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1840 Cards in this Set

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fabric
n. 结构, 纺织品
1. cloth used to make clothes, curtains etc; material

man-made fabric

2. the basic structure of a society, way of life etc and its relationships and traditions
e.g. social fabric

3. the fabric of: the basic structure of a building including the walss and the roof
fabricate
v. 1. to invent a story, piece of info etc in order to deceive people
e.g. fabricate evidence

2. to make or produce goods or equipment; manufacture
fabulous
adj.
Barely credible; astonishing: the fabulous endurance of a marathon runner.
Extremely pleasing or successful: a fabulous vacation.

Of the nature of a fable or myth; legendary.
Told of or celebrated in fables or legends.

adjective

So remarkable as to elicit disbelief: amazing, astonishing, astounding, fantastic, fantastical, incredible, marvelous, miraculous, phenomenal, prodigious, stupendous, unbelievable, wonderful, wondrous. See good/bad.
Particularly excellent: divine, fantastic, fantastical, glorious, marvelous, sensational, splendid, superb, terrific, wonderful. Informal dandy, dreamy, great, ripping, super, swell, tremendous. Slang cool, groovy, hot, keen1, neat, nifty. Idioms: out of this world. See good/bad.
Of or existing only in myths: legendary, mythic, mythical, mythologic, mythological. See real/imaginary.

IN BRIEF: Incredible.

It was a fabulous idea to have the high school reunion in the old gymnasium.
adj. - 傳說的, 難以置信的, 無根據的
fable
寓言
facetious
adj.
Playfully jocular; humorous: facetious remarks.

adj
Definition: tongue-in-cheek, kidding
Antonyms: formal, grave, serious, unfunny

IN BRIEF: Intended to be funny.

The professor was being facetious when she asked the students to ignore her lecture while taking the exam.
adj. - 滑稽的, 愛開玩笑的
facet
面, 小平面, 刻面
noun

The particular angle from which something is considered: angle2, aspect, frame of reference, hand, light1, phase, regard, respect, side. See perspective.
facile
adj.
Done or achieved with little effort or difficulty; easy. See synonyms at easy.
Working, acting, or speaking with effortless ease and fluency.
Arrived at without due care, effort, or examination; superficial: proposed a facile solution to a complex problem.
Readily manifested, together with an aura of insincerity and lack of depth: a facile slogan devised by politicians.

IN BRIEF: Done in a quick smooth way.

That problem looked like it could be solved in a facile manner, but it was really quite difficult.
facsimile
n.
An exact copy or reproduction, as of a document.
See fax.
adj.
Of or used to produce exact reproductions, as of documents.
Exactly reproduced; duplicate.

n. - 複寫, 傳真
v. tr. - 傳真, 臨摹
adj. - 摹本的, 複製似的, 產生摹本的, 傳真的
faction
派系, 派系斗争
factious
IN BRIEF: adj. - Dissenting (especially dissenting with the majority opinion).
factitious
adj.
Produced artificially rather than by a natural process.
Lacking authenticity or genuineness; sham: speculators responsible for the factitious value of some stocks.

IN BRIEF: Not natural or genuine.

The whole speech seemed to be factitious so I could not believe in its content.
人为的, 人工的, 不自然的
factotum
a servant or worker who has to do many kinds of jobs for sb.

n.
An employee or assistant who serves in a wide range of capacities.

n. - 雜役, 打雜的人
fad
n.
A fashion that is taken up with great enthusiasm for a brief period of time; a craze.
faddish
fashionable

e.g. The fad fades quickly.
fag (at)
A drudge.
v.intr.
To work to exhaustion; toil.
To function as the servant of another student in a British public school.
v.tr.
To exhaust; weary: Four hours on the tennis court fagged me out.

1. 苦活, 苦差事, 奴仆, 受高年级生使唤的低年级学生, 苦干, 辛苦地工作, 使疲劳, 使劳累

idioms:

fag end 没用的剩余物, 末端, 残余
2. 同性恋的男人

3. 香烟
falcon
猎鹰
fallacious
adj.
Containing or based on a fallacy: a fallacious assumption.
Tending to mislead; deceptive: fallacious testimony.

Meaning #1: containing or based on a fallacy
Synonym: unsound


Meaning #2: intended to deceive
Synonyms: deceitful, fraudulent


Meaning #3: based on an incorrect or misleading notion or information
fallible
易犯错误的
fallow
休根的
farrow
n.
A litter of pigs.


v., -rowed, -row·ing, -rows.

v.tr.
To give birth to (a litter of pigs).

v.intr.
To produce a litter of pigs.
1.
n. - 一胎所生的小豬
v. tr. - 產
v. intr. - 產仔
falsify
v. tr. - 偽造, 歪曲
v. intr. - 說謊
To make untrue declarations: fib, forswear, lie2, prevaricate. Law perjure. See true/false.
To impart a false character to (something) by alteration: doctor, fabricate, fake, fictionalize, fictionize. See true/false.
To give an inaccurate view of by representing falsely or misleadingly: belie, color, distort, load, misrepresent, misstate, pervert, twist, warp, wrench, wrest. Idioms: give a false coloring to. See true/false.
To make a fraudulent copy of: counterfeit, fake, forge1. See true/false.
familiarity
n
Definition: friendliness
Antonyms: aloofness, cool, distance, frigidity, reserve, unfriendliness

n

Definition: knowledgeableness
Antonyms: ignorance, unfamiliarity

n. - 親密, 精通, 熟悉

idioms:

familiarity breeds contempt 親不敬, 熟生蔑
famish
v., -ished, -ish·ing, -ish·es.

v.tr.
To cause to endure severe hunger.
To cause to starve to death.
v.intr.
To endure severe deprivation, especially of food.
To undergo starvation and
使 饑餓
famished
adj. - 非常饑餓的

IN BRIEF: To suffer from a lack of something necessary.

The climbers were famished when they finally reached the summit.

adj
Definition: starving
Antonyms: full, sated, satiated, satisfied

adjective

Desiring or craving food: hungry, ravenous, starving, voracious.
ravenous
adjective

Desiring or craving food: hungry, ravenous, starving, voracious.

adjective

Desiring or craving food: famished, hungry, starving, voracious. See ingestion.
Wanting to eat or drink more than one can reasonably consume: edacious, gluttonous, greedy, hoggish, piggish, voracious. See desire, ingestion.
Having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit: avid, edacious, gluttonous, greedy, omnivorous, rapacious, unappeasable, voracious. See desire.

IN BRIEF: Very hungry. Also: Greedy.

Knowledge creates doubt, and doubt makes you ravenous for more knowledge. —
fanaticism
n.. 狂热, 盲信
fanfare
Meaning #1: a showy outward display
Synonym: ostentation


Meaning #2: (music) a short lively tune played on brass instruments
Synonym: flourish
fang
n. - 尖牙, 犬牙
Meaning #1: canine tooth of a carnivorous animal; used to seize and tear its prey


Meaning #2: hollow or grooved tooth of a venomous snake; used to inject its poison
fantastic
Quaint or strange in form, conception, or appearance.

Unrestrainedly fanciful; extravagant: fantastic hopes.
Bizarre, as in form or appearance; strange: fantastic attire; fantastic behavior.
Based on or existing only in fantasy; unreal: fantastic ideas about her own superiority.
Wonderful or superb; remarkable: a fantastic trip to Europe.
n.
An eccentric person.
fantasia
A free composition structured according to the composer's fancy. Also called fantasy.
A medley of familiar themes, with variations and interludes.
n. - 幻想曲
farce
IN BRIEF: Something ridiculous.

The audience realized that the play was a farce after the second act.
n. - 鬧劇, 胡鬧, 滑稽劇
v. tr. - 在穿插

n.

A light dramatic work in which highly improbable plot situations, exaggerated characters, and often slapstick elements are used for humorous effect.
The branch of literature constituting such works.
The broad or spirited humor characteristic of such works.
A ludicrous, empty show; a mockery: The fixed election was a farce.
A seasoned stuffing, as for roasted turkey.
tr.v., farced, farc·ing, farc·es.
To pad (a speech, for example) with jokes or witticisms.
To stuff, as for roasting.
fare
n. - 費用, 食物, 旅客
v. intr. - 進展, 經營, 進步

To get along: How are you faring with your project?
To go or happen: How does it fare with you?
To travel; go.
To dine; eat.
n.
A transportation charge, as for a bus.
A passenger transported for a fee.
Food and drink; diet: simple home-cooked fare
fascia
n. - 飾帶, 招牌
fascination
n. 魅力, 娇媚
fastidious
adj.
Possessing or displaying careful, meticulous attention to detail.
Difficult to please; exacting.
Excessively scrupulous or sensitive, especially in matters of taste or propriety

adjective

Showing or marked by attentiveness to all aspects or details: careful, meticulous, painstaking, punctilious, scrupulous. See careful/careless.
Very difficult to please: choosy, dainty, exacting, finical, finicky, fussy, meticulous, nice, particular, persnickety, squeamish. Informal picky. See accept/reject.
adj. - 難取悅的, 苛求的, 挑剔的
IN BRIEF: Very particular and sensitive.

There is one thing that matters — to set a chime of words tinkling in the minds of a few fastidious people.
finicky
fastidious

too fussy or fastidious about food, clothing etc
过份讲究的
finical
finicky
fastness
n.
The condition or quality of being fast, especially:
Firmness; security.
Rapidity; swiftness.
The quality or condition of color retention; colorfastness.

A secure or fortified place; a stronghold.
A remote, secret place.

IN BRIEF: The quality of not being easily moved, freed or separated. Also: a fortified or secure place.

They depended upon the fastness of the fort for their safety.
fathom
A unit of length equal to 6 feet (1.83 meters), used principally in the measurement and specification of marine depths.

tr.v., -omed, -om·ing, -oms.
To penetrate to the meaning or nature of; comprehend.
To determine the depth of; sound.

v
Definition: discern, understand
Antonyms: misunderstand, not get

IN BRIEF: A measure of length equal to 6 feet. Also: to come to understand.

I cannot fathom the meaning of the clues in the poem.
n. - 深度單位, 噚
v. tr. - 測量深度, 徹底瞭解, 看穿
fatuous
IN BRIEF: Foolish or stupid.

Wearing a nametag is an extremely fatuous mistake for a bank robber to make.
adj. - 發呆的, 自滿的, 愚笨的
fatuity
n. 愚蠢, 愚昧
fault
(地质学)断层
fauna
opp. flora

(used with a sing. or pl. verb) Animals, especially the animals of a particular region or period, considered as a group.
A catalog of the animals of a specific region or period.
flora
opp. fauna
fawn
1.
v. intr. - 搖尾乞憐, 奉承, 討好

2.
n. - 幼鹿, 淡黃褐色
fawning
adj.
flatterying
fawning
adj.
flatterying
fealty
n., pl. -ties.

The fidelity owed by a vassal to his feudal lord.
The oath of such fidelity.
Faithfulness; allegiance. See synonyms at fidelity.

e.g. He swore fealty to the king for his land.
feat
sth that sb does that is impressive because it needs a lot of skill, strength etc
febrile
adj.
Of, relating to, or characterized by fever; feverish.

adjective

Being at a higher temperature than is normal or desirable: febrific, feverish, hectic, hot, pyretic. See hot/cold/lukewarm.

发烧的, 热病的
febrifugal
解热剂
feckless
adj.
Lacking purpose or vitality; feeble or ineffective.
Careless and irresponsible.

adj
Definition: without purpose
Antonyms: competent, effective, effectual, efficient, purposeful, responsible, strong, useful

IN BRIEF: Weak or ineffective. Also: careless or irresponsible.

The attempt to secure the fortress was feckless at best.
fecund
adj.
Capable of producing offspring or vegetation; fruitful.
Marked by intellectual productivity. See synonyms at fertile.

IN BRIEF: Producing many offspring or much vegetation. Also: mentally active or productive.

That child certainly had a fecund imagination.
feint
A feint is a feigned attach
feigned
a feint is a fenged attack
felicitate
tr.v., -tat·ed, -tat·ing, -tates.
To offer congratulations to: “I felicitate you on your memory, sir” (John Fowles).

v
Definition: congratulate
Antonyms: condemn, reject


v. tr. - 慶祝, 慶賀
adj. - 祝賀的

idioms:

felicitate on 因...而慶幸

e.g. felicitate a comrade on his success.
felicific
adj.
Producing or intended to produce happiness.
felicitous
Admirably suited; apt: a felicitous comparison.
Exhibiting an agreeably appropriate manner or style: a felicitous writer.
Marked by happiness or good fortune: a felicitous life.

adj
Definition: appropriate, suitable
Antonyms: improper, inappropriate, infelicitous, inopportune, unfitting, unsuitable, untimely

IN BRIEF: Suitably expressed and well chosen.

The card of congratulations was certainly felicitous.
可喜的, 極為適當的
felicity
n.
幸福, 适当, 适当的措辞
feline
adj.
Of or belonging to the family Felidae, which includes the lions, tigers, jaguars, and wild and domestic cats; felid.
Suggestive of a cat, as in suppleness or stealthiness.
n.
An animal of the family Felidae.
adj. - 貓的, 貓一樣的, 貓科的
n. - 貓科的動物
felid
Feline.
fell
1.
v. tr. - 砍伐, 砍倒, 擊倒, 打倒
n. - 一季所伐的木材

idioms:

one fell swoop 一舉, 一下子
2.
adj. - 邪惡的, 殘暴的, 可怕的

3.
n. - 折縫

4.
n. - 獸皮, 毛皮

To cause to fall by striking; cut or knock down: fell a tree; fell an opponent in boxing.
To kill: was felled by an assassin's bullet.
felon
IN BRIEF: A criminal who has committed a serious crime.

The police were frantically searching for the escaped felon.
fencing
剑术, 击剑法
fencer
the person who do fencing
fender
n.

A guard over each wheel of a motor vehicle, for example, that is shaped and positioned so as to block the splashing of water or mud.
A device at the front end of a locomotive or streetcar designed to push aside obstructions.
A cushioning device, such as a bundle of rope or a piece of timber, used on the side of a vessel or dock to absorb impact or friction.
A screen or metal framework placed in front of a fireplace to keep hot coals and debris from falling out.
n. - 防衛物, 擋泥板
ferment
A situation of great excitement or trouble in a country, esp because people d with disagree strongly with government.

eg The whole country was in a state of ferment.
fermentation
发酵, 骚动
fern
蕨, 羊齿植物, 蕨类植物
n.
Any of numerous flowerless, seedless vascular plants having roots, stems, and fronds and reproducing by spores.
ferret
v.tr.

To hunt (rabbits, for example) with ferrets.
To drive out, as from a hiding place; expel.
To uncover and bring to light by searching. Often used with out: “Their work merely points the way for others to ferret out the core components of all proteins” (Natalie Angier).
To hound or harry persistently; worry.
v.intr.
To engage in hunting with ferrets.
To search intensively.

IN BRIEF: A small mammal related to the weasel. Also: to find by searching.

A ferret can be a good pet as well as a deterrent for rats.
1.
n. - 雪貂, 白鼬
v. tr. - 用雪貂獵取, 搜尋, 把逐出, 查獲
v. intr. - 用雪貂狩獵, 搜索
ferrous
contains Fe (ferrum)
ferroconcrete
钢筋混凝土
ferrum
fervent
adj.
Having or showing great emotion or zeal; ardent: fervent protests; a fervent admirer.
Extremely hot; glowing.

IN BRIEF: Ardent in feeling.

It is my fervent hope that my whole life on this earth will ever be tears and laughter
adj. - 熱的, 熱心的, 熾熱的
fervor
热忱, 热心
fervid
= fervent

adj.
Marked by great passion or zeal: a fervid patriot.
Extremely hot; burning.
festal
节日的, 快乐的
fetid
adj.
Having an offensive odor.
IN BRIEF: Stinking.

The pond was often fetid during the warm weather of the summer.
有恶臭的
fetish
n.
An object that is believed to have magical or spiritual powers, especially such an object associated with animistic or shamanistic religious practices.
An object of unreasonably excessive attention or reverence: made a fetish of punctuality.
Something, such as a material object or a nonsexual part of the body, that arouses sexual desire and may become necessary for sexual gratification.
An abnormally obsessive preoccupation or attachment; a fixation.
n. - 物神, 偶像, 迷信
noun

A small object worn or kept for its supposed magical power: amulet, charm, juju, periapt, phylactery, talisman. See supernatural.
An irrational preoccupation: fixation, mania, obsession. Informal thing. See concern/unconcern.
fetter
n.
脚镣, 束缚
n.
A chain or shackle for the ankles or feet.
Something that serves to restrict; a restraint.
tr.v., -tered, -ter·ing, -ters.
To put fetters on; shackle.
To restrict the freedom of. See synonyms at hamper1.
fettered
adj.
被拘束的, 没有自由的
feud
n.
A bitter, often prolonged quarrel or state of enmity, especially such a state of hostilities between two families or clans.

intr.v., feud·ed, feud·ing, feuds.
To carry on or perpetuate a bitter quarrel or state of enmity.

n
Definition: major argument; estrangement
Antonyms: agreement, comradeship, friendship, truce

v

Definition: fight bitterly; fall out
Antonyms: agree, make peace, socialize
1.
n. - 封地, 采邑

2.
n. - 世仇, 長期不和, 仇恨, 爭吵
v. intr. - 世代結仇, 爭吵, 長期爭鬥
fiat
n.
An arbitrary order or decree.
Authorization or sanction: government fiat.
n
Definition: order, proclamation
Antonyms: question, request
n. 命令, 许可, 严命
fickle
Characterized by erratic changeableness or instability, especially with regard to affections or attachments; capricious.
IN BRIEF: Unduly changeable in feeling, judgment, or purpose.

