff
n. 县治安官
shibboleth
n. 陈旧习语, 习俗
an old idea, custom or principle you think is no longer important or suitable for modern times.
shiftless
adj.
lazy and seeming to have no interest in working hard or tyring to succeed

adj.

Lacking ambition or purpose; lazy: a shiftless student.
Characterized by a lack of ambition or energy: studied in a shiftless way.
Lacking resourcefulness or efficiency; incompetent.

adjective

Resistant to exertion and activity: fainéant, idle, indolent, lazy, slothful, sluggard, sluggish. Informal do-nothing. Idioms: bone lazy. See action/inaction, industrious/lazy.
e.g. live in a shiftless way
adj. - 無志氣的, 得過且過的, 偷懶的, 無辦法的
shimmer
v. 闪烁, 微微发亮
shingle
n. 木瓦, 屋顶板
1.
n. - 砂礫, 圓卵石

2.
n. - 屋頂板, 木瓦, 小招牌, 木板釘成的屋頂, 女子短髮式樣
v. tr. - 用木瓦蓋, 把剪成短式
shipshape
adj. (not before noun)
neat and clean. 整洁的, 井然有序的
e.g. Let's get the house shipshape.
shipwright
n. 造船者
shirk
v. 逃避, 规避
to deliberateely avoid doing sth you should do because you are lazy.

shirk responsiblity/obligation
shoal
n. 浅滩, 浅水处
v. 一群(鱼)

n.
A shallow place in a body of water.
A sandy elevation of the bottom of a body of water, constituting a hazard to navigation; a sandbank or sandbar.

v., shoaled, shoal·ing, shoals.

v.intr.
To become shallow: The river shoals suddenly here from eight to two fathoms.

v.tr.
To make shallow: The approach to the harbor was shoaled in the storm.
To come or sail into a shallower part of.
adj.
Having little depth; shallow.
n.
A large group; a crowd.
A large school of fish or other marine animals.
intr.v., shoaled, shoal·ing, shoals.
To come together in large numbers; throng.
1.
n. - 一片淺水, 淺灘, 淺水處, 沙洲
v. intr. - 變淺
adj. - 水淺的

2.
n. - 魚群, 大量, 大群
v. intr. - 魚成群而遊, 變淺


e.g. strike on a shoal
a shoal of tourists
shoddy
adj. 劣质的, 冒充好货的

e.g. shoddy merchandise
short-range
adj. 短期间的, 短程的

a short-range plan
a short-range missle
showpiece
n. 陈列品, 精品, 样品
showy
adj. 鲜艳的,显眼的
sth that is showy is very colorful, big, expensive etc esp is a way that attracts people's attention.
shrill
adj. 尖锐的, 刺耳的

e.g. the shirll screaming of jet engines.
shrivel
v. 枯萎, 皱缩, 使卷缩
e.g. plants shrivelling in the dry heat

To become or make shrunken and wrinkled, often by drying: Leaves die, fall, and shrivel. The heat shriveled the unwatered seedlings.
To lose or cause to lose vitality or intensity: My enthusiasm shriveled as the project wore on. Inflation shriveled the buying power of the dollar.
To become or make much less or smaller; dwindle.
shuck
n. (plants)壳, 夹, 无用之物
n.

A husk, pod, or shell, as of a pea, hickory nut, or ear of corn.
The shell of an oyster or clam.
Informal. Something worthless. Often used in the plural: an issue that didn't amount to shucks.
tr.v., shucked, shuck·ing, shucks.
To remove the husk or shell from.
Informal. To cast off: shucked their coats and cooled off; a city trying to shuck a sooty image.

verb

To let go or get rid of as being useless or defective, for example. discard, dispose of, dump, junk, scrap1, throw away, throw out. Informal chuck, jettison. Slang ditch. See keep/release.

n. - 殼, 莢, 外皮, 毫無價值的東西
int. - 討厭
v. tr. - 剝殼, 脫掉, 去皮
e.g. shuck peanut
shuffle
v. 拖步走, 支吾, 洗牌

e.g. Don't shuffle, give a definite answer.
shunt
n.
The act or process of turning aside or moving to an alternate course.
A railroad switch.
Electricity. A low-resistance connection between two points in an electric circuit that forms an alternative path for a portion of the current. Also called bypass.
Medicine. A passage between two natural body channels, such as blood vessels, especially one created surgically to divert or permit flow from one pathway or region to another; a bypass.
v., shunt·ed, shunt·ing, shunts.

v.tr.
To turn or move aside or onto another course: shunting traffic around an accident.
To evade by putting aside or ignoring: urgent problems that society can no longer shunt aside.
To switch (a train or car) from one track to another.
Electricity. To provide or divert (current) by means of a shunt.
Medicine. To divert or permit flow of (a body fluid) from one pathway or region to another by surgical means.
v.intr.
To move or turn aside.
Electricity. To become diverted by means of a shunt. Used of a circuit.

