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9 Cards in this Set

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Fungi's Cell walls are made of...

Hyphae form dense networks known as

Some Hyphae are specialized to allow them to penetrate their host's tissue

What does Septa do?
What does Coenocytic Fungi lack?
Chitin

Mycelia

Septa divides the Hyphae
They Lack SEPTA!
Fungi feed how?
They are heterotrophs which feed by absorbtion - they are decomposers
Name the two types of Fungi
Ascomycetes which are defined by production of sexual spores in a saclike pouch. Have Fruiting bodies called ascocarps

Basidiomycota - Mushrooms - Have structure called Basidium, above ground which is diploid. These do the fairy rings.
What can mushrooms do for us?
They are decomposers
They are sources of Medicine
Food
Also are pathogens
What is Mycorrhizae
and the different types?

What does it do?
Mycorrhizae is the symbiotic relationship between Fungi and Plants - Fungi give plants nutrients while receiving some from plant in return

-Endomycorrhizae - Hyphae enter root and penetrate cell
Ectomycorrhizae- Hyphae grow in close contact with roots.

It increases Plant productivity.
What can Fungi do for animals?
Help with digestive services of plant material in grazing mammals
Leaf Cutter Ants eat Fungal Mycelia T/F

Ants, Cultivated Fungus, Parasitic Fungus, Antibiotic Producing Bacterium (4 Different Species)
True

They feed the fungi leaves, harvesting the fungi. They also use antibiotic producting bacterium to control the parasitic fungus (Kept on sac in their butts)
Lichens?
Symbiotic association of millions of photosynthetic microorganisms held in mass of fungal hyphae.

Mutualistic interaction btw fungi and photosynthetic microbes (Algae or cyanobacteria)
What is the purpose of Hyphae?

Septa is..
Hyphae are filaments of mutlicelled fungi that increase surface area of fungi and allow for greater nutrient absorption (Just like roots)
They form dense networks known as mycelia. Individual cells of hyphae are divided by permeable membrane called Septa.