Because the child was so fickle it was hard to find anything for him to eat.
adj. - 變幻無常的, 薄情的, 浮躁的
tickle
To touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter or twitching movements.
v. tr. - 胳肢, 使快樂, 使發癢
v. intr. - 感到癢, 呵癢, 怕癢
n. - 搔, 發癢, 胳肢
fictitious
adj.
Of, relating to, or characterized by fiction; imaginary.

Accepted or assumed for the sake of convention: a fictitious belief.
Adopted or assumed in order to deceive: a fictitious name.
Not genuinely believed or felt; sham: greeted me with a fictitious enthusiasm.

adj
Definition: untrue, made-up
Antonyms: actual, certain, confirmed, factual, genuine, proven, real, sincere, sure, true, truthful

IN BRIEF: Created or formed by the imagination.

That fantasy story was purely fictitious
假想的, 虚伪的, 编造的
e.g a fictitious character
fidget
v.intr.
To behave or move nervously or restlessly.
To play or fuss; fiddle: He fidgeted with his notes while lecturing.
v.tr.
To cause to behave or move nervously or restlessly.

n.
A condition of restlessness as manifested by nervous movements. Often used in the plural with the.
One that fidgets.
IN BRIEF: Move restlessly.

The student tried not to fidget before the math test.
v. intr. - 慌張, 坐臥不安, 急急忙忙
v. tr. - 使煩亂, 使不安
n. - 急急忙忙, 躊躇
fidgety
adj. 烦躁的, 不安的
falsehood
n.
An untrue statement; a lie.
The practice of lying.
Lack of conformity to truth or fact; inaccuracy.
n. - 謊言, 虛假
famine
n.
A drastic, wide-reaching food shortage.
A drastic shortage; a dearth.
Severe hunger; starvation.
Archaic. Extreme appetite.
feral
adj.

Existing in a wild or untamed state.
Having returned to an untamed state from domestication.
Of or suggestive of a wild animal; savage: a feral grin.

IN BRIEF: Being wild after escaping from domestication.

Because people abandoned their pets, there was a feral cat colony in the park.
adj. - 野生的, 兇猛的
fester
v. intr. - 化膿, 引起痛苦, 潰爛, 惡化
v. tr. - 使化膿, 使痛苦, 使潰爛, 使惡化
n. - 膿瘡, 潰爛
familial
Of or relating to a family.
Occurring or tending to occur among members of a family, usually by heredity: familial traits; familial disease.

IN BRIEF: Relating to the people who are related to each other by blood or marriage.

Familial ties are often the most important in a person's life.
falter
IN BRIEF: To move in a shaky or unsteady way. Also: to hesitate.

Do not falter in your quest to pass the test.

v. intr. - 支吾, 蹣跚地走
n. - 顫抖, 躊躇, 支吾
fiend
IN BRIEF: An evil spirit or a very evil or cruel person.

A werewolf is often thought to be a fiend in supernatural stories.
fiendish
极凶恶的
fierce
Having a savage and violent nature; ferocious. See synonyms at cruel.
Extremely severe or violent; terrible: “the fierce thunders roar me their music” (Ezra Pound).
Extremely intense or ardent: fierce loyalty. See synonyms at intense.
Strenuously active or resolute: a fierce attempt to escape.
Informal. Very difficult or unpleasant: a fierce exam.
Savage or threatening in appearance.

IN BRIEF: Wild or cruel. Also: very strong or eager.

An overtaxed patience gives way to fierce anger.
adj. - 兇猛的, 熱烈的, 猛烈的
figurehead
n.
person in high position but with no real authority
figurine
n.
A small molded or sculptured figure; a statuette.
n. - 小雕像
filament
noun

A very fine continuous strand: fiber, fibril, thread. See thing.
细丝, 灯丝, 单纤维, 细线
filigree
n.
Delicate and intricate ornamental work made from gold, silver, or other fine twisted wire.

An intricate, delicate, or fanciful ornamentation.
A design resembling such ornamentation: filigrees of frosting on a cake.
tr.v., -greed, -gree·ing, -grees.
To decorate with or as if with filigree
filar
adj.
Of or relating to a thread.
Having fine threads across the field of view for measuring small distances, as in the eyepiece of a telescope.

Meaning #1: related to or having filaments especially across a field of view
Pertains to noun: filament (meaning #1)
filch
pilfer
v. steal (sth. not precious)

e.g filch food from the kiten.
filings
n.
挫屑
filial
IN BRIEF: Relating to a son or daughter.

A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders.
子女的, 孝顺的, 当做子女的

idioms:

filial piety 孝道
filial piety
孝心
piety
n., pl. -ties.
The state or quality of being pious, especially:
Religious devotion and reverence to God.
Devotion and reverence to parents and family: filial piety.
A devout act, thought, or statement.

A position held conventionally or hypocritically.
A statement of such a position: “the liberated pieties of people who believe that social attitudes have kept pace with women's aspirations” (Erica Abeel).
n. - 虔誠, 孝行
filibuster
v. n. 防碍议事, 阻挠
filet
里脊, 方网眼花边, 无骨的纯鱼片

filet mignon 菲力牛排
finale
n.
The concluding part, especially of a musical composition.
finch
雀科
finesse
delicate and impressive skill

n
Definition: know-how, maneuver
Antonyms: clumsiness, ignorance

v

Definition: maneuver, manipulate
Antonyms: bobble, mishandle

IN BRIEF: Skill in taking care of difficult or touchy problems. Also: delicate or skillful work.

Experience is what allows us to repeat our mistakes, only with more finesse!

e.g. Paul handled the meeting with great finesse.
fishery
n. 鱼场, 鱼业, 水产业
fissle
adj.
Possible to split

Meaning #1: (physics) capable of undergoing nuclear fission
Synonym: fissionable


Meaning #2: capable of being split or cleft or divided in the direction of the grain
Antonym: nonfissile (meaning #1)

adj. - 易分裂的, 分裂性的, 易裂的
fissure
n. a deep crack, esp in rock or earth.

e.g. Grass is growing in the fissures.
fitful
1.happening irregularly for short periods of time.

adj.
Occurring in or characterized by intermittent bursts, as of activity; irregular.

Definition: irregular, sporadic
Antonyms: constant, continuous, regular, undisturbed, uneven, unvarying

2. IN BRIEF: Restless.

The soldiers spent a very fitful night as they waited for their orders to come with the dawn.
firearm
n. - 火器, 槍炮
n.
A weapon, especially a pistol or rifle, capable of firing a projectile and using an explosive charge as a propellant.
filly
n. - 小雌馬, 小姑娘
n., pl. -lies.
A young female horse.
Informal. A lively, high-spirited girl or young woman.
flabby
adj., -bi·er, -bi·est.
Lacking firmness; flaccid: getting flabby around the waist. See synonyms at limp.
Lacking force or vitality; ineffectual: flabby self-pity.

adjective

Lacking in stiffness or firmness: flaccid, floppy, limp. See flexible/rigid.
软弱的, 不稳的, 没气力的
flaccid
flabby; soft and weak instead of firm
flag
v. 衰退, 枯萎

1。A flagstone.
2.intr.v., flagged, flag·ging, flags.
To hang limply; droop.
To decline in vigor or strength: The conversation flagged.
3. tr.v., flagged, flag·ging, flags.
To mark with a flag or flags for identification or ornamentation: flag a parade route; flagging parts of a manuscript for later review.

To signal with or as if with a flag.
To signal to stop: flag down a passing car.
flaggy
松软无力的, 枯萎的
flagellate
To whip or flog; scourge.
To punish or impel as if by whipping.
adj. (-lĭt, -lāt', flə-jĕl'ĭt)
Biology. Flagellated.
Resembling or having the form of a flagellum; whiplike.
Relating to or caused by a flagellate organism.
IN BRIEF: To whip. Also: a protozoan or alga that has a long whip-like structure used for moving.

A biologist might observe a flagellate closely with a microscope to determine its species.
v. tr. - 鞭打, 鞭撻
adj. - 鞭狀的, 有鞭毛的, 鞭索形的
n. - 鞭毛蟲, 鞭毛藻
flagellum
A whip.
鞭子, 鞭毛
flagellant
n.
One who whips, especially one who scourges oneself for religious discipline or public penance.

鞭苔者
flail
n. - 連枷
v. tr. - 用連枷打
v. intr. - 用連枷打穀, 鞭打, 抽打, 敲擊, 胡亂地擺動
frail
Physically weak; delicate: an invalid's frail body.
Not strong or substantial; slight: evidence too frail to stand up in court.
Easily broken or destroyed; fragile.
Easily led astray; morally weak. See synonyms at weak.

not strongly made or built and threfore easily damaged
脆弱的, 不坚实的

Not physically strong: decrepit, delicate, feeble, flimsy, fragile, infirm, insubstantial, puny, unsound, unsubstantial, weak, weakly. See strong/weak.
flair
n

e.g. a flair for writing
flak
n.

Antiaircraft artillery.
The bursting shells fired from such artillery.
Informal.
Excessive or abusive criticism.
Dissension; opposition.
[German, from Fl(ieger)a(bwehr)k(anone

n
Definition: complaint, criticism
Antonyms: compliment, praise

IN BRIEF: n. - Artillery designed to shoot upward at airplanes; Intense adverse criticism; A slick spokesperson who can turn any criticism to the advantage of their employer.
flamboyant
adj
Definition: extravagant, theatrical
Antonyms: calm, moderate, modest, restrained, tasteful, unflashy


adj. - 輝耀的, 火焰似的, 華麗的
n. - 鳳凰樹

SYNONYMS showy, flamboyant, ostentatious, pretentious, splashy. These adjectives mean marked by a striking, often excessively conspicuous display: a showy rhinestone bracelet; an entertainer's flamboyant personality; an ostentatious sable coat; a pretentious scholarly edition; a splashy advertising campaign.

Elaborately and heavily ornamented: baroque, florid, ornate, rococo. See plain/fancy.
Marked by outward, often extravagant display: ostentatious, pretentious, showy, splashy, splurgy. See plain/fancy.
flamboyance
n
艳丽,炫耀
flange
边缘, 凸缘, 轮缘
flaring
n. 火焰摇业的, 过份艳丽的
flask
烧瓶, 细颈瓶
flatcar
n.
A railroad freight car without sides or a roof.
flatulence
n.
The presence of excessive gas in the digestive tract.
Self-importance; pomposity.
n. - 胃腸氣脹, 自負, 浮誇
flaunt
v.tr.
To exhibit ostentatiously or shamelessly: flaunts his knowledge. See synonyms at show

To make a public and usually ostentatious show of: brandish, display, disport, exhibit, expose, flash, parade, show (off), sport. See show/hide.
炫耀, 夸示, 飘扬, 夸耀
flavoring
seasoning, condiment
flax
亚麻, 亚麻织品, 麻布
fleck + of
a small mark or spot

.
A tiny mark or spot: flecks of mica in the rock.
A small bit or flake: flecks of foam; a fleck of dandruff.
tr.v., flecked, fleck·ing, flecks.
To spot or streak: the path was flecked with sunlight.

IN BRIEF: A flake or particle.

Even a fleck of gold is worth a fair sum of money.

n. - 斑點, 斑紋, 雀斑
v. tr. - 使起斑點, 使有斑駁, 使有斑紋
noun

A very small mark: dash, dot, pinpoint, point, speck, spot. See marks.
verb

To mark with many small spots: bespeckle, besprinkle, dapple, dot, freckle, mottle, pepper, speck, speckle, sprinkle, stipple. See marks.
flay
To strip off the skin or outer covering of.
To strip of money or goods; fleece.
To whip or lash.
To assail with stinging criticism; excoriate.

IN BRIEF: To skin. Also: to scold severely.

When the thief pleaded guilty for stealing the diamonds, the judge wanted to flay her by shouting loudly
fleece
n.

The coat of wool of a sheep or similar animal.
The yield of wool shorn from a sheep at one time.
A soft woolly covering or mass.
Fabric with a soft deep pile.
tr.v., fleeced, fleec·ing, fleec·es.
To defraud of money or property; swindle.
To shear the fleece from.
To cover with or as if with fleece.

IN BRIEF: n. - Outer coat of especially sheep and yaks; A soft bulky fabric with deep pile; Tanned skin of a sheep with the fur left on; The wool of a sheep or similar animal v. - Shear the wool from; Rip off.

n. - 羊毛, 羊毛狀之物
v. tr. - 剪下羊毛, 詐取
flick
n.

A light quick blow, jerk, or touch: a flick of the wrist; gave my horse a flick with the reins.
The sound accompanying this motion.
A light splash, dash, or daub.

v., flicked, flick·ing, flicks.

v.tr.
To touch or hit with a light quick blow: flicked him with his hand. See synonyms at brush1.
To cause to move with a light blow; snap: flicked the light switch on.
To remove with a light quick blow: flicked the lint off the coat.

n. - 輕打, 輕彈聲, 輕擊聲, 輕彈
v. tr. - 輕彈, 忽然搖動, 輕輕拂去
v. intr. - 輕彈, 忽然搖動, 輕輕拂去
flicker
v.n.
1. to burn or shin with an unsteady light that goes on and off quickly.
2. If an emotion or expression flickers on sb's face or thorugh their mind, it exists or is hown for only a short time.
e.g. A smile flickered across his face.

3. to quickly make a sudden small movement or series of movements.

e.g. The wind blew the flickering candle out.
flimsy
adj.
轻而薄的, 脆弱的

1. flimsy cloth or clothing is light, thin, and can tear easily.

2. flimsy equipment, buildings etc are not well-made and are easily broken

3. a flimsy argument, execuse etc is not believable.
flinch
n.v. 畏缩, 退缩
To start or wince involuntarily, as from surprise or pain.
To recoil, as from something unpleasant or difficult; shrink.
n.
An act or instance of starting, wincing, or recoiling.

v
Definition: shy away, wince
Antonyms: confront, face, meet
flinty
adj. 极坚硬的
flippant
adj.
Marked by disrespectful levity or casualness; pert.

adj
Definition: irreverent
Antonyms: courteous, respectful, reverent, serious

IN BRIEF: Having a light, pert, trifling disposition.

The student had a very flippant attitude when the assignment was turned in late.
轻率的, 嘴碎的, 没礼貌的
flippancy
n. 无礼,言语尖刻
flirtatious
adj. 调情的
e.g. a flirtatious goung girl.
flora
opp. fauna
florid
adj
Definition: flushed, ruddy
Antonyms: pale, pallid, white

adj

Definition: very elaborate
Antonyms: inelaborate, natural, plain, undecorated, unornate
华丽的, 红润的

a florid language has a lot of unnecessary decoration or detail
flounder
比目鱼, 挣扎
flout
蔑视, 违抗

to deliberately disobey a law, rule etc.

e.g. You have flouted my orders.
fluffy
有绒毛的, 空洞的

Of, relating to, or resembling fluff.
Covered with fluff.
Light and airy; soft: fluffy curls; a fluffy soufflé.

Light or frivolous: a fluffy musical comedy.
Lacking depth or precision; fuzzy: hazy, fluffy thinking that only confused the matter.
fluke
侥幸
e.g. He passed the exam by a fluke.
fluorescent
荧光的, 发光的
fluster
to make sb nervous and confused by making them hurry or interrupting them.

e..g The shouts of the crowd flustered the speaker.
flux
变迁, 不断的变化
fodder
草料
foible
n.
A minor weakness or failing of character.
The weaker section of a sword blade, from the middle to the tip.

BRIEF: A personal weakness or failing.

The gardener's main foible was forgetting to water the garden.

e.g. We all have little foibles.
foil
tr.v., foiled, foil·ing, foils.
To prevent from being successful; thwart.
To obscure or confuse (a trail or scent) so as to evade pursuers.

verb

To prevent from accomplishing a purpose: baffle, balk, check, checkmate, defeat, frustrate, stymie, thwart. Informal cross, stump. Idioms: cut the ground from under. See allow/prevent.

1.
v. tr. - 在...上貼箔, 給...鋪箔
n. - 箔, 金屬薄片, 陪襯者, 陪襯物, 銀箔

idioms:

aluminum foil 鋁箔
2.
n. - 鈍頭劍, 輕劍, 花劍, 花劍運動, 花劍劍術

3.
n. - 鬣獸逃跑的足跡
v. tr. - 挫敗, 使受挫折, 阻擾, 擊退
fold
n. 养拦, 畜拦, v. 折叠
foliage
n.

Plant leaves, especially tree leaves, considered as a group.
A cluster of leaves.
An ornamental representation of leaves, stems, and flowers, especially in architecture.

IN BRIEF: The leaves of a tree or plant, or of many trees or plants.