v. tr. - 使轉軌, 改變, 使分流
v. intr. - 轉軌, 來回運行, 轉向一邊
n. - 轉軌, 分流
e.g. Shunt the car into a sidling
sibyl
n.
One of a number of women regarded as oracles or prophets by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
A woman prophet.
女预言家
sibylline
adj.
Coming from, characteristic of, or relating to a sibyl.
Prophetic; oracular.
预言的
sidereal
adj. 恒星的
adj.
Of, relating to, or concerned with the stars or constellations; stellar.
Measured or determined by means of the apparent daily motion of the stars: sidereal time.
sidesplitting
adj. 令人捧腹大笑的
sidle up to
v. (偷偷地)侧身而行
to walk towards sth. or sb. slowly and quikly as if you don't want to be noticed.

v., -dled, -dling, -dles.

v.intr.
To move sideways: sidled through the narrow doorway.
To advance in an unobtrusive, furtive, or coy way: swindlers who sidle up to tourists.
v.tr.
To cause to move sideways: We sidled the canoe to the riverbank.

n.
An unobtrusive, furtive, or coy advance.
A sideways movement.
IN BRIEF: To walk sideways in a furtive manner.

When someone sidles up to you, beware of their motives.
e.g. A man sidled up to me and asked if I wanted a ticket for the football match.
siege
n. 包围, 围攻
be in a state of siege

besiege: 围攻
sieve
v.n. 筛, 滤出
sizzler
n. 炎热 天气, 大热天
a very hot day

e.g. Yesterday was a sizzler.
skein
n.

A length of thread or yarn wound in a loose long coil.
Something suggesting the coil of a skein; a complex tangle: a twisted skein of lies.
A flock of geese or similar birds in flight. See synonyms at flock1.

IN BRIEF: A long length of yarn wrapped in a loose twist. Also: A flock of wild fowl.

One swallow does not make a summer, but one skein of geese, cleaving the murk of March thaw, is the Spring. — Aldo Leopold.
n. - 一束, 一絞, 混亂的一團, 一群, 一系列, 一連串
e.g. a skein of wool
sketchy
adj. 概略的, 粗略的
e.g. sketchy detail
skew
adj. 不直的, 歪斜的
skewer
n 串肉杆, v. 用杆串好

e.g. skewer the chicken before cooking
skiff
n. 轻舟, 小船
shallop
skillet
n. 煎锅, 平底锅
n.
See frying pan. See Regional Note at andiron, frying pan.
Chiefly British. A long-handled stewing pan or saucepan sometimes having legs.
skimp
adj. 1. 节省花费, 吝啬
2。 少的, 不足的
v.tr.
To deal with hastily, carelessly, or with poor material: concentrated on reelection, skimping other matters.
To provide for or supply inadequately; be stingy with: accused them of skimping defense funding.
v.intr.
To be stingy or very thrifty.

adj.
Scanty; skimpy.

verb

To be severely sparing in order to economize: pinch, scrape, scrimp, stint. Idioms: pinch pennies, tighten (one's) belt. See save/waste.

IN BRIEF: To give barely enough or not enough attention, funds or effort.

The teacher warned the students not to skimp on the time and energy needed to complete the project well.
v. tr. - 捨不得給, 對...不夠用心
v. intr. - 節儉, 節省, 不夠用心
n. - 節儉的人
adj. - 少的, 不足的
skimpy
adj. 吝啬的, 贫乏的
skinflint
n. 吝啬鬼
skirmish
n. 小战, 小争吵
e.g. A skirmish between a wife and a husband is insignificant.
skulduggery
n. 舞弊, 作假
Crafty deception or trickery or an instance of it.

Meaning #1: verbal misrepresentation intended to take advantage of you in some way
Synonyms: trickery, hocus-pocus, slickness, hanky panky, jiggery-pokery, skullduggery
skunk
n. 黄鼠狼
n.

Any of several small, mostly carnivorous New World mammals of the genus Mephitis and related genera, having a bushy tail and black fur with white markings and ejecting a foul-smelling oily liquid from glands near the anus when frightened or in danger. Also called polecat.
The glossy black and white fur of this mammal.
Slang.
A person regarded as obnoxious or despicable.
A person whose company is avoided.
tr.v. Slang., skunked, skunk·ing, skunks.
To defeat overwhelmingly, especially by keeping from scoring.

