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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Types of mitotic reproduction for yeast
budding or fission
Moulds method of reproduction
produce spores or conidia
capsulated fungi
Cryptococcus neoformans
diagnostic for cryptococcus
halo with Indian Ink staining
the form that dimorph take on inside the boyds
Yeasts at 37 degree
agent of pityriasis versicolor
malassezia furfur
spaghetti and meatballs
Piyriasis versicolor
Malassezia furfur
classic histopathological finding for malassezia furfu
spaghetti and meatballs
a superficial fungi that is becoming an increasingly opportunistic pathogen
malassezia furfur
most common cutaneous infection
tinea corporis
classic "ringworm"
Of the usual causes of dempathophytosis, which one does not cause a scalp infection
Epidermophyton floccosum

(most common cause of tinea cruris)
Method of differentiating dermatophytes
by the appearance of their micro and macroconidia
Dermatophytosis of the nail
tinea unguium

onychomycosis
mode of transmission effect on chronic vs actue infection
Anthropophilic = chronic
zoophilic and geophilic = acute
treatment for onychomycosis
terbinafine and griseofulvin
treatment for cutaneous mycoses
topical azoles
Method of infection for subcutaneous mycoses
puncture wounds or injury
Sporotricosis
Sporotrix schenckii
Roses, plants, soil
Ascending lymp spread
Treat with potassium iodide
Treatment for sporotricosis
POTassium iodide
Chromoblastomycosis
black moulds
sub-q hyperplasia
muriform scleotic cells (copper penny!)
Phaeohyphomycosis
disease of legs and feet
often can spread to brain
amphoterocin and itraconazole
treatment of phaeohyphomycosis
amphtoerocin and itnraconazole
disease that can spread to brain
phaeohyphomycosis
copper penny cells
chromoblastomycosis
Eumycotic mycetoma
destruction of muscle and bone
species of candida that does not form pseudohyphae
C. glabrata
this species of candida in cancer patients is more virulent
C. tropicalis
Diagnostic method for candida
germ tube test
Carrier rate of candida on the skin?
5%

More common in GU and GI
Deficiency leading to systemic candidiasis
neutropenia
deficiency leading to mucocutaneous candidiasis
CD4 or TH1 deficiency
Cryptococcus neoformans
capsule
from dried pigeon feces
x-ray appearance of crypto
may be transparent due to fibrotic response
most common complication of crypto
meningitis
typical physical manifestation of crypto
mild pneumo to asymptomatic
Crypto is associated with was disease
SLE
systemic bacteria associated with lupus
Cryptococcus neoformans