If a plant does not receive enough water, the foliage will wither and turn brown.
foment
To promote the growth of; incite.
To treat (the skin, for example) by fomentation.

v
Definition: instigate, provoke
Antonyms: cease, dampen, discourage, dissuade, quell, repress, stop, suppress

IN BRIEF: To instigate or rouse.

The unfair taxes served to foment a rebellion among the citizens.
fondle
v. 抚摸, 抚弄
fondness
爱好
foodstuff
食品,食料
foolhardy
headlong

Unwisely bold or venturesome; rash. See synonyms at reckless.

愚勇的, 有勇无谋的
foolproof
adj.
Designed so as to be impervious to human incompetence, error, or misuse: a foolproof detonator; a foolproof safety lock.
Effective; infallible: a foolproof scheme

十分简单的, 极坚固的, 十分安全的
fool's errand
徒劳无功的工作
footle
intr.v., -tled, -tling, -tles.
To waste time; trifle.
To talk nonsense.
n.
Nonsense; foolishness.

to waste time doing unimportant things when you should be working

e.g. footle away one's time
She's done no work today. She's spent the time just footling about.
footloose
free
fop
dandy
foppish
adj.
Of, relating to, or characteristic of a fop; dandified.


e.g. a foppish man, foppish cloth.
forage
v. 搜寻
n. (牛马)饲料
forager
person who search for forage.
foray
n.
A sudden raid or military advance.
A venture or an initial attempt, especially outside one's usual area: an actor's foray into politics.

v., -ayed, -ay·ing, -ays.

v.intr.
To make a raid.
To make inroads, as for profit or adventure.
v.tr. Archaic.
To pillage in search of spoils.

n. - 侵掠, 攻擊, 侵略
v. intr. - 侵略, 襲擊, 劫掠
v. tr. - 對進行突襲
forbearance
n.endurance

e.g. treat what he did with forbearance.
forbearing
adj.忍耐的, 宽容的
forbidding
having a frightening or unfriendly apprearance.

(表情)冷峻的, 形势险恶的

e.g. a forbidding manner/a forbidding range of mountains
forceps
镊子
ford
n.
A shallow place in a body of water, such as a river, where one can cross by walking or riding on an animal or in a vehicle.

tr.v., ford·ed, ford·ing, fords.
To cross (a body of water) at a ford.
n. - 淺灘
v. tr. - 涉過
foreboding
a feeling that sth very unpleasant is going to happen soon.
foreclose
v.tr.

To deprive (a mortgagor) of the right to redeem mortgaged property, as when payments have not been made.
To bar an equity or a right to redeem (a mortgage).
To exclude or rule out; bar.
To settle or resolve beforehand.
v.intr.
To bar an equity or a right to redeem a mortgage.

v. tr. - 阻止, 預先處理, 排除
v. intr. - 取消贖回權
IN BRIEF: To end a mortgage and become the owner of the mortgaged property.

The bank wanted to foreclose on that property because the owner did not keep up on the payments.
forensic
adj. - 法院的, 適合於辯論的, 關於法庭的
n. - 辯論術
forfeiture
n. 丧失
forgery
n. 伪造(物)
folly
n. - 愚蠢, 輕鬆歌舞劇, 荒唐事
IN BRIEF: A lack of good sense.

Most of the wisdom of one age, is the folly of the next.

n
Definition: nonsense, ridiculous idea
Antonyms: good sense, judgment, knowledge, seriousness, sound judgment, understanding, wisdom

noun

Foolish behavior: absurdity, foolery, foolishness, idiocy, imbecility, insanity, lunacy, madness, nonsense, preposterousness, senselessness, silliness, tomfoolery, zaniness. Informal craziness. See ability/inability.
flip
adj. Informal., flip·per, flip·pest.
Marked by casual disrespect; impertinent: a flip answer to a serious question.
v. tr. - 擲, 輕擊, 彈
v. intr. - 用指輕彈, 蹦跳, 抽打
n. - 拋, 筋斗, 彈
adj. - 無禮的, 輕率的, 冒失的
flop
v. intr. - 笨重的摔, 猛落
v. tr. - 笨拙地拋下
n. - 砰然落下, 失敗, 拍擊聲
v.intr.
To fall or lie down heavily and noisily.
To move about loosely or limply: The dog's ears flopped when it ran.
Informal. To fail utterly: The play flopped.
Slang.
To rest idly; lounge.
To go to bed.
v.tr.
To drop or lay (something) down heavily and noisily: flopped the steak onto a platter.

n.
The act of flopping.
The sound made when flopping.
Informal. An utter failure.
flit
intr.v., flit·ted, flit·ting, flits.
To move about rapidly and nimbly.
To move quickly from one condition or location to another.
n.
A fluttering or darting movement.
Informal. An empty-headed, silly, often erratic person.

v. intr. - 掠過, 遷徙
n. - 掠過, 遷徙

idioms:

do a flit 逃走
floodgate
n. - 水門, 防潮水閘, 水閘
fluidity
(fluid mechanics) The reciprocal of viscosity; expresses the ability of a substance to flow.
flutter
v. intr. - 擺動, 煩擾, 鼓翼
v. tr. - 拍, 使焦急
n. - 擺動, 煩擾, 鼓翼
verb

To move or cause to move about while being fixed at one edge: flap, fly, wave. See repetition.
To move through the air with or as if with wings: flap, flit, flitter, fly, sail, wing. See move/halt.
To move quickly, lightly, and irregularly like a bird in flight: flicker, flit, flitter, hover. See repetition.
To move (one's arms or wings, for example) up and down: beat, flap, flitter, flop, waggle, wave. See repetition.
noun

A state of discomposure: agitation, dither, fluster, perturbation, tumult, turmoil, upset. Informal lather, stew. See calm/agitation.
footlight
n. pl. - 腳燈, 舞臺
pl.n.
Lights placed in a row along the front of a stage floor.
The theater as a profession.
foreknowledge
n.
Knowledge or awareness of something before its existence or occurrence; prescience.
n. - 預知, 先見之明
foreshadow
To present an indication or a suggestion of beforehand; presage

IN BRIEF: To give a hint or suggestion of what will happen in the future.

There were many clues in the book that served to foreshadow the climax of the story.
v. tr. - 成為前兆, 預示, 暗示
forge
verb

To move or advance against strong resistance: drive, lunge, plunge. See move/halt.
forgo
To abstain from; relinquish: unwilling to forgo dessert.

verb

To let (something) go: abandon, cede, lay down, relinquish, surrender, yield. See keep/release.
forswear
v. forgo, abjure

誓绝, 放弃

e.g. forswear wealth and marriage.
forlorn
adj.

Appearing sad or lonely because deserted or abandoned.
Forsaken or deprived: forlorn of all hope.
Wretched or pitiful in appearance or condition: forlorn roadside shacks.
Nearly hopeless; desperate. See synonyms at despondent.

adjective

Dejected due to the awareness of being alone: desolate, lonely, lonesome, lorn. See happy/unhappy.
Having been given up and left alone: abandoned, bereft, derelict, deserted, desolate, forsaken, lorn. See keep/release.
Empty of people: deserted, desolate, godforsaken, lonely, lonesome, unfrequented. See full/empty/capacity.
Having lost all hope: despairing, desperate, despondent, hopeless. See hope/despair.

e.g a forlorn look.
formative
Meaning #1: relating to or characterized by formative effects or formation
Pertains to noun: formation (meaning #3)


Meaning #2: susceptible to alteration by development and experience

e.g. a child's formative years.
forsake
To give up (something formerly held dear); renounce: forsook liquor.
To leave altogether; abandon: forsook Hollywood and returned to the legitimate stage.

To give up or leave without intending to return or claim again: abandon, desert3, leave1, quit, throw over. Idioms: run out on, walk out on. See keep/release.
fort
IN BRIEF: A place or position that is hard to break into and stationed with troops.

The hid in the fort as the enemy approached.
n. - 堡壘, 要塞, 易貨站
fortress
n.
A fortified place, especially a large, permanent military stronghold that often includes a town.
forte
n.
Something in which a person excels.
The strong part of a sword blade, between the middle and the hilt.

In a loud, forceful manner. Used chiefly as a direction.
fortitude
n. 坚毅, 坚韧不拔
fortuitous
accidental

IN BRIEF: Occurring by chance. Also: lucky.

After their hard work, they knew that it was not merely fortuitous that they got a good grade on the project.
adj. - 偶然的

Fortuitous stresses chance even more strongly: “the happy combination of fortuitous circumstances” (Sir Walter Scott).
forwardness
n.
The quality of being forward; cheerful readiness; promtness; as, the forwardness of Christians in propagating the gospel.


2. An advanced stage of progress or of preparation; advancement; as, his measures were in great forwardness. Robertson.


3. Eagerness; ardor; as, it is difficult to restrain the forwardness of youth.


3. Boldness; confidence; assurance; want of due reserve or modesty.


In France it is usual to bring children into company, and cherish in them, from their infancy, a kind of forwardness and assurance.
Addison.

5. A state of advance beyond the usual degree; prematureness; precocity; as, the forwardnessof spring or of corn; the forwardness of a pupil.


He had such a dexterous proclivity, as his teachers were fain to restrain his forwardness.
Sir H. Wotton.

Syn. -- Promptness; promptitude; eagerness; ardor; zeal; assurance; confidence; boldness; impudence; presumption.

noun

The state or quality of being impudent or arrogantly self-confident: assumption, audaciousness, audacity, boldness, brashness, brazenness, cheek, cheekiness, chutzpah, discourtesy, disrespect, effrontery, face, familiarity, gall1, impertinence, impudence, impudency, incivility, insolence, nerve, nerviness, overconfidence, pertness, presumptuousness, pushiness, rudeness, sassiness, sauciness. Informal brass, crust, sauce, uppishness, uppityness. See attitude/good attitude/bad attitude/neutral attitude, courtesy/discourtesy.
fosse
护成河
founder
v. To sink below the surface of the water: The ship struck a reef and foundered.
To cave in; sink: The platform swayed and then foundered.
To fail utterly; collapse: a marriage that soon foundered.
To stumble, especially to stumble and go lame. Used of horses.
To become ill from overeating. Used of livestock.
To be afflicted with laminitis. Used of horses.
v.tr.
To cause to founder.

1.
v. intr. - 浸水而沈沒, 垮掉, 崩潰, 失敗
v. tr. - 使沈沒, 弄跛, 使摔倒
n. - 創立者, 締造者, 奠基者
four-poster
A bed having tall corner posts originally intended to support curtains or a canopy.
foyer
n.
A lobby or anteroom, as of a theater or hotel.
An entrance hall; a vestibule.
门厅, 剧场休息室
fracas
a short noise fight involving several people.

n.
A noisy, disorderly fight or quarrel; a brawl. See synonyms at brawl.

n. - 喧噪, 紛擾, 吵鬧
fractious
adj.
Inclined to make trouble; unruly.
Having a peevish nature; cranky.
易怒的, 脾气不好的, 倔强的
IN BRIEF: Quarrelsome or irritable.

The club became fractious when the members discussed money matters.

adjective

Not submitting to discipline or control: disorderly, indocile, intractable, lawless, obstinate, obstreperous, recalcitrant, refractory, uncontrollable, undisciplined, ungovernable, unmanageable, unruly, untoward, wild. Idioms: out of line. See control/uncontrol, order/disorder, peace/conflict, resist/yield.
fractional
adj.
very little

e.g. She only spends a fraction of her earnings/a fractional difference.
fragmentary
adj. 零碎的, 不完整的
frailty
n.
脆弱, 弱点

not strong made or built, and therefore easily damaged.
frame-up
陷害
fraternity
同行, 友爱
fraught
adj. 充满
fray
v.
1. If cloth or other material frays, the threads become loose bause the material is old.
e.g. The sleeve will fray if you don't darn it.

2. If sb's temper or nerves fray, they become annoyed.
e.g. My temper begins to fray

3. n.
a quarrel, argument or fight
fresco
mural
fretful
烦躁的
fretwork
n.
Ornamental work consisting of three-dimensional frets; geometric openwork.
Such ornamental work represented two dimensionally by chiaroscuro

IN BRIEF: A design of short bars or lines fitted together.

That railing had some very interesting fretwork that served as art as well as for safety.
n. - 回紋裝飾, 浮凸雕工, 交錯飾紋
frieze
IN BRIEF: A band of designs, drawings, or carvings used as a decoration along a wall or around a room.

The beautifully carved frieze in the rotunda depicted acts of bravery and good deeds.
fringe
IN BRIEF: An edge or border.

Owls often live at the fringe of the forest because they can hunt better in open areas.
n. - 邊緣, 流蘇, 端
adj. - 邊緣的, 附加的
v. tr. - 加飾邊於
frisk
To move about briskly and playfully; frolic.

v.tr.
To search (a person) for something concealed, especially a weapon, by passing the hands quickly over clothes or through pockets.

n.
An energetic, playful movement; a gambol.
The act of frisking.

verb

To leap and skip about playfully: caper, cavort, dance, frolic, gambol, rollick, romp. See work/play.
To examine the person or personal effects of in order to find something lost or concealed: inspect, search. Slang shake down. See investigate.
noun

A thorough search of a place or persons: search. Slang shakedown. See investigate.
v. intr. - 歡躍, 蹦跳
v. tr. - 輕搖
n. - 亂跳, 活躍, 歡鬧
frisky
adj. 活泼的, 快乐的
frivolous
not searious

private ConnectPatient _createPatient(String sid, String spid) throws Exception {
ConnectPatient patient = new ConnectPatient();

patient.setNameFirst("Jowes123");
patient.setNameLast("Marvines");
patient.setBirthDateTime(new GregorianCalendar(1988, 3, 13).getTime());
patient.setSexAsEnum(SharedEnums.SexType.MALE);
patient.setSsn("111111111");
patient.setConfidential(false);
patient.setSystemId(sid);
patient.setUniqueSystemPatientId(spid);

return patient;
}
frolic
gambol, caper

e.g. The young lams were frolicing in the field.
frivolity
n.
轻浮
frolicsome
adj. 快活的, 欢乐的
frond
n.

The leaf of (fern, palm tree etc)
frowzy
adj. not clean
fructify
to bear fruit, succeed.
frugality
n. 节俭, 节约
fugitive
adj.
Running away or fleeing, as from the law.

Lasting only a short time; fleeting: “[His] house and burial place … should be visited by all who profess even a fugitive interest in political economy” (John Kenneth Galbraith).
Difficult to comprehend or retain; elusive: fugitive solutions to the problem.
Given to change or disappearance; perishable: fugitive beauty.
Of temporary interest: fugitive essays.
Tending to wander; vagabond.

n.
One who flees; a refugee.
Something fleeting or ephemeral.

adjective

Fleeing or having fled, as from home, confinement, captivity, or justice: escaped, runaway. See seek/avoid.
Lasting or existing only for a short time: ephemeral, evanescent, fleet, fleeting, fugacious, momentary, passing, short-lived, temporal, temporary, transient, transitory. See continue/stop/pause, time.
noun

One who flees, as from home, confinement, captivity, or justice: escapee, refugee, runaway. See seek/avoid.
fulcrum
杠杆支点, 支柱
full-bodied
adj.
Having richness and intensity of flavor or aroma: a full-bodied wine.
Rich and intense: a full-bodied performance of the aria.
fulminate
to speak angrily against sth

v.intr.
To issue a thunderous verbal attack or denunciation: fulminated against political chicanery.
To explode or detonate.
v.tr.
To issue (a denunciation, for example) thunderously.
To cause to explode.
fulsome
adj.
Offensively flattering or insincere. See synonyms at unctuous.
Offensive to the taste or sensibilities.
Usage Problem. Copious or abundant.

e.g. fulsome expressions fulsome praise
fulsomeness
虚情假意, 谄媚
fumigate
v.
to clear disease, bacteria, insects etc from somewhere using chemicals, smoke or gas.
fumes
Disagreeable smoke, vapor or gas.

If you breathe the fumes from the car engine, you will get sick.
fume
n.
Vapor, gas, or smoke, especially if irritating, harmful, or strong.
A strong or acrid odor.
A state of resentment or vexation.

v., fumed, fum·ing, fumes.

v.tr.
To subject to or treat with fumes.
To give off in or as if in fumes.
v.intr.
To emit fumes.
To rise in fumes.
To feel or show resentment or vexation.
n. - 臭氣, 激怒, 煙
v. tr. - 燻
v. intr. - 冒煙, 發怒, 冒出, 怒氣衝衝地說話
furlough
n.
vacation
furbish
v.
polish
functionary
n.小官, 低级公务员
furtive
adj. secret

e..g The thief was furtive in his movements.
fusillade
1. 连发
2 a rapid series of questions or remarks
fustian
n. - 粗斜條棉布, 浮誇, 誇大的話
adj. - 粗斜條棉布的, 誇大的, 誇飾的

IN BRIEF: A thick cotton cloth with a short nap such as corduroy. Also: Pompous or pretentious talking or writing.