To cheat (someone).
To fail to pay (an amount due).
n. - 臭鼬, 討厭鬼, 臭鼬皮
v. tr. - 使慘敗, 欺騙
slab
n. 厚板, 厚块
e.g. a slab of bread

a slab of chocolate
slacken
v. (使)松弛, 放松

e.g. His business slackens in the winter.
slag
n. 矿渣, 炉渣
slake
v. 解渴, 消渴

e.g. slake one thirst.
sift
v. 筛, 过滤
slanderous
adj. 诽谤的
sifter
n. 筛子
sill
n. 基石, 门槛, 窗台
simian
adj.
Relating to, characteristic of, or resembling an ape or a monkey.

n.
An ape or a monkey.

adj. - 猿的, 猴子一般的, 類人猿的
n. - 猴子, 類人猿
simile
n.
A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as, as in “How like the winter hath my absence been” or “So are you to my thoughts as food to life” (Shakespeare).
n. - 直喻, 明喻
simper
v. 傻笑, 假笑
to smile in a silly, annoying way

v.intr.
To smile in a silly, self-conscious, often coy manner.

v.tr.
To utter or express with a silly, self-conscious, often coy smile: simpered a lame excuse.

n.
A silly, self-conscious, often coy smile.
sinecure
n. 挂名差事, 闲职
sinew
n. 腱, 力量, 精力,体力

e.g. intellectual and moral sinew.
The sinews of our national defense
sinewy
adj. 强壮有力的, 多腱的

Consisting of or resembling sinews.
Having many sinews; stringy and tough: a sinewy cut of beef.
Lean and muscular. See synonyms at muscular.
Strong and vigorous: sinewy prose

adjective

Characterized by marked muscular development; powerfully built: athletic, brawny, burly, husky2, muscular, robust, sturdy. See strong/weak.
singe
tr.v., singed, singe·ing, sing·es.
To burn superficially; scorch.
To burn off the feathers or bristles of (a carcass of a bird or animal) by subjecting briefly to flame. See synonyms at burn1.
To burn the ends of (hair, for example).
To burn the nap from (cloth) in manufacturing.
n.
A slight or surface burn; a scorch.


IN BRIEF: To burn slightly, scorch.

Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot that it do singe yourself. — William Shakespeare (1564-1616), English dramatist, playwright and poet.

v. tr. - 把...微微燒焦, 燒焦...的尖端, 損傷, 用微火燎去
n. - 損傷, 把...輕微燒焦
e.g. I'm afraid I've singed the collar of your shirt.
singularity
n. 卓越, 奇异

e.g. The giraffe's chief singuarlity is the length of its neck.
singular
adj. 独一的, 非凡的
sinister
adj. 不吉祥的, 险恶的
sinistral
左边的

adj.
Of or facing the left side.
Left-handed.
Zoology. Relating to or being a gastropod shell that has its aperture to the left when facing the observer with the apex upward.
sinuous
adj. 蜿蜒的, 迂回的

e.g. sinuous movement
sipid
adj. 味道好的
sipid
adj. 味道好的
slant
v., slant·ed, slant·ing, slants.

v.tr.
To give a direction other than perpendicular or horizontal to; make diagonal; cause to slope: She slants her letters from upper right to lower left.
To present so as to conform to a particular bias or appeal to a certain audience: The story was slanted in favor of the strikers.
v.intr.
To have or go in a direction other than perpendicular or horizontal; slope.

n.

A line, plane, course, or direction that is other than perpendicular or horizontal; a slope.
A sloping thing or piece of ground.
Printing. A virgule.

A personal point of view or opinion.
A bias.
Offensive Slang. Used as a disparaging term for a person of East Asian birth or descent.

slant

verb

To depart or cause to depart from true vertical or horizontal: cant1, heel2, incline, lean1, list2, rake2, slope, tilt, tip2. See straight/bent.
To have a tendency or inclination: incline, lean1, squint, tend1, trend. See likely/unlikely.
To direct (material) to the interests of a particular group: bias, skew. Informal angle2. See straight/bent.
noun

Deviation from a particular direction: cant1, grade, gradient, heel2, inclination, incline, lean1, list2, rake2, slope, tilt, tip2. See rise/fall, straight/bent.
The position from which something is observed or considered: angle2, eye, outlook, point of view, standpoint, vantage, viewpoint. See perspective.

v. tr. - 使傾斜, 使傾向, 使有傾向性, 有傾向性地編寫, 使歪
v. intr. - 傾斜, 有傾向, 有偏向, 歪斜
n. - 傾斜, 歪斜, 偏見, 觀點, 傾向, 看法, 一瞥
adj. - 傾斜的
slapdash
adj. 草率的, 马虎的
adj.
Hasty and careless, as in execution: slapdash work.

adv.
In a reckless haphazard manner.


e.g. a slapdash painting
a very slapdash piece of work
slate
n. 石板, 侯选人人名单
v. 提名,

be slated to be/do/for sth
to be expected to succedd in getting a position or job
to expected or planned at a time in the future
e.g. The office buildings ar slated for demolition next June.
slaver
v. 流口水, 渴望 n. 口水
slobber

To slobber; drool.
To behave in an obsequious manner; fawn. See synonyms at fawn1.
n.
Saliva drooling from the mouth.
Senseless and effusive talk; drivel.
[Middle English slaveren, probably from Old Norse slafra.]


slav·er2 (slā'vər)
n.
One, such as a person or ship, that is engaged in the trafficking of slaves.

1.
v. intr. - 淌口水, 垂涎
n. - 口水, 諂媚

2.
n. - 奴隸商人, 奴隸販賣船
slay