They were looking for some fustian such as velveteen to make the intricate costumes.
gabble
v. 急促而不清楚地说
gadfly
n. - 形似蒼蠅, 討厭的人, 牛蠅
gaffe
A clumsy social error; a faux pas: “The excursion had in his eyes been a monstrous gaffe, a breach of sensibility and good taste” (Mary McCarthy).
A blatant mistake or misjudgment.
gaggle
n. 鹅群
gaiety
n. 快乐, 快活
gargoyle
n.
A roof spout in the form of a grotesque or fantastic creature projecting from a gutter to carry rainwater clear of the wall.
A grotesque ornamental figure or projection.
A person of bizarre or grotesque appearance.
garish
overcolored, over-decorated
garnish
v. decorate (on food)

e.g. garnish sth with
garrulous
adj. 唠叨的, 多话的
garrulity
n. 唠叨, 饶舌
gash
深长的伤口, 裂缝

make a gash in ...
gastritic
adj. 胃的, 谓部的
gastritis
n. 胃炎
gastronomy
美食法, 美食学
gauche
adj.
Lacking social polish; tactless
gaucherie
n.
An awkward or tactless act, manner, or expression.
A lack of tact; awkwardness.
gaudy
clothese, lolors etc that are gaudy are too bright and look cheap.

e.g. gaudy jewelry
gauge
n. - 標準度量, 計量器
v. tr. - 精確計量, 估計

e.g. agriculture production as a gauge of the economy's effectiveness.
gaunt
haggard
gavel
小木追
gazetteer
n.
A geographic dictionary or index.
地名辞典
gale
n.
A very strong wind.

Any of four winds with speeds of from 32 to 63 miles (51 to 102 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale.
A fresh gale.
A forceful outburst: gales of laughter.
gall
1. 胆汁, 苦的东西, 苦味, 怨恨
2. 肿痛, 擦伤, 磨损处, 鞍伤, 瑕疵, 擦痛, 激怒, 磨损, 羞辱

3. 肿痛, 擦伤, 磨损处, 鞍伤, 瑕疵
gallant
adj. - 英勇的, 華麗的, 壯麗的
n. - 豪俠, 殷勤的男士, 時髦男士, 求愛者
v. tr. - 向...求愛, 伴送
v. intr. - 調情, 求愛
gallantry
n.
勇敢, 殷勤
galley
n. pl. -eys 1. a low, flat ship with one or more sails and up to three banks of oars, chiefly used for warfare, trade, and piracy.

2. a long rowboat used as a ship's boat.

3. the kitchen in a ship or aircraft.
n. - 單層甲板大帆船, 活版盤, 船上的廚房, 長條校樣
gallop
(马)飞奔
e.g. The horse galloped down the hill.
gallows
n. a structure used for killing criminals by hanging them from a rope.
galvanize
1. 电镀
2。 激励
gambol
n.
caper, frolic
To leap about playfully; frolic.

n.
A playful skipping or frolicking about.
gamut
the complete range of possibilites.
gander
n.
雄鹅
v. 闲逛 (?)
IN BRIEF: A male goose. Also: A glance.

Take a gander at that store window.
gangway
n. 跳板
garble
e.g. The newspaper gave a garbled account of the meeting.
gardenia
栀子 花
genial
adj.
Having a pleasant or friendly disposition or manner. See synonyms at gracious.
Conducive to life, growth, or comfort; mild: “the genial sunshine . . . saturating his miserable body with its warmth” (Jack London).
geniality
noun

The quality of being pleasant and friendly: affability, agreeability, agreeableness, amenity, amiability, amiableness, congeniality, congenialness, cordiality, cordialness, friendliness, genialness, pleasantness, sociability, sociableness, warmth. See attitude/good attitude/bad attitude/neutral attitude, good/bad.
genuflect
intr.v., -flect·ed, -flect·ing, -flects.
To bend the knee or touch one knee to the floor or ground, as in worship.
To be servilely respectful or deferential; grovel.
曲膝, 屈服, 跪
germane + to
adj.
Being both pertinent and fitting. See synonyms at relevant.

adj
Definition: appropriate
Antonyms: improper, inappropriate, irrelevant, unfitting, unrelated, unsuitable

an idean, remark etc that is germane to sth is connected with it in an important and suitable way.

e.g. It is an interesting idea, but not really germane to the main argeement.
gerontology
n。 老人病学
gestation
n.
The period of development in the uterus from conception until birth; pregnancy.
The conception and development of a plan or an idea in the mind.
gesticulate
v.intr.
To make gestures especially while speaking, as for emphasis.

v.tr.
To say or express by gestures.
geyser
天然热喷泉
gibe
v.intr.
To make taunting, heckling, or jeering remarks.

v.tr.
To deride with taunting remarks.

n.
A derisive remark.


e.g. The gibes hurt my feelings.
jibe
1.
v. intr. - 嘲笑, 嘲弄
v. tr. - 嘲笑, 嘲弄
n. - 嘲笑, 嘲弄

2.
v. intr. - 相一致, 符合
gilded
镀金的, 富有的
e.g. gilded boys and girls
gimmick
n.
1. a trick or an object that makes you notice a product and want to buy it.

e.g. advertising gimmicks

2. sth unusual that sb does to make people notice you.
girder
beam

.
A beam, as of steel, wood, or reinforced concrete, used as a main horizontal support in a building or bridge.
girdle
v. 环绕

e.g. He girdled the world twice.
glade
n. 林中空地
glamorous
adj.
迷人的, 富有魅力的
glare
IN BRIEF: An angry stare. Also: A strong, blinding light.

It was difficult to see the road because of the glare of the sun on the windshield.

1.
v. intr. - 怒目注視, 顯眼, 引人注目, 眩目地照射
v. tr. - 用憤怒的目光表示
n. - 瞪眼, 怒視, 引人注目, 顯眼, 刺眼的強光
glaring
adj.
Shining intensely and blindingly: the glaring noonday sun.
Tastelessly showy or bright; garish.
Conspicuous; obvious: a glaring error. See synonyms at flagrant.
Staring with anger, fierceness, or hostility: glaring eyes.

Meaning #1: shining intensely
Synonyms: blazing, blinding, dazzling, fulgent, glary


Meaning #2: conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible
Synonyms: crying, egregious, flagrant, gross, rank
glee
n.
Jubilant delight; joy.
There was such glee and laughter at the party!
n. - 歡樂, 高興
gleeful
joyful
glib
Performed with a natural, offhand ease: glib conversation.
Showing little thought, preparation, or concern: a glib response to a complex question.
Marked by ease and fluency of speech or writing that often suggests or stems from insincerity, superficiality, or deceitfulness.
adj. - 能說善道的
glimmer
n.
A dim or intermittent flicker or flash of light.
A faint manifestation or indication; a trace: a glimmer of understanding.
intr.v., -mered, -mer·ing, -mers.
To emit a dim or intermittent light. See synonyms at flash.
To appear faintly or indistinctly: Hope still glimmered in our minds.

v. intr. - 發出微光, 閃爍不定
n. - 一絲光線, 微光
glisten
To glisten is to shine with a sparkling luster: The snow glistened in the dawn light.
v. intr. - 閃耀, 反光
n. - 閃耀, 閃光
gore
凝血, 血块
gory
adj., -ri·er, -ri·est.
Covered or stained with gore; bloody.
Full of or characterized by bloodshed and violence.
血淋淋的, 血污的, 满是血的
gorge
n. 1. ravine
2. to eat until you are too full to eat any more
gorge oneself 吃得太多, 塞飽
gorgon
蛇发女怪, 丑妇, 可怕的女人
gormandize
v. 拼命吃, 贪吃
gosling
n. 小鹅, 年轻无知的人
gospel
n. 教义, 信条
gossamer
n.
A soft sheer gauzy fabric.
Something delicate, light, or flimsy.
A fine film of cobwebs often seen floating in the air or caught on bushes or grass.
adj.
Sheer, light, delicate, or tenuous. See synonyms at airy.


IN BRIEF: Soft light delicate material.

The gossamer threads of the spider web glittered in the morning light.
n. - 蛛絲, 薄紗
adj. - 薄弱的, 輕飄飄的
gouge
n.
A chisel with a rounded, troughlike blade.

A scooping or digging action, as with such a chisel.
A groove or hole scooped with or as if with such a chisel.
Informal. A large amount, as of money, exacted or extorted.
tr.v., gouged, goug·ing, goug·es.
To cut or scoop out with or as if with a gouge: “He began to gouge a small pattern in the sand with his cane” (Vladimir Nabokov).

To force out the eye of (a person) with one's thumb.
To thrust one's thumb into the eye of.
Informal. To extort from.
Slang. To swindle.
n. - 圓鑿, 以圓鑿刨, 溝
v. tr. - 用圓鑿子削除, 挖出, 欺騙
gourd
n. - 葫蘆, 瓢
gourmand
n. 嗜食者
graft
v.n.
嫁接, 贪污
IN BRIEF: Something transplanted, as a body organ or seedling. Also: To get money by dishonest means.

The perception of truth must be a growth from within. It cannot be a graft.
gloaming
n.
Twilight; dusk.
Lights began blinking on in the gloaming as the day ended.
gloss
1.
n. - 光澤, 色澤, 虛飾, 假像
v. tr. - 上光, 掩蓋, 使有光澤, 掩飾
v. intr. - 發光, 作注釋

idioms:

gloss over 掩飾, 掩蓋
2.
n. - 注解, 評注
v. tr. - 在...上作注解
n
Definition: definition
Antonyms: misinformation

n

Definition: shine, sheen
Antonyms: dullness

v

Definition: conceal truth
Antonyms: clear up, exaggerate, explain, overemphasize, reveal

v

Definition: define
Antonyms: misinform

v

Definition: make shiny
Antonyms: dull
glower
to look angrily at sb

To look or stare angrily or sullenly. See synonyms at frown.

n.
An angry or sullen look or stare.


e.g Instead of answering he just glowered at me.

To stare angrily.

The child would often glower when the homework was too difficult.
glutton
n.
A person who eats or consumes immoderate amounts of food and drink.
A person with an inordinate capacity to receive or withstand something: a glutton for punishment.
n. - 暴食者, 酷愛...的人

idioms:

glutton for punishment 吃苦耐勞的人
gluttony
n暴饮暴食
gnarled
adj. - 多瘤的, 粗糙的, 多節的
adj.
Having gnarls; knotty or misshapen: gnarled branches.
Morose or peevish; crabbed.
Rugged and roughened, as from old age or work: the gnarled hands of a carpenter.
gnat
n.
Any of various small, biting, two-winged flies, such as a punkie or black fly.

蚊子
gnaw
IN BRIEF: To bite and wear away bit by bit with the teeth.

Do what you love. Know your own bone; gnaw at it, bury it, unearth it, and gnaw it still. — Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862).

v. tr. - 咬, 齧, 啃, 咬成, 咬斷, 消耗
v. intr. - 啃, 齧, 侵蝕, 消耗, 煩惱
gnawing
adj.
painful or worrying, esp only slightly but for a long time.
痛苦的, 折磨人的
gneiss
片岩石
gnome
n.
One of a fabled race of dwarflike creatures who live underground and guard treasure hoards.
In the occult philosophy of Paracelsus, a being that has earth as its element.
[French, from New Latin gnomus.]

gnomish gnom'ish adj.
gnome2 (nōm)
n.
A pithy saying that expresses a general truth or fundamental principle; an aphorism.


IN BRIEF: A dwarf in folk tales who lives inside the earth and guards treasures there.

Many people think that having a garden gnome in their yard will bring them good luck.
1.
n. - 格言, 矮人

2.
n. - 地精, 土地神
gnomic
adj.
格言的, 精辟的
gobble
v.
to eat sth very quickly or in a way people do not consider polite
goblet
n.
A drinking vessel, such as a glass, that has a stem and base.
高脚杯, 酒杯
gollop
n.大口吞咽
granary
A building for storing threshed grain.
A region yielding much grain.
grandiloquent
adjective

Characterized by language that is elevated and sometimes pompous in style: aureate, bombastic, declamatory, flowery, fustian, high-flown, high-sounding, magniloquent, orotund, overblown, rhetorical, sonorous, swollen. See plain/fancy, style/good style/bad style, words.

夸张的, 浮夸的, 夸大的
grandiose
adj.
Characterized by greatness of scope or intent; grand. See synonyms at grand.
Characterized by feigned or affected grandeur; pompous

adjective

Large and impressive in size, scope, or extent: august, baronial, grand, imposing, lordly, magnific, magnificent, majestic, noble, princely, regal, royal, splendid, stately, sublime, superb. See big/small/amount, good/bad.
Characterized by an exaggerated show of dignity or self-importance: hoity-toity, pompous, pretentious, puffed-up, puffy, self-important. Informal highfalutin. See plain/fancy.

IN BRIEF: Having an imposing style or effect.

The climber had grandiose ideas of being the first to scale the as yet unclimbed peak.
adj. - 宏偉的, 堂皇的, 宏大的
grasping
adj.
Exceedingly eager for material gain; avaricious.

adj
Definition: greedy
Antonyms: altruistic, generous, unselfish

Meaning #1: understanding with difficulty


Meaning #2: the act of gripping something firmly with the hands
Synonyms: taking hold, seizing, prehension



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The adjective grasping has one meaning:

Meaning #1: immoderately desirous of acquiring e.g. wealth
Synonyms: avaricious, covetous, grabby, greedy, prehensile
grate
1.
v. tr. - 摩擦, 磨碎
v. intr. - 發摩擦聲, 使人煩躁, 刺激, 發咯吱聲
n. - 壁爐, 爐

2.
n. - 壁爐, 爐
v. tr. - 裝爐柵於, 裝格柵於
IN BRIEF: n. - A frame of iron bars to hold a fire; A barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air; A harsh rasping sound made by scraping something.
grating
adjective

Disagreeable to the sense of hearing: dry, harsh, hoarse, jarring, rasping, raspy, raucous, rough, scratchy, squawky, strident. See sounds/pleasant sounds/unpleasant sounds/neutral sounds or silence.
gratify
To please or satisfy: His achievement gratified his father. See synonyms at please.
To give what is desired to; indulge: gratified her curiosity.

v
Definition: give pleasure; satisfy
Antonyms: annoy, disappoint, displease, dissatisfy, disturb, frustrate, offend, pain, upset
gratification
n. 满足, 喜悦
gratuitous
adj.
Given or granted without return or recompense; unearned.
Given or received without cost or obligation; free.
Unnecessary or unwarranted; unjustified: gratuitous criticism.

adj
Definition: free
Antonyms: costly, expensive, paid

adj

Definition: not necessary
Antonyms: deserved, justifiable, necessary, needed, reasonable, warranted
免费的, 无理由的
graze
v. 吃草, 放牧
gravity
n.
Physics.
The natural force of attraction exerted by a celestial body, such as Earth, upon objects at or near its surface, tending to draw them toward the center of the body.
The natural force of attraction between any two massive bodies, which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
Gravitation.
Grave consequence; seriousness or importance: They are still quite unaware of the gravity of their problems.
Solemnity or dignity of manner.
greenhorn
n.
An inexperienced or immature person, especially one who is easily deceived.
A newcomer, especially one who is unfamiliar with the ways of a place or group.
生手, 不懂世故的人, 无经验的人
gregarious
adj.爱社交的
gridiron
n.
Football.
The field of play.
The game itself.
A metal structure high above the stage of a theater, from which ropes or cables are strung to scenery and lights.

A flat framework of parallel metal bars used for broiling meat or fish.
An object resembling such a framework.
grevious
adj. very serious and likely to be very harmful.

e.g. a grevious accident

2. severe
a grevious pain.
grille
(bank, or postal office)铁删
grim
Unrelenting; rigid.
Uninviting or unnerving in aspect; forbidding: “undoubtedly the grimmest part of him was his iron claw” (J.M. Barrie).
Ghastly; sinister: “He made a grim jest at the horrifying nature of his wound” (Reginald Pound). See synonyms at ghastly.
Dismal; gloomy: a grim, rainy day.
Ferocious; savage: the grim advance of the pillaging army.

adj
Definition: hopeless, horrible in manner, appearance
Antonyms: bright, cheerful, happy, hopeful, joyful, sunny

adjective

Firmly, often unreasonably immovable in purpose or will: adamant, adamantine, brassbound, die-hard, implacable, incompliant, inexorable, inflexible, intransigent, iron, obdurate, relentless, remorseless, rigid, stubborn, unbendable, unbending, uncompliant, uncompromising, unrelenting, unyielding. Idioms: stubborn as amuleox. See resist/yield.
Cold and forbidding: austere, bleak, dour, hard, harsh, severe, stark. See attitude/good attitude/bad attitude/neutral attitude, hot/cold/lukewarm.
Shockingly repellent: ghastly, grisly, gruesome, hideous, horrible, horrid, lurid, macabre. See beautiful/ugly.

adj. - 冷酷的, 可怕的, 殘忍的
grimace
to twist your face
e.g. He grimaced with pain
grind
n. tedious work
e.g. Do you find learning English a grind?

the daily grind
v. tr. - 磨擦, 磨光, 磨碎
v. intr. - 磨, 磨碎, 碾, 磨光
n. - 磨, 研磨, 苦差使, 磨擦聲, 單調的事
gripping
adjective

Catching and holding the full attention: absorbing, consuming, engrossing, enthralling. See excite/bore/interest.
grisly
Inspiring repugnance; gruesome. See synonyms at ghastly.

adjective

Shockingly repellent: ghastly, grim, gruesome, hideous, horrible, horrid, lurid, macabre. See beautiful/ugly.
可怕的, 严重的, 厉害的
groggy
Unsteady and dazed; shaky.

adj
Definition: dizzy, stunned
Antonyms: clear, clear-headed, cognizant
酒醉的, 摇摇晃晃的, 东歪西倒的
grit
n
Definition: courage, determination
Antonyms: cowardice, timidity, weakness
. - 砂礫, 膽量, 砂岩
v. tr. - 咬緊, 咬牙切齒地說
v. intr. - 發出刺耳摩擦聲

n.
Minute rough granules, as of sand or stone.
The texture or fineness of sand or stone used in grinding.
A coarse hard sandstone used for making grindstones and millstones.
Informal. Indomitable spirit; pluck.

v., grit·ted, grit·ting, grits.

v.tr.
To clamp (the teeth) together.
To cover or treat with grit.
v.intr.
To make a grinding noise.
groove
n. - 凹槽, 最佳狀態, 慣例
v. tr. - 在...上開出溝, 使陷入常規, 用溝連接, 使極快活
v. intr. - 被槽連接, 形成溝槽, 被配上槽, 陷入常規

IN BRIEF: A long narrow cut, slot, or worn place. Also: A situation or an activity that one enjoys or to which one is especially well suited.

If you don't like what you are doing, you can always pick up your needle and move to another groove. — Timothy Leary (1920-1996).
gulch
n.
A small ravine, especially one cut by a torrent.
gull
Any of various chiefly coastal aquatic birds of the family Laridae, having long wings, webbed feet, a thick, slightly hooked beak, and usually gray and white plumage.

[Middle English gulle, possibly of Brythonic origin.]


gull2 (gŭl)
n.
A person who is easily tricked or cheated; a dupe.

tr.v., gulled, gull·ing, gulls.
To deceive or cheat.

noun

A person who is easily deceived or victimized: butt3, dupe, fool, lamb, pushover, victim. Informal sucker. Slang fall guy, gudgeon, mark, monkey, patsy, pigeon, sap1. Chiefly British mug. See wise/foolish.
verb

To get money or something else from by deceitful trickery: bilk, cheat, cozen, defraud, mulct, rook, swindle, victimize. Informal chisel, flimflam, take, trim. Slang diddle1, do, gyp, stick, sting. See honest/dishonest.
1.
n. - 鷗, 海鷗

2.
n. - 易受騙的人
v. tr. - 欺騙
gullible
adj. easily to be deceived.
gulp
verb

To swallow (food or drink) greedily or rapidly in large amounts: bolt, down, englut, engorge, gobble, guzzle, ingurgitate, swill, wolf. See ingestion.
noun

An act of swallowing: ingestion, swallow. See mouth.

IN BRIEF: To swallow in a hurried or greedy way.

She took a big gulp of air before she dove to the bottom of the deep pool. v. tr. - 吞, 抑制
v. intr. - 吞咽
n. - 吞咽
gush
v. 涌出, 滔滔不绝地说

e.g. mother gushing over their babies.
gusher
滔滔不绝的说话者, 喷油井
gust
n.
A strong, abrupt rush of wind.
A sudden burst, as of rain or smoke.
An outburst of emotion.
1.
n. - 一陣強風, 爆發, 一陣突發
v. intr. - 一陣陣地勁吹
gustation
n.
The act of tasting.
The sense of tasting.
尝味, 味觉
gusto
嗜好, 兴致勃勃
if you do sth with gusto, you do it with a lot of eagerness and energy.
gutless
coward
gutter
n.
水槽, 街沟
guttle
to eat greedily
guttural
adj. 咽喉的
guy
.
A rope, cord, or cable used to steady, guide, or secure something.

tr.v., guyed, guy·ing, guys.
To steady, guide, or secure with a rope, cord, or cable.
guzzle
guttle
gynecocracy
n., pl. -cies or -cies.
Government by women.
A society ruled by women.
gynecoid
adj.
Characteristic of a woman.
gutturo
n.
gyrate
intr.v., -rat·ed, -rat·ing, -rates.
To revolve around a fixed point or axis.
To move in spiral or spirallike course. See synonyms at turn.
To oscillate or vary, especially in a repetitious pattern: Stock prices gyrated around last week's high.
adj. Biology.
In rings; coiled or convoluted.
v. intr. - 旋轉, 不停地轉動
adj. - 旋渦狀的
hack
1.
n. - 出租的馬, 老馬, 騎用的馬, 計程車
v. tr. - 出租, 用舊, 雇...寫文章, 使變陳腐
v. intr. - 騎馬, 駕駛計程車
adj. - 出租的

2.
v. tr. - 劈, 砍, 開闢, 亂砍, 對付
v. intr. - 劈, 砍, 短促頻繁地乾咳, 亂砍
n. - 劈, 砍, 斧頭, 劈或砍的工具, 砍痕
gyral
adj.
Moving in a circle or spiral; gyratory.
Of or relating to a gyrus.

旋转的
grope
v., groped, grop·ing, gropes.

v.intr.
To reach about uncertainly; feel one's way: groped for the telephone.
To search blindly or uncertainly: grope for an answer.
v.tr.
To make (one's way) by reaching about uncertainly.
Slang. To handle or fondle for sexual pleasure.
n.
The act or an instance of groping.
gross
Exclusive of deductions; total: gross profits. See synonyms at whole.
Unmitigated in any way; utter: gross incompetence.
Glaringly obvious: gross injustice. See synonyms at flagrant.

Brutishly coarse, as in behavior; crude: “It is futile to expect a hungry and squalid population to be anything but violent and gross” (Thomas H. Huxley).
Offensive; disgusting.
Lacking sensitivity or discernment; unrefined:
Carnal; sensual.

Overweight; corpulent.
Dense; profuse.
Broad; general: the gross outlines of a plan.

IN BRIEF: Disgusting, coarse or vulgar. Also: Twelve dozen.

People want to know why I do this, why I write such gross stuff.
grotesque
adj.
Characterized by ludicrous or incongruous distortion, as of appearance or manner.
Outlandish or bizarre, as in character or appearance. See synonyms at fantastic.
Of, relating to, or being the grotesque style in art or a work executed in this style.
n.
One that is grotesque.

A style of painting, sculpture, and ornamentation in which natural forms and monstrous figures are intertwined in bizarre or fanciful combinations.
A work of art executed in this style.

IN BRIEF: Unnaturally odd or ugly.

Some Halloween masks are unusually grotesque.
adj. - 奇怪的, 可笑的
n. - 怪異風格, 怪異的東西, 怪誕的圖樣
grouch
n.
A habitually complaining or irritable person.
A grumbling or sulky mood: in a grouch about the long line for tickets.
A complaint; a grudge: had only one grouch against the landlord.
intr.v., grouched, grouch·ing, grouch·es.
To grumble or sulk.
n. - 不高興的人, 心懷不滿
v. intr. - 鬧脾氣, 發牢騷
grouse
To complain; grumble.

n.
A cause for complaint; a grievance.

verb

To express negative feelings, especially of dissatisfaction or resentment: complain, grouch, grump, whine. Informal crab, gripe, kick. Slang beef, bellyache, bitch. See feelings, happy/unhappy.
noun

An expression of dissatisfaction or a circumstance regarded as a cause for such expression: complaint, grievance. Informal gripe. Slang beef, kick. Idioms: bone to pick. See happy/unhappy.

1.
n. - 松雞

2.
v. intr. - 發牢騷, 抱怨
n. - 牢騷, 抱怨
grumble
grouch, grouse, grudge.

e.g.
He has everything he needs, he as nothing to grumble about.
grudge
To be reluctant to give or admit: even grudged the tuition money.
To resent for having; begrudge: grudged him his good ways with the children.
n.
A deep-seated feeling of resentment or rancor: bears a grudge about the accident.

IN BRIEF: A lasting feeling of resentment because of a wrong committed.

To carry a grudge is like being stung to death by one bee
n. - 怨恨, 惡意
v. tr. - 懷恨, 吝惜, 嫉妒

idioms:

bear a grudge 含怨, 懷有怨恨
grudge match 不友好的比賽
grove
IN BRIEF: n. - Garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth; A small growth of trees without underbrush.
grovel
verb

To support slavishly every opinion or suggestion of a superior: bootlick, cringe, fawn, kowtow, slaver, toady, truckle. Informal apple-polish, brownnose, cotton. Slang suck up. Idioms: curry favor, dance attendance, kiss someone's feet, lick someone's boots. See over/under.

v
Definition: abase, demean oneself
Antonyms: boast
v. intr. - 趴, 卑躬屈膝, 匍匐

IN BRIEF: Humble oneself. Also: To crawl or creep in fear.

Try not to grovel when you ask the judge for a pardon.
groveler
n.乞怜者
growl
v. intr. - 嗥叫, 轟鳴, 咆哮
v. tr. - 咆哮著說
n. - 嗥叫, 轟鳴, 咆哮
gruesome
grim, grisly

e.g the gruesome details of a murder.
grumpy
Surly and peevish; cranky.
cantankerous, fractious
guarded
adj. - 被防護著的, 警戒著的, 被監視著的
adj.
Protected; defended.
Watched over; supervised.
Cautious; restrained: We view these changes with guarded optimism.
guffaw
n.
A hearty, boisterous burst of laughter.

intr.v., -fawed, -faw·ing, -faws.
To laugh heartily and boisterously.
guillotine
. - 斷頭臺, 切除器, 截斷機
v. tr. - 以斷頭臺斬首, 以截斷機切
hackney
trite
hemophilia
n. - 血友病
hemorrhage
n.
Excessive discharge of blood from the blood vessels; profuse bleeding.
A copious loss of something valuable: a hemorrhage of corporate earnings.

v., -rhaged, -rhag·ing, -rhag·es.

v.intr.
To bleed copiously.
To undergo a rapid and sudden loss: a gubernatorial candidate whose popularity hemorrhaged after a disastrous debate.
v.tr.
To lose (something valuable) rapidly and in quantity: The company was hemorrhaging capital when it was bought by another firm.
hemostat
n. 止血剂
haft
n。 柄 把柄
haggard
gaunt
haggle
v. to aruge, esp when trying to agree about the price of sth.
halcyon
adj.
Calm and peaceful; tranquil.
Prosperous; golden: halcyon years.

IN BRIEF: Calm and peaceful.

My heart is like a rainbow shell That paddles in a halcyon sea.
hallow
v. consecrate

tr.v., -lowed, -low·ing, -lows.
To make or set apart as holy.
To respect or honor greatly; revere.
tr.v., -lowed, -low·ing, -lows.
To make or set apart as holy.
To respect or honor greatly; revere.
hallowed
adj.
神圣的
halo
IN BRIEF: A ring of light appearing to surround the sun or moon or around the head of a saint or angel.

Every saint has a bee in his halo. — Elbert Hubbard (1856-1915)
n. - 暈輪, 榮光, 光圈
v. tr. - 使有暈輪, 圍以光環
halting
adj.
踌躇的, 吞吞吐吐的, esp when you are not confident
hamper
v. 妨碍
n. 有盖提篮
hangar
飞机库
hangover
n.
Unpleasant physical effects following the heavy use of alcohol.
A letdown, as after a period of excitement.
A vestige; a holdover: hangovers from prewar legislation.
n. - 殘留物, 宿醉, 遺物

IN BRIEF: n. - Something that has survived from the past; An official who remains in office after his term; Disagreeable aftereffects from the use of drugs (especially alcohol).
hapless
adj. 不幸的
harangue
n.
A long pompous speech, especially one delivered before a gathering.
A speech or piece of writing characterized by strong feeling or expression; a tirade.

v., -rangued, -rangu·ing, -rangues.

v.tr.
To deliver a harangue to.

v.intr.
To deliver a harangue.

IN BRIEF: A long passionate speech.

He's a wonderful talker, who has the art of telling you nothing in a great harangue.
n. - 高談闊論, 熱烈的演說
v. tr. - 滔滔不絕地演講
v. intr. - 高談闊論, 慷慨陳詞
harbinger
a sign that sth is going to happen soon.
先驱, 先兆

n.
One that indicates or foreshadows what is to come; a forerunner.

tr.v., -gered, -ger·ing, -gers.
To signal the approach of; presage.
hard-bitten
adj.
不屈的, 顽强的
hardheaded
practical and able to make difficult decisions without letting your emotions affect your judgement.

Meaning #1: unreasonably rigid in the face of argument or entreaty or attack
Synonym: mulish


Meaning #2: guided by practical experience and observation rather than theory
Synonyms: hard-nosed, practical, pragmatic
hardihood
adacity

n.
Boldness and daring.
Impudence or insolence.
hardy
adj.
耐寒的, 强壮的

hardy animals
harpoon
n.
A spearlike weapon with a barbed head used in hunting whales and large fish.

tr.v., -pooned, -poon·ing, -poons.
To strike, kill, or capture with or as if with a spearlike weapon.

n. - 魚叉
v. tr. - 用魚叉叉, 用魚叉捕獲
harpsichord
n.
A keyboard instrument whose strings are plucked by means of quills or plectrums.

大键琴
harridan
凶恶的老妇 a bad-tempered unpleasant woman.
harrow
n.
A farm implement consisting of a heavy frame with sharp teeth or upright disks, used to break up and even off plowed ground.

tr.v., -rowed, -row·ing, -rows.
To break up and level (soil or land) with a harrow.
To inflict great distress or torment on.
harrowing
adj.
Extremely distressing; agonizing: a harrowing experience
adj. - 痛心的, 悲慘的
hassle
n.
An argument or a fight.
Trouble; bother.

v., -sled, -sling, -sles.

v.intr.
To argue or fight: customers hassling with merchants over high prices.

v.tr.
To bother or harass: street gangs hassling passersby.
heckle
v. 质问

e.g. heckle the performers with shouts
heckler
the person who heckles
hector
n.
A bully.


v., -tored, -tor·ing, -tors.

v.tr.
To intimidate or dominate in a blustering way.

v.intr.
To behave like a bully; swagger.

noun

One who is habitually cruel to smaller or weaker people: browbeater, bulldozer, bully, intimidator. Archaic brave. See over/under.
verb

To domineer or drive into compliance by the use of as threats or force, for example: bludgeon, browbeat, bulldoze, bully, bullyrag, cow, intimidate, menace, threaten. Informal strong-arm. See over/under.
To torment with persistent insult or ridicule: badger, bait, bullyrag, heckle, hound, taunt. Informal needle, ride. Idioms: wave the red flag in front of the bull. See treat well/treat badly/treat.
v. tr. - 欺凌, 威嚇
v. intr. - 欺凌, 欺壓, 威嚇
n. - 作威作福的人
hedge
n 树篱, 限制

a hedge of convention

IN BRIEF: n.- A fence formed by a line of closely planted shrubs or bushes; An intentionally noncommittal or ambiguous statement; Any technique designed to reduce or eliminate financial risk. v. - Minimize loss or risk.

Of all formal things in the world, a clipped hedge is the most formal
hedgedog
刺猥
heed
take care of

e..g heed people's worries and anxies.
heinous
very shocking and immoral
e.g. a heinous crime
heiress
n.
A woman who is an heir, especially to great wealth. See Usage Note at –ess.
heliotrope
n. 向阳植物
helm
n.
Nautical. The steering gear of a ship, especially the tiller or wheel.
A position of leadership or control: at the helm of the government.
tr.v., helmed, helm·ing, helms.
To take the helm of; steer or direct.

1.
n. - 領導地位

2.
n. - 舵, 舵輪, 舵柄
v. tr. - 給...掌舵, 指揮
helmsman
舵手
helot
A person in servitude; a serf.
helping
n. 一份食物

I'd like a second helping, I am still so hungry.

IN BRIEF: n. - An individual quantity of food or drink taken as part of a meal. v. - Providing assistance to; Contributing aid to; Cooperating with; Relieving.

Build your reputation by helping other people build theirs.
helve
n.
A handle of a tool, such as an ax, chisel, or hammer.
Meaning #1: the handle of a weapon or tool
Synonym: haft
henpecked
To dominate or harass (one's husband) with persistent nagging.
v. tr. - 嘮叨責罵不休
hatch
1.
n. - 艙口, 下半扇門, 天窗

idioms:

batten down the hatches 做好萬全的準備
hatch out 孵出, 策劃孵出, 策劃
2.
v. tr. - 在...上面劃影線
n. - 孵化, 艙口

3.
v. intr. - 孵化, 出殼
v. tr. - 孵出, 策劃
n. - 孵化, 一窩
hatchet
n.
A small, short-handled ax for use in one hand.
A tomahawk.
haughty
傲慢的, 不逊的, 骄傲的
IN BRIEF: Having or showing too much pride in oneself and scorn for others.

The soccer forward felt pretty haughty when she scored the goal despite it being an accidental shot.
haughtiness
n. arrogance
haunt
v. tr. - 常到, 縈繞於, 出沒於
v. intr. - 出沒, 作祟
n. - 常去的地方, 巢穴, 棲息地
haunting
adj.
Continually recurring to the mind; unforgettable: a haunting melody.
hauteur
.
Haughtiness in bearing and attitude; arrogance.
haven
n. a place where people go to be safe.
haversack
n.
A bag carried over one shoulder to transport supplies, as on a hike.
hawser
n.
A cable or rope used in mooring or towing a ship.
大缆, 曳船索, 系船索
heading
n.
1. 标题
2 航向
heap
n.
A group of things placed or thrown, one on top of the other: a heap of dirty rags lying in the corner.
Informal. A great deal; a lot. Often used in the plural: We have heaps of homework tonight.
Slang. An old or run-down car.
tr.v., heaped, heap·ing, heaps.
To put or throw in a pile.
To fill completely or to overflowing: heap a plate with vegetables.
To bestow in abundance or lavishly: heaped praise on the rescuers.
hearsay
n. 谣传, 道听途说
heavy-handed
adj.
笨手笨脚的
hecatomb
n.
A large-scale sacrifice or slaughter.
A sacrifice to the ancient Greek and Roman gods consisting originally of 100 oxen or cattle.
herald
n.传令官, 预示
a sign that sth is going to happen soon.
herbaceous
IN BRIEF: Having to do with plants that have little or no woody tissue.

Many herbaceous plants cannot withstand the frosts of winter.
草本的, 绿色的, 叶状的
herbivorous
adj.
Feeding on plants; plant-eating.
herd
n.

A group of cattle or other domestic animals of a single kind kept together for a specific purpose.
A number of wild animals of one species that remain together as a group: a herd of elephants.

A large number of people; a crowd: a herd of stranded passengers.
The multitude of common people regarded as a mass: “It is the luxurious and dissipated who set the fashions which the herd so diligently follow” (Henry David Thoreau). See synonyms at flock1.

v., herd·ed, herd·ing, herds.

v.intr.
To come together in a herd: The sheep herded for warmth.

v.tr.
To gather, keep, or drive (animals) in a herd.
To tend (sheep or cattle).
To gather and place into a group or mass: herded the children into the auditorium.
n. - 獸群, 牧人, 人群
v. intr. - 聚在一起, 成群
v. tr. - 群集, 放牧, 使成群
herdsman
n. 牧人
heresy
n.
异端邪说
heretic
异端邪说者
heretical
异端邪说的
hermetic
adj.
Completely sealed, especially against the escape or entry of air.
Impervious to outside interference or influence: the hermetic confines of an isolated life.
often Hermetic
Mythology. Of or relating to Hermes Trismegistus or the works ascribed to him.
Having to do with the occult sciences, especially alchemy; magical.
adj. - 密封的, 神秘的, 煉金術的, 深奧的, 不易理解的
hermit
n. 隐士
hermitage
隐居处
heroics
1 : a heroic verse or poem
2 plural a : flamboyantly heroic language or action b : heroic action or behavior c : determined effort especially in the face of difficulty
heterodox
adj. 异端的, 非正统的
heterodoxy
n.
异端邪说
hew
v. hack, chop

e.g. to hew a tree makes drops of dew fall down.
hiatus
A gap or interruption in space, time, or continuity; a break: “We are likely to be disconcerted by . . . hiatuses of thought” (Edmund Wilson).
Linguistics. A slight pause that occurs when two immediately adjacent vowels in consecutive syllables are pronounced, as in reality and naive.
Anatomy. A separation, aperture, fissure, or short passage in an organ or body part.

noun

An interval during which continuity is suspended: break, gap, interim, lacuna, void. See continue/stop/pause.

IN BRIEF: A break in space or time where a part is missing.

They took a brief hiatus during the conference to discuss an important side issue.
hibiscus
n. - 芙蓉屬的植物, 木槿, 扶桑花

n.
Any of various chiefly tropical shrubs or trees of the genus Hibiscus, having large, showy, variously colored flowers with numerous stamens united into a tube surrounding the style.
hidebound
adj.
Stubbornly prejudiced, narrow-minded, or inflexible.
Having abnormally dry, stiff skin that adheres closely to the underlying flesh. Used of domestic animals such as cattle.
Having the bark so contracted and unyielding as to hinder growth. Used of trees.

adjective

Not tolerant of the beliefs or opinions of others, for example: bigoted, close-minded, illiberal, intolerant, narrow-minded. See accept/reject.

IN BRIEF: Having skin sticking to the underlying flesh. Also: Unwilling to change.

They were very hidebound in their political convictions.
思想偏狭顽固的, 迂腐的, 保守的
hideous
adj.
Repulsive, especially to the sight; revoltingly ugly. See synonyms at ugly.
Offensive to moral sensibilities; despicable.

adjective

Extremely displeasing to the eye: ill-favored, ugly, unsightly. Idioms: ugly as sin. See beautiful/ugly.
Shockingly repellent: ghastly, grim, grisly, gruesome, horrible, horrid, lurid, macabre. See beautiful/ugly.
丑恶的, 可怕的, 可憎的
hierography
Sacred writing
象形文字, 图画文字
highbrow
adj. also high·browed (-broud')
Of, relating to, or being highly cultured or intellectual: They only attend highbrow events such as the ballet or the opera.

n.
One who possesses or affects a high degree of culture or learning.
adj. - 自炫博學的, 不切實際的, 知識份子的
n. - 知識份子, 賣弄知識的人

diff: middlebrow, lowbrow
high-flown
adj.
Exceedingly lofty or exalted: high-flown ideas about the history of Christianity.
Highly pretentious or inflated: high-flown rhetoric.
adj. - 頗有野心的,好高务远的, 誇張的
hilarious
IN BRIEF: Very funny and loud.

I found the joke to be hilarious while other people did not.
喜不自禁的, 愉快的, 欢闹的
hilarity
n. 欢乐, 欢闹
hilt
haft, shaft, helve

hilt
n. the handle of a weapon or tool, especially a sword, dagger, or knife.

Also, up to the hilt. Completely, to the maximum degree, as in The house was mortgaged up to the hilt. This idiom alludes to the handle (hilt) of a sword, the only portion that remains out when the weapon is plunged all the way in. The figurative use of the term was first recorded in 1687.
hinterland
n.内地, 穷乡僻壤
hippopotamus
河马
potamic
河流的
hippocampus
海马
hirsute
adj.
Covered with hair; hairy.
histology
n., pl. -gies.
The anatomical study of the microscopic structure of animal and plant tissues.
The microscopic structure of tissue.
n. - 組織学, 組織構造
homeopathy
顺势疗法
homogenize
v.
使均匀, 使一致
homograph
n. 同形异义字
honorarium
A payment given to a professional person for services for which fees are not legally or traditionally required.

n. - 報酬, 謝禮
honors
honors
Special recognition for unusual academic achievement: graduated from college with honors.
hoodwink
tr.v., -winked, -wink·ing, -winks.
To take in by deceptive means; deceive. See synonyms at deceive.

IN BRIEF: To trick or mislead.

Some students try to hoodwink their parents into thinking that there is no homework.
v. tr. - 遮眼, 蒙蔽, 欺騙
hoof
hoop
(桶)箍, 铁环
hooligan
n. n.
A tough and aggressive or violent youth.

noun

A person who treats others violently and roughly, especially for hire: hoodlum, ruffian, thug, tough. Slang goon, gorilla, hood. See attack/defend, crimes.
小流氓, 不良少年, 阿飞
horde
n.
A large group or crowd; a swarm: a horde of mosquitoes. See synonyms at crowd1.

A nomadic Mongol tribe.
A nomadic tribe or group.
horn
n. - 角, 喇叭, 角質
v. intr. - 吹喇叭
horology
n.
The science of measuring time.
The art of making timepieces.
钟表学, 测时法, 钟表制造术
histrionic
adj.
Of or relating to actors or acting.
Excessively dramatic or emotional; affected.

IN BRIEF: Relating to the theater, actors or acting. Also: Overacted or melodramatic.

That play was a bit too histrionic for my tastes.

adj. - 演員的, 有如演戲的, 演劇的
n. - 演員, 戲劇性, 演劇
histrionics
n.表演,演戏
hitch
v. 搭便车, 套住
e.g. He hitched his dog to the fence-post.
hive
n.

A structure for housing bees, especially honeybees.
A colony of bees living in such a structure.
A place swarming with activity.
n. - 蜂房, 蜜蜂群, 鬧區
v. tr. - 使進蜂房, 儲備
v. intr. - 入蜂房, 群居, 生活在蜂房中, 隱居
hoard
v. n. 密藏
e.g. hoard something behind the board.
hoarse
adj.
husky

e.g. have a sore throat and a hoarse voice.
hoary
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
Gray or white with or as if with age.
Covered with grayish hair or pubescence: hoary leaves.
So old as to inspire veneration; ancient.
adj. - 灰白的, 古代的, 頭髮灰白的
hoax
n.
An act intended to deceive or trick.
Something that has been established or accepted by fraudulent means.
tr.v., hoaxed, hoax·ing, hoax·es.
To deceive or cheat by using a hoax.

IN BRIEF: Mischievous trick played on someone for a joke.

They found out that the surprise test was only a hoax played by the teacher.
n. - 騙局, 惡作劇, 玩笑
v. tr. - 欺騙, 愚弄
hobble
v.intr.
To walk or move along haltingly or with difficulty; limp.

v.tr.
To put a device around the legs of (a horse, for example) so as to hamper but not prevent movement.
To cause to limp.
To hamper the action or progress of; impede. See synonyms at hamper1.
n.
A hobbling walk or gait.
A device, such as a rope or strap, used to hobble an animal.
v. intr. - 蹣跚, 跛行
v. tr. - 使跛行, 阻礙
n. - 跛行, 困境, 縛住馬腳的繩子
hoist
v. 吊起, 升起 n.起重机

e.g.
The war hoisted prices
hold
IN BRIEF: To keep in one's possession. Also: The interior of a ship below deck.

The trick is to hold opinions without letting opinions hold you.
holograph
n.
A document written wholly in the handwriting of the person whose signature it bears.
holster
n. 手枪皮套
homage
n.
Ceremonial acknowledgment by a vassal of allegiance to his lord under feudal law.
Special honor or respect shown or expressed publicly. See synonyms at honor.

SYNONYMS honor, homage, reverence, veneration, deference. These nouns denote admiration, respect, or esteem accorded to another as a right or as due. Honor is the most general term: The hero tried to be worthy of the honor in which he was held. Homage is often in the form of a ceremonial tribute that conveys allegiance: “There is no country in which so absolute a homage is paid to wealth” (Ralph Waldo Emerson). Reverence is a feeling of deep respect and devotion: “Kill reverence and you've killed the hero in man” (Ayn Rand). Veneration is both the feeling and the reverential expression of respect, love, and awe: Her veneration for her mentor never wavered. Deference is courteous, respectful regard for another that often implies yielding to him or her: The funeral was arranged with deference to the family of the deceased.
cauterize
To burn or sear with a cautery.
To deaden, as to feelings or moral scruples; callous.
v. tr. - 燒灼, 使麻木, 腐蝕

IN BRIEF: To burn or sear as with a heated iron.

He cauterized the steel to mold it into a different shape.
homicide
n.
The killing of one person by another.
A person who kills another person.
n. - 殺人, 殺人者
homely
Not attractive or good-looking: a homely child.
Lacking elegance or refinement: homely furniture.
Of a simple or unpretentious nature; plain: homely truths.
Characteristic of the home or of home life: homely skills.
家常的, 丑陋的, 平凡的

Meaning #1: lacking in physical beauty or proportion
Synonym: plain


Meaning #2: having a feeling of home; cozy and comfortable
Synonyms: homelike, homey, homy


Meaning #3: plain and unpretentious


Meaning #4: without artificial refinement or elegance
homiletics
The art of preaching.
horrendous
frightening and terrible
hors d'oeuvre
An appetizer served before a meal.
hortative
adj. 激励的, 鼓励的
horticulture
n.
The science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants.
The cultivation of a garden.
hosepipe
n. 水管,
v. 用水管浇洗
hot water
n.
困境
hound
n. hunting dog
v. harass


n.

A domestic dog of any of various breeds commonly used for hunting, characteristically having drooping ears, a short coat, and a deep resonant voice.
A dog.
A contemptible person; a scoundrel.

One who eagerly pursues something: a gossip hound.
A devotee or an enthusiast: a coffee hound.
tr.v., hound·ed, hound·ing, hounds.
To pursue relentlessly and tenaciously. See synonyms at harass.
To urge insistently; nag: hounded me until I agreed to cut my hair.

SYNONYMS harass, harry, hound, badger, pester, plague. These verbs mean to trouble persistently or incessantly. Harass and harry imply systematic persecution by besieging with repeated annoyances, threats, or demands: The landlord harassed tenants who were behind in their rent. A rude customer had harried the storekeeper. Hound suggests unrelenting pursuit to gain a desired end: Reporters hounded the celebrity for an interview. To badger is to nag or tease persistently: The child badgered his parents for a new bicycle. To pester is to inflict a succession of petty annoyances: “How she would have pursued and pestered me with questions and surmises” (Charlotte Brontë). Plague refers to a problem likened to an epidemic disease: “As I have no estate, I am plagued with no tenants or stewards”
hovel
n. 茅舍, 肮脏的小屋
hover
徘徊
e.g. He is hovering between life and death.
hovercraft
气垫船
howl
v.intr.
To utter or emit a long, mournful, plaintive sound.
To cry or wail loudly, as in pain, sorrow, or anger.
Slang. To laugh heartily.
Slang. To go on a spree.
v.tr.
To express or utter with a howl. See synonyms at shout.

n.
A long wailing cry.
A loud derisive call: the howls of an angry mob.
Slang. Something uproariously funny or absurd.

n. - 吠聲, 號叫
v. intr. - 狂吠, 呼嘯, 咆哮
v. tr. - 吼叫著說, 狂喊著表示
howler
n.
One that howls: a dog that is a persistent howler.
A howler monkey.
Slang. A laughably stupid blunder.
hoyden
野丫头
hubbub
n.
Loud noise; din. See synonyms at noise.
Confusion; tumult.

IN BRIEF: Noisy confusion.

There is always a lot of hubbub in the cafeteria when all of the students are there.
n. - 吵鬧聲, 叫嚷聲, 吶喊聲
hubris
n.
Overbearing pride or presumption; arrogance: “There is no safety in unlimited technological hubris” (McGeorge Bundy).

n. - 傲慢, 驕傲
huckster
hawker
huckleback
n. 驼背
huddle
v. 挤成一堆
n. 一堆人(杂物)
hue
(shade of ) color.

e.g. the hues of the rainbow
huffy
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
Easily offended; touchy.
Irritated or annoyed; indignant.
Arrogant; haughty.

adj., -i·er, -i·est.
Easily offended; touchy.
Irritated or annoyed; indignant.
Arrogant; haughty.

Meaning #1: quick to take offense
Synonyms: thin-skinned, touchy


Meaning #2: (informal) roused to anger
Synonyms: mad, sore
hulk
n. deserted boat
n. a large heavy person of thing.

e.g. a hulk person
hulking
adj. 笨重的
very bigh and often awkard
hull
外壳, 荚, 船身
humdrum
adj. boring and ordinary, and having very little variety or interest.
humility
n.
The quality or condition of being humble.

noun

Lack of vanity or self-importance: humbleness, lowliness, meekness, modesty. See attitude/good attitude/bad attitude/neutral attitude, big/small/amount, self-love/modesty.

n
Definition: humbleness, modesty
Antonyms: arrogance, assertiveness, egoism, pretentiousness, pride, self-importance

n.谦逊, 谦卑, 谦虚
hummingbird
n.蜂鸟
hummock
n.
A low mound or ridge of earth; a knoll.
also ham·mock (hăm'ək) A tract of forested land that rises above an adjacent marsh in the southern United States.
A ridge or hill of ice in an ice field.

IN BRIEF: A rounded pile of dirt or snow.

The gardeners piled the soil into a small hummock at the side of the garden.
n. - 圓丘, 山崗, 小丘
humor
vt.
To comply with the wishes or ideas of; indulge.
To adapt or accommodate oneself to. See synonyms at pamper.
n. - 幽默, 詼諧
v. tr. - 使滿足, 遷就
hunk
Informal. A large piece; a chunk: a hunk of fresh bread.
hypodermic
adj. 皮下注射的
hypotenuse
斜边
hysteria
excessively excitement
hysterical
extremely excited
icicle
IN BRIEF: A pointed, hanging piece of ice formed by water freezing as it drips.

I had stopped to watch a family of brilliant icicles drip-dripping from the eaves of a frame house

n. - 冰柱, 垂冰
icing
n.
A sweet glaze made of sugar, butter, water, and egg whites or milk, often flavored and cooked and used to cover or decorate baked goods, such as cakes or cookies. See Regional Note at frosting.
Sports. A minor violation of the rules in ice hockey in which a player ices the puck, and the puck is not played by the goalie and does not go in the goal. Icing is not called when the team that has iced the puck is killing a penalty.
idiom:
icing on the cake

An additional benefit to something already good.
糖衣
iconoclast
n.
One who attacks and seeks to overthrow traditional or popular ideas or institutions.
One who destroys sacred religious images.
idiocy
n. 愚蠢
idiosyncrasy
n., pl. -sies.
A structural or behavioral characteristic peculiar to an individual or group.
A physiological or temperamental peculiarity.
An unusual individual reaction to food or a drug.

IN BRIEF: Personal mannerism.

For his family, grandpa's one idiosyncrasy of talking too much was hard to bear.
n. - 特質, 特性
idle
v. waste time
adj.

e.g. Don't idle away your time.
idolater
n.
One who worships idols.
One who blindly or excessively admires or adores another.
idolatrous
adj.
Of or having to do with idolatry.
Given to blind or excessive devotion to something: “The religiosity of the [group] is self-righteous and idolatrous. It perceives no virtue in its opponents and magnifies its own” (Christopher Lasch).
Constituting idolatry.
dj. - 崇拜偶像的, 盲目崇拜的
idyll
n.

A short poem or prose piece depicting a rural or pastoral scene, usually in idealized terms.
A narrative poem treating an epic or romantic theme.
A scene or event of a simple and tranquil nature.

A carefree episode or experience: a summer idyll on the coast of France.
A romantic interlude.
igloo
n. 冰屋
hurl
v.
1. hurl sth through/across/over etc
2. hurl abuse/insults/accusations etc at sb: to shout at sb in a lound and angry way
hurly-burly
n., pl. -lies.
Noisy confusion; tumult.

Definition: bustle
Antonyms: calm, order
骚动, 喧嚣
husbandry
n.
n.

The act or practice of cultivating crops and breeding and raising livestock; agriculture.
The application of scientific principles to agriculture, especially to animal breeding.
Careful management or conservation of resources; economy.
n. - 農事, 家政, 耕作
hush
v.tr.
To make silent or quiet.
To calm; soothe.
To keep from public knowledge; suppress mention of. Often used with up: tried to hush up the damaging details.
v.intr.
To be or become silent or still.

n.
A silence or stillness, especially after noise.

v. tr. - 使沈默, 使安靜, 掩蓋
v. intr. - 安靜下來, 沈默
n. - 肅靜, 沈默, 安靜
adj. - 寂靜的, 防止張揚的, 秘密的, 封鎖消息的
husk
n.
The outer membranous or green envelope of some fruits or seeds, as that of a walnut or an ear of corn.
A shell or outer covering, especially when considered worthless.
A framework serving as a support.
tr.v., husked, husk·ing, husks.
To remove the husk from.

n. - 外殼, 無價值之物, 皮
v. tr. - 剝...的殼, 削皮

rice in the husk
husky
Hoarse or rough in quality: a voice husky with emotion.

adjective

Low and grating in sound: croaking, croaky, gruff, hoarse. See sounds/pleasant sounds/unpleasant sounds/neutral sounds or silence.
husky2

adjective

Characterized by marked muscular development; powerfully built: athletic, brawny, burly, muscular, robust, sinewy, sturdy. See strong/weak.
Having a large body, especially in girth: bulky, heavy, hefty, hulking, hulky, stout. See big/small/amount.

1.
adj. - 高大健壯的
n. - 高大健壯的人

2.
n. - 愛斯基摩犬

3.
adj. - 有殼的, 聲音沙啞的
hustler
noun

An intensely energetic, enthusiastic person: dynamo. Informal eager beaver, go-getter, live wire. See concern/unconcern.
n.非常活跃的人, 催促者
hyena
土狼, 贪婪的人, 残酷的人
hyperbole
n. 夸张法
n.
A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in I could sleep for a year or This book weighs a ton.

noun

The act or an instance of exaggerating: exaggeration, hyperbolism, overstatement, tall talk. See increase/decrease.

IN BRIEF: An exaggeration, used to make something seem greater or better than it is.

The speaking in a perpetual hyperbole is comely in nothing but love
hyperbolic
IN BRIEF: Exaggerated or tending to exaggerate.

Both of the candidates' speeches were quite hyperbolic and not totally believable.
hypercritical
adj. 苛求的, 吹毛求疵的
hypersensitive
adj. extremely sensitive
hypnosis
n. n. - 催眠狀態, 催眠
hypnotic
adj.
催眠的
hypochondria
n.
The persistent conviction that one is or is likely to become ill, often involving symptoms when illness is neither present nor likely, and persisting despite reassurance and medical evidence to the contrary. Also called hypochondriasis.
忧郁症, 臆想病
hypochondriac
n.
A person affected with hypochondria.

adj.
Relating to or affected with hypochondria.
IN BRIEF: A person who has a false belief that he or she has a disease or abnormal condition.

So you say you're a hypochondriac. How do you know you just don't think you're a hypochondriac?
hypocrisy
IN BRIEF: Insincerity by pretending to have qualities or beliefs not really held.

Hypocrisy is the homage which vice pays to virtue.
n. - 偽善
igneous
adj.
Of, relating to, or characteristic of fire.

IN BRIEF: Formed by fire or great heat.

Scientists study the igneous rock formed by volcanoes.
adj. - 火的, 火成的, 似火的
ignoble
adj.
ignoble thoughts, feelings, or actions are ones that you should feel ashamed or embarrassed about.

e.g. an ignoble purpose.
ignominy
Great personal dishonor or humiliation.
Shameful or disgraceful action, conduct, or character.

noun

Loss of or damage to one's reputation: bad name, bad odor, discredit, disgrace, dishonor, disrepute, humiliation, ill repute, obloquy, odium, opprobrium, shame. See respect/contempt/standing.

n
Definition: shame
Antonyms: honor
n. - 恥辱
ignominious
adj.
Marked by shame or disgrace: “It was an ignominious end … as a desperate mutiny by a handful of soldiers blossomed into full-scale revolt” (Angus Deming).
Deserving disgrace or shame; despicable.
Degrading; debasing: “The young people huddled with their sodden gritty towels and ignominious goosebumps inside the gray-shingled bathhouse” (John Updike).
可耻的, 下流的, 不名誉的
IN BRIEF: Shameful; dishonorable.

Said I, in scorn all burning hot, In rage and anger high, You ignominious idiot, Those wings are made to fly! — Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935), from A Conservative.
illegality
n. 违法,非法
illegible
adj. 难读的, 难认的
illiberal
adj.
Narrow-minded; bigoted.
Archaic. Ungenerous, mean, or stingy.
adj. - 狹礙的, 吝嗇的, 偏執的
illicit
adj.违法的
illiterate
adj.
文盲的
illuminating
启发(性)的
illumination
The art or act of decorating a text, page, or initial letter with ornamental designs, miniatures, or lettering.
An example of this art.
古书上的图案, 装饰
illusory
adj.
Produced by, based on, or having the nature of an illusion; deceptive: “Secret activities offer presidents the alluring but often illusory promise that they can achieve foreign policy goals without the bothersome debate and open decision that are staples of democracy” (Tom Wicker).

IN BRIEF: Deceiving, false.

There is an untroubled harmony in everything, a full consonance in nature; only in our illusory freedom do we feel at variance with it.
adj. - 產生幻覺的, 錯覺的, 幻影的
illustrious
adj.
Well known and very distinguished; eminent. See synonyms at noted.

adjective

Widely known and esteemed: celebrated, distinguished, eminent, famed, famous, great, notable, noted, preeminent, prestigious, prominent, redoubtable, renowned. See knowledge/ignorance, respect/contempt/standing.
著名的, 明亮的, 辉煌的
imbecile
n.
A stupid or silly person; a dolt.
A person whose mental acumen is well below par.
A person of moderate to severe mental retardation having a mental age of from three to seven years and generally being capable of some degree of communication and performance of simple tasks under supervision. The term belongs to a classification system no longer in use and is now considered offensive.
adj. also im·be·cil·ic (ĭm'bə-sĭl'ĭk)
Stupid; silly.
Well below par in mental acumen.
n. - 低能者, 愚蠢者, 癡呆
adj. - 低能的, 虛弱的, 愚鈍的
imbecility
n. 低能, 愚蠢
imbibe
吸入, 饮
imbroglio
n., pl. -glios.

A difficult or intricate situation; an entanglement.
A confused or complicated disagreement.
A confused heap; a tangle.

IN BRIEF: A confused mass; An acutely painful or embarrassing or misleading situation.

The small town was caught up in an imbroglio over missing funds.

n. - 紛亂, 紛擾, 糾葛
imbue
To inspire or influence thoroughly; pervade: work imbued with the revolutionary spirit. See synonyms at charge.
To permeate or saturate.
To stain or dye deeply.

verb

To cause to be filled, as with a particular mood or tone: charge, freight, impregnate, permeate, pervade, saturate, suffuse, transfuse. See full/empty/capacity.

IN BRIEF: To inspire or influence thoroughly; pervade.

Her speech was imbued with many references to freedom.

e.g. He is imbued with hatred/patriotism.
immaculate
adj. 1. very clean and tidy
2. exactly correct or perfect in every detail.
macula
n. 皮肤上的斑点
immanent
adj. naturally present

adj.
Existing or remaining within; inherent: believed in a God immanent in humans.
Restricted entirely to the mind; subjective

adj
Definition: pervasive
Antonyms: transcendent
adj. - 內在的, 固有的
immaterial
adj.
Of no importance or relevance; inconsequential or irrelevant.
Having no material body or form.
immediacy
n. 立即, 刻不容缓
immemorial
adj.
Reaching beyond the limits of memory, tradition, or recorded history.

太古的, 无法追忆的, 极古的
IN BRIEF: Extending beyond memory, record or tradition.

From time immemorial the men of the town have been famous seamen, and have divided their energies between fishing and hating the English
immensity
n. 巨大之物, 无限
imminence
n. 急迫, 危急
immoderate
adj. not within reasonable and sensible limits

=excessive
immolate
to kill sb or sth by burning them.

e.g. He was immolating himself for his family's sake.
immolation
n. 牺牲品
immoral
adj. not having moral

diff: amoral
immortal
adj. last for ever
postmortem
adj. 死后的
mortify
v.tr.
To cause to experience shame, humiliation, or wounded pride; humiliate.
To discipline (one's body and physical appetites) by self-denial or self-inflicted privation.
v.intr.
To practice ascetic discipline or self-denial of the body and its appetites

IN BRIEF: To humiliate. Also: To punish oneself to control desires or bodily needs.

I try not to mortify my child by asking questions at the student assembly.
v. tr. - 克服, 使苦惱, 苦修
v. intr. - 禁欲, 苦修, 腐壞
immure
v.
incarcerate
监禁
To confine within or as if within walls; imprison.
To build into a wall: immure a shrine.
To entomb in a wall.
v. tr. - 監禁, 禁閉, 使蟄居, 使閉門不出
impair
to make sth less good than it usually is or it should be.
impale
To pierce with a sharp stake or point.
To torture or kill by impaling.
To render helpless as if by impaling.
v. tr. - 刺穿, 釘住, 使絕望
impalpable
adj.
Not perceptible to the touch; intangible.
Difficult to perceive or grasp by the mind.
impasse
n. A road or passage having no exit; a cul-de-sac.
A situation that is so difficult that no progress can be made; a deadlock or a stalemate: reached an impasse in the negotiations.
impassioned
adj. 慷慨激昂的
impassive
adj. 无动于衷的, 冷漠的
impeccable
immaculate, faultless
impecunious
adj.
Lacking money; penniless. See synonyms at poor.

Impecunious and penniless mean having little or no money: “Certainly an impecunious Subaltern was not a catch”
impede
v.
to prevent sth from happening in the normal way or make it happen more slowly.

e.g. storms at sea impeded our progress
impediment
n. 妨碍, 阻碍物
impedimenta
Objects, such as provisions or baggage, that impede or encumber.

n. pl. - 妨礙行進的重負, 累贅
impenitent
adj.
Not penitent; unrepentant.
adjective

Devoid of remorse: remorseless, unrepentant. See regret/impenitence.
adj. - 頑迷的, 不知悔改的
imperative
adj. 急需的, 必要的
1. extremely important and needing to be done or dealt with immediately.
2. a voice, manner that is impertive is very firm and has a feeling of authority.
imperceptible
adj.
Impossible or difficult to perceive by the mind or senses: an imperceptible drop in temperature.
So subtle, slight, or gradual as to be barely perceptible: an imperceptible nod.
imperil
To put into peril. See synonyms at endanger.

v. tr. - 使處於危險, 危害
SYNONYMS endanger, hazard, imperil, jeopardize, risk. These verbs mean to subject to danger, loss, or destruction: driving that endangers lives; hazarded his health by smoking; a forest imperiled by acid rain; strikes that jeopardized company profits; wouldn't risk her financial security.
imperious
adj.
giving orders and expecting to be obeyed, in a way that seems too proud.

e.g. an imperious voice
adj. - 專橫的, 傲慢的, 飛揚跋扈的, 絕對必要的
adjective

Tending to dictate: authoritarian, bossy, dictatorial, dogmatic, domineering, magisterial, masterful, overbearing, peremptory. See over/under.
impermeable
adj. adj.
Impossible to permeate: an impermeable membrane; an impermeable border.
能渗透的, 不渗透性的
impersonate
v. 模仿, 扮演
To assume the character or appearance of, especially fraudulently: impersonate a police officer.
To imitate the appearance, voice, or manner of; mimic: an entertainer who impersonates celebrities.

v
Definition: pretend to be another
Antonyms: be original, differ, oppose, reverse
v. tr. - 模仿, 人格化, 扮演
impertinent
adj.
Exceeding the limits of propriety or good manners; improperly forward or bold: impertinent of a child to lecture a grownup.
Not pertinent; irrelevant. See synonyms at irrelevant.
鲁莽的, 粗鲁的, 无礼的
imperturbable
adj.
Unshakably calm and collected. See synonyms at cool.
impervious + to
adj.
Incapable of being penetrated: a material impervious to water.
Incapable of being affected: impervious to fear.

adjective

Having the capacity to withstand: immune, insusceptible, proof, resistant, resistive, unsusceptible. See resist/yield.
impetuous
adj.
Characterized by sudden and forceful energy or emotion; impulsive and passionate.
Having or marked by violent force: impetuous, heaving waves.

IN BRIEF: Characterized by sudden and forceful energy or emotion; impulsive and passionate.

Such impetuous schemes and boldness are at first sight alluring, but are difficult to handle, and in the result disastrous.
adj. - 衝動的, 輕率的, 猛烈的
implacable
adj. adj.
Impossible to placate or appease: implacable foes; implacable suspicion.

IN BRIEF: Incapable of being pleased.

If there is a sin against life, it consists perhaps not so much in despairing of life as in hoping for another life and in eluding the implacable grandeur of this life
implant
v. 注入, 灌输
implement
n.
A tool or instrument used in doing work: a gardening implement. See synonyms at tool.
An article used to outfit or equip.
A means of achieving an end; an instrument or agent.
tr.v., -ment·ed, -ment·ing, -ments. (-mĕnt')
To put into practical effect; carry out: implement the new procedures.
To supply with implements.
n. - 工具, 器具
v. tr. - 實現, 執行, 使生效

SYNONYMS tool, instrument, implement, utensil, appliance. These nouns refer to devices used in the performance of work. Tool applies broadly to a device that facilitates work; specifically it denotes a small manually operated device: a box full of tools for bike repair. Instrument refers especially to a relatively small precision tool used by trained professionals: sterilized the scalpel and the other instruments. Implement is the preferred term for tools used in agriculture and certain building trades: rakes, hoes, and other implements. Utensil often refers to an implement used in a household, especially in the kitchen: cooking utensils hung by the stove. Appliance most frequently denotes a power-driven device that performs a specific function: a store selling toasters and other appliances.
implicate
To involve or connect intimately or incriminatingly: evidence that implicates others in the plot.
To have as a consequence or necessary circumstance; imply or entail: His evasiveness implicated complicity.

v
Definition: imply, involve
Antonyms: defend, pardon, support
v. tr. - 牽連, 意味著, 連累, 暗指
n. - 包含的東西
implication
n.
1. 牵连
2。 暗指
implode
v.intr.
To collapse inward violently.

v.tr.
To cause to collapse inward violently.
To demolish (a building) by causing to collapse inward.

v. intr. - 內爆, 向心壓擠, 向內聚爆
v. tr. - 使內爆
implosion
n. 内爆
impolitic
adj.
Not wise or expedient; not politic: an impolitic approach to a sensitive issue.

失策的, 笨拙的, 不得当的
imponderable
adj.
That cannot undergo precise evaluation: imponderable problems.
n. - 無法確知的事
adj. - 不可估計的
ponderous
笨重的
importune
v.tr.
To beset with insistent or repeated requests; entreat pressingly.
Archaic. To ask for urgently or repeatedly.
To annoy; vex.
v.intr.
To plead or urge irksomely, often persistently. See synonyms at beg.

adj.
Importunate.

IN BRIEF: Beg urgently or solicit.

Too poor for a bribe, and too proud to importune, He had not the method of making a fortune

v. tr. - 強求, 硬要
v. intr. - 強求, 糾纏
adj. - 強求的, 胡攪蠻纏的, 急切的, 討厭的, 累贅的
importunate
adj. 不断要求的, 急切的
imposing
adj.
Impressive, as by virtue of size, bearing, or power: the monarch's imposing presence. See synonyms at grand.

e.g. an imposing building.
impostor
n. 冒充者
imposture
冒名顶替, 欺骗
imprecation
n. curse
an offensive word or phrase that you say when you are very angry.
impregnable
adj. 1. a building that is impregnable is so strong that no one can get into it by forcd.

e.g. an impregnable fortress

2. attitudes, opinion htat are impregnable cannot be changed or influenced
e.g. her impregnable obstinacy.
impregnate + with
to make a substance spread completedly through sth or to spread completely throught sth.
v. 怀孕, 使充满
e.g. A good novel impregnates the mind with new ideas.
impresario
n., pl. -os.
One who sponsors or produces entertainment, especially the director of an opera company.
A manager; a producer.
impressionable
adj.
Readily or easily influenced; suggestible: impressionable young people.
Capable of receiving an impression; plastic: impressionable plaster.

adjective

Easily altered or influenced: ductile, elastic, flexible, flexile, malleable, plastic, pliable, pliant, suggestible, supple. See flexible/rigid.
Able to receive and respond to external stimuli: impressible, responsive, sensible, sensitive, sentient, susceptible, susceptive. See awareness/unawareness.
adj. - 易感的, 易受影響的, 敏感的
imprint + with
v.

Every detail is imprinted on my mind
impropiety
n., pl. -ties.
The quality or condition of being improper.
An improper act.
An improper or unacceptable usage in speech or writing.
improvident
too careless to save any money or to plan for the future
不顾将来的, 不节俭的
incapacity
n. 缺乏能力
incarcerate
v. to keep sb in a place esp a prison

e.g. She was incarcerated in her own sensibility.
incarnate
adj. 具有肉体的, 化身的

e.g. She was happiness incarnate.

adj.

Invested with bodily nature and form: an incarnate spirit.
Embodied in human form; personified: a villain who is evil incarnate.
Incarnadine.
tr.v., -nat·ed, -nat·ing, -nates. (-nāt')

To give bodily, especially human, form to.
To personify.
incarnation
n. 具体化, 化身
incendiary
adj. 放火的, 纵火的
incense
To cause to be extremely angry; infuriate.

1.
n. - 香, 香味, 香氣, 焚香時的煙, 尊敬
v. tr. - 對...焚香, 用香薰, 向...敬香

2.
v. tr. - 激怒, 使憤怒

e.g. Such careless waste incensed her.
inception
n. - 起初, 獲得學位
incertitude
n.
Uncertainty.
Absence of confidence; doubt.
Insecurity or instability.
imprivisation
n.即席创作
impudent
adj.
Characterized by offensive boldness; insolent or impertinent. See synonyms at shameless.
Obsolete. Immodest.
adj. - 放肆無禮的, 厚顏無恥的
impunity
n., pl. -ties.
Exemption from punishment, penalty, or harm.
不受惩罚, 无患, 无事

idioms:

with impunity 不受惩罚地
imputation
归咎
impute to
归咎于

e.g. The police impute the rise in crime to the greater freedom enjoyed by young people.
inalienable
adj.
That cannot be transferred to another or others: inalienable rights.


adj
Definition: absolute, inherent
Antonyms: acquired, alienable, changeable, impermanent, transitory

Democracy is based on the conviction that man has the moral and intellectual capacity, as well as the inalienable right, to govern himself with reason and justice.
不能让与的, 不能夺取的, 不能转售的

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inane
adj. 无意义的, 空洞的
extremely stupid or without much meaning

e.g. inane remarks/conversation
inanity
n. 无意义, 无聊
inanition
n.
Exhaustion, as from lack of nourishment or vitality.
The condition or quality of being empty.
incandescent
adj.
Emitting visible light as a result of being heated.
Shining brilliantly; very bright. See synonyms at bright.
Characterized by ardent emotion, intensity, or brilliance: an incandescent performance.
incessant
adj. 连续的, 无间断的
inchoate
adj.
In an initial or early stage; incipient.
Imperfectly formed or developed: a vague, inchoate idea.
cinerary
adj.
灰的, 骨灰的
incinerate
v. 焚化, 毁弃
incipient
adj.
inchoate
incipience
n.
初期
incise
v. 切, 切割
incision
n.
切口, 切割
incisive
adj.
adj.
Penetrating, clear, and sharp, as in operation or expression: an incisive mind; incisive comments.
incisor
n.
门牙
incite
v. to deliberately encourage people to cause trouble, fight, argue etc.

e.g. incite sb to do sth.
His words incited anger among the soldiers.
incivility
n. 无礼, 粗鲁
incognito
adj. n.
隐姓埋名, 化名
incoherent
opp. coherent
incommensurate
adj. 不成比例的, 不相称的
incommodious
不方便的, 狭小的
incommunicado
adv. & adj.
Without the means or right of communicating with others: a prisoner held incommunicado; incommunicado political detainees.
adj. - 禁止通信的, 被單獨囚禁的
adv. - 不能與他人接觸地, 被單獨監禁地
incommunicative
adj.
not social
incongruity
n. 不一致
inconsequential
adj. not important
inconsiderate
adj. 不体谅别人的
inconsolable
adj. 无所慰藉的, 极度沮丧的
inconstant
adj. 多变的, 无常的
incontestable
adj. 无可争辩的, 明确的
incontinent
adj. 纵欲的, 无力控制(自己)的
incorporeal
adj. 无形体的, 非物质的。
incorrigible
adj. cannot correct 不可救药的,积习难改的
incriminate
tr.v., -nat·ed, -nat·ing, -nates.
To accuse of a crime or other wrongful act.
To cause to appear guilty of a crime or fault; implicate: testimony that incriminated the defendant.
v. tr. - 歸罪, 控告, 使負罪
IN BRIEF: To show evidence of involvement in a crime or fault.

The woman refused to testify for fear it would incriminate her.
incubation
n. 孵卵期, 潜伏期
indigenous + to
adj. 土产的, 本地的
indigent
adj.
Experiencing want or need; impoverished. See synonyms at poor.
Archaic. Lacking or deficient.
n.
A needy or destitute person.
indignant
in·dig·nant (ĭn-dĭg'nənt)
adj.
Characterized by or filled with indignation. See synonyms at angry.

adj
Definition: very angry
Antonyms: content, gleeful, happy, pleased


Meaning #1: angered at something unjust or wrong
Synonyms: incensed, outraged, umbrageous
愤怒的, 愤慨的
indignation
愤怒, 愤慨
indiscreet
adj. not discreet
indiscretion
n. careless about what you say or do, esp by talking about things which should be kept secret.
indiscriminate
adj. 不加选择的
indispensable
adj. 不可缺乏的
indisposed
adj.
Mildly ill.
Averse; disinclined: was clearly indisposed to grant their request.

adjective

Affected or tending to be affected with minor health problems: ailing, low, mean2, off-color, rocky, sickly. Idioms: under the weather. See health/sickness.
Not inclined or willing to do or undertake: averse, disinclined, loath, reluctant, unwilling. See willing/unwilling.

adj
Definition: not well
Antonyms: healthy, well

adj

Definition: unwilling
Antonyms: bent, disposed, inclined, tending, willing
indocile
adj. 不听话的, 难驯服的
indoctrinate
v. 灌输思想
indolent
adj.

Disinclined to exert oneself; habitually lazy. See synonyms at lazy.
Conducive to inactivity or laziness; lethargic: humid, indolent weather.

Causing little or no pain: an indolent tumor.
Slow to heal, grow, or develop; inactive: an indolent ulcer.

IN BRIEF: Habitually lazy.

Though you may have known clever men who were indolent, you never knew a great man who was so... — John Ruskin (1819-1900), English art critic, sociological writer, & essayist.
adj. - 懶惰的, 不痛的
indomitable
adj. determination or courage that can never be defeated.

坚强不屈的
e.g. indomitable spirit/courage
indubitable
adj.
Too apparent to be doubted; unquestionable.
adj. - 無疑的, 明白的, 確實的
induce
v. 诱导, 引起
e.g. The drug may induce drowsiness.

induce sb to do sth.
incubator
n. 孵化器, 早产儿保育箱
incubus
An evil spirit supposed to descend upon and have sexual intercourse with women as they sleep.
A nightmare.
An oppressive or nightmarish burden.
inculcate
v. 灌输, 谆谆教诲
e.g. inculcat a love of reading in children

tr.v., -cat·ed, -cat·ing, -cates.
To impress (something) upon the mind of another by frequent instruction or repetition; instill: inculcating sound principles.
To teach (others) by frequent instruction or repetition; indoctrinate: inculcate the young with a sense of duty.
incumbency
n. 职责, 义务
incumbent
n. 在职者, 现任者
incursion
n. 侵犯, 入侵
indefatigable
adj.
Incapable or seemingly incapable of being fatigued; tireless. See synonyms at tireless.

IN BRIEF: Untiring.

The optimism of a healthy mind is indefatigable. — Margery Allingham (1904-1966), English detective story writer.
不知疲倦的, 不屈不挠的, 有耐性的
indelible
adj.

cannot be deleted
adj.
Impossible to remove, erase, or wash away; permanent: indelible ink.
Making a mark not easily erased or washed away: an indelible pen for labeling clothing.
Unable to be forgotten; memorable: an indelible memory.
indemnify
tr.v., -fied, -fy·ing, -fies.
To protect against damage, loss, or injury; insure.
To make compensation to for damage, loss, or injury suffered.
v. tr. - 賠償, 保護, 補償
IN BRIEF: To secure against hurt, loss, or damage.

The contract required him to indemnify the company from any unexpected outcomes.
indemnification
n. 赔偿, 赔偿金
indent
1.
v. tr. - 縮排, 定貨
v. intr. - 形成鋸齒狀, 縮進排印, 訂立契約
n. - 契約, 訂貨單

2.
v. tr. - 壓凹痕於, 壓印於, 壓印
n. - 凹痕, 凹坑
indented
adj. 锯齿状的
indentation
n. 锯齿状, 缺口
indenture
n. 锲约, 合同
indescribable
adj. sth that is indescribable is so terrible, so good, so strange etc that you cannot describe it or it is too difficult to describe it.
inducement
n. 引诱物
induct
v. 使就职, 使入伍
to officially introduce sb into a group or organization, esp the army
induction
n. 就职, 入伍仪式, 归纳
inebriate
tr.v., -at·ed, -at·ing, -ates.
To make drunk; intoxicate.
To exhilarate or stupefy as if with alcohol.

v. tr. - 使醉, 使陶醉
n. - 酒徒
adj. - 酒醉的 The noun inebriate has one meaning:

Meaning #1: a chronic drinker
Synonyms: drunkard, drunk, rummy, sot



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The verb inebriate has 3 meanings:

Meaning #1: fill with sublime emotion; tickle pink (exhilarate is obsolete in this usage)
Synonyms: exhilarate, thrill, exalt, beatify


Meaning #2: make drunk (with alcoholic drinks)
Synonyms: intoxicate, soak


Meaning #3: become drunk; drink excessively
Synonyms: souse, soak, hit it up
inebriety
n. 酗酒
inebriant
adj. 令人陶醉的
ineffable
adj. 妙不可言的, 说不出的
too great to be discribled in workds
ineffaceable
adj. 抹不掉的
ineligible
adj. 没有资格的
ineluctable
adj.
Not to be avoided or escaped; inevitable: “Those war plans rested on a belief in the ineluctable superiority of the offense over the defense” (Jack Beatty).

不可避免的, 无法逃避的
inept
adj. 无能的, 不适当的
ineptitude
n. 无能, 不适当, 不称职
inertia
n. 惰性, 懒惰
inexhaustible
adj. 用不完的, 取之不尽的
inexorable
1. an inexorable process cannot be stopped.
e.g. the inexorable decline of manufacturing industry.


adj.
Not capable of being persuaded by entreaty; relentless: an inexorable opponent; a feeling of inexorable doom. See synonyms at inflexible.

adj. - 無情的, 不屈不撓的, 冷酷的, 坚决不变的
inexpedient
a plan or action that is inexpedient is not useful because it is not likely to achieve the result you want.
不适当的, 不明智的
inexpiable
adj. 不能补偿的
inexplicable
adj. 无法解释的, 难理解的
inextricable
adj. 无法摆脱的, 纠缠的
infallible
adj. 绝对不会错的, 绝对可靠的
infallibility
n. 绝对可靠
infamy
n. 恶名昭著
infamous
adj. 恶名昭著的, 邪恶的
infantile
adj. infantile behavior seems silly in an adult because it is typical of a child.

e.g. infantile jokes

幼稚的, 幼儿的
infantry
n. 步兵
infatuated
adj.
having unreasonablely strong feelings of love, but only for a short time and esp for sb you don't know very well.

迷恋(人)的
infatuation
迷恋
infelicitous
adj.
Inappropriate; ill-chosen: an infelicitous remark.
Not happy; unfortunate.

Meaning #1: not appropriate in application; defective
Antonym: felicitous (meaning #1)


Meaning #2: marked by or producing unhappiness
Synonym: unhappy
felicitous
adj. 得体的
infernal
adj. 地狱的, 可恶的
e.g. infernal region
inferno
n. 火海, 地狱般的场所
infertile
adj. not fertile
infest + with
v. if insects, rats etc infest a place, they appear in large numbers and usually cause damage.

e.g. Mice infested the old house.
My aparment is infested with fleas.
infidel
n. 不信教者, 异教徒
infidelity
n. 不忠实, 不贞
infiltrate
v. 渗透, 渗入
infinitesimal
IN BRIEF: Immeasurably small.

Nanotechnology studies infinitesimal particles.
infirmity
n. 虚弱
ingress
n. 进入
inhibited
adjective

Tending to keep one's thoughts and emotions to oneself: controlled, noncommittal, reserved, restrained, self-controlled, self-restrained. See restraint/unrestraint.
Deficient in or lacking sexual desire: ardorless, cold, frigid, passionless, unresponsive. See sex/asexual.

拘谨的, 拘束的
inhuman
adj. 残忍的
inhumane
adj. 不近人情的, 无人道的, 无怜悯心的
inimical
adj. 为敌的, 不友善的
inimitable
adj. cannot imitate
iniquitous
adj. 邪恶的, 不公正的
very unfair and morally wrong
iniquity
n. 邪恶, 不公正
injunction
n. 命令, 强制令
a piece of advice or command from sb in authority
innate
adj. 生来的, 天赋的
natality
n. 出生率
innocuous
adj. (行为, 言论等)无害的
not offensive, danerous or harmful
obnoxious
adj. 引起反感的
innuendo
n. 含沙射影, 暗讽
n., pl. -does.
An indirect or subtle, usually derogatory implication in expression; an insinuation.
Law.
A plaintiff's interpretation in a libel suit of allegedly libelous or slanderous material.
A parenthetic explanation of a word or charge in a legal document.
inoculate
v.预防注射
inoculate sb with (against) sth

IN BRIEF: To give a healthy person or animal a small amount of weakened disease germs to protect them from the disease.

During an epidemic, doctors are instructed to inoculate each resident of the refugee camp.
接种, 嫁接
inoculation
接种, 嫁接, 灌输
inordinate
adj. exorbitant, immoderate, extravagant
e.g. an inordinate cigarette-smoker
inquietude
n. 焦虑, 不安
inquietude
n. 焦虑, 不安
inflame
v. 使燃烧,2 激怒(某人), 3 使红肿
inflamed
adj. 发炎的, 红肿的
inflammable
adj. 可燃的, 易激怒的
infliction
n. (强加于人身的)痛苦, 刑罚
informer
n. 告发者, 告密者
infraction
n. 违法
an act of breaking a rule or law.
infringe
v. 违反, 侵害
infringement
n. 违反, 侵害

an infringement of the law.
infuriate
v. 使 (人)极为愤怒
infuse
v. 灌输, 使...充满 2 浸泡, 沏
1. to fill sth/sb with a particular feeling or quality
e.g. infuse sb/sth with, infuse sth into

2. if you infuse tea or herbs or if they infuse, you leave them in very hot water while their taste passes into the water.
infusion
n. 灌输, 激励

e.g. His speech infused the men with eagerness.
ingenious
adj. 1 (people) 聪明的, 有发明天才的
2 (物) skillfully made
e.g. ingenious toy/tool,
ingenious mind
ingenuity
n. 巧思, 聪敏
ingenuous
adj. 纯朴的, 单纯的
inexperienced, simple, trusting, and honest
ingest
v. 咽下, 吞下
ingrained
adj. 根深蒂固的
ingrate
n. 忘恩负义的人
ingratitude
n. 忘恩负义
ingratiate
v.奉迎, 讨好
ingratiating
adj.奉迎的, 讨好的
irate
adj.
Extremely angry; enraged. See synonyms at angry.
Characterized or occasioned by anger: an irate phone call.

IN BRIEF: Very angry.

Never underestimate the power of the irate customer. — Joel E. Ross

adj. - 發怒的, 生氣的
iridescent
adj. - 彩虹色的, 閃光的
Meaning #1: varying in color when seen in different lights or from different angles
Synonyms: changeable, chatoyant, shot


Meaning #2: having a play of lustrous rainbow-like colors
Synonyms: nacreous, opalescent, opaline, pearlescent

adj.
Producing a display of lustrous